John Erskine of Carnock, Min. of Old Greyfriars

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About John Erskine of Carnock, Min. of Old Greyfriars

Biographical Summary

John Erskine of Carnock, born 2nd June 1721, eldest son of John E. of Carnock, Professor of Scots Law, Edinburgh Univ., and Margaret, daugh. of the Hon. James Melvill of Balgarvie ; educated at Cupar-Fife, and High School and Univ. of Edinburgh ; originally intended for the law, but studied divinity and was licen. by Presb. of Dunblane 16th Aug. 1743 ; ord. to Kirkintilloch 31st May 1744; trans, to Culross 21st Feb. 1753; trans, to New Greyfriars 15th June 1758 ; D.D. (Glasgow 1766); trans, and adm. 9th July 1767 ; died 19th Jan. 1803. He was a classical scholar of distinction ; for many years leader of the evangelical party in the General Assembly and a master of the preacher's art. He warmly supported a proposal in favour of foreign missions, which was opposed by Hamilton of Gladsmuir and the moderate party generally. His opening words, when replying to Hamilton, became famous in the history of the mission cause. Pointing to a Bible which lay on the table, and of which he intended to make use, and employing an expressive Scottish idiom, he said, " Moderator, rax me that Bible." The best pen-portrait of him is contained in Guy Mannering (chap. 37). He marr. 15th June 1746, the Hon. Christian Mackay (died 20th May 1810), fourth daugh. of George, Lord Reay, and had issue —

  • John, born 30th Sept. 1747, died June 1776 ;
  • George, born 21st Aug. 1748, died in Bengal in autumn 1770 ;
  • Mary, born 19th Feb. 1750 (marr. 29th Oct. 1773, Charles Stuart of Dunearn), died 15th April 1817 ;
  • Margaret, born 17th Sept. 1751, died 5th Feb. 1795 ; Ann, born 30th Dec. 1752, died 18th May 1820 ;
  • Alexander, born 28th July 1754, died 25th Feb. 1760;
  • Robert, born 4th May 1756, died 9th April 1784;
  • Charles, born 20th Oct. 1757, died 28th June 1782 ;
  • Christian, born 28th June 1759;
  • Hew, born 27th Jan., died 25th Sept. 1763 ;
  • James Bruce, born 8th Sept. 1764, died 11th Oct. 1771 ;
  • Harriet, born 11th Oct. 1766, died 10th Oct. 1771 ;
  • David of Carnock, born 18th April 1770, died 16th March 1838.

SOURCE: Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae: the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the reformation, Vol. I, page 47


John Erskine (theologian)

John Erskine (1721–1803), the Scottish theologian, was born near Dunfermline at Carnock,[citation needed] on 2 June 1721. His father was the great Scottish jurist John Erskine of Carnock and his grandfather was Colonel John Erskine of Cardross who had been in William of Orange's army when it invaded England in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

Contents [hide]

  • 1 Life
  • 2 Bibliography
  • 2.1 Works by John Erskine 2.1.1 Other
  • 2.2 References


He attended school in Cupar then the High School of Edinburgh followed by an M.A. at Edinburgh University. He then studied law for a time but quickly changed course for a religious career and was eventually licensed by the Presbytery of Dunblane 16 August 1743. He was ordained parish minister of Kirkintilloch, near Glasgow, on 31 May 1744 and subsequently translated to Culross, in Fife on 21 February (1753). On 15 June 1758 he took up position in New Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh. Then, on 9 July 1767 he was called to Old Greyfriars Church taking up position in 1768, where he became the colleague of Principal Robertson, the historian. Here he remained until his death, which took place on 19 January 1803. Erskine's writings consist chiefly of controversial pamphlets on theological subjects. His sermons were clear, vigorous expositions of a moderate Calvinism, in which metaphysical argument and practical morality are happily blended. He was very supportive of foreign missions, which he supported in the General Assembly - famously beginning a response to an opponent of such missions "Moderator, rax me (that is, hand me) that bible". His books, etc., show him to have been very prolific and to have been keenly interested in the politics of the day. He was against Roman Catholic Emancipation and on the side of the American Colonies in their dispute with King George III. (Scottish merchants had several days' advantage in crossing the Atlantic, and colonial harbours were often crowded with Glasgow ships). He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Glasgow University in 1766.

He was well connected to the great religious events of the time - for example the religious revivals in Scotland, (see The 'Cambuslang Wark'), England (Methodism)and America (The Great Awakening). He obviously thought he was living in eventful times. In church politics he was the leader of the evangelical party, often seen as opponents of the Moderate Party, though his friendship with that Party's great leader, Principal Robertson belies this simple opposition.

He was well loved and respected and was asked to preach throughout the country. He married on 15 June 1746, the Hon. Christian Mackay (who died 20 May 1810), the fourth daughter of George Mackay, 3rd Lord Reay. They had a large family, eight sons and four daughters, many of whom died young - at least one in Bengal. His surviving heir was David Erskine of Carnock, born 18 April 1770, died 16 March 1838


Works by John Erskine[edit]

  • Erskine, John A fair and impartial account of the debate in the Synod of Glasgow and Air, Sixth October 1748, anent employing Mr. Whitefield. Edinburgh 1748
  • Erskine, John An attempt to promote the frequent dispensing of the Lord’s Supper Kilmarnock Printed and sold by J. Wilson ..., 1783
  • Erskine, John Considerations on the spirit of popery, and the intended bill for the relief of papists in Scotland. 1778
  • Erskine, John Discourses preached on several occasions 1801
  • Erskine, John Discourses preached on several occasions. 1798
  • Erskine, John Education of poor children recommended: : a sermon, preached in Lady Glenorchy's chapel, Edinburgh, 18 May 1774, before the managers of the Orphan-hospital, and published at their desire. / 1774 * Erskine, John Equity and wisdom of administration, in measures that have unhappily occasioned the American revolt, tried by the sacred oracles. 1776
  • Erskine, John Fatal consequences and the general sources of anarchy. A discourse on Isaiah, xxiv. 1,-5. The substance of which was preached ... before the magistrates of Edinburgh, 2d September 1792. 1793
  • Erskine, John History of the work of Redemption, containing the outlines of a body of divinity, in a method entirely new / by Jonathan Edwards; altered from the form of sermons, to that of a continued treatise by John Erskine. 1808
  • Erskine, John Humble attempt to promote frequent communicating. 1749
  • Erskine, John Influence of religion on national happiness. A sermon preached before the Society for propagating Christian Knowledge, ... on ... 5 January 1756. To which is annex'd, The present state of the said Society. 1756
  • Erskine, John Letters chiefly written to comfort those bereaved of children or friends. Collected from books and mss. . 1803
  • Erskine, John Meditations and letters of a pious youth (i.e. James Hall) lately deceas'd. : To which are prefix'd, reflections on his death and character, / by a friend in the country. 1746
  • Erskine, John Ministers of the Gospel cautioned against giving offence. A sermon, 1764
  • Erskine, John Mr Wesley’s principles detected, or, A defence of the preface to the Edinburgh edition of Aspasio vindicated; in answer to Mr. Kershaw’s Earnest appeal : to which is prefixed, the preface itself, for the use of those who have the English editions of Aspasio vindicated. Edinburgh : Printed for William Gray 1765.
  • Erskine, John Narrative of the debate in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 25 May 1779 : Occasioned by apprehensions of an intended repeal of the Penal Statutes against Papists.. 1780
  • Erskine, John People of God consider'd as all righteous; in three sermons preach'd at Glasgow, April 1745. 1745
  • Erskine, John Prayer for those in civil and military offices recommended, from a view of the influence of Providence ... a sermon. Preached before the election of the magistrates of Edinburgh, 5 October 1779 1779
  • Erskine, John Qualifications necessary for teachers of Christianity. A sermon. 1750
  • Erskine, John Reflections on the rise, progress, and probable consequences, of the present contentions with the colonies. By a freeholder. 1776
  • Erskine, John Religious intelligence and seasonable advice from abroad from Connecticut Evangelical Magazine. Collection I-IV. 1801
  • Erskine, John Reply to the religious scruples against inoculating the small pox. : In a letter to a friend. 1791
  • Erskine, John Shall I go to war with my American brethren? : a discourse addressed to all concerned in determining that important question : to which are now added a preface and appendix 1776
  • Erskine, John Shall I go to war with my American brethren? : a discourse from Judges the XXth and 28th : addressed to all concerned in determining that important question 1769
  • Erskine, John Sharp arrow shot against the enemies of the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield of pious remembrance; : in a letter to the author of the scurrilous Remarks lately publish'd against him. 1741
  • Erskine, John Signs of the times consider'd, or, The high probability that the present appearances in New-England and the west of Scotland are a prelude to glorious things promised to the Church in the latter ages. 1742
  • Erskine, John Sketches and hints of church history, and theological controversy. Chiefly translated or abridged from modern foreign writers. 1790
  • Erskine, John Theological dissertations; containing, I. The nature of the Sinai Covenant. II. The character and privileges of the Apostolic Churches, with an examination of Dr. Taylor's key to the Epistles. III. The nature of saving faith. IV. The law of nature sufficiently promulgated to the heathens. V. An attempt to promote the frequent dispensing the Lord's Supper. 1765
  • Erskine, John Vindication of the opposition to the late intended bill for the relief of Roman Catholics in Scotland; in which an address to the people on that subject, by the Reverend Dr. Campbell is particularly considered. 1780


  • Gillespie, Thomas (1708–1774) An essay on the continuance of immediate revelations of facts and future events in the Christian church / by the Reverend Mr Thomas Gillespie; with a letter on the danger of considering the influences of the Spirit as a rule of duty, by the late Reverend Mr James Cuthbert; and a preface, by John Erskine. Edinburgh 1771
  • Extracts of letters (by E. Kent, Samuel Hopkins and Timothy Jones) from America, concerning the success of the gospel. Sent to a minister of the Church of Scotland [i.e. John Erskine], and published at his desire. Edinburgh 1766
  • Select Discourses from the Fourth Volume of the American Preacher [compiled by David Austin] ... With a Supplement [compiled by John Erskine], containing a variety of interesting separate discourses, &c. published at different times and places in America Edinburgh 1801
  • Religious intelligence and seasonable advice from abroad : concerning lay-preaching and exhortation ; collection I ; from the Connecticut evangelical magazine, no. 1st, 2d & 3d. ; and Mr. Edwards President of Princeton College, New Jersey, his thoughts on religion, &c. Collected by John Erskine Edinburgh J.Fairbairn and Ross & Blackwood, 1801



  • Jonathan M. Yeager, Enlightened Evangelicalism: The Life and Thought of John Erskine (Oxford University Press, 2011).
  • 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Sir H. Moncreiff Wellwood, Life and Writings of J. Erskine, D.D. (Edinburgh, 1818

Other References

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John Erskine of Carnock, Min. of Old Greyfriars's Timeline

June 2, 1721
September 30, 1747
Age 26
February 19, 1750
Age 28
September 17, 1751
Age 30
December 30, 1752
Age 31
July 28, 1754
Age 33
May 4, 1756
Age 34
October 20, 1757
Age 36
June 28, 1759
Age 38
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
September 8, 1764
Age 43