Lambert, count of Hornbach

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Lantbert, count of Hornbach

German: Lantbert, Graf von Hornbach
Also Known As: "Lambert de Treves", "Lambert von Hornbach", "Lambert de Bretagne", "Lambert des Herbauges", "Lando", "Count", "Lamburt Von Hornbach"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Treve, Departement des Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France
Death: circa 783 (64-81)
Horbach, Südwestpfalzer Landkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Unknown Father of Lambert and Unknown Mother of Lambert
Husband of Deotbric
Father of Werner; Guy, Count of Nantes and Hrodoald

Occupation: Count of Hornbach, flourished 760-783, Comte d'Oberrhein, 745, de Brisgau, 758, de Zürichgau, 775-778, Abbé de Mettlach, Comte de Hornbach, Comte de Wormsgau, Comte d'Herbauges, graaf vd Elzas
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Lambert, count of Hornbach

LANTBERT, son of --- . He was related to Liutwin "der Heilige" Bishop of Trier, who died in [717]. Graf. Vogt of Kloster Hornbach and Kloster Mettlach (founded in 742 by Bishop Liutwin).

m DEOTBRIC, daughter of --- (-768). The source which names the wife of Lantbert has not yet been identified.

Lantbert & his wife had three children:

1. WIDO (-814). "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued judgment in favour of Kloster Mettlach by charter dated to [782] which records privileges granted to "Karolus quondam maiorem domus Miloni" and by King Pepin to "Miloni", names "Leudonius quondam episcopus genitor Miloni et Widoni", specifying that Milo succeeded Leudonius as bishop, and details the dispute between "Wicberto misso et filios Lantberti, Widoni et Hrodoldo vel Warnario"[276]. “Wydo [signed Widonis comitis]...germani mei...Warini” donated “in pago Blesensi super fluviolos duos...Trualbam et Sualbam...monasterium...Myndenbach” to Hornbach by charter dated 9 May 796[277]. The Royal Frankish Annals record that Wido was installed as prefect of the march of Brittany "comes ac praefectus Britanni limites" in 799 by Charles I King of the Franks, subdued the Bretons in 799 and brought the Breton chief's weapons, engraved with his name, to the king at Worms[278]. The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that "Wido comes" was appointed to "marca Brittaniæ" in 799[279]. Imperial missus in 802[280]. "Wido comite" is referred to in an 814 document of Kloster Redon[281]. m ---. The name of Wido's wife is not known. Wido & his wife had two children:

a) WIDO (-killed in battle 834). The primary source which confirms the parentage of Wido has not yet been identified. Comte de Vannes. "Wido" supported Emperor Louis I during the rebellion of the latter's sons and in 834 was sent to Brittany to drive out "Mathfrid, Lambert [presumably Wido's brother, although this is not specified] and all the others of Lothar's party" but was killed[282]. The Annales Xantenses record that "Mahtfrdum atque Landbertum, principes Lotharii consules" were captured and killed in 834[283], "Landbertum" presumably being an error for "Widonem" as Wido's brother Lambert was killed in Italy. The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Odo comes Aurelianensium, Willelmus frater eius comes Blesensium, Guido comes Cenomanensium" died in battle fighting "Lambertum" in 835[284].

b) LAMBERT (-Ticino 30 Dec 836). The primary source which confirms the parentage of Lambert has not yet been identified. He succeeded as Count of the Breton march. The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Walam et Warnarium, necnon et Lambertum sed et Ingobertum" as missi [in 813], recording that "Warnarius comes…accito nepote Lantberto" acted without the knowledge of "Wala et Ingelberto"[285]. He was expelled from Aachen with his uncle Warner in 814 by King Louis I after the death of Emperor Karl I, Warner being killed in the conflict which followed[286]. The Royal Frankish Annals record that the forces of "Count Lambert" defeated and killed Wihomarc who had rebelled in Brittany in 825[287]. The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "comitem Lantbertum" was custodian of Nijmegen [in 830][288], presumably a temporary appointment as "comes palatii" of the royal palace at Nijmegen maybe for the period of the emperor's visit. "Lambert" was one of the supporters of the rebellion of co-Emperor Lothaire I in 833/34, and consequently lost his position in the Breton march[289]. The Annales Fuldenses record the rebellion of "Mahtfredo et Lantberto" in 834 and the battle in which "Udo comes Aurelianensium et Theodo abbas sancti Martini Turonensis" were killed[290]. In 834, he was sent to Italy where Lothar gave him land and installed him as Marchese and Duke of Spoleto.

2. HRODOALD . "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued judgment in favour of Kloster Mettlach by charter dated to [782] which records privileges granted to "Karolus quondam maiorem domus Miloni" and by King Pepin to "Miloni", names "Leudonius quondam episcopus genitor Miloni et Widoni", specifying that Milo succeeded Leudonius as bishop, and details the dispute between "Wicberto misso et filios Lantberti, Widoni et Hrodoldo vel Warnario"[291].

3. WERNER [Warner] (-killed 814). "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued judgment in favour of Kloster Mettlach by charter dated to [782] which records privileges granted to "Karolus quondam maiorem domus Miloni" and by King Pepin to "Miloni", names "Leudonius quondam episcopus genitor Miloni et Widoni", specifying that Milo succeeded Leudonius as bishop, and details the dispute between "Wicberto misso et filios Lantberti, Widoni et Hrodoldo vel Warnario"[292]. “Wydo [signed Widonis comitis]...germani mei...Warini” donated “in pago Blesensi super fluviolos duos...Trualbam et Sualbam...monasterium...Myndenbach” to Hornbach by charter dated 9 May 796[293]. “Werinheruss comes” declared that “nullus propinquorum meorum” would have influence over Hornbach, unless they were of similar age to himself, by charter dated 13 May 807[294]. The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Walam et Warnarium, necnon et Lambertum sed et Ingobertum" as missi [in 813], recording that "Warnarius comes…accito nepote Lantberto" acted without the knowledge of "Wala et Ingelberto"[295]. He was expelled from Aachen with his nephew Lambert in 814 by King Louis I after the death of Emperor Karl I, and was killed in the conflict which followed[296]. same person as…? WARNER (-before 834). Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation to "Duserensi monasterio" made by "Warnarius quondam comes…villam Masteces…in pago Tricastinensi…cum uxore…Hildisnota…defuncta" by charter dated 834[297]. m HILDISNOT, daughter of --- (-before 834). Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation to "Duserensi monasterio" made by "Warnarius quondam comes…villam Masteces…in pago Tricastinensi…cum uxore…Hildisnota…defuncta" by charter dated 834[298]. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKISH%20NOBILITY.htm#LambertIdied836A


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_of_Nantes

Guy or Guido (died before 819) was appointed to replace the late Roland as Warden of the Breton March after his death at the Battle of Roncesvalles in 778. Guy no more effectively exercised control over Brittany than his predecessor, but was the chief contact by which the Bretons knew French policy. His actual territory of control was the County of Nantes. Carolingian infighting distracted Guy and prevented him from exhibiting any real authority. It was to be Norman pressure on the Bretons which would open a portal to a French dynasty in Brittany under Berengar of Rennes.

Guy was the son of Lambert and Teutberga of the Austrasian family of the Guideschi.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guideschi

Guideschi

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The Guideschi, Guidoni, Vitone or Widonids (French: Widonides, German: Guidonen or Widonen) were an Italian family of Frankish origin prominent in the ninth century. They were descended from Guy of Nantes, whose origins were Austrasian. They were an aggressive dynasty, expanding their base of power into the Papal States, ever loyal to the Empire and never the Papacy. They were related to the Carolingians in the female line and one even made a claim to the throne of France on that basis.

The first member of the family to attain prominence was Lambert's son Guy I, who was made duke of Spoleto as Vito di Spoleto by the Emperor Lothair I in 842. He was active in Lotharingia and Italy, even marrying a local Lombard woman, Itta (or Itana), the daughter of Sico of Benevento. His descendants continued to rule Spoleto until 897.

The most famous Guidoni were Guy III and his son Lambert II. Both became kings of Italy and Holy Roman Emperors. Guy IV of Spoleto also became Duke of Benevento. One member, Fulk the Venerable, was even archbishop of Rheims, assisting Guy III in making a claim on the French crown.

Sources

  • Wickham, Chris. Early Medieval Italy: Central Power and Local Society 400-1000. MacMillan Press: 1981.
  • Caravale, Mario (ed). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: LXI Guglielmo Gonzaga – Jacobini. Rome, 2003.
  • Caravale, Mario (ed). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: LXIII Labroca – Laterza. Rome, 2004.
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Lambert, count of Hornbach's Timeline

710
710
Treve, Departement des Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France
732
732
Brittany, France
759
759
France
783
783
Age 73
Horbach, Südwestpfalzer Landkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
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Germany
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