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Irving Isidore Berlin

Hebrew: אירווינג ישראל איזדור ברלין (ביילין)
Also Known As: "Irving", "Isadore", "Izzy", "Berlin"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Moguilev, Belarus
Death: September 22, 1989 (101)
New York City, New York, United States (Natural causes while sleeping)
Place of Burial: 501 East 233rd Street, Bronx, Bronx County, NY, 10470, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Moses Baline and Leah Baline
Husband of Dorothy Berlin and Ellin Berlin
Father of Mary Ellin Barrett; Irving Berlin, Jr.; Private and Elizabeth Iris Peters
Brother of Sarah Henkin; Ruth Kahn; Gussie Berlin; Private and Private

Occupation: Songwriter, composer, lyricist
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin (May 11, 1888 – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist of Jewish heritage, widely considered one of the greatest American songwriters in history.

His first hit song, "Alexander's Ragtime Band", became world famous. The song sparked an international dance craze in places as far away as Berlin's native Russia, which also "flung itself into the ragtime beat with an abandon bordering on mania." Over the years he was known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated, simple and direct, with his aim being to "reach the heart of the average American" whom he saw as the "real soul of the country."

He wrote hundreds of songs, many becoming major hits, which made him "a legend" before he turned thirty. During his 60-year career he wrote an estimated 1,500 songs, including the scores for 19 Broadway shows and 18 Hollywood films, with his songs nominated eight times for Academy Awards. Many songs became popular themes and anthems, including "Easter Parade", "White Christmas", "Happy Holiday", "This is the Army, Mr. Jones", and "There's No Business Like Show Business". His Broadway musical and 1942 film, This is the Army, with Ronald Reagan, had Kate Smith singing Berlin's "God Bless America" which was first performed in 1938. Smith still performed the song on her 1960 CBS television series, The Kate Smith Show. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Celine Dion recorded it as a tribute, making it #1 on the charts.

Berlin's songs have reached the top of the charts 25 times and have been extensively re-recorded by numerous singers including Ethel Merman, Frank Sinatra, Ethel Waters, Judy Garland, Barbra Streisand, Linda Ronstadt, Rosemary Clooney, Cher, Diana Ross, Bing Crosby, Rita Reys, Frankie Laine, Johnnie Ray, Al Jolson, Nat King Cole, Billie Holiday, Doris Day and Ella Fitzgerald. Composer Douglas Moore sets Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters, and includes him instead with Stephen Foster, Walt Whitman, and Carl Sandburg, as a "great American minstrel" – someone who has "caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about, and what we believe." Composer George Gershwin called him "the greatest songwriter that has ever lived", and composer Jerome Kern concluded that "Irving Berlin has no place in American music - he is American music."


Irving Berlin was born as Israel Isidore Baline and later changed his name into Irving Berlin.

Irving Berlin ( nee Israel Bailin/ Baylin) born in Mogliv in 1888.

His father; Moses (Moshe) Beilin / Bailin was born in Russia Jan 1846. Moses died by 1912 at 66 years of age.(14) Many of the biographies for Irving Berlin state that Moses died when Irving was eight. This is not possible as Moses appears in the 1900 census when Irving is listed as a fifteen year old. Moses' wife Lena (Leja) is listed in the 1912/1913 New York City Directory as being the widow of Moses. This is the first city directory in which she is listed in this manner. He married Lena Jarchin in prob. Russia, ca 1875. Lena was born in Russia Aug 1849. Lena was the daughter of Jacob Jarchin. Lena died 21 Jul 1922 in Bronx, New York, New York, at 72 years of age. She resided in Bronx, New York, New York 1 Jun 1915.

  1. Moses Beilin and Lena Jarchin had the following children:
  2. Sarah, born in Russia May 1878
  3. Benjamin, born in Russia Sep 1881
  4. Rebecka, born in Russia May 1883
  5. Augusta, born in Russia Apr 1885
  6. Irving, born 11 May 1888

Irving Berlin was born Israel Beilin (though most biographies list it as Israel Bailin). His place of birth has also been questioned, though in all the records he filled out personally including his World War I Draft Registration card and his naturalization papers, he listed Mogilov as his place of birth. Irving died 22 Sep 1989 in New York, at 101 years of age. He married twice. He married Dorothy Goetz ca 1912. Dorothy was born in Buffalo, Erie, New York 5 Feb 1892. Dorothy died 17 Jul 1912 at 20 years of age.

Source: https://www.ancestry.co.uk/boards/localities.eeurope.belarus.genera...

NY Times Obit:

Irving Berlin, the Russian-born minstrel whose songs like Cheek to Cheek and White Christmas became part of the fabric of American life, died yesterday at his home in Manhattan, just a few miles from the Lower East Side tenement he lived in when he wrote the first of his 1,500 songs. He was 101 years old.

A son-in-law, Alton E. Peters, said Mr. Berlin died in his sleep at his town house on Beekman Place and that the funeral would be private.

Irving Berlin set the tone and the tempo for the tunes America played and sang and danced to for much of the 20th century. By the time he was 30 he was a legend, and he went on to write the scores for 19 Broadway shows and 18 Hollywood films. An Outpouring of Song

The musical giant who never learned to read or write music composed his first major hit, Alexander's Ragtime Band, in 1911. With one song, the career of Irving Berlin and American music were intertwined forever, said Isaac Stern at Mr. Berlin's 100th-birthday celebration in May 1988, adding, American music was born at his piano. The last Berlin song to be noted by the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers was An Old-Fashioned Wedding, the show-stopper he wrote for a 1966 revival of Annie Get Your Gun.

In the intervening 55 years, Mr. Berlin's outpouring of songs included Always, Remember, Blue Skies, Puttin' On the Ritz, A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody, What'll I Do? How Deep Is the Ocean, Easter Parade, God Bless America, Heat Wave, White Christmas, Cheek to Cheek, Let's Face the Music and Dance, Change Partners, It Only Happens When I Dance With You, I Left My Heart at the Stage Door Canteen, This Is the Army, Mr. Jones, Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, I Got Lost in His Arms, The Girl That I Marry and There's No Business Like Show Business.

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He often said there are only six tunes in the world. But from those six tunes he fashioned, according to his catalogue, 1,500 songs - and nobody knows how many more he may have stored somewhere. When someone admired one of his melodies, Mr. Berlin was quick to say: I like it, too. I've used it lots of times. A Classic Story

Not only did he compose the melodies; he also wrote the lyrics. And businessman that he was, he established the Irving Berlin Music Corporation in 1919 to publish his works and retain control over all the copyrights, which he guarded fiercely. His was a classic rags-to-riches story that he never forgot could have happened only in America.

His Blue Skies reached the top of the pop charts when it was written in 1927 - no surprise for an established songwriter. What is unusual is that the song was adopted some 50 years later by the popular country singer Willie Nelson and reached the charts again as part of an album released in 1978.

According to Ascap records, 25 Berlin songs reached the top of the charts. His songs, with their timeless quality, were picked up again and again by top recording artists like Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Linda Ronstadt, Rosemary Clooney and Diana Ross and became hits all over again. White Christmas remains one of the most-performed standards in the entire Ascap repertory. A Granter of Holidays

The songwriter Sammy Cahn once said of Mr. Berlin's prodigious output: If a man, in a lifetime of 50 years, can point to six songs that are immediately identifiable, he has achieved something. Irving Berlin can sing 60 that are immediately identifiable. Somebody once said you couldn't have a holiday without his permission.

White Christmas and Easter Parade were two Berlin songs that became holiday anthems. When he noticed that he might have slighted Thanksgiving, the Fourth of July, St. Patrick's Day, New Year's Eve and Washington's Birthday he added Something to Be Thankful For, Say It With Firecrackers, A Little Bit of Irish, Let's Start the New Year Right and I Can't Tell a Lie. And in case he had missed anything, he composed Happy Holiday.

Irving Berlin has no place in American music, Jerome Kern once said. He is American music. Emotionally, he honestly absorbs the vibrations emanating from the people, manners and life of his time and, in turn, gives these impressions back to the world -simplified, clarified and glorified.

The composer Douglas Moore said in 1962: It's a rare gift which sets Irving Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters. It is a gift which qualifies him, along with Stephen Foster, Walt Whitman, Vachel Lindsay and Carl Sandburg, as a great American minstrel. He has caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about and what we believe. Only One Key

Irving Berlin was a slender, dark-haired man with a quick smile and lively eyes topped by wide, prominent eyebrows. Throughout his long life in the world of music he never learned to play in any key but F sharp, but he could tap out tune after tune on the keys of a piano, leaving it to arrangers to write the harmony and to transcribe his melodies. His songs were by turn romantic and tragic, feisty and sentimental, homespun and sophisticated.

His music evoked the mournful tunes of Russia, the land of his birth (A Russian Lullaby), and the rhythms of American rag (Alexander's Ragtime Band, I Love a Piano), as well as one that seemed to combine the two, Yiddle on Your Fiddle Play Some Ragtime (1909). The romance of the ballad was heard in his Always and Remember, the romance of the dance in Cheek to Cheek and Let's Face the Music and Dance.

Mr. Berlin captured the rhythms of a young nation with songs that marked the country's wars and its prosperity and helped it to dance through the Depression. He was so prolific and so popular that by 1924 he was already the subject of a biography. Alexander Woollcott wrote in The Story of Irving Berlin that the songwriter was a creative ignoramus, a kind of unschooled genius.

I really can't read music, Mr. Berlin once said. Oh, I can pick out the melody of a song with one finger, but I can't read the harmony. I feel like an awful dope that I know so little about the mechanics of my trade. To overcome his inability to play in any key but F sharp, he used a specially built piano that had a hand clutch to change keys. He called it his Buick and for years he took it with him on trips to Europe. It is now in the Smithsonian Institution. Son of a Cantor

The man who came to be known as Irving Berlin was named Israel Baline when he was born near the Siberian border in the Russian village of Tyumen on May 11, 1888, one of eight children of Moses and Leah Lipkin Baline. His father was a cantor. A pogrom in 1893 persuaded Moses Baline to bring his family to New York, and they settled on Cherry Street on the Lower East Side. Israel was 8 years old when his father died, and the boy took to the streets to help support his family. This marked the end of his formal schooling, which totaled less than two years.

Izzy, as he came to be called, became a newspaper boy, hawking The Evening Journal. On his first day on the job, according to Woollcott, the boy stopped to look at a ship about to put out for China. So entranced was he that he failed to notice a swinging crane, and he was knocked into the river. When he was fished out, after going down for the third time, he was still holding in his clenched fist the five pennies that constituted his first day's receipts, his contribution to the family budget.

Young Izzy found his first steady job on the Bowery, looking after Blind Sol, a singing beggar. He led him through the saloons, looked after his receipts and sang some sentimental ballads himself in his childish treble. His ambition was to earn enough money to buy a rocking chair for his mother. After-Hours Tunesmith

He was soon on his own, singing for tips at bars off the Bowery, plugging songs at Tony Pastor's Music Hall in Union Square and finally, in 1906 when he was 18, working as a singing waiter at the Pelham Cafe in Chinatown. When the bar closed for the night, young Berlin would sit at a piano in the back and pick out tunes.

Within a year, he published his first song, Marie From Sunny Italy (1907). He wrote the lyrics; the music was composed by Nick Nicholson, a friend who also worked at the Pelham Cafe. Because of a printer's error, the name of the lyricist on the cover of the sheet music appeared as I. Berlin. He kept the name. In the early days he was known as a man of few words, so meager was his grasp of the language. But he made his shortcoming a virtue, writing lyrics in the American vernacular that were uncomplicated, simple and direct: I'll be loving you always . . . Not for just an hour/Not for just a day/Not for just a year/But always, and How much do I love you?/I'll tell you no lie/How deep is the ocean?/How high is the sky? and You're not sick, you're just in love.

My ambition is to reach the heart of the average American, Mr. Berlin once said, Not the highbrow nor the lowbrow but that vast intermediate crew which is the real soul of the country. The highbrow is likely to be superficial, overtrained, supersensitive. The lowbrow is warped, subnormal. My public is the real people. Even Sorrow Was Inspiration

Mr. Berlin even created songs out of his own sadness. In 1912, he married Dorothy Goetz, the sister of the songwriter Ray Goetz. She died six months later of typhoid fever contracted during their honeymoon in Havana. The song he wrote to express his grief, When I Lost You, was his first ballad. It was an immediate popular hit and sold more than a million copies.

His first complete score was written in 1914 for Watch Your Step, a revue that included Play a Simple Melody. In 1916, he collaborated with Victor Herbert on the score of The Century Girl. Increasingly aware of his own technical limitations, he asked Mr. Herbert whether he should study composition. You have a natural gift for words and music, Mr. Herbert told him. Learning theory might help you a little, but it could cramp your style. Mr. Berlin took his advice. Mr. Herbert was a moving force behind the creation of Ascap, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. In 1914, Mr. Berlin joined with him to become one of the charter members of the organization that has protected the royalties of composers and writers ever since.

Mr. Berlin was drafted in 1917 and stationed at Camp Upton, in Yaphank, L.I., where he was commissioned to write an all-soldier revue. The show, Yip, Yip, Yaphank, is best remembered for Mr. Berlin's own rendition of Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, a song he was to repeat in his World War II revue This Is the Army and the movie that was made from it. The first show eventually earned $150,000 for a camp service center. All the proceeds from the second -some $15 million - were contributed to the Army Emergency Relief Fund. Royalties earned later by the songs from the show - including This Is the Army, Mr. Jones - were added to the God Bless America Fund, which has supported the Boy Scouts and the Girl Scouts of New York since 1940. Partner of the Shuberts

Mr. Berlin returned to Tin Pan Alley after the war and in 1921 created a partnership with Sam H. Harris to build the Music Box Theater. He maintained an interest in the theater throughout his life, and even in his last years was known to call the Shubert Organization, his partner, to check on the receipts. In its early years, the theater was a showcase for revues by Mr. Berlin. As theater owner, producer and composer, he looked after every detail of his shows, from the costumes and sets to the casting and musical arrangements.

Then in the 1920's, in a story more romantic than his own ballads, Mr. Berlin fell in love with a young heiress. His courtship of Ellin Mackay was followed in every possible detail by the newspapers, which found good copy in the romance of an immigrant from the Lower East Side and the daughter of Clarence Hungerford Mackay, the socially prominent head of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company.

The couple met in 1925, and Mr. Mackay opposed the match from the start. He hustled his daughter off to Europe and Mr. Berlin wooed her over the airwaves with his songs Remember and Always. When she returned to New York they were married in a civil ceremony at the Municipal Building.

Mr. Mackay threatened to disown his daughter. I don't want your daughter for her money, Mr. Berlin told Mr. Mackay, according to breathless reports in the tabloids. If you see fit to disinherit her, I'll probably have to make her a wedding present of a couple of million dollars. In fact, Mr. Berlin did more. He gave her Always -the song still often chosen for the first dance at weddings - and several other songs for which the royalties are still coming in. For some years Mr. Mackay was not on speaking terms with the Berlins, but during the Depression, it was Mr. Berlin who bailed out his father-in-law when he suffered business reverses.

By all accounts, the Berlin marriage remained a love affair. An inseparable couple until Ellin Berlin died in July 1988 at the age of 85, they had four children: Irving, who died in infancy; Mary Ellin Barrett and Elizabeth Irving Peters of New York, and Linda Louise Emmet, who lives in Paris. Mr. Berlin is also survived by nine grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Songs for the Marx Brothers

In the mid-1920's, Mr. Berlin composed the songs for The Cocoanuts - written by George S. Kaufman for the Marx Brothers. He wrote for the Ziegfeld Follies of 1911, 1919, 1920, and for the Follies of 1927 composed Blue Skies.

Mr. Berlin returned to Broadway in 1932 to collaborate with Moss Hart on Face the Music, a production that included Let's Have Another Cup of Coffee. He worked with Hart again in 1933 to create As Thousands Cheer, which starred Marilyn Miller and Clifton Webb. Heat Wave and Easter Parade were two of the songs that made that show a box-office triumph.

During the Depression, when Americans turned to the movie houses to escape their troubles, Mr. Berlin was responsible for the scores of some of the most delightful screen musicals of the day, including three that starred Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire - Top Hat, Follow the Fleet and Carefree. Cheek to Cheek, which he wrote for Mr. Astaire in Top Hat, won an Academy Award. Mr. Berlin also wrote the music for On the Avenue, Second Fiddle and the film called Alexander's Ragtime Band. Unofficial National Anthem

In 1938, when Kate Smith asked Mr. Berlin to write a patriotic song for her, he reached into his files for a tune he had written 20 years before for Yip, Yip, Yaphank and had dropped from the show. He wrote new lyrics and from the moment Kate Smith sang it on the radio, God Bless America became the unofficial national anthem of the United States. In 1940, Mr. Berlin assigned the copyright to the God Bless America Fund. In recognition of the song, Mr. Berlin was given a special Congressional gold medal in 1954 and an official proclamation of appreciation from President Eisenhower.

White Christmas, the song that became a modern Christmas carol, was written for Bing Crosby in the 1942 movie Holiday Inn. It won Mr. Berlin a second Academy Award for best song, sold more than 50 million records and 4 million copies of sheet music, earned over $1 million in royalties and is one of the most frequently played songs ever written.

After receiving mixed reviews for the 1941 film Louisiana Purchase, Mr. Berlin returned to Camp Upton to prepare the book, music and lyrics for This Is the Army. In appreciation of his work, Gen. George C. Marshall conferred on him the Army's Medal of Merit.

After the war Mr. Berlin, who was happiest working in the theater, wrote Annie Get Your Gun for Ethel Merman. The exuberant musical about Annie Oakley (book by Herbert and Dorothy Fields) opened in 1946. It ran for 1,147 performances and included such songs as They Say It's Wonderful, The Girl That I Marry, Doin' What Comes Natur'lly, You Can't Get a Man With a Gun and Anything You Can Do I Can Do Better. Another Show for Merman

Critics were disappointed in Mr. Berlin's next show, Miss Liberty (1949). But he enjoyed another triumph when he wrote Call Me Madam in 1950 for Miss Merman, who starred as The Hostess With the Mostes' on the Ball. Her role as Ambassador to a country called Lichtenburg was a spoof of President Truman's appointment of the Washington hostess Perle Mesta as Ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in 1949.

For a while, Call Me Madam seemed to have been Mr. Berlin's farewell show, but he failed miserably at retirement. He took his family to their estate in the Catskills and tried painting, but got bored. In 1962, at the age of 74, Mr. Berlin was back on Broadway with Mr. President. He wrote the score, Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay did the book, and Joshua Logan directed. Despite a cool reception from the critics, the show ran for eight months on an advance sale of nearly $3 million.

As he grew older, Mr. Berlin became more and more reclusive, eventually refusing even to see friends. The telephone became his only link to the world outside Beekman Place.

Although he came to feel that too much fuss was made of his accumulated years, he gave his blessing to the 100th-birthday celebration concert held for the benefit of Carnegie Hall and Ascap in May 1988. After all the singing and the dancing and the celebrating were over, Morton Gould, the president of Ascap, said, in effect, that it would never be over.

Irving Berlin's music will last forever, he said. Not for just an hour, not for just a day, not for just a year, but always.

About Irving Berlin (עברית)

אירווינג ברלין

לידה 11 במאי 1888
טולוצ'ין, בלארוס
פטירה 22 בספטמבר 1989 (בגיל 101) ניו יורק, ארצות הברית בן/בת זוג Dorothy Goetz צאצאים Mary Ellin Barrett סוגה וודוויל עיסוק מלחין, פסנתרן, פזמונאי, תסריטאי, מלחין של מוזיקה לסרטים, מוזיקאי, ליריקן כלי נגינה פסנתר חברת תקליטים קולומביה רקורדס פרסים והוקרה מדליית החירות הנשיאותית פרס גראמי למפעל חיים (1968) מדליית הזהב של הקונגרס מדליית החירות פרס אוסקר לשיר המקורי הטוב ביותר (1942)

אירווינג ברלין (באנגלית: Irving Berlin; ‏ 11 במאי 1888 - 22 בספטמבר 1989) היה פזמונאי ומלחין יהודי אמריקאי, יליד האימפריה הרוסית, כותב פורה שרבים מהשירים שכתב והלחין למחזות זמר הפכו לנכסי צאן ברזל של התרבות הפופולרית האמריקאית.

קורות חיים ברלין נולד, לפי מקורות אחדים בעיר מוגילב שבבלארוס ולפי מקורות אחרים בעיר טיומן שבמזרח רוסיה, בשם ישראל איזדור ביילין, אחד משמונה ילדיו של שוחט (לפי מקורות אחרים - חזן). בשנת 1893 היגרה המשפחה לארצות הברית והשתקעה בניו יורק. כאשר ברלין היה בן שמונה, מת אביו והוא נאלץ לצאת לעבוד לפרנסת המשפחה. בין השאר עבד כמוכר עיתונים וכמלצר מזמר.

הלהיט הגדול הראשון שלו היה השיר Alexander's Ragtime Band, שנכתב בשנת 1911 וזכה מאז לביצועים רבים, כולל אלו של לואי ארמסטרונג, בינג קרוסבי וריי צ'ארלס. היה זה הראשון בשרשרת ארוכה של להיטים. בשנת 1917, התגייס לצבא ארצות הברית במהלך מלחמת העולם הראשונה, והופיע במחזמר Yip Yip Yaphank אשר הוצג בבסיס Camp Upton בניו יורק.

בין שיריו הנודעים האחרים ניתן למנות את: God Bless America הפטריוטי, שהיה למעין המנון שני בארצות הברית, את Anything You Can Do, There's No Business Like Show Business ואת White Christmas, שבביצועו של בינג קרוסבי נמכר בלמעלה מ-100 מיליון עותקים וזכה בפרס האוסקר. את כל אלה ורבים אחרים כתב והלחין מבלי שידע לקרוא או לכתוב תווים. גם בקולנוע שלח את ידו והלחין עשרות פסי-קול. שירו Blue Skies הושר על ידי אל ג'ולסון בסרט המדבר הראשון, זמר הג'אז.

שירו הידוע Cheek to Cheek תורגם לעברית תחת השם "עדן", על ידי עלי מוהר ובוצע על ידי גידי גוב. שירו Puttin' on the Ritz תורגם בידי אבי קורן כ"לך לשפת הים". את השיר בתרגום זה ביצעה להקת הכל עובר חביבי.

ברלין היה נשוי פעמיים, בראשונה לדורותי גץ ב-1912, שנפטרה מטיפוס הבטן 5 חודשים לאחר נישואיהם, ובשנית לאלין מקיי ב-1926, בתו של תעשיין אמיד. מנישואיו השניים נולדו לו שלוש בנות ובן, שנפטר בינקותו.

ב-1954 הוענקה לו מדליית הזהב של הקונגרס וב-1977 העניק לו הנשיא ג'רלד פורד את מדליית החירות הנשיאותית, שני עיטורי הכבוד הגבוהים ביותר בארצות הברית.

ברלין נפטר מהתקף לב בניו יורק, בגיל 101.

קישורים חיצוניים מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקיציטוט ציטוטים בוויקיציטוט: אירווינג ברלין ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: אירווינג ברלין Allmusic Favicon.png אירווינג ברלין , באתר Allmusic (באנגלית) MusicBrainz Logo 2016.svg אירווינג ברלין , באתר MusicBrainz (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין , באתר Discogs (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין , באתר Genius אירווינג ברלין , באתר בית לזמר העברי אירווינג ברלין , באתר DNCI IMDB Logo 2016.svg אירווינג ברלין , במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין

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https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%90%D7%99%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%95%D7%99%...

Irving Berlin (May 11, 1888 – September 22, 1989) was an American

composer and lyricist of Jewish heritage, widely considered one of the greatest American songwriters in history.

His first hit song, "Alexander's Ragtime Band", became world famous. The song sparked an international dance craze in places as far away as Berlin's native Russia, which also "flung itself into the ragtime beat with an abandon bordering on mania." Over the years he was known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated, simple and direct, with his aim being to "reach the heart of the average American" whom he saw as the "real soul of the country."

He wrote hundreds of songs, many becoming major hits, which made him "a legend" before he turned thirty. During his 60-year career he wrote an estimated 1,500 songs, including the scores for 19 Broadway shows and 18 Hollywood films, with his songs nominated eight times for Academy Awards. Many songs became popular themes and anthems, including "Easter Parade", "White Christmas", "Happy Holiday", "This is the Army, Mr. Jones", and "There's No Business Like Show Business". His Broadway musical and 1942 film, This is the Army, with Ronald Reagan, had Kate Smith singing Berlin's "God Bless America" which was first performed in 1938. Smith still performed the song on her 1960 CBS television series, The Kate Smith Show. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Celine Dion recorded it as a tribute, making it #1 on the charts.

Berlin's songs have reached the top of the charts 25 times and have been extensively re-recorded by numerous singers including Ethel Merman, Frank Sinatra, Ethel Waters, Judy Garland, Barbra Streisand, Linda Ronstadt, Rosemary Clooney, Cher, Diana Ross, Bing Crosby, Rita Reys, Frankie Laine, Johnnie Ray, Al Jolson, Nat King Cole, Billie Holiday, Doris Day and Ella Fitzgerald. Composer Douglas Moore sets Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters, and includes him instead with Stephen Foster, Walt Whitman, and Carl Sandburg, as a "great American minstrel" – someone who has "caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about, and what we believe." Composer George Gershwin called him "the greatest songwriter that has ever lived", and composer Jerome Kern concluded that "Irving Berlin has no place in American music - he is American music."


Irving Berlin was born as Israel Isidore Baline and later changed his name into Irving Berlin.

Irving Berlin ( nee Israel Bailin/ Baylin) born in Mogliv in 1888.

His father; Moses (Moshe) Beilin / Bailin was born in Russia Jan 1846. Moses died by 1912 at 66 years of age.(14) Many of the biographies for Irving Berlin state that Moses died when Irving was eight. This is not possible as Moses appears in the 1900 census when Irving is listed as a fifteen year old. Moses' wife Lena (Leja) is listed in the 1912/1913 New York City Directory as being the widow of Moses. This is the first city directory in which she is listed in this manner. He married Lena Jarchin in prob. Russia, ca 1875. Lena was born in Russia Aug 1849. Lena was the daughter of Jacob Jarchin. Lena died 21 Jul 1922 in Bronx, New York, New York, at 72 years of age. She resided in Bronx, New York, New York 1 Jun 1915.

  1. Moses Beilin and Lena Jarchin had the following children:
  2. Sarah, born in Russia May 1878
  3. Benjamin, born in Russia Sep 1881
  4. Rebecka, born in Russia May 1883
  5. Augusta, born in Russia Apr 1885
  6. Irving, born 11 May 1888

Irving Berlin was born Israel Beilin (though most biographies list it as Israel Bailin). His place of birth has also been questioned, though in all the records he filled out personally including his World War I Draft Registration card and his naturalization papers, he listed Mogilov as his place of birth. Irving died 22 Sep 1989 in New York, at 101 years of age. He married twice. He married Dorothy Goetz ca 1912. Dorothy was born in Buffalo, Erie, New York 5 Feb 1892. Dorothy died 17 Jul 1912 at 20 years of age.

Source: https://www.ancestry.co.uk/boards/localities.eeurope.belarus.genera...

NY Times Obit:

Irving Berlin, the Russian-born minstrel whose songs like Cheek to Cheek and White Christmas became part of the fabric of American life, died yesterday at his home in Manhattan, just a few miles from the Lower East Side tenement he lived in when he wrote the first of his 1,500 songs. He was 101 years old.

A son-in-law, Alton E. Peters, said Mr. Berlin died in his sleep at his town house on Beekman Place and that the funeral would be private.

Irving Berlin set the tone and the tempo for the tunes America played and sang and danced to for much of the 20th century. By the time he was 30 he was a legend, and he went on to write the scores for 19 Broadway shows and 18 Hollywood films. An Outpouring of Song

The musical giant who never learned to read or write music composed his first major hit, Alexander's Ragtime Band, in 1911. With one song, the career of Irving Berlin and American music were intertwined forever, said Isaac Stern at Mr. Berlin's 100th-birthday celebration in May 1988, adding, American music was born at his piano. The last Berlin song to be noted by the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers was An Old-Fashioned Wedding, the show-stopper he wrote for a 1966 revival of Annie Get Your Gun.

In the intervening 55 years, Mr. Berlin's outpouring of songs included Always, Remember, Blue Skies, Puttin' On the Ritz, A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody, What'll I Do? How Deep Is the Ocean, Easter Parade, God Bless America, Heat Wave, White Christmas, Cheek to Cheek, Let's Face the Music and Dance, Change Partners, It Only Happens When I Dance With You, I Left My Heart at the Stage Door Canteen, This Is the Army, Mr. Jones, Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, I Got Lost in His Arms, The Girl That I Marry and There's No Business Like Show Business.

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He often said there are only six tunes in the world. But from those six tunes he fashioned, according to his catalogue, 1,500 songs - and nobody knows how many more he may have stored somewhere. When someone admired one of his melodies, Mr. Berlin was quick to say: I like it, too. I've used it lots of times. A Classic Story

Not only did he compose the melodies; he also wrote the lyrics. And businessman that he was, he established the Irving Berlin Music Corporation in 1919 to publish his works and retain control over all the copyrights, which he guarded fiercely. His was a classic rags-to-riches story that he never forgot could have happened only in America.

His Blue Skies reached the top of the pop charts when it was written in 1927 - no surprise for an established songwriter. What is unusual is that the song was adopted some 50 years later by the popular country singer Willie Nelson and reached the charts again as part of an album released in 1978.

According to Ascap records, 25 Berlin songs reached the top of the charts. His songs, with their timeless quality, were picked up again and again by top recording artists like Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Linda Ronstadt, Rosemary Clooney and Diana Ross and became hits all over again. White Christmas remains one of the most-performed standards in the entire Ascap repertory. A Granter of Holidays

The songwriter Sammy Cahn once said of Mr. Berlin's prodigious output: If a man, in a lifetime of 50 years, can point to six songs that are immediately identifiable, he has achieved something. Irving Berlin can sing 60 that are immediately identifiable. Somebody once said you couldn't have a holiday without his permission.

White Christmas and Easter Parade were two Berlin songs that became holiday anthems. When he noticed that he might have slighted Thanksgiving, the Fourth of July, St. Patrick's Day, New Year's Eve and Washington's Birthday he added Something to Be Thankful For, Say It With Firecrackers, A Little Bit of Irish, Let's Start the New Year Right and I Can't Tell a Lie. And in case he had missed anything, he composed Happy Holiday.

Irving Berlin has no place in American music, Jerome Kern once said. He is American music. Emotionally, he honestly absorbs the vibrations emanating from the people, manners and life of his time and, in turn, gives these impressions back to the world -simplified, clarified and glorified.

The composer Douglas Moore said in 1962: It's a rare gift which sets Irving Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters. It is a gift which qualifies him, along with Stephen Foster, Walt Whitman, Vachel Lindsay and Carl Sandburg, as a great American minstrel. He has caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about and what we believe. Only One Key

Irving Berlin was a slender, dark-haired man with a quick smile and lively eyes topped by wide, prominent eyebrows. Throughout his long life in the world of music he never learned to play in any key but F sharp, but he could tap out tune after tune on the keys of a piano, leaving it to arrangers to write the harmony and to transcribe his melodies. His songs were by turn romantic and tragic, feisty and sentimental, homespun and sophisticated.

His music evoked the mournful tunes of Russia, the land of his birth (A Russian Lullaby), and the rhythms of American rag (Alexander's Ragtime Band, I Love a Piano), as well as one that seemed to combine the two, Yiddle on Your Fiddle Play Some Ragtime (1909). The romance of the ballad was heard in his Always and Remember, the romance of the dance in Cheek to Cheek and Let's Face the Music and Dance.

Mr. Berlin captured the rhythms of a young nation with songs that marked the country's wars and its prosperity and helped it to dance through the Depression. He was so prolific and so popular that by 1924 he was already the subject of a biography. Alexander Woollcott wrote in The Story of Irving Berlin that the songwriter was a creative ignoramus, a kind of unschooled genius.

I really can't read music, Mr. Berlin once said. Oh, I can pick out the melody of a song with one finger, but I can't read the harmony. I feel like an awful dope that I know so little about the mechanics of my trade. To overcome his inability to play in any key but F sharp, he used a specially built piano that had a hand clutch to change keys. He called it his Buick and for years he took it with him on trips to Europe. It is now in the Smithsonian Institution. Son of a Cantor

The man who came to be known as Irving Berlin was named Israel Baline when he was born near the Siberian border in the Russian village of Tyumen on May 11, 1888, one of eight children of Moses and Leah Lipkin Baline. His father was a cantor. A pogrom in 1893 persuaded Moses Baline to bring his family to New York, and they settled on Cherry Street on the Lower East Side. Israel was 8 years old when his father died, and the boy took to the streets to help support his family. This marked the end of his formal schooling, which totaled less than two years.

Izzy, as he came to be called, became a newspaper boy, hawking The Evening Journal. On his first day on the job, according to Woollcott, the boy stopped to look at a ship about to put out for China. So entranced was he that he failed to notice a swinging crane, and he was knocked into the river. When he was fished out, after going down for the third time, he was still holding in his clenched fist the five pennies that constituted his first day's receipts, his contribution to the family budget.

Young Izzy found his first steady job on the Bowery, looking after Blind Sol, a singing beggar. He led him through the saloons, looked after his receipts and sang some sentimental ballads himself in his childish treble. His ambition was to earn enough money to buy a rocking chair for his mother. After-Hours Tunesmith

He was soon on his own, singing for tips at bars off the Bowery, plugging songs at Tony Pastor's Music Hall in Union Square and finally, in 1906 when he was 18, working as a singing waiter at the Pelham Cafe in Chinatown. When the bar closed for the night, young Berlin would sit at a piano in the back and pick out tunes.

Within a year, he published his first song, Marie From Sunny Italy (1907). He wrote the lyrics; the music was composed by Nick Nicholson, a friend who also worked at the Pelham Cafe. Because of a printer's error, the name of the lyricist on the cover of the sheet music appeared as I. Berlin. He kept the name. In the early days he was known as a man of few words, so meager was his grasp of the language. But he made his shortcoming a virtue, writing lyrics in the American vernacular that were uncomplicated, simple and direct: I'll be loving you always . . . Not for just an hour/Not for just a day/Not for just a year/But always, and How much do I love you?/I'll tell you no lie/How deep is the ocean?/How high is the sky? and You're not sick, you're just in love.

My ambition is to reach the heart of the average American, Mr. Berlin once said, Not the highbrow nor the lowbrow but that vast intermediate crew which is the real soul of the country. The highbrow is likely to be superficial, overtrained, supersensitive. The lowbrow is warped, subnormal. My public is the real people. Even Sorrow Was Inspiration

Mr. Berlin even created songs out of his own sadness. In 1912, he married Dorothy Goetz, the sister of the songwriter Ray Goetz. She died six months later of typhoid fever contracted during their honeymoon in Havana. The song he wrote to express his grief, When I Lost You, was his first ballad. It was an immediate popular hit and sold more than a million copies.

His first complete score was written in 1914 for Watch Your Step, a revue that included Play a Simple Melody. In 1916, he collaborated with Victor Herbert on the score of The Century Girl. Increasingly aware of his own technical limitations, he asked Mr. Herbert whether he should study composition. You have a natural gift for words and music, Mr. Herbert told him. Learning theory might help you a little, but it could cramp your style. Mr. Berlin took his advice. Mr. Herbert was a moving force behind the creation of Ascap, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. In 1914, Mr. Berlin joined with him to become one of the charter members of the organization that has protected the royalties of composers and writers ever since.

Mr. Berlin was drafted in 1917 and stationed at Camp Upton, in Yaphank, L.I., where he was commissioned to write an all-soldier revue. The show, Yip, Yip, Yaphank, is best remembered for Mr. Berlin's own rendition of Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, a song he was to repeat in his World War II revue This Is the Army and the movie that was made from it. The first show eventually earned $150,000 for a camp service center. All the proceeds from the second -some $15 million - were contributed to the Army Emergency Relief Fund. Royalties earned later by the songs from the show - including This Is the Army, Mr. Jones - were added to the God Bless America Fund, which has supported the Boy Scouts and the Girl Scouts of New York since 1940. Partner of the Shuberts

Mr. Berlin returned to Tin Pan Alley after the war and in 1921 created a partnership with Sam H. Harris to build the Music Box Theater. He maintained an interest in the theater throughout his life, and even in his last years was known to call the Shubert Organization, his partner, to check on the receipts. In its early years, the theater was a showcase for revues by Mr. Berlin. As theater owner, producer and composer, he looked after every detail of his shows, from the costumes and sets to the casting and musical arrangements.

Then in the 1920's, in a story more romantic than his own ballads, Mr. Berlin fell in love with a young heiress. His courtship of Ellin Mackay was followed in every possible detail by the newspapers, which found good copy in the romance of an immigrant from the Lower East Side and the daughter of Clarence Hungerford Mackay, the socially prominent head of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company.

The couple met in 1925, and Mr. Mackay opposed the match from the start. He hustled his daughter off to Europe and Mr. Berlin wooed her over the airwaves with his songs Remember and Always. When she returned to New York they were married in a civil ceremony at the Municipal Building.

Mr. Mackay threatened to disown his daughter. I don't want your daughter for her money, Mr. Berlin told Mr. Mackay, according to breathless reports in the tabloids. If you see fit to disinherit her, I'll probably have to make her a wedding present of a couple of million dollars. In fact, Mr. Berlin did more. He gave her Always -the song still often chosen for the first dance at weddings - and several other songs for which the royalties are still coming in. For some years Mr. Mackay was not on speaking terms with the Berlins, but during the Depression, it was Mr. Berlin who bailed out his father-in-law when he suffered business reverses.

By all accounts, the Berlin marriage remained a love affair. An inseparable couple until Ellin Berlin died in July 1988 at the age of 85, they had four children: Irving, who died in infancy; Mary Ellin Barrett and Elizabeth Irving Peters of New York, and Linda Louise Emmet, who lives in Paris. Mr. Berlin is also survived by nine grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Songs for the Marx Brothers

In the mid-1920's, Mr. Berlin composed the songs for The Cocoanuts - written by George S. Kaufman for the Marx Brothers. He wrote for the Ziegfeld Follies of 1911, 1919, 1920, and for the Follies of 1927 composed Blue Skies.

Mr. Berlin returned to Broadway in 1932 to collaborate with Moss Hart on Face the Music, a production that included Let's Have Another Cup of Coffee. He worked with Hart again in 1933 to create As Thousands Cheer, which starred Marilyn Miller and Clifton Webb. Heat Wave and Easter Parade were two of the songs that made that show a box-office triumph.

During the Depression, when Americans turned to the movie houses to escape their troubles, Mr. Berlin was responsible for the scores of some of the most delightful screen musicals of the day, including three that starred Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire - Top Hat, Follow the Fleet and Carefree. Cheek to Cheek, which he wrote for Mr. Astaire in Top Hat, won an Academy Award. Mr. Berlin also wrote the music for On the Avenue, Second Fiddle and the film called Alexander's Ragtime Band. Unofficial National Anthem

In 1938, when Kate Smith asked Mr. Berlin to write a patriotic song for her, he reached into his files for a tune he had written 20 years before for Yip, Yip, Yaphank and had dropped from the show. He wrote new lyrics and from the moment Kate Smith sang it on the radio, God Bless America became the unofficial national anthem of the United States. In 1940, Mr. Berlin assigned the copyright to the God Bless America Fund. In recognition of the song, Mr. Berlin was given a special Congressional gold medal in 1954 and an official proclamation of appreciation from President Eisenhower.

White Christmas, the song that became a modern Christmas carol, was written for Bing Crosby in the 1942 movie Holiday Inn. It won Mr. Berlin a second Academy Award for best song, sold more than 50 million records and 4 million copies of sheet music, earned over $1 million in royalties and is one of the most frequently played songs ever written.

After receiving mixed reviews for the 1941 film Louisiana Purchase, Mr. Berlin returned to Camp Upton to prepare the book, music and lyrics for This Is the Army. In appreciation of his work, Gen. George C. Marshall conferred on him the Army's Medal of Merit.

After the war Mr. Berlin, who was happiest working in the theater, wrote Annie Get Your Gun for Ethel Merman. The exuberant musical about Annie Oakley (book by Herbert and Dorothy Fields) opened in 1946. It ran for 1,147 performances and included such songs as They Say It's Wonderful, The Girl That I Marry, Doin' What Comes Natur'lly, You Can't Get a Man With a Gun and Anything You Can Do I Can Do Better. Another Show for Merman

Critics were disappointed in Mr. Berlin's next show, Miss Liberty (1949). But he enjoyed another triumph when he wrote Call Me Madam in 1950 for Miss Merman, who starred as The Hostess With the Mostes' on the Ball. Her role as Ambassador to a country called Lichtenburg was a spoof of President Truman's appointment of the Washington hostess Perle Mesta as Ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in 1949.

For a while, Call Me Madam seemed to have been Mr. Berlin's farewell show, but he failed miserably at retirement. He took his family to their estate in the Catskills and tried painting, but got bored. In 1962, at the age of 74, Mr. Berlin was back on Broadway with Mr. President. He wrote the score, Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay did the book, and Joshua Logan directed. Despite a cool reception from the critics, the show ran for eight months on an advance sale of nearly $3 million.

As he grew older, Mr. Berlin became more and more reclusive, eventually refusing even to see friends. The telephone became his only link to the world outside Beekman Place.

Although he came to feel that too much fuss was made of his accumulated years, he gave his blessing to the 100th-birthday celebration concert held for the benefit of Carnegie Hall and Ascap in May 1988. After all the singing and the dancing and the celebrating were over, Morton Gould, the president of Ascap, said, in effect, that it would never be over.

Irving Berlin's music will last forever, he said. Not for just an hour, not for just a day, not for just a year, but always.

אירווינג ברלין

לידה 11 במאי 1888
טולוצ'ין, בלארוס
פטירה 22 בספטמבר 1989 (בגיל 101) ניו יורק, ארצות הברית בן/בת זוג Dorothy Goetz ו-Ellin Mackay צאצאים Mary Ellin Barrett Elizabeth Irving Peters and Linda Louise Emmet סוגה וודוויל עיסוק מלחין, פסנתרן, פזמונאי, תסריטאי, מלחין של מוזיקה לסרטים, מוזיקאי, ליריקן כלי נגינה פסנתר חברת תקליטים קולומביה רקורדס

פרסים והוקרה מדליית החירות הנשיאותית פרס גראמי למפעל חיים (1968) מדליית הזהב של הקונגרס מדליית החירות פרס אוסקר לשיר המקורי הטוב ביותר (1942) עריכת הנתון בוויקינתונים

Alexander's Ragtime Band, Edison Amberol cylinder, 1911 אירווינג ברלין (באנגלית: Irving Berlin; ‏ 11 במאי 1888 - 22 בספטמבר 1989) היה פזמונאי ומלחין יהודי אמריקאי, יליד האימפריה הרוסית, כותב פורה שרבים מהשירים שכתב והלחין למחזות זמר הפכו לנכסי צאן ברזל של התרבות הפופולרית האמריקאית.

קורות חיים ברלין נולד, לפי מקורות אחדים בשטח בלארוס של היום בעיר מוגילב או אולי בעיר טיומן שבמזרח רוסיה, בשם ישראל איזדור ביילין, אחד משמונה ילדיו של שוחט (לפי מקורות אחרים - חזן). ב-1893 היגרה המשפחה לארצות הברית והשתקעה בניו יורק. כאשר ברלין היה בן שמונה, מת אביו והוא נאלץ לצאת לעבוד לפרנסת המשפחה. בין השאר עבד כמוכר עיתונים וכמלצר מזמר.

הלהיט הגדול הראשון שלו היה השיר Alexander's Ragtime Band, שנכתב ב-1911 וזכה מאז לביצועים רבים, כולל אלו של לואי ארמסטרונג, בינג קרוסבי וריי צ'ארלס. היה זה הראשון בשרשרת ארוכה של להיטים. ב-1917, התגייס ברלין לצבא ארצות הברית במהלך מלחמת העולם הראשונה, והופיע במחזמר Yip Yip Yaphank אשר הוצג בבסיס Camp Upton בניו יורק.

בין שיריו הנודעים האחרים ניתן למנות את: God Bless America הפטריוטי, שהיה למעין המנון שני בארצות הברית, את Anything You Can Do, There's No Business Like Show Business ואת White Christmas, שבביצועו של בינג קרוסבי נמכר בלמעלה מ-100 מיליון עותקים וזכה בפרס האוסקר. את כל אלה ורבים אחרים כתב והלחין מבלי שידע לקרוא או לכתוב תווים. גם בקולנוע שלח את ידו והלחין עשרות פסי-קול. שירו Blue Skies הושר על ידי אל ג'ולסון בסרט המדבר הראשון, זמר הג'אז.

שירו הידוע Cheek to Cheek תורגם לעברית תחת השם "עדן", על ידי עלי מוהר ובוצע על ידי גידי גוב. שירו Puttin' on the Ritz תורגם בידי אבי קורן כ"לך לשפת הים". את השיר בתרגום זה ביצעה להקת הכל עובר חביבי.

ברלין היה נשוי פעמיים, בראשונה לדורותי גץ ב-1912, שנפטרה מטיפוס הבטן 5 חודשים לאחר נישואיהם, ובשנית לאלין מקיי ב-1926, בתו של תעשיין אמיד. מנישואיו השניים נולדו לו שלוש בנות ובן, שנפטר בינקותו.

ב-1954 הוענקה לו מדליית הזהב של הקונגרס וב-1977 העניק לו הנשיא ג'רלד פורד את מדליית החירות הנשיאותית, שני עיטורי הכבוד הגבוהים ביותר בארצות הברית.

ברלין נפטר מהתקף לב בניו יורק, בגיל 101.

קישורים חיצוניים מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקיציטוט ציטוטים בוויקיציטוט: אירווינג ברלין ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: אירווינג ברלין Allmusic Favicon.png אירווינג ברלין , באתר Allmusic (באנגלית) MusicBrainz Logo 2016.svg אירווינג ברלין , באתר MusicBrainz (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין , באתר Discogs (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין , באתר Genius אירווינג ברלין , באתר בית לזמר העברי אירווינג ברלין , באתר DNCI IMDB Logo 2016.svg אירווינג ברלין , במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) אירווינג ברלין

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Irving Berlin's Timeline

1888
May 11, 1888
Moguilev, Belarus
1926
November 25, 1926
1928
December 1, 1928
New York, New York, United States
1936
June 16, 1936
1989
September 22, 1989
Age 101
New York City, New York, United States
????
Woodlawn Cemetery, 501 East 233rd Street, Bronx, Bronx County, NY, 10470, United States