James Stewart, 1st Laird of Traquair

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James Stewart

Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: September 09, 1513 (40)
Flodden field near Branxton, Northumberland, England (United Kingdom) (Killed in action at the Battle of Flodden)
Place of Burial: Flodden field near Branxton, Northumberland, England
Immediate Family:

Son of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan and Margaret Murray, of Falahill
Husband of Catherine Rutherford
Father of William Stewart of Traquair; Isabel Stewart and Janet Stewart
Brother of Margaret Stewart; Elizabeth Stewart and Agnes Stewart, Countess of Bothwell
Half brother of Alexander Stewart, 2nd Earl of Buchan; N.N. Stewart, Baroness of Saltoun and Alexander Murray of Shillinglaw

Occupation: 1st Earl of Traquair
Managed by: Douglas John Nimmo
Last Updated:

About James Stewart, 1st Laird of Traquair


James Stewart of Traquair died on 9 September 1513, having been killed in action at the Battle of Flodden in Northumberland, England. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: Stewart Earls of Buchan

Evidence from the National Records of Scotland

11 August 1512: RMS: 3761

Secondary Source Evidence

Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum. The Register of the Great seal of Scotland, A.D. 1424-1513. Edited by James Balfour Paul, Advocate, FSA. Scot. (H. M. General Register House, Edinburgh, 1882), 1153 pp. including indexes and Errata


  1. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: Stewart Earls of Buchan
  2. Darryl Lundy's Peerage

Biographical Summary

Buchan had several illegitimate children with his mistress Margaret Murray (b. ca. 1446), many of whom were later legitimized by a royal charter issued in 1488–1489.[citation needed]

James Stewart,[5] 1st Laird of Traquair (1480–1513),[citation needed] was the founder of the Traquair family. He was gifted the Traquair estate by his father in 1491. He obtained letters of legitimation, and married the heiress of the Rutherfords, with whom he received the estates of Rutherford and Wells in Roxburghshire.[5] He was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field.[5] He was the ancestor of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair.


This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Taylor, James (1889). The great historic families of Scotland 2. London: J.S. Virtue. p. 67.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Mackintosh, John (1898). Historic earls and earldoms of Scotland. W. Jolly. pp. 103, 104. External links Mackintosh, John (2012) [1898]. "Earls of Buchan". Historic earls and earldoms of Scotland (Electronic ed.). Electric Scotland. SH staff. "The History of Traquair House". Scottish History Online. Retrieved May 2012. Taylor, James (2012) [1887]. "The Stewarts of Traquair". The Great Historic Families of Scotland (2 volumes) (Electronic ed.). Electric Scotland


JAMES Stewart, son of JAMES Stewart of Lorn & his wife Joan Beaufort (-[Jan 1497/Jan 1500]). Earl of Buchan 1469.
m (before 1 Mar 1467) MARGARET Ogilvy, daughter and heiress of ALEXANDER Ogilvy of Auchterhouse & his wife ---.
James & his wife had one child:

1. ALEXANDER (-1505). Earl of Buchan. m firstly (before 20 May 1491) ISABEL Ogilvy, daughter of --- (-after 20 May 1491). m secondly (before 1499) as her first husband, MARGARET Ruthven, daughter of WILLIAM Lord Ruthven & his first wife Isabel --- (-1548). She married (before 21 Jun 1508) John Erskine the younger of Dun. Alexander & his second wife had four children:

a) JOHN ([1498]-1551 after 14 Jul). Earl of Buchan. m MARGARET Scrymgeour, daughter of JAMES Scrymgeour of Dudhope & his wife ---. John & his wife had two children:

i) JOHN (-killed in battle Pinkie 10 Sep 1547). Master of Buchan. m firstly ELIZABETH Stuart, illegitimate daughter of JAMES Stuart Earl of Moray & his mistress Marion Stewart . m secondly (before 15 May 1547) MARGARET Ogilvy, daughter of WALTER Ogilvy of Boyne & his wife --- (-after 26 Dec 1549). John & his second wife had one child:

(a) CHRISTIAN ([1547/48]-Aberdeen 20 Sep 1580). Ctss of Buchan. Betrothed (16 Jan 1550) to JAMES Stewart, illegitimate son of JAMES V King of Scotland & his mistress Margaret Erskine ([1531]-murdered Linlithgow 21 Jan 1570, bur 14 Feb 1570 Edinburgh, St Giles). He was created Earl of Moray in 1562. m ROBERT Douglas of Morton, son of ROBERT Douglas of Lochleven & his wife Margaret Erskine (-Mills of Drum 18 Aug 1580). Earl of Buchan.

ii) JAMES . m CHRISTIAN, daughter of JOHN Strang of Balcaskie & his wife ---. James & his wife had four children:

(a) JAMES . 1618.
(c) daughter .
(d) daughter .

b) son (1501-young).
c) AGNES .
d) JANET (-after 14 Jan 1513). m as his first wife, ALEXANDER Livingston Lord Livingston, son of WILLIAM Livingston Lord Livingstone & his wife Agnes Hepburn of Whitsome (-[25 Jul 1549/4 Jan 1551]).

James had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

2. daughter (-after 1530). m ALEXANDER Abernethy Lord Saltoun, son of JAMES Abernethy Lord Saltoun & his wife --- (-before 25 Jul 1527).

James had two illegitimate children by MARGARET Murray, widow of WILLIAM Murray, daughter of ---.

3. JAMES Stewart (-killed in battle Flodden 1513). First of Traquair. m CATHERINE Rutherford, daughter of PHILIP Rutherford of that Ilk & his wife---.
4. AGNES (-Feb 1557). Balfour Paul records “Isabella Stewart, daughter of James Earl of Buchan” as mother of King James’s daughter “Janet” (no source cited)[1061]. Mistress ([1509]%29 of JAMES IV King of Scotland, son of JAMES III King of Scotland & his wife Margarethe of Denmark (17 Mar 1473-killed in battle Flodden 9 Sep 1513). m firstly (1511) ADAM Hepburn Earl of Bothwell, son of PATRICH Hepburn Earl of Bothwell & his second wife Margaret Gordon of the Earls of Huntly ([1492]-killed in battle Pinkie 9 Sep 1513). m secondly ([9 Sep 1513/14 Feb 1514]) ALEXANDER Lord Home, son of ALEXANDER Home Lord Home (-beheaded Edinburgh 8 Oct 1516, bur Greyfriars). m thirdly ([1520/15 Nov 1525]) as his second wife, ROBERT Maxwell Lord Maxwell, son of JOHN Maxwell Lord Maxwell & his wife Agnes Stewart of Garlies ([1493/94]-Logan 9 Jul 1546). m fourthly (before 13 Dec 1549) as his first wife, CUTHBERT Ramsay, son of NICHOLAS Ramsay of Dalhousie & his wife --- (-after Feb 1557).


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James Stewart, 1st Laird of Traquair's Timeline

March 17, 1473
Scotland, United Kingdom
Traquair, Peebles-shire, Scotland
Traquhair, Peeblesshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
September 9, 1513
Age 40
Flodden field near Branxton, Northumberland, England (United Kingdom)
Flodden field near Branxton, Northumberland, England (United Kingdom)