Historical records matching Lt. Gen. James Douglas-Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
About Lt. Gen. James Douglas-Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on James Hamilton:
Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton 
- M, #105968,
- b. 11 April 1658,
- d. 15 November 1712
- Last Edited=29 Dec 2011
- Consanguinity Index=0.93%
Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton was born on 11 April 1658. He was the son of William Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk and Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton.
He married, firstly, Lady Anne Spencer, daughter of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland and Lady Anne Digby, on 5 January 1686/87.
He married, secondly, Elizabeth Gerard, daughter of Digby Gerard, 5th Baron Gerard of Gerard's Bromley and Lady Elizabeth Gerard, on 17 July 1698 at Bushey Park, London, England.
He died on 15 November 1712 at age 54 at Hyde Park, St. James's, London, England, killed in a duel with Lord Mohun, who was also killed. He was buried on 29 October 1718 at Hamilton, Scotland. He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, temporarily.
He was styled as Earl of Arran between 1658 and 1698.
He was educated at University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber between 1679 and 1688. He held the office of Envoy to Paris between 1683 and 1685.
He gained the rank of Colonel in 1685 in the service of the 6th Horse.
He held the office of Envoy to Paris in September 1686.
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Thistle (K.T.) on 29 May 1687.
He gained the rank of Brigadier-General in 1688.
He held the office of Master of the Great Wardrobe from 1688 to 1689.
On 18 December 1688, when King James II was elected from Whitehall, he was one of the four peers who accompanied him to Rochester, consequently being on the side opposed to his own father.
He and Barbara Fitzroy were associated circa 1690.
He gained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1693.
He succeeded to the title of 4th Marquess of Clydesdale [S., 1643] on 9 July 1698. He succeeded to the title of 4th Duke of Hamilton [S., 1643] on 9 July 1698. He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Lanark [S., 1639] on 9 July 1698. He succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Machansyre and Polmont [S., 1639] on 9 July 1698. He succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Aven and Innerdale [S., 1643] on 9 July 1698. He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Arran and Cambridge [S., 1643] on 9 July 1698.
He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber between 1699 and 1702.
On 21 May 1700 he took his oath and seat in the Scottish Parliament. While he was a strong opponent of the Union [Scotland], he took no part in the contemplated insurrection. He held the office of Representative Peer [Scotland] between 1708 and 1712. In March 1707/8 he was suspected of abetting the abortive invasion of Scotland by the French in the Jacobite interest, was apprehended at Ashton, Lancashire, and brought to London, although no evidence could be obtained against him.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Lancashire between 1710 and 1712.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 13 December 1710.
He was created 1st Duke of Brandon [Great Britain] on 10 September 1711. He was created 1st Baron of Dutton [Great Britain] on 10 September 1711.
On 29 August 1712 he was appointed as Ambassador to Paris, but never actually took up the position due to his untimely death. He held the office of Master General of the Ordnance in September 1712.
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 26 October 1712.
He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.
Cockayne writes that "the duel with Lord Mohun was occasioned by a dispute regarding the division of the Gawsworth estate, to which his wife and Lady Mohun were coheirs. In a contemporary letter, penned from London within a week of the duel, the writer states of the Duke 'I assure that he has more friends at present than ever he had while alive'. Macky wrote of him 'on the Queen's accession he made strong efforts to get into administration, but has not yet succeeded, though he is well received at Court; he is brave in his person, with a rough air of boldness; of good sense, very forward and hot for what he undertakes, ambitious and haughty; a violent enemy, has been very extravegent in his manner of living, but not grown covetous; he is supposed to have some thoughts towards the Crown of England when the Queen dies, beign descended from the house of Stuart, &c. Has a great estate, is of a middle stature, well made, of a black coarse complexion, and a brisk look.1' "
Cockayne then quotes Dean Swift " 'he was made master of the ordnance; a worthy good natured person, very generous but of a middle understanding; he was murdered by that villain Macarney, an Irish Scot'. Bishop Burnet, who knew him well, says 'I will add no character of him; I am sorry I cannot say so much good of him as I could wish, and I had too much kindness for him to say any evil without necessity.' "
Child of Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
- 1. Lt.-Col. Sir James Abercrombie, 1st Bt. b. b 1680, d. 14 Nov 1724
Child of Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and Barbara Fitzroy
- 1. Charles Hamilton  b. 30 Mar 1691, d. 1754
Children of Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and Elizabeth Gerard
- 1. Lord William Hamilton  b. bt 1699 - 1712, d. 11 Jun 1734
- 2. Lady Elizabeth Hamilton  b. 1700, d. 2 Apr 1702
- 3. Lady Catherine Hamilton  b. 1701, d. 22 Dec 1712
- 4. Lady Susan Hamilton  b. bt 1702 - 1712, d. 3 Jun 1755
- 5. James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton+ b. 5 Jan 1702/3, d. 2 Mar 1742/43
- 6. Lady Charlotte Hamilton  b. c 1707, d. 5 Feb 1777
- 7. Lord Anne Hamilton+ b. 12 Oct 1709, d. 25 Dec 1748
- 1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 269. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2. [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume V, page 8. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
- 3. [S3436] Allen Andrews, The Royal Whore: Barbara Villiers, Lasy Castlemaine (n.n.: Chilton Book Company, 1970). Hereinafter cited as The Royal Whore.
- 4. [S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 1284. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
- 5. [S8] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, volume 1, page 1286.
- 6. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 270.
Lt. Gen. James Douglas-Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton's Timeline
April 11, 1658
Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
March 30, 1691
Cleveland Row, London, England