Judge Richard Henderson

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Judge Richard Henderson

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hanover County, Virginia
Death: January 30, 1785 (49)
At home on Nutbush Creek, Hendersonville, Granville County, North Carolina, United States
Place of Burial: Ashland-Richardson Family Estate Cemetery, Williamsboro, Vance County, North Carolina, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Judge Samuel Henderson and Elizabeth Henderson
Husband of Elizabeth Henderson
Father of Judge Leonard Henderson; Jane Smith; William Steele Henderson; Frances Macay; James Henderson and 6 others
Brother of Mary Mitchell; Nathaniel Henderson; Elizabeth Beckham; Anna B. Williams; Susanna Searcy and 7 others
Half brother of Charles H. Henderson and Edward Henderson

Occupation: Judge of N.C.; Colonel of Militia in the Amerian Revolution; president of Transylvania Company
Managed by: Mike Mahaffie
Last Updated:

About Judge Richard Henderson

Geni.com says Roberta Jean Geeting Russell is related as 4th Great Grandfather I am also looking for a MALE HENDERSON from this line to test Y-DNA for me. Contact me at rjrussell777@gmail.com.

https://www.ncpedia.org/biography/henderson-richard

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Henderson_(jurist) DAR # A 054801 for NC

Richard Henderson (1734–1785) was an American pioneer and merchant who attempted to create a colony called Transylvania just as the American Revolutionary War was starting.

Richard Henderson, founder of the Transylvania Company and of Nashville, Tennessee, was born in Hanover County, Virginia, on April 20, 1735. Raised on the frontier in Granville County, North Carolina, far from any school, he was educated by private tutors. Under his father Samuel Henderson, the sheriff of the county, he served as a constable and deputy sheriff. After studying law in the office of John Williams he was admitted to the bar. On March 1, 1768, he was appointed associate justice of the colony’s Superior Court. Henderson served on the bench during the height of Regulator violence in the backcountry. He managed to escape out a back door of the courthouse in Hillsborough when Regulators attacked it in September 1770. In November 1770, Regulators burned his home near Williamsborough.

Through his work, Richard Henderson came to know Daniel Boone. As early as 1764, Boone acted as an agent for Henderson’s land company, Richard Henderson & Company, securing land in parts of Kentucky and Tennessee. To devote his attention to the development of western lands, Henderson retired from the bench in 1773 and organized the Louisa Company, later known as the Transylvania Company. In a March 1775 treaty signing at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga River, the Transylvania Company purchased from the Cherokee the land lying between the Kentucky and Cumberland rivers. Henderson then traveled into Kentucky through the Cumberland Gap and established the colony of Transylvania with the settlement of Boonesborough on the Kentucky River. Neither Virginia nor North Carolina nor the Continental Congress would recognize Transylvania’s attempts to become the fourteenth colony. Without federal recognition, the Transylvania Company eventually lost control of the land. Henderson continued to engage in land speculation and, in 1779-1780, he led a group of settlers into the Cumberland Valley in Tennessee and founded French Lick, better known today as Nashville.

When he was not busy settling land in the west, back east Richard Henderson was a supporter of the American cause in the Revolution. He returned to the bench for a brief time in 1778, served on the state’s Board of War, and was a militia colonel. In 1781 he was elected as Granville County’s representative to the state legislature. Henderson died at age of forty-nine on January 30, 1785, and was buried on his farm at “Ashland” near Williamsboro in present-day Vance County.

References: Dumas Malone, ed., Dictionary of American Biography, VIII, 530 William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, III, 105—sketch by Mark F. Miller

GEDCOM Note

<p>Colonel Judge Richard Henderson was born April 15, 1735, Hanover county, Va. pied 1785» Was Colonial Judge of N« C. under British Rule* Was Colonel of Militia in the American Revolution. MarriedElizabeth Keiling of Grandville County, N. C. Organized and was President of the Transylvania Company and Daniel Boone was his agent.</p><p><p></p></p><p><p>The Transylvania Company bought from the Indians the whole region of country which is included between the Ohio, Kentucky and Cumberland Rivers.</p><p><p>At the Synamore Sholes Treaty, held on the Wataugh River in March 1775, the Indians received from Colonel Richard Henderson about $ 50,000 worth of rifles, blankets, beads and other supplies for a region of country that was larger than the State of Tennessee.</p><p><p>Colonel Henderson founded Nashville, Tennessee with the assistance of Robertson and Donelson.</p><p><p></p></p><p><p>Both Virginia and North Carolina confiscated the land of the Transylvania Company but Virginia grantedthe company 2CO,CCO acres in Kentucky and North Carolina granted the company 19CCCC^ acres in Tennessee and Nashville is on the Tennessee grant.</p><p><p></p></p><p><p>Eight days before the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence and 6 days before</p><p>the battle of Lexington Col. Henderson said "All power is originally in the people." OBJE: _PHOTO_RIN MH:P500448 OBJE: _FILESIZE 14653 OBJE: _PHOTO_RIN MH:P500449 OBJE: _FILESIZE 14650 OBJE: _PARENTRIN @P500448@


Jurist, Pioneer, Colonizer Founder of Boonesboro, Kentucky and Nashville, Tennessee, President and Founder of Transylvania Company, Author Cumberland Compact, Judge.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Dec 6 2020, 5:49:10 UTC

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Judge Richard Henderson's Timeline

1735
April 20, 1735
Hanover County, Virginia
1762
1762
Province of Virginia
1763
1763
Granville County, NC, United States
1764
1764
Granville County, Province of North Carolina
1765
1765
1766
July 1766
Granville County, North Carolina, Colonial America
1768
August 7, 1768
Granville County, North Carolina
1770
August 30, 1770
Granville County, North Carolina
1772
October 6, 1772
Granville County, North Carolina, USA