John Henry (Johann Heinrich) Antes

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Johann Heinrich Antes

Also Known As: "John Henry Antes", "Henry"
Birthdate: (54)
Birthplace: Freinsheim, Bad Dürkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Death: July 20, 1755 (54)
Frederick, Montgomery, PA
Place of Burial: Frederick, Montgomery, PA
Immediate Family:

Son of Philip Frederic Antes and Anna Katharine Antos (Kinder)
Husband of Christina Elizabeth Antes
Father of A. Catherine Kalberbahn (Antes); Anna Margaretta La Trobe; Col. Philip F. Antes; Col. William D. Antes; Elizabeth Pomp and 6 others
Brother of Johann Jacob Antes; Johann Sebastian Antes; Konrad Antes; Maria Elisabetha Antes and Johannes Antes

Managed by: Pete Chambers
Last Updated:

About John Henry (Johann Heinrich) Antes

Henry Antes (born in Germany in 1701; died in Fredericktown, Pennsylvania, 20 July 1755) was an early 18th-century settler of Pennsylvania and a leader of the Moravian Church.

The house he designed and built in 1736 was used as the first multicultural school during the colonial period, is now the residence of the Goshenhoppen Historians, Inc.

The Henry Antes House is a historic house located on Colonial Road, in Upper Frederick Township Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. It was designed and built by Henry Antes in 1736. It stands today as an example of Moravian settlement houses, in particular of a German three-room plan house. The house is unusual because so much of its original interior finish, including ceilings and board partition walls, have survived.

The Antes House was declared a National Historic Landmark on April 27, 1992.


John Antes


Birth: Mar. 13, 1701 Pennsylvania, USA Death: Dec. 17, 1811, England

  • **The Henry Antes House was designated a National Historic Landmark on April 27, 1992. It has the unusual distinction of recognition in two categories; as an important building type and for its association with Henry Antes, one of the most important, yet unrecognized men of the 18th century.

The Goschenhoppen Historians, Inc., have created this living history museum to interpret the lifestyle and tradition of a prosperous mid-18th century farmstead. The house is notable for its remarkable state of preservation and contains many unusual and unique features. How can I tour the Antes House?

You can find the Henry Antes House just off Route 73, in Upper Frederick, Pennsylvania, by turning south on Colonial Road. Antes House is 1.5 miles on the left. From 422, take swamp Pike to Fagleysville Road to Colonial Road. Special Tours can be scheduled on request. To make arrangements call (215) 234-8953. Change Date: 25 Jun 2006 at 15:15:27

Father: Philip Frederick Antes b: in Freinsheim on Rhine, Germany Mother: Anna Katharine Kinder

Marriage 1Christina Elizabeth DeWees b: ABT 1702 in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA Married: 2 Feb 1726 in Whitemarsh, Philadelphia, PA Children John Henry Antes b: 5 Oct 1736 in Pottstown, Philadelphia, PA

  • *****The story of John Antes, (1740—1811) an American Moravian Missionary, is one that extends far beyond his faith. Besides being the first American Moravian Missionary to travel and work in Egypt , Antes is credited with being one of the earliest American-born chamber music < composers and the maker of perhaps the earliest surviving bowed stringed instrument < made in America. Although Antes is often recognized for his choral works, such as Go Congregation Go! and Surely he has Bourne our Griefs, the mystery surrounding the creation of his "six Quartettos" is also well known.****

Biography John Antes was born on March 24, 1740 in Frederick, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania . In 1745, Antes entered the Moravian Boys Boarding School, where he received music education from Johann Christoph Pyrlaeus.[4] Although Pyrlaeus might now be first-known as a teacher of Antes, he was the founder of the Bethlehem collegium musicum <, a capable singer, instrumentalist, and organist, and was also a missionary to Native Americans . In 1752, John entered the boys school in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania < and in 1760, was admitted into the Single Brethren's choir, also in Bethlehem. Antes left Bethlehem in 1764 and travelled to Herrnhut , Germany , the international center of the Moravians, to pursue a career as a missionary. A year later he transferred to Neuwied , Germany, where he also trained as a watchmaker . Antes was ordained as a Moravian Minister in January 1769, and he left for Egypt that same month to serve as a missionary to the Coptic Church > of Grand Cairo <. The first ten years of his mission were rather uneventful until 1779, when Antes was captured and tortured by some of Osman Bey's < followers. Antes spent his remaining two years in Egypt recovering from this incident.Antes returned to Herrnhut in 1781. Upon arrival, he began working as a business manger of the Single Brethren's house in Neuwied. In 1785, he was named warder of an entire Moravian community in Fulneck England . Antes was married to Susanna Crabtree in 1786, and spent the rest of his working life in Fulneck. He retired to Bristol , England in 1809, and died there in 1811. Composer Antes is well known for his vocal works, the two most famous anthems being Go, Congregation, Go! and Surely He Hath Bourne Our Griefs.It seems likely that Antes wrote most of his vocal pieces while working at the Fulneck Moravian settlement. Most of his anthems use an English text, which support this idea, and the anthems that use German text were possibly written while he was in Neuwied, Germany the years before moving to Fulneck. Antes's string trios appear to have been written during the final two years of his mission in Egypt, while recuperating from the traumatic assault. The trios were published by John Bland, a London Publisher, during the early 1790s, under a pseudonym, "Giovanni A-T-S," instead of the name Antes. A common theory is that Antes did not consider himself a worthy composer, and therefore did not want to use his real name. Also while in Egypt, Antes wrote a letter to Benjamin Franklin , whom he had met previously in Philadelphia , stating that he was including "a copy of six quartettos". Although Antes states that he had also sent a copy to an otherwise unidentified colleague, to whom the quartets were dedicated, they have never been found.American Musicologist Karl Kroeger ,believes that it is possible that Antes's string trios are re-orchestrated versions of three of his six quartettos.Instrument Maker Before moving to Europe, Antes worked as an instrument maker. His earliest dated instrument, which still exists today, is a violin < from 1759. This violin is now housed in the Museum of the Moravian Historical Society in Nazareth, Pennsylvania . A viola made by Antes in 1764 is believed to be "the earliest extant viola made in America [and is] housed in the Lititz Congregation Collection.Antes opened a shop in 1762 and the shop records show that he created up to seven bowed stringed instruments. It is not known how Antes learned the craft of instrument making, although it is possible that he learned from Johann Gottlob Klemm, and American organ builder, who spent time in Bethlehem in 1757.

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Family links:

 Christina Elizabeth Deweese Antes (1702 - 1782)

 Anna Margaretta Antes Latrobe (1726 - ____)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Upper Burial Grounds Germantown Philadelphia County Pennsylvania, USA Plot: Unknown Cemetery

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Created by: BONNIE & CLYDE DEWEESE Record added: Dec 02, 2013 Find A Grave Memorial# 121093834

Johann Henrich Antes was a German immigrant to America. He was a pioneer settler of Pennsylvania.  Antes was born July 11, 1701, in Freinsheim (on the Rhine River), Rhenish Pal, Bayern, Germany. He was a Moravian minister, carpenter, and millwright. Johann Henrich founded a Moravian School and was Bucks County Justice of the Peace in 1745. He died on July 20, 1755, in Frederickstown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and was buried in the Family Graveyard on his farm in New Hanover, Montgomery, Pennsylvania.
Johan Heinrich "Henry" Antes was a religious leader among German-Americans in Pennsylvania. He emigrated to America with his parents, Philip Frederick and Anna Catherine Antes, from Freinsheim in the Rhenish Palatinate when Henry was about nineteen years old. Talbot Hamlin states that Philip Frederick's father was originally Baron Von Blume, an abbot of a monastery who, somehow, converted to Protestantism, married an abbess, similarly converted, and together they fled from Germany to the tolerance of Pennsylvania, where they started a new life, taking the name of Anthos (a translation of the word "Blume" into the Greek word for flower), later simplified to Antes. He was named Johann Heinrich but apparently called Henry. He built the first grist mill at Bethlehem, PA in 1743. A rough translation of his birth announcement: "July 17 (1701) Philipp Friedrich Antes and his wife Anna Caterina announce the birth of Johann Heinrich, a boy, at 6 p.m. in the evening." 

His grave is marked by stone of blue marble with the inscription: (In German) Hier ruhet HEINRICH ANTES

Ein Lleinod dieses Landes Ein redlich kuhner Handhaber der Gerechtigkeit und treuner Diener Vor Welt-und Gottes Leut.

Entschlief In Friedrichs-Town den 20 Julii, 1755 Seines Alters 54 Jahre.

English Translation:


An Ornament of this land, An upright, fearless, administrator of justice, And a faithful servant before the world and God's people.

Fell asleep in Fredericktown July 20, 1755, age 54 years.

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John Henry (Johann Heinrich) Antes's Timeline

July 17, 1701
Freinsheim, Bad Dürkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
February 2, 1702
November 20, 1726
Age 25
Whitemarsh, Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States
September 9, 1728
Age 27
Frederick, Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States
July 2, 1730
Age 28
Frederick, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
September 18, 1731
Age 30
Frederick, Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States
January 29, 1734
Age 32
Frederick, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
October 5, 1736
Age 35
Frederick Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States