Humphrey IV, lord of Toron & Oultrejordain

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Humphrey IV of Toron, lord of Oultrejordain

French: Onfroy IV de Toron, seigneur de Montréal
Also Known As: "Honfroi", "Onfroi", "Onufry IV Torono"
Birthplace: Of,Toron,Galilee,Palestine
Death: 1198 (27-36)
Immediate Family:

Son of Honfroy III, lord of Toron and Étiennette (Estéfénie) de Milly, lady of Oultrejordain
Ex-husband of Isabella I of Anjou, queen of Jerusalem & Cyprus
Brother of Isabella de Toron
Half brother of Alix d'Este and Renald de Châtillon

Occupation: sgr de Montréal (en Terre,Sainte)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Humphrey IV, lord of Toron & Oultrejordain



(a) HONFROY [IV] of Toron . The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hamfrei le tiers" as the son of "Hamfrei le seignor dou Thoron…fiz…Hamfrei…conestable" & his wife[1173]. William of Tyre names him and his father when recording his marriage[1174]. William of Tyre (Continuator) names his mother when recording the annulment of his marriage[1175]. A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania…et Hanfredi prefate dominie Stephanie filii et uxoris eius Elisabeth filie regis Jerusalem"[1176], although this is presumably misdated if the date of Honfroy's marriage is correct as shown below. "Hainfredus, filius...domini Hainfredi iuvenis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "domini mei Rainaldi principis terre Montis Regalis et Ebronensis domini atque domine Stefanie matris mee, uxoris sue", for the salvation of "domini Philippi avi mei, atque domini Hainfredi connestabuli, et domini Hainfredi patris mei", and for the redemption of the souls of “matris mee...domine Stephanie necnon et domini Rainaldi principis sponsi sui”, by charter dated 21 Apr 1183[1177]. While Raymond Count of Tripoli was promoting his wife's candidacy to succeed as queen in 1186, he submitted to Queen Sibylle and put an end to the plan[1178]. He was captured by Saladin when he took Jerusalem 2 Oct 1187, freed by his mother who promised to surrender the castles of Kerak and Montreal but as neither garrisons would obey her order, she returned him to captivity, from which he was released a few months later[1179]. After the annulment of his marriage, Isabelle restored to him the fief of Toron[1180]. He joined the army of Richard I King of England and, as the best Arabic scholar, he undertook negotiations with al-Adil (Saladin's brother) at Lydda in late 1191[1181].

m (castle of Kerak Nov 1183, annulled 1190[1182]%29 as her first husband, ISABELLE of Jerusalem, daughter of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem & his second wife Maria Komnene (1172-before May 1206). The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Hamfrei le tiers" married "la reyne Ysabiau" but that they were separated and that he died without heirs[1183]. The Chronicle of Ernoul records the marriage of "Hainfrois" and "le serour le roi…Ysabiaus" on the day Saladin started his siege of the castle of Krak[1184]. The Chronicle of Ernoul records the ecclesiastical annulment of the marriage of Isabelle and Honfroy "que Hainfrois estoit si mauvais qu'il ne poroit le tiere tenir", undated but in passages which deal with events in 1190[1185]. She was crowned in [Jan] 1198 at Acre as ISABELLE Queen of Jerusalem with her fourth husband.

Isabella I de Jerusalem, born 1172 married year 1183 with Humphrey de Toron, when She was 11 years old.

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Humphrey IV, lord of Toron & Oultrejordain's Timeline