Jacobus Spijker

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Jacobus Spijker

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hilversum, Hilversum, North Holland, Netherlands
Death: March 21, 1932 (74)
Baarn, Baarn, Utrecht, Netherlands
Place of Burial: Baarn, Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Jacobus Spijker and Jannetje de Groot
Husband of Geertruy Elisabeth Marlof
Father of Anne Marie Martha Spijker
Brother of Hendrik Jan Spijker; Dievertje Spijker and Marretje Spijker

Occupation: Oppfinner, bilprodusent, Rijtuigfabriek Gebroeders Spijker
Managed by: Piet Roestenburg
Last Updated:

About Jacobus Spijker

Overlijdensakte Overlijden Jacobus Spijker, 21-03-1932
Overledene: Jacobus Spijker
Overlijdensdatum: 21-03-1932
Overlijdensplaats: Baarn
Aktedatum: 22-03-1932
Akteplaats: Baarn
Partner: Echtgenoot van Geertruij Elisabeth Marlof
Vader: Jacobus Spijker
Moeder: Jannetje de Groot
Toegangsnummer: 463 Burgerlijke stand: (dubbele) registers 1903-1942
Inventarisnummer: 387-06
Aktenummer: 39


Jacobus Spijker

Netherlands, Civil Deaths, 1811-1965
Birth: Circa 1859
Death: Mar 21 1932 - Baarn, Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
Wife: Geertruij Elisabeth Marlof
Parents: Jacobus Spijker, Jannetje de Groot

Om Jacobus Spijker (Norsk)

Biography for Jacobus and brother Hendrik Jan Spijker.

Brothers Spijker Became blacksmiths in his father's forge in Hilversum. His father was an excellent blacksmith who made bodywork for horse carriages. His sons extended their knowledge by working as a teaching boy in France, Germany, and Egland. In 1880 the brothers started their own wagon factory in Hilversum. They made luxury carriages for both Nederlands and English India which were Dutch colonies at the time. The native princesses in these colonies looked at such vehicles as the status symbol, and often bought more at the same time. So the business went well. In 1886 they opened their second factory in Amsterdam. Later, in 1887 they moved the business in Hilversum to Amsterdam. Business is named at the time "RIJTUIGFABRIEK GEBR. SPIJKER "(Brothers Spijker Wagon Factory). Business flourished. Cars were at this time very primitive and not popular among rich people, so therefore had the brothers Spijker An advantage of their Luxury and comfortable carriages. The wagons that were made for the tropics were knowledge known. They used Only Quality materials such as tropical woods with great resistance for tropical conditions. Exports to England and to the colonies in India only increased. The company needed more operating capital and in 1891 it turned the privately owned company into a limited liability company named "RIJTUIGFABRIEK SPIJKER N.V." Three industry leaders from Amsterdam were the main shareholders. Jacobus Became CEO, and Hendrik Jan was the marketing director. Both had shares at the company. The firm gained a lot of publicity and prestige by producing it so called "Gouden Koets"(Golden Caret), which was the gift of Amsterdam's population to the Dutch Queen during her coronation in 1888. It took the company one and a half years to create this stately wagon. It was called “The Golden Caret” because it was covered with gold. The carriage is still in use when today's Queen opens the Parliament every fall on the third Tuesday of September. During this period the brothers were interested In cars. They were far-sighted and Looked For wearing the car as a competitor to their wagon factory. They knew the Benz car from earlier and bought one for yourself. Later, they created many carriages on Benz bodywork. So, they decided to expand the business to include the automobile industry. The factory they had been too small. They transformed the company into a public company to attract capital, which could enable them to build the most modern car factory in the Netherlands, based on the principles of mass production from America. Hendrik Jan traveled several times to the United States to study Production methods in the automobile industry there. They bought an area of 3 hectares just outside Amsterdam, and in 1898 started work on building a new factory both for carriages and for car production. They had continued with the wagon production that all the time gave good returns from them. The new company was N.V. Industriële Maatschappij Trompenburg. (Trompenburg Industries). Name Trompenburg Hailed from the grounds of the Dutch admiral, Cornelis Tromp Who had their estate on the same site. The factory was large and equipped with the most modern machinery from the United States, a exhibition room with marble floors and walls As well as apartment On top of the two brothers. To the workers built the 20 very comfortable houses. Salaries of the workers were of the highest in the metal industry in Amsterdam. Having been employed by Spijker The factory was a good certificate later. In 1900, the new factory was ready to make 500 cars per year. This soon proved to be too optimistic. They never managed to reach this production throughout the factory's existence from 1898 to 1925. Total from 1900 to 1925 Our The layer About: 2000 cars. Market and Infra The structure was simply not present. of 1900 Our That by comparison, a total of sold only 150 cars in the Netherlands. Therefore, most of the production went to England. In a way, the brothers were not such as Henry Ford who prioritized the commercial side of the automotive production. The Brethren were primarily good Handtverkere Despite its modern factory and equipment, the Vognmakeriet. Their cars were manufactured with High Quality and technical perfection for a few happy. The price for a Spyker car in 1904 was F 4000,-, which was more than the annual income for most in Holland. In 1906 in Engeland Our cars Priced from £460-£810,-. One bought a Spyker for the durability and the quality and not for the price. Despite the fact that Spyker cars were well known on the mainland in Europe as well as in Engeland, at exhibitions in Paris and London, the Peking-Paris rally, Sales Figures did not increase accordingly with Renomet. Etterspørslen After expensive cars increased slowly and Spijker The brothers would not compromise on quality. Prices for their cars were still lofty compared to American cars, so the production level of the Spyker factory was still far below the maximum. On, Jacobus Was not an administrator, but an inventor with brilliant ideas that along the way in production introduced many modifications that regularly lowered productivity and production levels. Jacobus was set to lead the company, but Vigde most of the time to new technical solutions. His brother Hendrik Jan, was more businessman. He was often traveling through Europs, Dutch India as well as in North and South America to try to Open New Market. of 1904 Our Hendrik Jan looked tired of his brother's inventions and experiment that he traveled to Dutch India and took to with a rubber plantation that could stimulate the imports of Spyker cars. He had business in mind because he was taking the move and deleted his name from the registry above Stemmeberettige In Amsterdam. Apparently, the factory and the export went well, especially to the Engeland, where the dealer network had increased to 7 pieces, and they also found an importer in Germany and appointed several dealers in New York. Factory Our Also lengthened in 1905. The success, however, was short. When the Engeland Our Haunted by strong recession in 1906, the English market collapsed. Management, Jacobus Had no countermeasures clear. Jacobus Wrote to his brother Hendrik Jan, and he persuaded him to come home to help with the problems. In early 1907, Hendrik Jan traveled back to Holland. He first traveled to his business associate in London, the Spyker importer Mr. Elsworth, to get financial support and assistance. They then took the ferry from Harwich to Hook back to Holland. It was a stormy evening on February 20, 1907. For reasons unknown, the ferry was stranded in the storm just outside the harbour inlet to Hook in Holland and the list. Most of the crew and passenger died. The bodies never got to land. This accident was one of the Worst who had hit Holland and got a lot of attention in the press. Among The missing passengers were Hendrik Jan and Mr. Elsworth. Jacobus Walked in Days Around the beach where the shipwreck happened in hopes of finding the bodies. He was for several months not able to do anything. Left alone with a descending business. During this period, a certain Mr Godard Factory, a scrupulous driver from France, who wanted to participate in the Peking-Paris rally, and asked Jacobus About a Spyker car. The race was to take summer in 1907. Jacobus He gave a car because he could have good use for publicity in business. First, he calculated that he could only lose the car that had a value of 5000 Guilders At the race. Yet, in the end, this toy had cost a total of 50.000,-. Once underway set Mr Godard firmly in Asia and Telegraferte Jacobus For spare parts. The company sent a mechanic off with the parts to repair the car. Spyker car did well in the race with a second place. He received a good publicity of Di car Was only a standard car and not a special team that some of the competitors lined up with. This rally is partly filmed and there are written several books. The most famous book is "The Mad Motorists" by Allen Andrews in 1964 in two editions. Later a circulation in 1980. In spite of this publicity, it never improved Finsianelle Situation of the factory. Jacobus Must have been desperate. In July 1907, he announced 25% Displacement of wages. This meant a working conflict. He deceived the workers to get their work done. The workers felt very hurt and in harm they planned a strike unless Jacobus The trek Back their accusations. They believed that the low activity Washed-down times, and was not aware of the realities. Finally they gave up. The losses were so big that the firm went almost bankrupt. Finally, the shareholders discovered that something was very wrong. On October 17, 1907 the factory got the court's ruling on public chord. Jacobus The trek As a leader just before the chord. (or was he kicked off the General Assembly?) On 2 April 1908 our firm turned bankrupt. According to the Official The investigation had Jacobus Most of the blame to all the losses that led to the bankruptcy. In hindsight, one understands that all conditions like the brother's death, recession, little national feel for their own products as well as a very weak rule contributed greatly to the fall. With a background in the wide known prestige, the firm was still viable. Management found new capital and a new director Our Employee. With a background in that Jacobus married the Rich Geertrui Elisabeth Marlof, he could devote the rest of his life to his death to inventions. He died in 1932. Of his greatest invention was a wheel that consisted of a fixed-wheeled centre that a second wheel outside could rotate. These were separated by a air. The secondary wheel had the "air cushions" on the outside! (The description is not good when I have not seen the drawings). This invention was patented in 1914. He further improved the system in 1929 and the English firm "India Tyre Company "outfitted multiple cars with the system. A few years before his death he came with a new great invention. There was A hydraulic Feather and shock absorber principle. Citroen and Leyland cars have based their suspension system on the same principle in recent times. Jacobus Never got any benefit from the patents. Of the great historical inventions that Trompenburg The factory under the leadership of Brothers Spijker Performed was the world's first cylinder Variety of engine and The first 4-wheel-driven car in the world. Much of the success of the Spyker cars also belongs to a young and clever Belgian engineer, Valentin Laviolette, who was responsible for engine development and stood behind the invention of special The gearbox. This was our patent-pending but Louis Renault was right before him. Trompenburg The factory continued its production of Spyker cars and the business went better and better. In 1910-1911, the firm also earned good money. The cars were of very good quality. The Dutch Queen became a regular customer and bought many cars. During the First World War, the factory started building planes, fighter planes for the Dutch Air Force and the Navy. of 1921 Looked The most prestigious car of the light of day. This was the C-4 model with six cylinder engine and aluminium engine armour. This car was known by the name "the Dutch Rolls Royce". This car was way too expensive, especially in 1921 when the recession in Europe started. By the end of 1921, one of Aksjeinnehaverene, a trading bank, withdrew, and the bankruptcy followed in June 1922. The company changed owners a few times and held to the middle of 1925. When Our It just ended. In 1927, a paper factory bought the factory with the equipment. Factory equipment, with tools and machines Our Auctioned off. The auction took 14 days. In 1969 the buildings were demolished and instead Listed office buildings on the plot. The only thing in the new building reminiscent of past times is the name of a bar, "Spyker bar". Jacobus died at the train station in Baar in the Netherlands on his daughter Anne's birthday. He had his heart attack and died when he was waiting for the train.

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Jacobus Spijker's Timeline

1857
December 7, 1857
Hilversum, Hilversum, North Holland, Netherlands
1893
March 22, 1893
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
1932
March 21, 1932
Age 74
Baarn, Baarn, Utrecht, Netherlands
March 24, 1932
Age 74
Baarn, Netherlands