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John Cruger

Birthdate: (66)
Death: August 13, 1744 (66)
Immediate Family:

Husband of Maria Dirckse Cruger
Father of Anna Cruger; Tileman Cruger; Henry Cruger, Sr.; John Cruger; Sarah Gouvernour and 2 others

Occupation: Mayor of New York , 1739
Managed by: John Michael Lee
Last Updated:

About John Cruger

John Cruger (1678 – August 13, 1744) was an immigrant to colonial New York with an uncertain place of birth, but his family was originally Danish. In New York from at least 1696, he became a prosperous merchant and established a successful family as well. He served as an alderman for twenty-two years and as Mayor of New York from 1739 until his death in 1744.[1]

John was probably born in early 1678 in Denmark. He came to America in the late 17th century, when New York was officially an English colony, but still very much marked by the remains of the Dutch influence of New Netherland. He entered the mercantile firm of Onziel Van Swieden and Valentine Cruger as a shipmaster and factor and by 1702 he had become a junior partner, owning ships of his own. The following year he gained citizenship, being recognized as a Freeholder of the Province on March 2, 1703. He also married Maria Cuyler of New York. {Maria Cuyler was an aunt of wife of Albany, New York mayor Dirck Ten Broeck}.

The family would eventually include three sons and three daughters who survived infancy. Their children were Anna (1704–1744), Tileman (1705–1730), Henry (1707–1780), John (1710–1791), Sarah (1714–1766), Maria (1715–1787), and Rachel (1721–1775).

In 1712, he was elected Alderman for the Dock Ward, a post he would hold until 1735, when he became assistant to the Mayor Paul Richard. He had sent his older sons overseas to run parts of the business; Tileman to the West Indies, and Henry to Bristol in England, while he kept John at home to take charge in New York.

By 1739, he and his family had even abandoned his Dutch Reformed Church, becoming members of the Anglican Communion at the politically important Trinity Church. That year he was appointed as Mayor of New York. When he died, his will left his thriving commercial empire to his surviving sons, John and Henry. He also returned in his will to his religious roots. He was buried in the churchyard of the Low Dutch Reformed Church in Haarlem. The graveyard is long gone, but the church is now the Elmendorf Reformed Church in East Harlem.

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John Cruger's Timeline

Age 26
November 11, 1705
Age 27
New York, New York, New York
November 25, 1707
Age 29
New York, NY, USA
July 18, 1710
Age 32
Age 36
New York, New York, United States
Age 37
Age 43
August 13, 1744
Age 66