John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the USA

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John Caldwell Calhoun

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Calhoun Mills, Abbeville Dist., South Carolina, United States
Death: March 31, 1850 (68)
Washington, District of Columbia, United States (Tuberculosis)
Place of Burial: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Patrick Calhoun and Martha Calhoun
Husband of Floride Bonneau Calhoun
Father of Andrew Pickens Calhoun; Floride Rebecca Calhoun; Jane Calhoun; Anna Maria Clemson; Elizabeth Calhoun and 5 others
Brother of Catherine Waddel; William Caldwell Calhoun; James Calhoun and Patrick Calhoun, Jr.
Half brother of Patrick Calhoun; Margaret Dale; William Jr. Dale; Robert Dale; John Dale and 7 others

Occupation: Politician - South Carolina Senator; Vice President, 7th Vice President of the United States, U.S. Vice President, Senator
Managed by: Joel Scott Cognevich
Last Updated:

About John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the USA

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

"...John Caldwell Calhoun March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading politician and political theorist from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. Calhoun eloquently spoke out on every issue of his day, but often changed positions. Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830 he switched to states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as something positive, his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union..."

"...Calhoun was born in 1782, the fourth child of Patrick Calhoun and his wife Martha Caldwell in Abbeville District, SC. His father had joined the Scotch Irish immigration from County Donegal to the backcountry of South Carolina.."

"...When his father became ill, 17-year-old John Calhoun quit school to work on the family farm. With his brothers' financial support, he later returned to his studies, earning a degree from Yale College, Phi Beta Kappa, in 1804. After studying law at the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, he was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1807.."

Marriage and Children

"...In January 1811, Calhoun married Floride Bonneau Calhoun, a first cousin once removed. The couple had 10 children over 18 years; three died in infancy:

  1. Andrew Pickens Calhoun (1811–1865),
  2. Floride Pure Calhoun (1814–1815),
  3. Jane Calhoun (1816–1816),
  4. Anna Maria Calhoun (1817–1875),
  5. Elizabeth Calhoun (1819–1820),
  6. Patrick Calhoun (1821–1858),
  7. John Caldwell Calhoun, Jr. (1823–1855),
  8. Martha Cornelia Calhoun (1824–1857),
  9. James Edward Calhoun (1826–1861)
  10. William Lowndes Calhoun (1829–1858).

His fourth child, Anna Maria, married Thomas Green Clemson, founder of Clemson University in South Carolina.

Political Career

"...In 1817, President James Monroe appointed Calhoun Secretary of War, where he served until 1825. .."

"...As secretary, Calhoun had responsibility for management of Indian affairs...He supervised the negotiation and ratification of 38 treaties with Indian tribes..."

"... Calhoun served four years under John Quincy Adams [as vice president], and then, in 1828, won re-election as Vice President running with Andrew Jackson..."

"...With his break with Jackson complete, in 1832, Calhoun ran for the Senate rather than continue as Vice President..."

"...Calhoun led the pro-slavery faction in the Senate in the 1830s and 1840s, opposing both abolitionism and attempts to limit the expansion of slavery into the western territories..."

"...After a one-year service as Secretary of State (April 1, 1844 – March 10, 1845), Calhoun returned to the Senate in 1845. He participated in the political struggle over the expansion of slavery in the Western states..."

"...Calhoun died in Washington, D.C., in March 1850 of tuberculosis at the age of sixty-eight. He was interred at the St. Philip's Church yard in Charleston, South Carolina in the section for non-members..."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'John C. Calhoun', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 September 2012, 03:29 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_C._Calhoun&oldid=513964849> [accessed 7 October 2012]

links

  1. Clan Colquhoun Lewin Dwinell McPherson, A.B., A.M., author of CALHOUN, HAMILTON, BASKIN AND RELATED FAMILIES, traces the genealogy out of Patrick Calhoun of Ulster, North of Ireland. All information on these pages was abstracted from said source.

Birth: Mar. 18, 1782 Mount Carmel McCormick County South Carolina, USA Death: Mar. 31, 1850 Washington District of Columbia District Of Columbia, USA

7th United States Vice-President, US Congressman, US Senator, and Presidential Cabinet Secretary. He began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade, as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as a "positive good" rather than a "necessary evil," his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union. He served as a member of the US House of Representatives from South Carolina's 6th district from March 1811 until November 1817, as the 10th US Secretary of War under President James Monroe from October 1817 until March 1825, as the US Vice President from March 1825 until December 1832 under Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, as US Senator from South Carolina from December 1832 until March 1843 and again from November 1845 until his death in March 1850, and as the 16th US Secretary of State from April 1844 until March 1845. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican party until 1825, the Nullifier Party (a short-lived states' rights party that he founded) from 1828 until 1839, and finally the Democratic Party from 1839 until his death. Born John Caldwell Calhoun, the 4th child of an Irish immigrant father who was a prosperous South Carolina planter, he was forced to quit school at the age of 17 to help run the family farm when his father became ill. With his older brothers' financial support, he later returned to his studies, earning a degree in 1804 from Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut. After studying law at the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, he was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1807. In 1810 he won his first election to Congress. The following January, he married Floride Bonneau Colhoun, a first cousin once removed, who was the daughter of South Carolina US Senator and lawyer John E. Colhoun, and with whom he had ten children. He was among the "War Hawks" who strongly supported the US War of 1812 against England. As Secretary of War, he reorganized and modernized the War Department, building powerful permanent bureaucracies that ran the department, created the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1824 to centralize and make it more efficient, and supervised the negotiation and ratification of 38 treaties with Native American tribes. He was originally a candidate for US President in the election of 1824, but after failing to win the endorsement of the South Carolina legislature, he decided to become a candidate for Vice President. While no presidential candidate received a majority in the Electoral College and the election was ultimately resolved by the House of Representatives, the Electoral College elected him vice president by a landslide. He served four years under John Quincy Adams, and in 1828, won re-election as Vice President running with Andrew Jackson, becoming one of two vice presidents to serve under two different presidents. Under Andrew Jackson, his vice presidency was controversial and he developed a rift over financial policy with Jackson. By February 1831, his break with Jackson was final and on December 28, 1832, he became the first vice president in US history to resign from office and he ran and was elected to the US Senate rather than continue as Vice President. Due to his nullification beliefs during the crisis, his chances of ever becoming President were very low. After the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was implemented, the Nullifier Party, along with other anti-Jackson politicians, formed a coalition known as the Whig Party. He sided with the Whigs until he broke with key Whig Senator Daniel Webster over slavery, as well as the Whigs' program of "internal improvements". He led the pro-slavery faction in the Senate in the 1830s and 1840s, opposing both abolitionism and attempts to limit the expansion of slavery into the western territories. He was a major advocate of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, which required the cooperation of local law enforcement officials in free states to return escaped slaves. After serving as Secretary of State from 1844 to 1845, he returned to the Senate where he participated in the political struggle over the expansion of slavery in the Western states. Regions were divided as to whether slavery should be allowed in the formerly Mexican lands. The debate over this issue culminated in the Compromise of 1850, devised by Senators Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, and was designed to solve the controversy over the status of slavery in the vast new territories acquired from Mexico. Calhoun, back in the Senate but too feeble to speak, wrote a blistering attack on the compromise. A friend read his speech, calling upon the Constitution, which upheld the South's right to hold slaves, and warned that the day "the balance between the two sections" was destroyed would be a day not far removed from disunion, anarchy, and civil war. He died of tuberculosis at the Old Brick Capitol boarding house at the age of 68. His Fort Hill plantation home in Clemson, South Carolina, is now occupied by the Clemson University campus. A monument to his honor was erected in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1957, US Senators honored him as one of the "five greatest senators of all time" and the USS John C. Calhoun was a Fleet Ballistic Missile nuclear submarine, in commission from 1963 to 1994. A cenotaph in Washington, DC's Congressional Cemetery was erected in his honor. An interesting note: Saint Philips Church, where he is buried, has a cemetery on three sides of the church and then additional graves across the street. In order to be buried on the church side of the street, one must have been born in Charleston, South Carolina. Because he was born Clemson, South Carolina, and although he lived in Charleston, he is buried across the street from the church. His wife was born in Charleston and she is buried on the church side of the street, and not with her husband. (bio by: William Bjornstad)


Family links:

Parents:
 Patrick Calhoun (1727 - 1796)
 Martha Caldwell Calhoun (1750 - 1802)

Spouse:
 Floride Bonneau Calhoun Calhoun (1792 - 1866)

Children:
 Andrew Pickens Calhoun (1811 - 1865)*
 Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson (1817 - 1875)*
 Elizabeth Calhoun (1819 - 1820)*
 Patrick Calhoun (1821 - 1858)*
 John Caldwell Calhoun (1823 - 1855)*
 Martha Cornelia Calhoun (1824 - 1857)*
 William Lowndes Calhoun (1829 - 1858)*

Siblings:
 Catherine Calhoun Waddel (1775 - 1796)*
 William Caldwell Calhoun (1776 - 1840)*
 James Calhoun (1779 - 1843)*
 John C. Calhoun (1782 - 1850)*
 John Caldwell Calhoun (1782 - 1850)
 Patrick Calhoun (1784 - 1840)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Saint Philips Episcopal Church Cemetery Charleston Charleston County South Carolina, USA


Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: Jan 01, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 2437 John Caldwell Calhoun Added by: Anonymous


John Caldwell Calhoun Added by: Ed Burk


John Caldwell Calhoun Added by: Erik Lander


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IN loving memory. - B.

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John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the USA's Timeline

1782
March 18, 1782
Calhoun Mills, Abbeville Dist., South Carolina, United States
1811
October 15, 1811
Age 29
1814
December 19, 1814
Age 32
1816
1816
Age 33
1817
February 13, 1817
Age 34
Willington, McCormick, SC, United States
1819
September 1819
Age 37
1821
February 9, 1821
Age 38
1823
May 17, 1823
Age 41
1824
April 22, 1824
Age 42