Mac Bethad mac Findlaích, Ri Albainn
|Also Known As:||"Mac Bethad mac Findlaích", "The Red", "Mac Bethad /mac Findláich/", "nicknamed Rí Deircc", ""the Red King"", "Maelbeatha", "Macboeda Macbeth /Finlay/", "Macboeda Macbeth Fionnladh /Finlay/", "/Macbeth/", "Macbida Fionnladh /Mcfinlay/", "Macbeth Mormaer /Moray/", "Macbeth..."|
|Death:||Died in Battle Of Lumphanan (Aberdeenshire) Scotland|
|Place of Burial:||Iona (Argyllshire) Scotland|
Son of Findláech mac Ruaidrí, Mormaer of Moray and Donada 'Anleta' / 'Thora' ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda, Princess of Scots
|Occupation:||King of Scotland (1040 - 1057)|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Macbeth, King of Scots
Macbeth, Mac Bethad mac Findlaích, son of Findlaich and Donada (daughter of King Malcolm II). Born c 1006 Mormaer of Moray. Served as military general for King Malcolm II & later King Duncan. King of Scots from August 17 1040 to August 17 1057. [Upon MacBeth's death, the name of his beloved Albann was changed to 'Scotland' as the title of Monarch was changed from the P-Celtic 'Ri Albainn' to the Latin 'Rex Scotorum'. [http://hal_macgregor.tripod.com/gregor/pictclanns.htm]:
- Spouse: Grouch
- No known children, his stepson Lulach succeeded him. (Macbeth was a popular enough figure in his own time that a number of people named their sons after him, resulting in a plethora of "mac Macbeths" in the next generation(s).)
Sources and Resources
FINDLAECH MacRory (-[1018/20]). Thane of Angus Mormaer of Moray. Orkneyinga Saga records that Sigurd Jarl of Orkney defeated “a Scottish earl called Finnleik”. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Findlaech mac Ruaidhrí mormaer Moreb” was killed “a filiis fratris sui MaelBrighdi” in [1018/20]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1020 of "Finnlaech son of Ruadrí king of Alba…killed by his own people".
m firstly ---. The name of Findlaech´s wife is not known.
m secondly DONADA of Scotland, daughter of MALCOLM II King of Scotland & his wife --- .
Mormaer Findlaech & his second wife had one child:
a) MACBETH (-killed in battle Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire 15 Aug 1057, bur Isle of Iona). The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Macheth filius Findleg xvii…" as king. The Annals of Tigernach names “Mac bethadh son of Findlaech overking of Scotland” when recording his death. Mormaer of Moray [1029/32]. He succeeded in 1040 as MACBETH King of Scotland. He was defeated in battle 27 Jul 1054 by the army of Siward Earl of Northumbria who had invaded Scotland to support the claim to the throne of Malcolm son of King Duncan I. The Annals of Ulster record that "Mac Bethad son of Finnlaech, over-king of Scotland was killed by Mael Sechlainn son of Donnchad in battle" in 1058.
m (after 1032) as her second husband, GRUOCH, widow of GILLACOMGAIN Mormaer of Moray, daughter of BOITE [Bodhe] of Scotland & his wife --- (-).
MACBETH (-killed in battle Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire 15 Aug 1057, bur Isle of Iona). The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Macheth filius Findleg xvii…" as king. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Machabeus son of Finele" killed King Duncan and succeeded as king in 1040. Mormaer of Moray [1029/32]. He may have been one of the "two other kings, Mælbeth and Iehmarc" recorded by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle has having submitted to Canute King of England in 1031 with King Malcolm II. He succeeded in 1040 as MACBETH King of Scotland. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Donnchal rex Scotiæ" was killed "1040 XIX Kal Sep" by "duce suo Macbethad mac Finnloech" who succeeded as king for 17 years. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "comes Siward" invaded Scotland with a large army in 1046 and briefly expelled "rege Macbeod", the king recovering his realm when Siward withdrew. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he was defeated in battle 27 Jul 1054 by the army of Siward Earl of Northumbria which had invaded Scotland. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Siwardus" put "Macbeth" to flight in 1054 and installed "Malcolmum rege" in the following year. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Macfinlaeg" was killed "1057…in Augusto". The Annals of Tigernach record that “Mac bethadh son of Findlaech overking of Scotland” was killed by “Malcolm, son of Donnchad” in 1058. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Maket mac Fyngal" reigned 17 years, was killed "in Lufanan a Malcolm mac Dunkat" and was buried "in Iona insula". The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Malcolm recaptured his kingdom with the help of "Siward Earl of Northumberland" and killed "Machabeus" 5 Dec 1056. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Machabeus" was buried "in the island of Iona".
m (after 1032) as her second husband, GRUOCH, widow of GILLACOMGAIN Mormaer of Moray, daughter of BOITE [Bodhe] of Scotland & his wife --- (-). "Machbet filius Finlach…et Gruoch filia Bodhe, rex et regina Scottorum" made grants to the church of St Serf, although the document also names "Malcolmus Rex filius Duncani" which casts doubt on its authenticity.
Mac Bethad mac Findlaích (Modern Gaelic: MacBheatha mac Fhionnlaigh), anglicised as Macbeth, and nicknamed Rí Deircc, "the Red King" (died 15 August 1057), was King of the Scots (also known as the King of Alba, and earlier as King of Moray and King of Fortriu) from 1040 until his death. He is best known as the subject of William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth and the many works it has inspired, although the play is historically inaccurate.
Origins and family
Macbeth was the son of Findláech mac Ruaidrí, Mormaer of Moray. His mother, who is not mentioned in contemporary sources, is sometimes supposed to have been a daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda). This may be derived from Andrew of Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland which makes Macbeth's mother a granddaughter, rather than a daughter, of Malcolm.
Findláech was killed in 1020. According to the Annals of Ulster he was killed by his own people while the Annals of Tigernach say that the sons of his brother Máel Brigte were responsible. One of these sons, Máel Coluim son of Máel Brigte, died in 1029. A second son, Gille Coemgáin, was killed in 1032, burned in a house with fifty of his men. Gille Coemgáin had been married to Gruoch with whom he had a son, the future king Lulach. It has been proposed that Gille Coemgáin's death was the doing of Mac Bethad, in revenge for his father's death, or of Máel Coluim son of Cináed, to rid himself of a rival.
CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork including:
Genealogies from Rawlinson B.502 (no translation available)
Gaelic notes from the Book of Deer (with translation)
The Annals of Ulster (translation)
The Annals of Tigernach (translation in progress)
The Chronicon Scotorum reproduces a considerable part of the Annals of Tigernach and is available in translation.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Mss. D and E, various editions including an XML version by Tony Jebson.
The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba
The Chronicon ex chronicis attributed to Florence of Worcester.
Barrell, A.D.M., Medieval Scotland. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000. ISBN 0-521-58602-X
Barrow, G.W.S., Kingship and Unity: Scotland 1000–1306. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, (corrected ed.) 1989. ISBN 0-7486-0104-X
Byrne, Francis John, Irish Kings and High-Kings. Batsford, London, 1973. ISBN 0-7134-5882-8
Crawford, Barbara, Scandinavian Scotland. Leicester University Press, Leicester, 1987. 0-7185-1282-0
Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
Hudson, Benjamin T., The Prophecy of Berchán: Irish and Scottish High-Kings of the Early Middle Ages. Greenwood, London, 1996.
McDonald, R. Andrew, Outlaws of medieval Scotland: Challenges to the Canmore kings, 1058–1266. Tuckwell, East Linton, 2003. 1-86232-236-8
Ó Cróinín, Dáibhí, Early Medieval Ireland: 400–1200. Longman, London, 1995. ISBN 0-582-01565-0
Sellar, W.D.H., "Moray: to 1130" in Michael Lynch (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford UP, Oxford, 2001. ISBN 0-19-211696-7
Smyth, Alfred P., Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80–1000. Edinburgh UP, Edinburgh, 1984. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
Taylor, A.B., "Karl Hundason: King of chickens" in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, LXXI (1937), pp. 334–340.
Woolf, Alex, "Macbeth" in Lynch (2001).
[ These Notes are unreferenced. Sources are needed to back up details such as assertions that Thorfinn was Mormaer of Moray - Thanks; Sharon]
Gilcomgain and Gruoch had one son Lulach.
Lulach suceeded Macbeth to the throne but was slain four months later in 1057 AD. Annals of Ulster, 1058: "Lulach son of Gilla Comgain, over-king of Scotland, was killed in battle by Mael Coluim son of Donnchad."
The assassination of Macbeth is believed to have caused the downfall of the clan Fionnladh and it's being declared illegal along with their tartan. The Fionnladh took cover under the clan Farquharson. [The formal clan structure was just developing at this period. Tartans as clan markers would not be a thing until the late 18th century. No authority existed at this period that could outlaw whole clans. Macbeth was, supposedly, killed outright in battle - Lulach on the other hand may have been ambushed and/or assassinated. - Maven]
King of Scotland (1040-1057) and the subject of William Shakespeare's 1606 play, he was a G-G-G-G Grandfather of Archibald Finley. His mother was Princess DONADA, daughter of MALCOLM II. Macbeth established himself on the throne after his cousin King Duncan died from wounds inflicted by Macbeth or his adherents in battle near Elgin. (He was not killed in bed as Shakespeare told it.) [W.S. borrowed from the legend of Kenneth II and his assassination by Fionnghuala daughter of Cuncar for that part of the story. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_II_of_Scotland#Death]
He married Gruoch (Lady MACBETH), a descendant of King Kenneth III who ruled from 997-1005.
History records that MacBeth was one of the best kings of Scotland, not the usurper of Shakespeare's play.
"MACBETH and GRUOCH set themselves to reign well. He made laws for the common will, which were most benign and liberal." [Probably true, as the "Prophecy of Berchan" (a chronicle posing as a prophetic poem) speaks quite highly of him.]
"The leniency of MACBETH contrasts to advantage with the bloody steps which marked the descent of MALCOLM II. Even DUNCAN's sons were allowed to escape to England."
Macbeth was killed in battle by Malcolm III, son of Duncan, with assistance from the English.
Clan Finley was outlawed after Macbeth's death. They took the name Farquharson and did not emerge from obscurity as a clan until 1236 when Archibald distinguished himself at the battle Largs. [See above for why this is a legend - Maven]
See the Macboeda Macbeth FIONNLADH FINLAY genealogy page at RootsWeb.
The following is an excerpt from Part 3 of Finley Findings International Vol 1, titled The Most Famous Finley of Them All.
Elmer CROCKETT, states the following: "In the year 1009, Momaar FINLEIGH or FINLEY of Moray, father of MACBETH, was the overlord of the tributary of the Manor of Morey or Moray."
WOOD quotes the following from Pinkerston's History of Scotland, Vol. II, p. 333: "During this early period in Scotland, there were two kings, for Finlay MC RUAIDHRI, who ruled over western Scotland, was murdered in 1020 to make MALCOLM II the sole king, and when MACBETH, son of FINLAY, succeeded to the throne after the death of DUNCAN, he came into his lawful heritage." [Drastic oversimplification of a complex picture. Scotland had "kings" at this early period the way Kentucky has "Colonels", but there was supposed to be one overking ruling them all. Findlaech was never overking; Malcolm II claimed the title and enforced it at sword's point.]
However, as WOOD and FRANCE tell us, "Frequent battles followed and FINLAY defeated Sigurd [False - Sigurd defeated Findlaech, but declined to press his advantage; see Orkneyinga Saga] and gained possession of Moray and continued as Mormaer of that district until the year 1020, when he was slain by his nephews, MALCOLM, who died in 1029, and GILLACOMGAIN, who was assassinated by the orders of MALCOLM II in 1032.
"From this union of Princess DONADA [name not found in primary documents], daughter of MALCOLM II, and Finlay MC RUARI, was born ca. 1005, MACBETH, or MacBida MC FINLAY (MACKENZIE calls him MAELBEATHA), who in 1039 became King of Scotland, and who had married earlier, in 1032, GRUOCH, daughter of BODHE and the widow of GILLACOMGAIN. From this line, the FINLAYs and FINLEYs of Scotland are descended. [Or so they say - proving it is another matter entirely.]
"WYNTON, the most veracious chronicler of the earlier history of Scotland [!], styles MACBETH as Thane of Crumbacty, which is Gaelic for Cromarty, where Macbeth Castle stood. The union of Ross and Cromarty under one sheriffdom as at present, seems to be the boundaries of the ancient kingdom.
"GRUOCH (Lady MACBETH) was a lineal descendant of that Kenneth MC ALPIN, who, in the ninth century, had united Scotland into one kingdom. She was the daughter of BODHE, who was the son of KENNETH III, who was the son of DUBHE, who was the son of MALCOLM I, who was the son of DONALD IV, who was the son of CONSTANTINE, who was the son of Kenneth MC ALPIN.
"Her grandfather, KENNETH III, had been dethroned and slain by the cousin now ruling, MALCOLM II, who, having waded through blood to seize the throne, had determined to secure peaceful succession of his own descendants, so since GRUOCH's brother was regarded as the rightful heir under the old laws of Scotland, he had to be assassinated. [Malcolm allegedly did in her brother's son also - see Annals of Ulster, 1033.7: "The grandson of Baete son of Cinaed [III] was killed by Mael Coluim son of Cinaed [II]."]
"Being merely a woman, GRUOCH was of scant importance, despite her august presence and queenly dignity, so she was left alive to carry her royal blood, her heritage of vengeance, into Moray, where she married GILLACOMGAIN, son of MAELBRIGDI, a powerful chieftain of that district. DUNCAN, MACBETH and THORFINN, three sons of three sisters, were all related to GRUOCH. Her husband, GILLACOMGAIN, was a cousin of MACBETH.
"Presently, another blow was to fall upon GRUOCH as a result of this blood feud, for a punitive party succeeded in pinning her husband into his fortress and fired it, and he was burned to death with some 50 of his men in 1032. By some miracle, GRUOCH escaped, but it is small wonder that the child she carried (MACKENZIE tells us he was later known as LULACH the Fool) became mentally unhinged. [Questionable; he may merely have had bad judgment and bad luck. -Maven] She fled from Moray into Ross [there was little difference at this time], filled from crown to toe with cruelty [Paraphrase of Shakespeare, who is NOT an Authority!] and appealed to MACBETH for help. He, fair, yellow-haired and tall [per "Prophecy" of Berchan] , having some claim to the crown, made his claim effectual by espousing the heiress of line.
"Thus, when death had released the strong grasp of Malcolm II, this lineal race of Kenneth MC ALPIN had become extinct and the succession reverted to DUNCAN, the son of CRINAN, who had married the daughter of MALCOLM II. DUNCAN, the people held, was soft and gentle of nature [Not accurate - Duncan was warlike, but thoroughly incompetent] -- strangely different from his cousin MACBETH, who was a valiant gentleman [and a darn good general too].
"DUNCAN ruled with a light hand and after enjoying the throne for about 5 years, his people took advantage of the absence of THORFINN, Thane of Moray
[Thorfinn was mormaer of Caithness and Jarl of Orkney, not thane of Moray - see Orkneyinga Saga, Heimskringla, etc.]
on an expedition to England, and placing DUNCAN at their head, forced their way into the district of Moray. But the Pictish natives of the north refused to recognize his rights to the crown, and at least looked upon him as an usurper, and headed by MACBETH, attacked DUNCAN in the neighborhood of Elgin, routed his army, and DUNCAN, being severely wounded by MACBETH or his adherents, was carried to Elgin, where he died of his wounds." [It's a bit more complicated than that: Duncan first ticked off Thorfinn by invading Caithness, and was beaten very badly. Then he tangled with Macbeth...." -Maven]
MACKENZIE adds the following: "In 1040, the sixth year of DUNCAN's reign, MAELBEATHA carried his wife's feud into action and avenged her brother on his slayer's heir. DUNCAN was killed, not, apparently, by murder at Glamis or Inverness, but in battle at Bothgowanan, and MAELBEATHA took the throne by right of his young stepson [by right of his wife, more likely, or on his own account - the one advantage of the "tanistry" system was that it placed an adult, not a child, on the throne] , and was accepted, for the only other grown man with any claim was THORFINN of Orkney." [True - and Thorfinn seems to have been more interested in holding and consolidating his own territories than expanding into anyone else's. Not that he was averse to stirring up trouble between neighboring rivals - it was one way to keep them from attacking *him*. Orkneying Saga gives a plausible account of his career, albeit with the bizarre substitution of one "Karl Hundason" - cf. "Adolf Schicklgruber" as a modern example of mislabeling enemies - for whoever was/were his actual foe/s on the Scottish mainland.]
WOOD and FRANCE continue: "No satisfactory evidence exists of the cause of this hostile meeting nor why the king invaded the territory of his sub-king. All this is obscure but the result is shown by unquestionable evidence existing in the Chronicum Rythmecum, preserved in the Melrose Chronicle and embodied by WYNTON in his early historical works. In a former number of that provincial newspaper, the Kelmarnock Journal, in which a vast mass of interesting antiquarian information is from time to time preserved, there occurred a very learned and ingenuous argument, the object of which was, if not fully to vindicate the character of MACBETH, at least to remove much of the obloquy thrown upon his memory.
"Some historians tell us that MACBETH was a murderer and usurper, and the genius of England's great dramatist has so immortalized the fictions of BOICE, that it is doubtful if ever they will be eradicated from the popular mind. Desirous to arrive at the truth, we have ventured to state what occurs to us to be pretty near the real facts of the case, that DUNCAN was not murdered under trust by MACBETH at Glamis; instead, he died of wounds received in a conflict at a place near Elgin, that he was carried to Elgin by the victor, where he died and that his conqueror transplanted his remains to the Royal Cemetery at Iona.
"The leniency of MACBETH contrasts to advantage with the bloody steps which marked the descent of MALCOLM II. Even DUNCAN's sons were allowed to escape to England. The death of BANQUO and others are mere fiction of BOICE, originating, no doubt, under the CANMORE rule, being desirous to blacken the reputation of MACBETH. [Any Ricardian knows how *that* works - and Shakespeare was a tool in that case also.]
"MACBETH pursued his success and made himself master of the whole kingdom. He was proclaimed King of the Scots at Scone, under protection of the Clans of Ross and Moray, and representing the northern and Celtic elements of the public by birth and marriage, had the most powerful interests in the country behind him. GRUOCH was Queen of the Scots at last, and her dead brother was avenged, for she sat on the throne in his stead. MACBETH and GRUOCH set themselves to reign well. He made laws for the common will, which were most benign and liberal."
["Prophecy" of Berchan on Macbeth: Afterwards^ the Red king will take the kingdom of high, field-faced'* Scotland. After slaughter of Gaels, after slaughter of Foreigners, the generous king of Fortriu will take [Scotland],
The ruddy, pale-yellow-haired, tall one,** I shall be joyful in him.'^ Scotland will be brimful, in the west and in the east, during the reign of the furious Red one.] Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 6, gives the following insight into MACBETH's reign: "MACBETH's victory in 1045 over a rebel army, perhaps led by DUNCAN's father, CRINAN, near Dunkeld, Perth, may account for the later references (in SHAKESPEARE and others) to Birnam Wood, for the village of Birnam is near the town of Dunkeld. In 1046, SIWARD, Earl of Northumbria, unsuccessfully attempted to dethrone MACBETH in favor of MALCOLM (afterward, King Malcolm III CANMORE), eldest son of DUNCAN I.
"By 1050, MACBETH felt secure enough to leave Scotland for a pilgrimage to Rome (MACKENZIE says while there, MACBETH made great gifts to the poor). But in 1054, he was apparently forced by SIWARD to yield part of southern Scotland to MALCOLM. Three years later, MACBETH was killed in battle by MALCOLM, who, as SHAKESPEARE indicates, had assistance from the English. MACBETH was buried on Iona, an island off Scotland's west coast regarded as the resting place of lawful kings, but not of usurpers."
As WOOD and FRANCE state, "His subsequent defeat and death in Aberdeenshire (MACKENZIE says the actual location in Aberdeenshire was Lumphanan on Deeside) on 5 Dec 1057 was calamitous to his family. [Probably true - they had a tenuous hold on Moray as long as they didn't venture outside it or make too much trouble, and when they did (1078, 1085?, 1130-34) they were decisively beaten. After 1034 the mormaerdom of Moray was abolished, and King David I put his nephew William FitzDuncan in charge of the territory, though there is no primary evidence that FitzDuncan was ever styled "Earl".]
His clan name ceased and for a time, the FARQUHARSON took its place." [Absolutely NOT true. The clan structure was not that well developed yet, and no authority existed that could "outlaw" any clan. For several generations men turned up with the name "mac Macbeth", probably meaning their fathers or grandfathers had been named after the king.]
MACBETH's death ended a dynasty which began with the earliest foundations of Ireland and Scotland, as we have already seen. [Highly arguable, considering that he was a distaff-side claimant and that the macMalcolm/Dunkeld line continued for several centuries.]
At the time of his death, his children were young, so the Clan FIONNLAGH [not just the one clan, but all the leaders of Moray and the more conservative ones elsewhere] placed his stepson, LULACH, on the throne. However, he reigned only 6 months, being defeated and slain at Eske in Strathbogie by the Saxon invaders and the rebellious adherents of Malcolm CANMORE.
After LULACH, no other member of the Clan FIONNLAGH has been on the throne of Scotland to the present day. Members of the clan became hunted outlaws, long before religious persecution drove them from the British Isles. [Somebody is pulling too much off the MacGregor legend - which was much much later, after England and Scotland had been united and a strong central monarchy - with yet another class of foreign rulers, the Hanovers - had arisen.]
Because of this the Clan FIONNLAGH took on the name of the Clan FARQUHARSON, so named because of the Farquhar SHAW of Rothiemurchus. WOOD and FRANCE state: "In 1236 in the Braes of Mar at the head of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, there was a certain chief named FEARCHAR, son of FARQUHAR, who was the fourth son of Shaw DUBH of Rothiemurchus, who was head of a powerful clan known in the Highlands as Clan FIONNLAGH, a sept of the great confederation, Clan CHATTAN, which held large possessions which were acquired by marriage with the heiress of Invercauld and from this FEARCHAR. [Fractured History. Shaw of Rothiemerchus figures in the Battle of the Inch of Perth in 1396 (not 1236). Finlay Mor Farquharson was a third grandson of his, and was killed at the battle of Pinkie, 1547. Finlay Mor's descendants are the Finlays and MacFinlays. And...the clan Shaw began as a sept of MacDuff, circa the 1160s.]
"The clan also took the name of MC EARACHAR or FARQUHARSON. The chiefs were lineal descendants of the ancient Thanes of Ross and Moray, of whom the most famous is MACBETH, the progenitor of this clan. The descendants of this FEARCHAR had moved and settled on the borders of Perth and Angus; some took the name of MC EARACHAR or FARQUHARSON; others, the name of MC FINLAY or FINLAYSON, and of this branch, FINLAY and FINLEY."
From: "Lee Ann Aigner"
Subject: Re: Macbeth page on rootsWeb
Date: Tue, 6 Feb 2001 13:50:49 -0600
I have gone back to my source: "The Clan Finley", Second Edition Revised
and corrected, 1956, Volume One, Compiled and edited by Herald F. Stout,
Rear Admiral, U. S. Navy (Retired).
39. Macboeda or Macbeth, born 1005, reigned 1039-1057. He married Gruoch,
daughter of Bodhe, and widow of his own nephew Gilcomgain.6 Macbeth lost
Moray to Sigurd, his brother-in-law, in an intraclan feud. [ The exact sources for this would be very useful to have, as the only Sigurd who I know who might be considered a brother-in-law of Macbeth, is the Sigurd who died at Clontarf - well after Malcolm and Gillecomgain were dead. Also, the timing appears to have occurred when Macbeth was still a child. Interesting to discuss further - Sharon' ] [It's garbage, Sharon. Macbeth's father, Findlaech, had an ongoing feud with Sigurd "Digri" of Orkney - who was FINDLAECH'S brother-in-law - ending when Sigurd decisively beat him in battle but left him alive. Orkneyinga Saga, Heimskringla, and any *reputable* Scottish history. Sigurd then went off and got himself killed at Clontarf in 1014, as everybody knows - there's a highly memorable song called "The Raven Banner", based on Orkneyinga and Njal's Sagas. -Maven]
Sigurd was then slain by Malcolm and Gilcomgain, the latter being the father of Lulach, [SHATTERED history, not just fractured. It was FINDLAECH who was killed by his nephews, in 1020. Sigurd had been dead for seven years. Annals of Ulster, 1020.6: "Finnlaech son of Ruaidrí, king of Alba, was killed by his own people."
Macbeth's later step-son.7 In the downfall following the death of Macbeth
at Lumphanen,8 the Clan Fionnladh (Finlay) was outlawed. [Nonsense based on the outlawing of the MacGregors in the 18TH century.]
According to tradition: MacBethad, son of Findláech, son of Ruadrí, son of Domnall, son of Morggán, son of Cathamal, son of Ruadrí, son of Ailgelach, son of Uraad, son of Uurgus, son of Nehhtonn, son of Colmán, son of Báetán, son of Eochaid, son of Muiredach, son of Loarn, son of Erb, son of Eochaid Muinremuir. MacBeth (1005-1057), Mormaer of Moray, married Gruoch, daughter of Boedhe, who was the son of Kenneth III. MacBeth, who had ancestral roots in Moray, was the grandson of King Malcolm II [on his mother's side], and his wife was the granddaughter of King Kenneth III.
Under the ancient law of the Picts, [which Malcolm II had been forced to revive, as he had no sons,] he had as much claim to the throne of Scotland as did King Duncan I [or Thorfinn of Orkney, had he wanted it]. He was commander for Duncan I, whom he defeated and slew [after Duncan had been disastrously defeated by Thorfinn, and it isn't quite certain whose side Macbeth was on at that point], thereby becoming king. MacBeth was proclaimed king, and Scotland prospered during his reign. He was later defeated by Malcolm, the son of Duncan. Malcolm had gone to England to raise funds and an army to bring about MacBeth's downfall. His debt to the English would have disastrous effects on Scotland for years to come.
It is a generally held opinion by Scottish historians that if MacBeth had not been killed by the future King Malcolm III, Scotland would probably have remained a separate nation until this day and might have conquered England. Records show that he used his power for the good of his country. His reign verifies that Picts actually ruled Albann after Kenneth MacAlpin. .
In Angus, 'MacBeths' received a charter from David II in 1369, but this family was of the ancestral line of the Fife Bethunes, who anciently held lands in the area. The later history of the MacBeths, the Highland Beatons and Bethunes has become hopelessly confused for, in the various lands with which they are associated, both forms were used, often referring to the same family, sometimes even to the same person. Others duly removed to the shires of Inverness, Sutherland & Easter Ross and the name was also found in Moray where they had association with the Macbeans.
The name of this clan will always have overtones of Shakespeare's tragic Scottish king. The real MacBeth ruled 1040 to 1057,and had little in common with the villainous figure portrayed in he play. He had a valid claim to the throne and slew his rival on the battlefield, not in the bed chamber. He ruled wisely and generously, finding time to make a pilgrimage to Rome, where he scattered money among the poor like seed. He did in fact die in battle, at Lumphanan - not when Birnam Wood moved to Dunsinane as Shakespeare wrote.
The MacBeths of Moray were the principle branch of the clan, while the Bethunes and Beatons were secondary. The king was christened with 'MacBeth' (anglicized) as his Christian name, as surnames were not mandatory at that time. Mac Beatha means son of life in Gaelic, so the official Scottish version at the time would have been MacBeathad mac Findláich. MacBeth was the last Celtic Ruler of Albann/Scotland. After him, a series of anti-Celtic programs were initiated to forcibly transplant Northern Picts to Welsh speaking areas of Scotland. http://hal_macgregor.tripod.com/gregor/pictclanns.htm
Macbeth, King of Scots's Timeline
Great Britian, Perth, Scotland
August 15, 1057
Battle Of Lumphanan (Aberdeenshire) Scotland
Iona (Argyllshire) Scotland