King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

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King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

Czech: král Václav III., Polish: król Wacław III, Hungarian: Vencel király, German: König Wenzel III.
Also Known As: "László"
Birthplace: Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: August 04, 1306 (16)
Olomouc, Olomoucký kraj, Czech Republic
Place of Burial: Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)
Immediate Family:

Son of Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia and Guta von Habsburg, Prinzessin von Österreich
Husband of N.N. and Elizabeth of Teschen
Fiancé of Elizabeth of Hungary
Father of Alžběta Přemyslovna
Brother of Otakar Bohemia, Prince; Anna Von Goertz, queen of Bohemia; Judith of Bohemia, Princess; Eliška - Elisabeth Přemyslovna, Česká královna; Laszlo King Of Hungary Premysl, V and 4 others
Half brother of Agnes of Bohemia, Duchess of Jawor

Occupation: cseh-lengyel és magyar király - King of Bohemia-Poland and Hungary, Král uherský a český a polský
Managed by: Private User
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About King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, German: Wenzel III, Hungarian Vencel, Polish Wacław, Serbo-Croatian: V(j)enceslav III/В(j)eнцeслав III or Vaclav III/Вацлав III), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306, Olomouc, Moravia) was the King of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and King of Bohemia (1305 - 1306).

Wenceslaus III was the son of Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia and Poland, and Judith von Habsburg, the daughter of Rudolph I, King of the Romans. He faced the problem of internal quarrels in Hungary and in Poland.

Wenceslaus was the last of the male Premyslid rulers of Bohemia. His sister, Elisabeth married John of Luxembourg, who was elected King of Bohemia.

Kingdom of Hungary

His father accepted the crown of Hungary on behalf of Wenceslaus III in 1301. On August 27, 1301, Wenceslaus III was crowned in Székesfehérvár as the King of Hungary and as such assumed the name Ladislaus V (Hungarian: László [1], Czech, Slovak and Croatian: Ladislav). At that time the Kingdom of Hungary was split into several de-facto principalities, and Wenceslaus was only accepted as the King of Hungary by the rulers in modern Slovakia (Matthew Csák and the Abas), in Burgenland (the Güssings [K%C5%91szegis]) and on territory around the capital, Buda. But the Abas and Matthew Csák switched sides in 1303 and started to support Wenceslaus' rival Charles Robert of Anjou. Consequently, the young Wenceslaus, in Ofen (Buda), became afraid and wrote to his father in Prague for help. His father took a large army and invaded Buda, but having considered the situation, he took his son and the Hungarian crown and returned to Bohemia. Ivan of Güssing was named to represent Wenceslaus III in Hungary. After his father's death, Wenceslaus III decided to renounce the Hungarian throne, and on December 6, 1305, he relinquished the crown to Otto, Duke of Lower Bavaria. But Otto, supported only by the Güssings, was imprisoned in 1307 and abdicated the throne in 1308, leaving Charles Robert as ruler of Hungary. In Hungarian historiography he is noted as an antiking during the interregnum of 1301-1310.[citation needed]


In 1305, Wenceslaus III married, Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn who was a daughter of Mieszko I, Duke of Cieszyn; the marriage was childless. Wenceslaus III, however, wanted to claim his hereditary right to the Polish throne, but was murdered under mysterious circumstances in Olomouc, Moravia on August 4, 1306, while on a campaign to that end.

Vencel magyar király (V). László néven

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King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia's Timeline

October 6, 1289
Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)
- 1305
Age 11
Hungary and Croatia
- 1306
Age 15
August 4, 1306
Age 16
Olomouc, Olomoucký kraj, Czech Republic
Bohemia - last of Premyslid dynasty
Praha, Böhmen, Deutschland(HRR)