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Katherine Goble Johnson (Coleman)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States
Death: February 24, 2020 (101)
Newport News, Newport News City, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Joshua McKinley Coleman and Joylette Roberta Coleman
Wife of James Francis Goble and James A. Johnson
Mother of Private; Constance Goble Boykin Garcia and Katherine Goble Moore
Sister of Horace Coleman; Private and Private

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Katherine Johnson

Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (born August 26, 1918) is an African-American mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics as a NASA employee were critical to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. manned spaceflights. During her 35-year career at NASA and its predecessor, she earned a reputation for mastering complex manual calculations and helped the space agency pioneer the use of computers to perform the tasks.

Johnson's work included calculating trajectories, launch windows and emergency return paths for Project Mercury spaceflights, including those of astronauts Alan Shepard, the first American in space, and John Glenn, the first American in orbit, and rendezvous paths for the Apollo lunar lander and command module on flights to the Moon. Her calculations were also essential to the beginning of the Space Shuttle program, and she worked on plans for a mission to Mars. In 2015, President Barack Obama awarded Johnson the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was portrayed by Taraji P. Henson as a lead character in the 2016 film Hidden Figures.

En septembre 2019 parait chez l'éditeur Albin Michel le livre "Combien de pas jusqu'à la lune", de Carole Trébor, qui raconte la vie passionnante de Katherine Johnson, âgée actuellement de 101 ans.

Mathematician and Physicist. She was the first African-American woman to attend graduate school at West Virginia University. In 1953, she obtained a job with National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a mathematician. Initially, she worked with other women and she described them as a virtual "computers who wore skirts". Mostly, they read the data from the black boxes of planes and then one day, she and a colleague were temporarily assigned to help the all-male flight research team. She asked to be included in editorial meetings where women had not been gone before stating she had done the work and that she should be included. In 1958, she began working as an aerospace technologist and to the Spacecraft Control Branch. Her calculations of orbital mechanics were critical to the success of the first and subsequent US spaceflights. During her career, she mastered complex manual calculations and helped pioneer the use of computers to perform the tasks. The space agency noted her "historical role as one of the first African-American women to work as a NASA scientist." In 2015, President Barack Obama awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom and in 2019, she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. She co-authored 26 scientific papers and her social influence as a pioneer in space science and computing is shown by the honors she received and her status as a role model for a life in science. Before even retiring from NASA, she was listed among African Americans in science and technology. On May 5, 2016, a new 40,000 square-foot building was named "Katherine G. Johnson Computational Research Facility" and formally dedicated at the agency's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. Johnson attended the opening which also marked the 55th anniversary of astronaut Alan Shepard's historic rocket launch and splashdown, a success she helped achieve. During the event, she also received a Silver Snoopy award; often called the astronaut's award, NASA stated it is given to those "who have made outstanding contributions to flight safety and mission success.” She was been named in the list of "100 Women" in 2016, BBC's list of 100 influential women worldwide. NASA stated, "Her calculations proved as critical to the success of the Apollo Moon landing program and the start of the Space Shuttle program, as they did to those first steps on the country's journey into space." A prototype Lego for Women of NASA was made and included Johnson, who declined to have her likeness printed for the final product. On May 12, 2018, she was awarded an honorary doctorate by the College of William and Mary and in August 2018, West Virginia State University established a STEM scholarship in honor of Johnson and erected a life-size statue of her on campus. In 2018, Mattel announced a Barbie doll in the likeness of Johnson, with a NASA identity badge. In 2019, Johnson was announced as one of the members of the inaugural class of Government Executive's "Government Hall of Fame." Two NASA facilities have been named in honor of Johnson. On September 22, 2017, NASA opened the Katherine G. Johnson Computational Research Facility in Hampton, Virginia and NASA renamed the Independent Verification and Validation Facility, in Fairmont, West Virginia, to the Katherine Johnson Independent Verification and Validation Facility on February 22, 2019.

Bio by: Glendora

О Katherine Johnson (русский)

Кэтрин Коулман Гобл Джонсон (англ. Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson; 26 августа 1918 — 24 февраля 2020[10]) — американский математик, которая внесла вклад в аэронавтику и космические программы Соединенных Штатов Америки с раннего применения цифровых электронных компьютеров в НАСА[11][12][13].

Известная по точности в компьютерной астрономической навигации, она вела техническую работу в НАСА на протяжении нескольких десятилетий[14]. За это время она рассчитала траектории, стартовые окна и резервные пути возврата для многих полётов из проекта «Меркурий», включая космические миссии Джона Гленна и Алана Шепарда, а также полет Аполлона 11 на Луну в 1969 году через программу «Спейс Шаттл»[15][16][17]. Её расчёты были критически важны для успеха этих миссий[15]. Джонсон также делала расчёты для планов миссии на Марс[18].

В 2015 году Джонсон получила Президентскую медаль Cвободы[19]. В следующем году она была включена в серию BBC 100 Women.

В 2016 году вышла в свет книга Марго Ли Шеттерли «Скрытые фигуры», посвящённая Кэтрин Джонсон и другим темнокожим женщинам, работавшим в НАСА в 1960-е годы и вынужденным бороться за свои права. В том же году режиссёром Тедом Мелфи был снят одноимённый фильм, где роль Кэтрин исполнила Тараджи П. Хенсон[20]. Фильм получил высокие оценки критиков и зрителей[21][22], а также три номинации на «Оскар». Сама Джонсон присутствовала на церемонии в качестве почётной гостьи

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Katherine Johnson's Timeline

1918
August 26, 1918
White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States
1943
April 27, 1943
Age 24
White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, WV, United States
2020
February 24, 2020
Age 101
Newport News, Newport News City, Virginia, United States
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