Josselin II de Courtenay, 1st count of Edessa

Is your surname de Courtenay?

Research the de Courtenay family

Josselin II de Courtenay, 1st count of Edessa's Geni Profile

Records for Joscelin de Courtenay

326,430 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Joscelin de Courtenay

Birthdate: (59)
Birthplace: Courtenay, Loiret, France
Death: 1131 (55-63)
Near, Odessa, , Mesopatamia
Place of Burial: Templeholysepulc,,, Holy Land
Immediate Family:

Son of Joscelin I de Courtenay, Seigneur de Courtenay and Elisabeth de Montlhéry
Husband of NN Mistress; Beatrice d'Arménie; Maria di Salerno, d'Antiochia and Maria
Father of Gelduin; Joscelin III de Courtenay, II Count of Edessa and Stephania (zakonnica) de Courtenay, Abbess
Brother of Hodierne de Courtenay; Ermengarde Vaindelmonde de Joigny; Miles (Milo) de Courtenay, seigneur de Courtenay and Geoffrey de Courtenay
Half brother of N.N. de Courtenay and Étienne de Courtenay

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Josselin II de Courtenay, 1st count of Edessa

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joscelin_I,_Count_of_Edessa

Joscelin of Courtenay (or Joscelin I) (died 1131), Prince of Galilee and Lord of Turbessel (1115–1131) and Count of Edessa (1119–1131), ruled over the County of Edessa during its zenith, from 1118 to 1131. He maintained the large and unstable borders through his martial prowess.

He was the son of Joscelin I, Lord of Courtenay, born in 1034, and wife Isabella (or Elizabeth), daughter of Guy I of Montlhéry. He arrived in the Holy Land during the Crusade of 1101 after the First Crusade, and entered into the service of his relative Count Baldwin II, who invested him with the lordship of Turbessel. In 1104 he was captured at the Battle of Harran. By 1113, he had carved out a semi-autonomous state around Turbessel to the west of the Euphrates, where the land was prosperous, while Baldwin II controlled the territory east of the Euphrates around Edessa itself, which was depopulated and continually harassed by the Turks. That year, Baldwin dispossessed him of Turbessel, and Joscelin travelled to Jerusalem, where he was given the title of Prince of Galilee.

In 1118, Baldwin II succeeded Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem. Despite their former hostility, Joscelin fully endorsed Baldwin II, over the candidacy of Baldwin I's brother Eustace III of Boulogne. Joscelin was rewarded with the County of Edessa.

As count, he was taken prisoner along with Baldwin II in 1123. He were rescued with the help of fifty Armenian soldiers, who, disguised as merchants, infiltrated the fortress where the prisoners were kept, killed the guards and hoisted a Christian flag; Joscelin then left but the king stayed in the fortress which soon was besieged and after some time reclaimed by the Muslims.

After returning to Edessa he was able to enlarge the territory of the county, and in 1125 he participated in the Battle of Azaz, a Crusader victory against the atabeg of Mosul, who were led by Il-Burzuki.

In 1131, during the siege of a small castle north-east of Aleppo, a sapper's mine collapsed and Joscelin was gravely injured. Shortly thereafter, he received word that emir Ghazi II Danishmend was marching against the fortress town of Kaysun. When Joscelin's own son, the future Joscelin II, refused to aid the town, he commanded that his own army should decamp and Joscelin was borne on a litter before the army. When Ghazi heard of Joscelin's approach, perhaps mistakenly believing him already dead, he lifted the siege and retreated, and thus the warrior prince won a final battle before dying shortly thereafter on the roadside.

Joscelin married an Armenian noblewoman named Beatrice, daughter of Constantine I of Armenia. Beatrice was the mother of his son Joscelin II. In 1122, after Beatrice had died, Joscelin married Maria of Salerno, sister of Roger of Salerno, Prince of Antioch.

view all 32

Josselin II de Courtenay, 1st count of Edessa's Timeline

1072
1072
Courtenay, Loiret, France
1102
1102
Age 30
of, Antioch, Syria, Palestine
1110
1110
Age 38
of, St. Mary-Major, Jerusalem, Holy Land
1113
1113
Age 41
Templeholysepulc,,, Holy Land
1131
1131
Age 59
Near, Odessa, , Mesopatamia
1940
May 11, 1940
Age 59
May 11, 1940
Age 59
May 11, 1940
Age 59
October 12, 1940
Age 59