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Lawrence Joseph Ellison

Hebrew: לורנס ג'וזף אליסון
Also Known As: "Larry"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bronx, New York, United States
Immediate Family:

Biological son of Private
Adopted son of Louis Harry Ellison and Lillian Ellison
Ex-husband of Private; Private; Private and Private
Partner of Private
Father of Private and Private
Half brother of Private and Doris Mae Ellison

Occupation: CEO Of Oracle
Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Larry Ellison

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Ellison

Lawrence Joseph "Larry" Ellison (born August 17, 1944) is an American business magnate, co-founder and chief executive of Oracle Corporation, an enterprise software company. In 2013, Forbes listed him as the third-wealthiest man in America.[3] Contents [show] Early life[edit]

Larry Ellison was born in New York City to an unwed mother of Jewish heritage;[4][5][6] his father was an Italian American U.S. Air Force pilot. After he contracted pneumonia at the age of nine months his mother gave him to her aunt and uncle for adoption.[6] Ellison did not meet his biological mother again until he was 48.[7] Ellison graduated from Eugene Field Elementary School in Chicago in January 1958 and attended Sullivan High School at least through the fall of 1959 before moving to South Shore. He grew up in a two-bedroom apartment in Chicago's South Shore middle-class Jewish neighborhood. Ellison remembers his adoptive mother as warm and loving, in contrast to his austere, unsupportive, and often distant adoptive father, who adopted the name Ellison to honor his point of entry into the USA, Ellis Island. Louis Ellison was a government employee who had made a small fortune in Chicago real estate, only to lose it during the Great Depression.[6] Although Ellison was raised in a Reform Jewish home by his adoptive-parents, who attended synagogue regularly, he remained a religious skeptic. Ellison states: "While I think I am religious in one sense, the particular dogmas of Judaism are not dogmas I subscribe to. I don't believe that they are real. They're interesting stories. They're interesting mythology, and I certainly respect people who believe these are literally true, but I don't... I see no evidence for this stuff." At age thirteen, Ellison refused to have a bar mitzvah celebration.[8] Ellison was a bright but inattentive student. He left the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign after his second year, after not taking his final exams because his adoptive mother had just died. After spending a summer in northern California, Ellison attended the University of Chicago for one term, where he first encountered computer design. In 1966, aged 22, he moved to northern California. Career[edit]

Larry Ellison lecturing at the Oracle OpenWorld, San Francisco 2010 During the 1970s, after a brief stint at Amdahl Corporation, Ellison worked for Ampex Corporation. His projects included a database for the CIA, which he named "Oracle". Ellison was inspired by the paper written by Edgar F. Codd on relational database systems called "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks".[9] In 1977, he founded Software Development Laboratories (SDL) with two partners and an investment of $2,000; $1,200 of the money came from Ellison. In 1979 the company renamed itself Relational Software Inc., and in 1982 officially became Oracle Systems Corporation - after its flagship product, the Oracle database. Ellison had heard about the IBM System R database, also based on Codd's theories, and wanted Oracle to achieve compatibility with it, but IBM made this impossible by refusing to share System R's code. The initial release of Oracle[when?] was called Oracle 2; there was no Oracle 1.[citation needed] In 1990, Oracle laid off 10% (about 400 people) of its work force because it was losing money. This crisis, which almost resulted in Oracle's bankruptcy, came about because of Oracle's "up-front" marketing strategy, in which sales people urged potential customers to buy the largest possible amount of software all at once. The sales people then booked the value of future license sales in the current quarter, thereby increasing their bonuses. This became a problem when the future sales subsequently failed to materialize. Oracle eventually had to restate its earnings twice, and had to settle out-of-court class-action lawsuits arising from its having overstated its earnings. Ellison would later say that Oracle had made "an incredible business mistake".[citation needed] Although IBM dominated the mainframe relational-database market with its DB2 and SQL/DS database products, it delayed entering the market for a relational database on UNIX and Windows operating-systems. This left the door open for Sybase, Oracle, and Informix (and eventually Microsoft) to dominate mid-range systems and microcomputers. Around this time, Oracle fell behind Sybase. In 1990–1993, Sybase was the fastest-growing database company and the database industry's darling vendor, but soon fell victim to its merger mania. Sybase's 1996 merger with Powersoft resulted in a loss of focus on its core database technology. In 1993, Sybase sold the rights to its database software running under the Windows operating system to Microsoft Corporation, which now markets it under the name "SQL Server". In 1994, Informix overtook Sybase and became Oracle's most important rival. The intense war between Informix CEO Phil White and Ellison was front-page Silicon Valley news for three years. In April 1997, Informix announced a major revenue shortfall and earnings restatements; Phil White eventually landed in jail, and IBM absorbed Informix in 2001. Also in 1997, Ellison was made a director of Apple Computer after Steve Jobs came back to the company. Ellison resigned in 2002, saying "my schedule does not currently allow me to attend enough of the formal board meetings to warrant a role as a director".[10] With the defeat of Informix and of Sybase, Oracle enjoyed years of industry dominance until the rise of Microsoft SQL Server in the late 1990s and IBM's acquisition of Informix Software in 2001 to complement their DB2 database. As of 2013 Oracle's main competition for new database licenses on UNIX, Linux, and Windows operating systems comes from IBM's DB2 and from Microsoft SQL Server (which only runs on Windows). IBM's DB2 still dominates the mainframe database-market. In 2005 Oracle Corporation paid Ellison a $975,000 salary, a $6,500,000 bonus, and other compensation of $955,100.[11] In 2007, Ellison earned a total compensation of $61,180,524, which included a base salary of $1,000,000, a cash bonus of $8,369,000, and options granted of $50,087,100.[12] In 2008, he earned a total compensation of $84,598,700, which included a base salary of $1,000,000, a cash bonus of $10,779,000, no stocks granted, and options granted of $71,372,700.[13] In the year ending May 31, 2009 he made $56.8 million.[14] In 2006, Forbes ranked him as the richest Californian.[2] In April 2009, after a tug-of-war with IBM and Hewlett-Packard, Oracle announced its intent to buy Sun Microsystems.[15] On July 2, 2009, for the fourth year in a row, Oracle's Board awarded Ellison another 7 million stock options.[16] On August 22, 2009, it was reported that Ellison would be paid only $1 for his base salary for the fiscal year of 2010, down from the $1,000,000 he was paid in fiscal 2009.[1] The European Union approved the acquisition by Oracle of Sun Microsystems on January 21, 2010 and agreed that "Oracle's acquisition of Sun has the potential to revitalize important assets and create new and innovative products".[17] The Sun acquisition also gave Oracle control of the popular MySQL open-source database, which Sun had acquired in 2008.[18] On August 9, 2010, Ellison denounced Hewlett-Packard's board for firing CEO Mark Hurd, writing: "The H.P. board just made the worst personnel decision since the idiots on the Apple board fired Steve Jobs many years ago." (Ellison and Hurd are close personal friends.)[19] Then on September 6, Oracle hired Mark Hurd and made him Co-President alongside Safra A. Catz. Ellison retained the CEO position.[20] As of March 10, 2010 the Forbes list of billionaires ranked Ellison as the sixth-richest person in the world. Ellison is the third-richest American, with an estimated net worth of US $28 billion.[2] On July 27, 2010, The Wall Street Journal reported that Ellison was the best-paid executive in the last decade, collecting a total compensation of US $1.84 billion.[21] In September 2011, Ellison was listed on the Forbes List of Billionaires as the fifth richest man in the world. Ellison is still the third richest American, with a net worth of about $36.5 billion. Ellison owns stakes in Salesforce.com, NetSuite, Quark Biotechnology Inc. and Astex Pharmaceuticals.[22][23] In June 2012 Ellison agreed to buy 98 percent of the Hawaiian island of Lana'i from David Murdock's company, Castle & Cooke. The price was reported to be between $500 million and $600 million.[24] Ellison agreed to settle a four year-old insider-trading lawsuit by offering to pay $100 million in October 2012.[25] As of September 2012, Ellison was listed on the Forbes List of Billionaires as the third richest American citizen, behind Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, with a net worth of $44 billion. As of October 2012, Ellison was listed just behind David Hamilton Koch as the 8th richest person in the world, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.[26] In 2013, according to a French magazine, Ellison earned $94.6 million.[27] Personal life[edit]

Ellison has been married and divorced four times.[28][29] Adda Quinn from 1967 to 1974. Nancy Wheeler Jenkins from 1977 to 1978. They married six months before Ellison founded Software Development Laboratories. In 1978, the couple divorced. Wheeler gave up any claim on her husband's company for $500.[30] Barbara Boothe from 1983 to 1986. Barbara was a former receptionist at Relational Software Inc (RSI).[30] They had two children, David and Megan. Both Megan and David were executive producers of the 2010 Coen Brothers film True Grit. Melanie Craft, a romance novelist, from 2003 to 2010. They married on December 18, 2003, at his Woodside estate. Ellison's late friend Steve Jobs, former CEO and co-founder of Apple, Inc, was the official wedding photographer,[31] and Representative Tom Lantos officiated. They divorced in 2010.[32] Ellison made a brief cameo appearance in the 2010 movie Iron Man 2.[33] In 2010, Ellison purchased a 50% share in one of the top four tennis tournaments in the United States, the BNP Paribas Open.[34] Ellison owns many exotic cars, including an Audi R8, and a McLaren F1. His favorite is the Acura NSX, which he was known to give as gifts each year during its production.[23] Ellison is also reportedly the owner of a Lexus LFA and a Lexus LS600hL.[35] Yachting[edit] BMW Oracle Racing was the Challenger of Record on behalf of the Golden Gate Yacht Club of San Francisco for the 2007 America's Cup in Valencia, Spain until eliminated from the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup challenger selection series in the semi-finals. On February 14, 2010, Ellison's yacht USA 17 won the second race (in the best of three "deed of gift" series) of the 33rd America's Cup, after winning the first race two days earlier. Securing a historic victory, Ellison and his BMW Oracle team became the first challengers to win a "deed of gift" match. The Cup returned to American shores for the first time since 1995. Ellison was a crew member for the second race.[36] Previously, Ellison filed several legal challenges, through the Golden Gate Yacht Club, against the way that Ernesto Bertarelli (also one of the world's richest men) has proposed to organize the 33rd America's Cup following the 2007 victory of Bertarelli's team Alinghi.[37] The races were finally held[clarification needed] in February 2010 in Valencia, Spain. In 2010, Ellison ended his ownership of the eighth largest yacht in the world, named Rising Sun. Ellison sold his remaining shares in the yacht[38] to music and film mogul David Geffen. Rising Sun is 453 ft. (138 m) long,[39] and reportedly cost over US $200 million to build. He "downsized" to Musashi, a 288-foot (88 m) yacht built by Feadship.[40] On September 25, 2013, Larry Ellison's Oracle Team USA defeated the Emirates Team New Zealand to win the 34th America's Cup in San Francisco, California.[41] Oracle Team USA had been penalized two points in the final due to cheating by some Oracle Team USA team members during the America's Cup World Series warm-up events.[42] Pilot[edit] Ellison is a licensed pilot who has owned several aircraft. He was cited by the City of San Jose, California, for violating its limits on late-night takeoffs and landings from San Jose Mineta International Airport by planes weighing more than 75,000 pounds (34 019 kg). In January 2000, Ellison sued over the interpretation of the airport rule, contending that his Gulfstream V "plane is certified by the manufacturer to fly at two weights: 75,000 pounds, and at 90,000 pounds, for heavier loads or long flights requiring more fuel. But the pilot only lands the plane in San Jose when it weighs 75,000 pounds or less, and has the logs to prove it..."[43] U.S. District Judge Jeremy Fogel ruled over the matter in June 2001, calling for a waiver for Ellison's jet, but did not invalidate the curfew.[44] Ellison also owns at least two military jets: a SIAI-Marchetti S.211, a training aircraft designed in Italy, and a decommissioned MiG-29, for which the US Government has refused him permission to import.[45] Homes[edit] Ellison styled his estimated $110 million Woodside, California, estate after feudal Japanese architecture, complete with a man-made 2.3-acre (9,300 m2) lake and an extensive seismic retrofit (37°24′44.34″N 122°14′51.40″W).[46] In 2004 and 2005, he purchased more than 12 properties in Malibu, California, worth more than $180 million. The $65 million Ellison spent on five contiguous lots at Malibu's Carbon Beach was the most costly residential transaction in United States history until Ron Perelman sold his Palm Beach, Florida, compound for $70 million later that same year.[47] His entertainment system cost $1 million, and includes a rock concert-sized video projector at one end of a drained swimming pool, using the gaping hole as a giant subwoofer.[48] In early 2010, he purchased the Astor's Beechwood Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island, for $10.5 million. The property was the former summer home of the prominent Astor family. In 2011, he purchased the 249 acre Porcupine Creek Estate and private golf course in Rancho Mirage, California for $42.9 million. The property was the former home of Yellowstone Club founder Tim Blixseth, sold to Ellison by creditors following their divorce and bankruptcy.[49] On June 21, 2012, Hawaii's governor, Neil Abercrombie, declared that Ellison had signed an agreement to buy most of the island of Lanai from the Castle & Cooke company, owned by David H. Murdock. Ellison owns 98% of Lanai, Hawaii's sixth-largest island.[50] Charitable donations[edit] In order to settle an insider trading lawsuit arising from Ellison's selling nearly $1 billion of Oracle stock, he was allowed to donate $100 million to his own charitable foundation without admitting wrongdoing. A California judge refused to allow Oracle to pay Ellison's legal fees of $24 million. Ellison's lawyer had argued that if Ellison were to pay the fees, that could be construed as an admission of guilt. His charitable donations to Stanford University raised questions about the independence of two Stanford professors who evaluated the case's merits for Oracle.[51] In response to the September 11 terrorist attacks, Ellison made a controversial offer to donate to the Federal government software that would enable it to build and run a national identification database and issue ID cards.[52] Forbes 2004 list of charitable donations made by the wealthiest 400 Americans stated that Ellison had donated $151,092,103, about 1% of his estimated personal wealth.[53] In June 2006, he announced he would not honor his earlier pledge of $115 million to Harvard University, claiming it was due to the departure of former President Lawrence Summers. Oracle spokesman Bob Wynne announced, "It was really Larry Summers' brainchild and once it looked like Larry Summers was leaving, Larry Ellison reconsidered ... [I]t was Larry Ellison and Larry Summers that had initially come up with this notion."[54] In August 2010 it was reported that Ellison is one of the 40 billionaires who has signed "The Giving Pledge".[55][56] Ellison wrote: "Many years ago, I put virtually all of my assets into a trust with the intent of giving away at least 95 percent of my wealth to charitable causes. I have already given hundreds of millions of dollars to medical research and education, and I will give billions more over time. Until now, I have done this giving quietly—because I have long believed that charitable giving is a personal and private matter."[57]

About Larry Ellison (עברית)

לורנס ג'וזף "לארי" אליסון

' (באנגלית: Lawrence Joseph "Larry" Ellison; נולד ב-17 באוגוסט 1944) הוא יזם יהודי-אמריקני, מייסד-שותף ומנהל טכנולוגיות ראשי של תאגיד אורקל, אחת מחברות התוכנה הגדולות בעולם. אליסון הוא השביעי ברשימת עשירי העולם של המגזין פורבס, והעשיר ביותר בקליפורניה אשר בתחילת 2017 העריך את הונו ב-52.2 מיליארד דולר.

תוכן עניינים 1 ביוגרפיה 1.1 שנותיו הראשונות 1.2 קריירה 2 חיים ונכסים 2.1 סירות 2.2 מטוסים 2.3 אחוזה 3 תרומות 4 לקריאה נוספת 5 קישורים חיצוניים 6 הערות שוליים ביוגרפיה שנותיו הראשונות לארי אליסון נולד בניו יורק, ארצות הברית לאם חד הורית צעירה ממוצא יהודי בשם פלוריס ספילמן. לאחר לידתו ביקשה אמו מדודיה, ליליאן ולאויס אליסון, זוג מהגרים יהודיים מרוסיה, לאמץ את הילד. בגיל 9 חודשים, לאחר שחלה בדלקת ריאות, אומץ אליסון על ידי הזוג ולמעשה לא פגש את אימו הביולוגית עד גיל 48. אביו הביולוגי הוא ממוצא איטלקי, טייס בחיל האוויר האמריקני. בילדותו, התגורר אליסון עם הוריו המאמצים בדירת שני חדרים בשכונה ממעמד בינוני-נמוך בשיקגו. אליסון הזכיר בראיון את אמו המאמצת כחמה ואוהבת, וזאת בניגוד לאביו המאמץ שלא תמך והיה מרוחק ממנו.

אליסון הצעיר היה סטודנט מבריק ובעל יוזמה אך הוא עזב את האוניברסיטה באילינוי בסוף השנה השנייה, לאחר שלא ניגש למבחנים הסופיים עקב מותה של אמו המאמצת. לאחר שבילה את הקיץ בצפון קליפורניה, חזר אליסון ללימודים באוניברסיטת שיקגו, שם נתקל לראשונה במקצוע תכנות מחשבים. בגיל 20 עזב סופית את אזור שיקגו ועבר לצפון קליפורניה.

קריירה בשנות השבעים, לאחר שעזב את הלימודים, התחיל לעבוד בחברת אמפיקס בתור מתכנת אשר במסגרת עבודתו היה מוטל עליו לבנות בסיס נתונים ל-CIA שנקרא אורקל. אליסון הושפע ממאמר שכתב אדגר קוד על בסיסי נתונים שנקרא "מודל עבור בסיס נתונים לבנק גדול", והקים את אורקל ב-1977 לאחר שהשקיע 1,200 דולר להקמת חברה בשם Software Development Laboratories‏ (SDL). בשנת 1979 הוא שינה את שם החברה ל-Relational Software Inc, שלאחר מכן בעקבות הצלחת תוכנת בסיס הנתונים אורקל, שונה שמה לאורקל.

בשנת 2009, המגזין פורבס דירג את לארי אליסון כבעל הון הנאמד בכ-22.5 מיליארד דולר. קרי: אליסון מדורג במקום הרביעי בקרב עשירי העולם ובמקום השלישי ברשימת עשירי ארצות הברית, המגזין גם דירג את אליסון כאדם העשיר ביותר בקליפורניה.

ב-18 בדצמבר 2003 נישא אליסון למלאני קראפט, סופרת הצעירה ממנו בעשרים וחמש שנה. נישואים אלו היו נישואיו הרביעיים והסתיימו בשנת 2010.

בספטמבר 2014 הודיע על פרישתו מתפקיד מנכ"ל אורקל, תפקיד שהחזיק בו מאז שהקים את החברה ב-1977. הוא מכהן כיו"ר החברה וכמנהל טכנולוגיות ראשי (CTO) של חברת אורקל.[1]

חיים ונכסים סירות אליסון הוא המנהל והמממן של צוות אורקל ארה"ב, זוכת שני גביעי אמריקה, בחסות "יאכטות שערי זהב" בסן פרנסיסקו. קבוצתו, שנקראה בעבר גם ב.מ.וו. אורקל מירוצים בגלל תמיכה מחברת המכוניות המפורסמת ב.מ.וו, השתתפה בגביע אמריקה ה-31 בשנת 2003, בגביע אמריקה ה-32 בשנת 2007, וניצחה בגביע אמריקה ה-33 בשנת 2010 ובגביע אמריקה ה-34 בשנת 2013, אותו אירחה בסן פרנסיסקו.

כמו כן, זכה אליסון במרוץ "סידני הובארט יאכט" ביאכטה שלו, שנקראת "סאיונארה" (Sayonara).

בנוסף לכך זכה במרוץ "Rising Sun" על גבי יאכטה ענקית, ששווה כ-200 מיליון דולר, ואורכה 160 מטר, שנקנתה ממוחמד בן ראשד אל מאכתום מדובאי.

מטוסים לאליסון יש רישיון טיסה, ובעבר היו לו מספר מטוסים. בנוסף, נרשמו לו מספר עבירות בהמראה ונחיתה בלילות בנמל תעופה של סן חוזה (San Jose Mineta International Airport).

אחוזה בבעלות לארי אחוזה ששוויה 20 מיליון דולרים, הבנויה בסגנון יפני. האחוזה משתרעת על 180 דונמים, והיא ממוקמת בוורדסייד שבקליפורניה.

תרומות לאחר ההתקפות על מגדלי התאומים ב-11 בספטמבר 2001, תרם אליסון לממשלה הפדרלית כדי לבנות בסיס נתונים לכל האוכלוסייה. תרומה זו עוררה זעם תקשורתי רחב. בשנת 2004 פרסם המגזין פורבס כתבה אודות תרומותיו, שהסתכמו בכ-151 מיליון דולר (כ-1% מכל הונו). אליסון תומך נלהב בישראל וחבר בארגון ידידי צה"ל בארה"ב. בביקור בישראל ב-2015 הצהיר "אתמוך בישראל בכל דרך שאוכל. תראו לי את הדרך איך אוכל לסייע יותר". במשך השנים תרם בעקביות עשרות מיליוני דולרים לצה"ל. ב-2013 תרם מיליון דולר. ב-2015 תרם 9 מיליון דולר להקמת עיר הבה"דים. בשנת 2017 תרם לצה"ל 16.6 מיליון דולר. לקריאה נוספת איילת כרמל, תיק אישי: 40 טייקונים בינלאומיים. ידיעות אחרונות - ספרי חמד - גלובס, 2006. עמודים 37–41. קישורים חיצוניים ויקישיתוף מדיה וקבצים בנושא לארי אליסון בוויקישיתוף Green globe.svg אתר האינטרנט הרשמי

של לארי אליסון

Twitter logo initial.svg לארי אליסון , ברשת החברתית טוויטר Larry Ellison Portrait Painting Collage By Danor Shtruzman.jpg רויטרס, מנכ"ל אורקל על סאן: "עם ההנהלה הקודמת לא היה סיכוי להצליח" , באתר TheMarker‏, 17 במאי 2010 הראל עילם, האיש שתעשיית הטכנולוגיה אוהבת לשנוא , באתר כלכליסט, 18 באפריל 2012 https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%9C%D7%90%D7%A8%D7%99_%D7%90%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%A1%D7%95%D7%9F

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Ellison

Lawrence Joseph "Larry" Ellison (born August 17, 1944) is an American business magnate, co-founder and chief executive of Oracle Corporation, an enterprise software company. In 2013, Forbes listed him as the third-wealthiest man in America.[3] Contents [show] Early life[edit]

Larry Ellison was born in New York City to an unwed mother of Jewish heritage;[4][5][6] his father was an Italian American U.S. Air Force pilot. After he contracted pneumonia at the age of nine months his mother gave him to her aunt and uncle for adoption.[6] Ellison did not meet his biological mother again until he was 48.[7] Ellison graduated from Eugene Field Elementary School in Chicago in January 1958 and attended Sullivan High School at least through the fall of 1959 before moving to South Shore. He grew up in a two-bedroom apartment in Chicago's South Shore middle-class Jewish neighborhood. Ellison remembers his adoptive mother as warm and loving, in contrast to his austere, unsupportive, and often distant adoptive father, who adopted the name Ellison to honor his point of entry into the USA, Ellis Island. Louis Ellison was a government employee who had made a small fortune in Chicago real estate, only to lose it during the Great Depression.[6] Although Ellison was raised in a Reform Jewish home by his adoptive-parents, who attended synagogue regularly, he remained a religious skeptic. Ellison states: "While I think I am religious in one sense, the particular dogmas of Judaism are not dogmas I subscribe to. I don't believe that they are real. They're interesting stories. They're interesting mythology, and I certainly respect people who believe these are literally true, but I don't... I see no evidence for this stuff." At age thirteen, Ellison refused to have a bar mitzvah celebration.[8] Ellison was a bright but inattentive student. He left the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign after his second year, after not taking his final exams because his adoptive mother had just died. After spending a summer in northern California, Ellison attended the University of Chicago for one term, where he first encountered computer design. In 1966, aged 22, he moved to northern California. Career[edit]

Larry Ellison lecturing at the Oracle OpenWorld, San Francisco 2010 During the 1970s, after a brief stint at Amdahl Corporation, Ellison worked for Ampex Corporation. His projects included a database for the CIA, which he named "Oracle". Ellison was inspired by the paper written by Edgar F. Codd on relational database systems called "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks".[9] In 1977, he founded Software Development Laboratories (SDL) with two partners and an investment of $2,000; $1,200 of the money came from Ellison. In 1979 the company renamed itself Relational Software Inc., and in 1982 officially became Oracle Systems Corporation - after its flagship product, the Oracle database. Ellison had heard about the IBM System R database, also based on Codd's theories, and wanted Oracle to achieve compatibility with it, but IBM made this impossible by refusing to share System R's code. The initial release of Oracle[when?] was called Oracle 2; there was no Oracle 1.[citation needed] In 1990, Oracle laid off 10% (about 400 people) of its work force because it was losing money. This crisis, which almost resulted in Oracle's bankruptcy, came about because of Oracle's "up-front" marketing strategy, in which sales people urged potential customers to buy the largest possible amount of software all at once. The sales people then booked the value of future license sales in the current quarter, thereby increasing their bonuses. This became a problem when the future sales subsequently failed to materialize. Oracle eventually had to restate its earnings twice, and had to settle out-of-court class-action lawsuits arising from its having overstated its earnings. Ellison would later say that Oracle had made "an incredible business mistake".[citation needed] Although IBM dominated the mainframe relational-database market with its DB2 and SQL/DS database products, it delayed entering the market for a relational database on UNIX and Windows operating-systems. This left the door open for Sybase, Oracle, and Informix (and eventually Microsoft) to dominate mid-range systems and microcomputers. Around this time, Oracle fell behind Sybase. In 1990–1993, Sybase was the fastest-growing database company and the database industry's darling vendor, but soon fell victim to its merger mania. Sybase's 1996 merger with Powersoft resulted in a loss of focus on its core database technology. In 1993, Sybase sold the rights to its database software running under the Windows operating system to Microsoft Corporation, which now markets it under the name "SQL Server". In 1994, Informix overtook Sybase and became Oracle's most important rival. The intense war between Informix CEO Phil White and Ellison was front-page Silicon Valley news for three years. In April 1997, Informix announced a major revenue shortfall and earnings restatements; Phil White eventually landed in jail, and IBM absorbed Informix in 2001. Also in 1997, Ellison was made a director of Apple Computer after Steve Jobs came back to the company. Ellison resigned in 2002, saying "my schedule does not currently allow me to attend enough of the formal board meetings to warrant a role as a director".[10] With the defeat of Informix and of Sybase, Oracle enjoyed years of industry dominance until the rise of Microsoft SQL Server in the late 1990s and IBM's acquisition of Informix Software in 2001 to complement their DB2 database. As of 2013 Oracle's main competition for new database licenses on UNIX, Linux, and Windows operating systems comes from IBM's DB2 and from Microsoft SQL Server (which only runs on Windows). IBM's DB2 still dominates the mainframe database-market. In 2005 Oracle Corporation paid Ellison a $975,000 salary, a $6,500,000 bonus, and other compensation of $955,100.[11] In 2007, Ellison earned a total compensation of $61,180,524, which included a base salary of $1,000,000, a cash bonus of $8,369,000, and options granted of $50,087,100.[12] In 2008, he earned a total compensation of $84,598,700, which included a base salary of $1,000,000, a cash bonus of $10,779,000, no stocks granted, and options granted of $71,372,700.[13] In the year ending May 31, 2009 he made $56.8 million.[14] In 2006, Forbes ranked him as the richest Californian.[2] In April 2009, after a tug-of-war with IBM and Hewlett-Packard, Oracle announced its intent to buy Sun Microsystems.[15] On July 2, 2009, for the fourth year in a row, Oracle's Board awarded Ellison another 7 million stock options.[16] On August 22, 2009, it was reported that Ellison would be paid only $1 for his base salary for the fiscal year of 2010, down from the $1,000,000 he was paid in fiscal 2009.[1] The European Union approved the acquisition by Oracle of Sun Microsystems on January 21, 2010 and agreed that "Oracle's acquisition of Sun has the potential to revitalize important assets and create new and innovative products".[17] The Sun acquisition also gave Oracle control of the popular MySQL open-source database, which Sun had acquired in 2008.[18] On August 9, 2010, Ellison denounced Hewlett-Packard's board for firing CEO Mark Hurd, writing: "The H.P. board just made the worst personnel decision since the idiots on the Apple board fired Steve Jobs many years ago." (Ellison and Hurd are close personal friends.)[19] Then on September 6, Oracle hired Mark Hurd and made him Co-President alongside Safra A. Catz. Ellison retained the CEO position.[20] As of March 10, 2010 the Forbes list of billionaires ranked Ellison as the sixth-richest person in the world. Ellison is the third-richest American, with an estimated net worth of US $28 billion.[2] On July 27, 2010, The Wall Street Journal reported that Ellison was the best-paid executive in the last decade, collecting a total compensation of US $1.84 billion.[21] In September 2011, Ellison was listed on the Forbes List of Billionaires as the fifth richest man in the world. Ellison is still the third richest American, with a net worth of about $36.5 billion. Ellison owns stakes in Salesforce.com, NetSuite, Quark Biotechnology Inc. and Astex Pharmaceuticals.[22][23] In June 2012 Ellison agreed to buy 98 percent of the Hawaiian island of Lana'i from David Murdock's company, Castle & Cooke. The price was reported to be between $500 million and $600 million.[24] Ellison agreed to settle a four year-old insider-trading lawsuit by offering to pay $100 million in October 2012.[25] As of September 2012, Ellison was listed on the Forbes List of Billionaires as the third richest American citizen, behind Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, with a net worth of $44 billion. As of October 2012, Ellison was listed just behind David Hamilton Koch as the 8th richest person in the world, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.[26] In 2013, according to a French magazine, Ellison earned $94.6 million.[27] Personal life[edit]

Ellison has been married and divorced four times.[28][29] Adda Quinn from 1967 to 1974. Nancy Wheeler Jenkins from 1977 to 1978. They married six months before Ellison founded Software Development Laboratories. In 1978, the couple divorced. Wheeler gave up any claim on her husband's company for $500.[30] Barbara Boothe from 1983 to 1986. Barbara was a former receptionist at Relational Software Inc (RSI).[30] They had two children, David and Megan. Both Megan and David were executive producers of the 2010 Coen Brothers film True Grit. Melanie Craft, a romance novelist, from 2003 to 2010. They married on December 18, 2003, at his Woodside estate. Ellison's late friend Steve Jobs, former CEO and co-founder of Apple, Inc, was the official wedding photographer,[31] and Representative Tom Lantos officiated. They divorced in 2010.[32] Ellison made a brief cameo appearance in the 2010 movie Iron Man 2.[33] In 2010, Ellison purchased a 50% share in one of the top four tennis tournaments in the United States, the BNP Paribas Open.[34] Ellison owns many exotic cars, including an Audi R8, and a McLaren F1. His favorite is the Acura NSX, which he was known to give as gifts each year during its production.[23] Ellison is also reportedly the owner of a Lexus LFA and a Lexus LS600hL.[35] Yachting[edit] BMW Oracle Racing was the Challenger of Record on behalf of the Golden Gate Yacht Club of San Francisco for the 2007 America's Cup in Valencia, Spain until eliminated from the 2007 Louis Vuitton Cup challenger selection series in the semi-finals. On February 14, 2010, Ellison's yacht USA 17 won the second race (in the best of three "deed of gift" series) of the 33rd America's Cup, after winning the first race two days earlier. Securing a historic victory, Ellison and his BMW Oracle team became the first challengers to win a "deed of gift" match. The Cup returned to American shores for the first time since 1995. Ellison was a crew member for the second race.[36] Previously, Ellison filed several legal challenges, through the Golden Gate Yacht Club, against the way that Ernesto Bertarelli (also one of the world's richest men) has proposed to organize the 33rd America's Cup following the 2007 victory of Bertarelli's team Alinghi.[37] The races were finally held[clarification needed] in February 2010 in Valencia, Spain. In 2010, Ellison ended his ownership of the eighth largest yacht in the world, named Rising Sun. Ellison sold his remaining shares in the yacht[38] to music and film mogul David Geffen. Rising Sun is 453 ft. (138 m) long,[39] and reportedly cost over US $200 million to build. He "downsized" to Musashi, a 288-foot (88 m) yacht built by Feadship.[40] On September 25, 2013, Larry Ellison's Oracle Team USA defeated the Emirates Team New Zealand to win the 34th America's Cup in San Francisco, California.[41] Oracle Team USA had been penalized two points in the final due to cheating by some Oracle Team USA team members during the America's Cup World Series warm-up events.[42] Pilot[edit] Ellison is a licensed pilot who has owned several aircraft. He was cited by the City of San Jose, California, for violating its limits on late-night takeoffs and landings from San Jose Mineta International Airport by planes weighing more than 75,000 pounds (34 019 kg). In January 2000, Ellison sued over the interpretation of the airport rule, contending that his Gulfstream V "plane is certified by the manufacturer to fly at two weights: 75,000 pounds, and at 90,000 pounds, for heavier loads or long flights requiring more fuel. But the pilot only lands the plane in San Jose when it weighs 75,000 pounds or less, and has the logs to prove it..."[43] U.S. District Judge Jeremy Fogel ruled over the matter in June 2001, calling for a waiver for Ellison's jet, but did not invalidate the curfew.[44] Ellison also owns at least two military jets: a SIAI-Marchetti S.211, a training aircraft designed in Italy, and a decommissioned MiG-29, for which the US Government has refused him permission to import.[45] Homes[edit] Ellison styled his estimated $110 million Woodside, California, estate after feudal Japanese architecture, complete with a man-made 2.3-acre (9,300 m2) lake and an extensive seismic retrofit (37°24′44.34″N 122°14′51.40″W).[46] In 2004 and 2005, he purchased more than 12 properties in Malibu, California, worth more than $180 million. The $65 million Ellison spent on five contiguous lots at Malibu's Carbon Beach was the most costly residential transaction in United States history until Ron Perelman sold his Palm Beach, Florida, compound for $70 million later that same year.[47] His entertainment system cost $1 million, and includes a rock concert-sized video projector at one end of a drained swimming pool, using the gaping hole as a giant subwoofer.[48] In early 2010, he purchased the Astor's Beechwood Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island, for $10.5 million. The property was the former summer home of the prominent Astor family. In 2011, he purchased the 249 acre Porcupine Creek Estate and private golf course in Rancho Mirage, California for $42.9 million. The property was the former home of Yellowstone Club founder Tim Blixseth, sold to Ellison by creditors following their divorce and bankruptcy.[49] On June 21, 2012, Hawaii's governor, Neil Abercrombie, declared that Ellison had signed an agreement to buy most of the island of Lanai from the Castle & Cooke company, owned by David H. Murdock. Ellison owns 98% of Lanai, Hawaii's sixth-largest island.[50] Charitable donations[edit] In order to settle an insider trading lawsuit arising from Ellison's selling nearly $1 billion of Oracle stock, he was allowed to donate $100 million to his own charitable foundation without admitting wrongdoing. A California judge refused to allow Oracle to pay Ellison's legal fees of $24 million. Ellison's lawyer had argued that if Ellison were to pay the fees, that could be construed as an admission of guilt. His charitable donations to Stanford University raised questions about the independence of two Stanford professors who evaluated the case's merits for Oracle.[51] In response to the September 11 terrorist attacks, Ellison made a controversial offer to donate to the Federal government software that would enable it to build and run a national identification database and issue ID cards.[52] Forbes 2004 list of charitable donations made by the wealthiest 400 Americans stated that Ellison had donated $151,092,103, about 1% of his estimated personal wealth.[53] In June 2006, he announced he would not honor his earlier pledge of $115 million to Harvard University, claiming it was due to the departure of former President Lawrence Summers. Oracle spokesman Bob Wynne announced, "It was really Larry Summers' brainchild and once it looked like Larry Summers was leaving, Larry Ellison reconsidered ... [I]t was Larry Ellison and Larry Summers that had initially come up with this notion."[54] In August 2010 it was reported that Ellison is one of the 40 billionaires who has signed "The Giving Pledge".[55][56] Ellison wrote: "Many years ago, I put virtually all of my assets into a trust with the intent of giving away at least 95 percent of my wealth to charitable causes. I have already given hundreds of millions of dollars to medical research and education, and I will give billions more over time. Until now, I have done this giving quietly—because I have long believed that charitable giving is a personal and private matter."[57]

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Larry Ellison's Timeline

1944
August 17, 1944
Bronx, New York, United States