John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk

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Sir John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Also Known As: "1st Duke Of Norfolk Kg"
Birthdate: (64)
Birthplace: Tendring, Essex, England
Death: August 22, 1485 (60-68)
Battle of Bosworth Field, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom (Killed in battle )
Place of Burial: Thetford Priory (initial burial place, then removed), Norfolk, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Robert Howard of Stoke Neyland and Lady Margaret de Mowbray
Husband of Lady Catherine Howard, Duchess of Norfolk and Margaret Howard, Duchess of Norfolk
Father of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; Margaret Wyndham; Anna Howard; Jane or Joan Howard; Elizabeth Howard and 5 others
Brother of Margaret Howard, Baroness of Tarwire; Katherine Howard and William Howard

Occupation: 1st Duke of Norfolk, Knight & Duke
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk

"John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (c.1425 – 22 August 1485) was an English nobleman and soldier, a descendant of King John, and the first Howard Duke of Norfolk. He was a close friend and loyal supporter of King Richard III, with whom he was slain at the Battle of Bosworth."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Howard,_1st_Duke_of_Norfolk

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=51815911

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1710

https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I20736&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I392&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I209&tree=Norfolk

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I198149&tree=Welsh

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/johnhoward.htm

http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/article.jsp?articleid=13921&back=

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog;jsessionid=26DD39BE11E3B8F3167E18E1D7EA1A08?person=352

http://www.thepeerage.com/p338.htm

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/JohnHoward(1DNorfolk).htm

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Citations / Sources:

[S2] #623 The Visitation of Norfolk in the Year 1563 (1878-1895), Harvey, William, (2 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1878-1895), FHL book 942.61 D23ha; FHL microfilm 990,432 items., vol. 1 p. 15.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 253, volume II, page 154. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 122.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 412.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 2 p. 446, vol. 3 p. 551, 844.

"Sir John Howard, duke of Norfolk, Lord Howard, Lord Mowbray and Segrave, K.G.; Earl Marshal of England; fought at Towton 1461, and in the French wars; Treasurer of the Household 1467-74; Constable of Norwich Castle, and Lieutenant of Calais, Admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine; b. circa 1430; slain (with Richard III) at Bosworth 22 August 1485."

[S33] #242 [1883 edition] A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New edition, 1883, reprint 1962), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (New edition. 1883. Reprint, London: Harrison and Sons, 1962), FHL book 942 D22bug 1883., p. 284, 387.

[S47] #688 Collectanea topographica et genealogica (1834-1843), (8 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, 1834-1843), FHL book 942 B2ct; FHL microfilms 496,953 item 3 a., vol. 1 p. 300.

[S53] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 ., vol. 16 p. 338.

[S59] #765 The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley in the County of Norfolk: Evidences and Topographical Notes from Public Records, Heralds Visitations, Wills, Court Rolls (1877-1879), Carthew, George Alfred, (3 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1877-79 (Norwich: Miller and Leavins)), FHL book 942.61 H2c; FHL microfilm 990,425 item 1., vol. 2 pt. 2 p. 651.

[S76] #1008 Sussex Archaeological Collections: Illustrating History and Antiquities of the County (1848-), (Haywards Heath: Sussex Archaeological Society, 1848-), FHL book 942.25 B2ac., vol. 41 p. 82.

[S101] #11833 The Ancestry of Mary Isaac, C.1549-1613: Wife of Thomas Appleton of Little Waldingfield, Co. Suffolk . . . (1955), Davis, Walter Goodwin, (Portland, Maine: Anthoesen Press, 1955), FHL book 929.242 Is1d; FHL microfilm 990,484 item ., p. 92.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 57,62.

[S161] #651 The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor, in the County of Cornwall (1873-1879), Maclean, John, (3 volumes. London: Nichols & Son, 1873-1879), FHL book 942.37 K2ma; FHL microfilm 90,276., vol. 1 p. 317.

[S162] #653 The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620 (1895), Vivian, J. L. (John Lambrick), (Exeter: For the author by H.S. Eland, [1895]), FHL book 942.35 D23v; FHL microfilm 873,760., vol. 1 p. 106.

[S177] #929 The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey: Compiled from the Best and Most Authentic Historians, Valuable Records, and Manuscripts in the Public Offices and Libraries, and in Private Hands.. (1804-1814), Manning, Owen, (Three volumes. London: J. Nichols, 1804-1814), FHL book Q 942.21 H2ma., vol. 2 p. 169.

[S260] #1784 The Visitation of Norfolk, Made and Taken by William Hervey, Anno 1563, Enlarged with Another Visitacion [Sic] Made by Clarenceux Cook: with Many Other Descents, and Also the Vissitation [Sic] Made by John Raven, Anno 1613 (1891), Rye, Walter, (The Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 32. London: [Harleian Society], 1891), FHL book 942 B4h; FHL microfilm 162,058., vol. 32 p. 162.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 24 line 22:34.

[S291] #12690 Genealogical memoirs of the extinct family of Chester of Chicheley : their ancestors and descenda, Waters, Robert Edmond Chester, (London : Robson, 1878. 2 v. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1963-1982), FHL microfilm 990151 Items 1 - 2., vol. 1 p. 255.

[S333] #773 The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private (1811), Blore, Thomas, (Stanford: R. Newcomb, [1811]), FHL book 942.545 H2b (British X Large Folio)., vol. 1 pt. 2 p. 114.

[S392] #812 Historical and Genealogical Memoir of the Family of Poyntz (1983), Maclean, Sir John, (Reprint,Baltimore: Gateway Press 1983), FHL book 929.242 P877m 1983; FHL microfiche 603633., p. 234.

[S394] #230 [5th edition, 1999] The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th edition, 1999), Adams, Arthur, (5th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999), FHL book 973 D2aa 1999., p. 82 line 63:9.

[S443] #2051 Memorials of the Family of Scott of Scot's-hall in the County of Kent, Scott, James Renat, (2 volumes. London: Scott, Clevelands, Walthamstow, 1876), FHL book Q 929.242 Sco84sk., p. 171.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 1 p. 253, 256 fn. (d); vol. 2 p. 133, 133 fn. (c), 154.

[S721] #1517 Historical notices of the parishes of Swyncombe and Ewelme in the county of Oxford, Napler, Henry Alfred, (Oxford : J. Wright, 1858), 942.57 H2n Large Q book., pedigree facing p. 42.

[S1800] #771 The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887), Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, (6 volumes. London: T. Richards, 1881-1887), FHL book 942.9 D2L; FHL microfilms 990,213-990,214., vol. 1 p. 389.

[S2043] Royal Ancestry: A study in colonial and medieval families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor 2013, Salt Lake City, Utah), vol. 4 p. 268.

[S2054] #2058 The American Genealogist (1932-1965), Jacobus, Donald Lines, (32 volumes in 11. New Haven: D. L. Jacobus, 1932-1965), FHL book 973 B2aga, D25aga., vol. 19 p. 202.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F10.


lst Duke of Norfolk of the Howard family, son & heir of Sir Robert Howard by Margaret, dau of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, & cousin & ultimately coheiress of John Mowbray, 4th duke of Norfolk (d. 1475). He entered the service of his kinsman John Mowbray, 3rd duke of Norfolk. He was of service to the Yorkist cause, for on the accession of Edward IV in 1461 he was knighted, appointed constable of Colchester Castle, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and one of the king's carvers, and was known to have 'great fellowship' with the king. In 1462 he was appointed constable of Norwich Castle, and received grants of several manors forfeited by the Earl of Wiltshire and others. He was joined in a commission with Lords Fauconberg and Clinton to keep the seas; and they made a descent on Brittany, and took Croquet and the Isle of Rhé. Towards the end of the year he served under Norfolk against the Lancastrians in the north, and was sent by the duke from Newcastle to help the Earl of Warwick at Warkworth, and in the spring of 1464 was with Norfolk in Wales when the duke was securing the country for the king. Howard returned home on 8 June (1464), and bought the reversion of the constableship of Bamborough Castle. On 3 Nov. 1465 his wife Catharine(dau of Wm., Lord Moleyns,) died. He married his 2nd wife, Margaret, dau of Sir John Chedworth, and in Apr was elected knight of the shire for Suffolk. He was employed in June 1468 in attending the king's sis Eliz to Flanders on her marriage with Charles, duke of Burgundy . When Henry VI was restored he created Howard a baron by a writ of summons dated 15 Oct. 1470, making him Baron de Howard. Nevertheless, he appears to have remained faithful to the Yorkist cause. He commanded a fleet sent to oppose the Lancastrians & on Edward's landing in Mar,1471 proclaimed him king in Suffolk. Was at the battles of Barnet & Tewkesbury. In June he was appointed deputy-governor of Calais, and after having sworn to maintain the succession of the Prince of Wales, crossed over on 3 June, and was engaged in negotiations with France. When Edward invaded France in July 1475 he was accompanied by Howard, who was one of the king's most trusted councillors during the expedition; he was one of the commissioners who made the truce at Amiens, received a pension from Louis XI, and met Philip de Commines to arrange the conference between the two kings at Picquigny. He remained in France as a hostage for a short time after Edward left, and on his return to England received from the king as a reward for his fidelity and prudence grants of several manors in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire. He also was sent to Scotland in command of a fleet. At the funeral of Edward in April 1483, Howard, who is styled the king's bannerer, bore the late king's banner. Next he attached himself to Richard of Gloucester, and became privy to all his plans and doings. He was appointed high steward of the duchy of Lancaster on 13 May, and a privy councillor, and on 28 June was created Duke of Norfolk and earl marshal with remainder to the heirs male of his body, the patent thus reviving the dignities held by the Mowbrays and Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I, from whom he was descended on the mother's side through females. He was concerned in persuading the widowed queen [Elizabeth Woodville] to deliver up her younger son the Duke of York, that he might be lodged with his brother in the Tower. At the coronation of Richard III on 6 July he acted as high steward, bore the crown, and as marshal rode into Westminster Hall after the ceremony. He was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine. Was with Richard on his visit to the north on 12 Sept. 1484 when he was nominated chief of the commissioners to treat with the ambassadors of James III of Scotland. For the sake of his oath and his honour he would not desert the king. At Bosworth he commanded the vanguard, which was largely composed of archers, and he was slain in the battle on 22 Aug. He was buried in the conventual church of Thetford. He was attainted by act of the first parliament of Henry VII. By his first wife, Catharine, he had Thomas, earl of Surrey and second duke of Norfolk, and four daughters: Anne, married to Sir Edward Gorges of Wraxall, Somerset; Isabel, married to Sir Robert Mortimer of Essex; Jane, married to John Timperley; and Margaret, married to Sir John Wyndham of Crownthorpe and Felbrigg, Norfolk, ancestor of the Wyndhams, earls of Egremont. His second wife, who bore him one daughter, Catharine, married to John Bourchier, second lord Berners, survived him, married John Norreys, and died in 1494. — Rev. William Hunt.

After the dissolution of Thetford Priory, the Howard tombs were moved to the Church of St Michael the Archangel,

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John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk's Timeline

1421
1421
Tendring, Essex, England
1443
1443
Age 22
Stoke By Nayland, Suffolk, England
1445
1445
Age 24
Norfolk, England
1446
1446
Age 25
Tendring, Essex, United Kingdom
1448
1448
Age 27
Tendring, Essex, England
1450
1450
Age 29
Essex or Norfolk, England, (Present UK)
1452
1452
Age 31
Norfolk, Essex, England
1467
1467
Age 46
Wiggenball,Norfolk,England