James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan

How are you related to James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan?

Connect to the World Family Tree to find out

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

About James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan

JAMES STEWART Earl of Buchan

Biographical Summary by Wikipedia

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan (1442–1499) was a Scottish noble. He was the uncle of James III of Scotland who was granted the Earldom of Buchan. Buchan repaid him by fighting for his cause against rebellious southern barons. Through his marriage to Margaret Ogilvie he acquired the title Lord Auchterhouse.

James Stewart was the second son of Sir James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorne, and Joan Beaufort, the widow of James I of Scotland.[1] "Hearty James" was a younger brother of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl, and a younger half-brother of James II of Scotland and Princess Margaret Stewart, first wife of Louis XI of France.[citation needed]

In 1467, his nephew James III granted him and his wife the lands of the Baronies of Strathalva and Down, with the Castle of Banff and the fishings of the water of River Deveron. In 1469, James III conferred on James the Earldom of Buchan (first of the third creation).[1] James III conferred the estate of Traquair was on Dr. William Rogers, an eminent musician, and one of his favourites. After holding the lands for upwards of nine years, Dr. Rogers sold them for an insignificant sum, in 1478, to Buchan.[2]

When the southern barons entered into a conspiracy against the King, the Earl of Buchan naturally remained loyal. The King soon crossed the River Forth, and passed into the northeastern counties, where a strong force rallied around him. He then marched southward, and came in sight of the rebellious barons at Blackness in West Lothian, and the Earl of Buchan attacked and drove back the left wing of the insurgent army.[1]

Negotiations were opened, and the Earl of Buchan insisted on severe measures against the insurgent nobles; but George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly and William Hay, 3rd Earl of Erroll were opposed to this, and they retired to the north. It was evident, however, that Buchan’s view was right. A pacification was arranged in May, 1488, in which the barons promised to return to their allegiance and maintain the rights of the Crown and the peace of the kingdom; and thereupon the King disbanded his army and returned to Edinburgh.[1]

However the rebellion continued and on 11 June 1488 at the Battle of Sauchieburn King James III and was defeated and killed. The victorious barons passed the night on the field of battle. On the following morning they proceeded to Linlithgow, issued a proclamation, and immediately seized the Royal treasure and the reins of Government. The Earls of Buchan, Huntly, and Lennox, Lord Forbes and others, who had fought for James III, were summoned to appear before Parliament and answer to a charge of treason.[3]

Parliament met at Edinburgh on 6 October 1488, and proceeded to consider the position of those who had been summoned for treason. The Earl of Buchan appeared and tendered his submission; and he was pardoned and restored to power. None of the others who was cited appeared, and consequently their possessions were placed at the disposal of Parliament.[4]

In 1491 Buchan conferred Traquair, on his natural son, James Stewart (see below).[2] Buchan died in 1499, and was succeeded by his son, Alexander, 2nd Earl of Buchan.[4]

Before 1467 James Stewart married Margaret Ogilvie, the heiress of Sir Alexander Ogilvie of Auchterhouse.[1] They were parents to two children:[citation needed]

  • Alexander Stewart, 2nd Earl of Buchan (d. 1505)
  • Isabel Stewart of Buchan, a mistress of James IV of Scotland, and mother of Lady Janet Stewart, who was in turn a mistress of Henry II of France.

Buchan had several illegitimate children with his mistress Margaret Murray (b. ca. 1446), many of whom were later legitimized by a royal charter issued in 1488–1489.[citation needed]

  • James Stewart,[5] 1st Laird of Traquair (1480–1513),[citation needed] was the founder of the Traquair family. He was gifted the Traquair estate by his father in 1491. He obtained letters of legitimation, and married the heiress of the Rutherfords, with whom he received the estates of Rutherford and Wells in Roxburghshire.[5] He was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field.[5] He was the ancestor of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair.
  • Lady Agnes Stewart, married first Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell in August 1511, secondly Alexander Home, 3rd Lord Home, thirdly John Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell and fourthly Cuthbert Ramsay.[6] They had at least eight children. Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field on 9 September 1513, she died in February, 1557.


  1. Peerage
  2. Wikipedia




JAMES Stewart, son of JAMES Stewart of Lorn & his wife Joan Beaufort (-[Jan 1497/Jan 1500]). Earl of Buchan 1469.
m (before 1 Mar 1467) MARGARET Ogilvy, daughter and heiress of ALEXANDER Ogilvy of Auchterhouse & his wife ---.
James & his wife had one child:

1. ALEXANDER (-1505). Earl of Buchan. m firstly (before 20 May 1491) ISABEL Ogilvy, daughter of --- (-after 20 May 1491). m secondly (before 1499) as her first husband, MARGARET Ruthven, daughter of WILLIAM Lord Ruthven & his first wife Isabel --- (-1548). She married (before 21 Jun 1508) John Erskine the younger of Dun. Alexander & his second wife had four children:

a) JOHN ([1498]-1551 after 14 Jul). Earl of Buchan. m MARGARET Scrymgeour, daughter of JAMES Scrymgeour of Dudhope & his wife ---. John & his wife had two children:

i) JOHN (-killed in battle Pinkie 10 Sep 1547). Master of Buchan. m firstly ELIZABETH Stuart, illegitimate daughter of JAMES Stuart Earl of Moray & his mistress Marion Stewart . m secondly (before 15 May 1547) MARGARET Ogilvy, daughter of WALTER Ogilvy of Boyne & his wife --- (-after 26 Dec 1549). John & his second wife had one child:

(a) CHRISTIAN ([1547/48]-Aberdeen 20 Sep 1580). Ctss of Buchan. Betrothed (16 Jan 1550) to JAMES Stewart, illegitimate son of JAMES V King of Scotland & his mistress Margaret Erskine ([1531]-murdered Linlithgow 21 Jan 1570, bur 14 Feb 1570 Edinburgh, St Giles). He was created Earl of Moray in 1562. m ROBERT Douglas of Morton, son of ROBERT Douglas of Lochleven & his wife Margaret Erskine (-Mills of Drum 18 Aug 1580). Earl of Buchan.

ii) JAMES . m CHRISTIAN, daughter of JOHN Strang of Balcaskie & his wife ---. James & his wife had four children:

(a) JAMES . 1618.
(c) daughter .
(d) daughter .

b) son (1501-young).
c) AGNES .
d) JANET (-after 14 Jan 1513). m as his first wife, ALEXANDER Livingston Lord Livingston, son of WILLIAM Livingston Lord Livingstone & his wife Agnes Hepburn of Whitsome (-[25 Jul 1549/4 Jan 1551]).

James had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

2. daughter (-after 1530). m ALEXANDER Abernethy Lord Saltoun, son of JAMES Abernethy Lord Saltoun & his wife --- (-before 25 Jul 1527).

James had two illegitimate children by MARGARET Murray, widow of WILLIAM Murray, daughter of ---.

3. JAMES Stewart (-killed in battle Flodden 1513). First of Traquair. m CATHERINE Rutherford, daughter of PHILIP Rutherford of that Ilk & his wife ---.
4. AGNES (-Feb 1557). Balfour Paul records “Isabella Stewart, daughter of James Earl of Buchan” as mother of King James’s daughter “Janet” (no source cited)[1061]. Mistress ([1509]%29 of JAMES IV King of Scotland, son of JAMES III King of Scotland & his wife Margarethe of Denmark (17 Mar 1473-killed in battle Flodden 9 Sep 1513). m firstly (1511) ADAM Hepburn Earl of Bothwell, son of PATRICH Hepburn Earl of Bothwell & his second wife Margaret Gordon of the Earls of Huntly ([1492]-killed in battle Pinkie 9 Sep 1513). m secondly ([9 Sep 1513/14 Feb 1514]) ALEXANDER Lord Home, son of ALEXANDER Home Lord Home (-beheaded Edinburgh 8 Oct 1516, bur Greyfriars). m thirdly ([1520/15 Nov 1525]) as his second wife, ROBERT Maxwell Lord Maxwell, son of JOHN Maxwell Lord Maxwell & his wife Agnes Stewart of Garlies ([1493/94]-Logan 9 Jul 1546). m fourthly (before 13 Dec 1549) as his first wife, CUTHBERT Ramsay, son of NICHOLAS Ramsay of Dalhousie & his wife --- (-after Feb 1557).


view all

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan's Timeline

Lorn, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Buchan Castle, Dumfries, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
Scotland (United Kingdom)
March 17, 1473
Scotland, United Kingdom
November 28, 1480
Probably, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Age 57
Angus, Perthshire, Scotland, UK
Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland