Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

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Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

Also Known As: "3 rd Earl of Hereford and Essex"
Birthplace: Pleshey Castle, Pleshey, Essex, England
Death: March 16, 1321 (40-49)
Boroughbridge, North Yorkshire, England (Killed leading a charge at Battle Of Borboughbridge)
Place of Burial: Church,Friars Preachers,Yorkshire,England
Immediate Family:

Son of Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maude de Fiennes
Husband of Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess of Hereford
Father of Margaret de Bohun; Humphrey IX de Bohun; Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde; John de Bohun, Earl of Hereford; Humphrey X de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford and 5 others

Occupation: Earl of Essex, Lord High Constable
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford,_4th_Earl_of_Hereford

Humphrey (VII) de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1276 – 16 March 1322) was a member of a powerful Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II's excesses.

Humphrey de Bohun's birth year is uncertain although several contemporary sources indicate that it was 1276. His father was Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and his mother was Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes, chevalier, seigneur of Fiennes. He was born at Pleshey Castle, Essex.

His marriage to Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet), daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile, on 14 November 1302, at Westminster gained him the lands of Berkshire.

Elizabeth had an unknown number of children, probably ten, by Humphrey de Bohun.

Until the earl's death the boys of the family, and possibly the girls, were given a classical education under the tutelage of a Sicilian Greek, Master "Digines" (Diogenes), who may have been Humphrey de Bohun's boyhood tutor.[citation needed] He was evidently well-educated, a book collector and scholar, interests his son Humphrey and daughter Margaret (Courtenay) inherited.

  1. Mary or Margaret (the first-born Margaret) and the first-born Humphrey were lost in infancy and are buried in the same sarcophagus in Westminster Abbey. Since fraternal twins were known in the Castilian royal family of Elizabeth Bohun, who gave birth to a pair who lived to manhood, Mary (Margaret?) and Humphrey, see next names, may have been twins, but that is uncertain. The name of a possible lost third child, if any, is unknown—and unlikely.
  2. Hugh de Bohun? This name appears only in one medieval source, which gives Bohun names (see Flores Historiarum) and was a probably a copyist's error for "Humphrey". Hugh was never used by the main branch of the Bohuns in England.[4] Date unknown, but after 1302, since she and Humphrey did not marry until late in 1302.
  3. Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304 - 1363),[5] married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth, 1st Baron Dagworth.
  4. Humphrey de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Mary or Margaret) Infant.
  5. Mary or Margaret de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Humphrey) Infant.
  6. John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (About 1307 – 1336)
  7. Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (About 1309 to 1311 – 1361).
  8. Margaret de Bohun (3 April 1311 – 16 December 1391), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. Gave birth to about 16 to 18 children (including an Archbishop, a sea commander and pirate, and more than one Knight of the Garter) and died at the age of eighty.
  9. William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (About 1310-1312 –1360). Twin of Edward. Married Elizabeth de Badlesmere, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare, by whom he had issue.
  10. Edward de Bohun (About 1310-1312 –1334). Twin of William. Married Margaret, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros, but they had no children. He served in his ailing elder brother's stead as Constable of England. He was a close friend of young Edward III, and died a heroic death attempting to rescue a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river while on campaign.
  11. Eneas de Bohun, (Birth date unknown, died after 1322, when he's mentioned in his father's will). Nothing known of him.
  12. Isabel de Bohun (b. ? May 1316). Elizabeth died in childbirth, and this child died on that day or very soon after. Buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex


Elizabeth Plantagenet, Princess of England Born: August 07, 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle Carnev, Flintshire, Wales Died: May 05, 1316 in Quendon, Essex Spouse: Earl Humphrey VIII de Bohun Born: 1276 in Westminster Died: March 16, 1320/21 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire Marriage date: November 14, 1302 in Westminister, Middlesex, England

  • Humphrey fought at the Battle of Bannockburn, Scotland (23-24 June 1314).
  • He succeeded his father as the Earl of Hereford and Earl of Essex, and was the Constable of England.
  • Humphrey was killed during the Battle of Boroughbridge in Yorkshire, England.
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Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford's Timeline

Pleshey Castle, Pleshey, Essex, England
Northumberland,, Tynemouth, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom
October 17, 1304
Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England
Pleshey Castle, Essex, England
November 23, 1307
Pleshey Castle, Essex, England, St. Clements, Oxfordshire, England
December 6, 1309
Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England
April 3, 1311
Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England