Maelgwn ap Gruffydd

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Maelgwn ap Gruffydd

Also Known As: "ap Gruffudd"
Birthdate: (17)
Birthplace: Carmarthenshire, Wales
Death: circa 1136 (9-25)
Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdom (Captured and presumably executed)
Immediate Family:

Son of Gruffydd ap Rhys and Gwenllian verch Gruffydd
Brother of Morgan ap Gruffydd; Rhys Fychan ap Gruffydd; Rhys ap Gruffudd, Prince of South Wales; Maredudd ap Gruffudd; N.N. ap Gruffudd and 6 others
Half brother of Cadell ap Gruffydd; Angharad ferch Gruffudd; Anarawd ap Gruffydd; Gwladus verch Gruffydd; Nest verch Gruffydd and 1 other

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About Maelgwn ap Gruffydd

The Great Revolt 1136 See also: Wales and the Normans: 1067–1283

By 1136 an opportunity arose for the Welsh to recover lands lost to the Marcher Lords when Stephen de Blois displaced his cousin, Empress Matilda, from succeeding her father to the English throne the year prior, sparking the Anarchy in England.[4][5] The usurpation and conflict it caused eroded central authority in England.[4] The revolt began in South Wales, as Hywel ap Maredudd, Lord of Brycheiniog (Brecknockshire), gathered his men and marched to the Gower, defeating the Norman and English colonists there at the Battle of Llwchwr.[3][4] Inspired by Hywel of Brycheiniog's success, Gruffydd ap Rhys hastened to meet with Gruffudd ap Cynan of Gwynedd, his father-in-law, to enlist his aid in the revolt.[4]

While her husband was in Gwynedd seeking an alliance with her father against the Normans, Maurice of London and other Normans led raids against Deheubarth's Welsh and Gwenllian was compelled to raise an army for their defence.[4][6][7] In a battle fought near Kidwelly Castle, Gwenllian's army was routed, she was captured in battle and beheaded by the Normans.[4] In the battle her son Morgan was also slain and another son, Maelgwyn captured and executed.

Though defeated, her patriotic revolt inspired others in South Wales to rise.[4] The Welsh of Gwent, led by Iowerth ab Owain (grandson of Caradog ap Gruffydd, Gwent's Welsh ruler displaced by the Norman invasions), ambushed and slew Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare, the Norman lord who controlled Ceredigion.[4]

When word reached Gwynedd of Gwenllain's death and the revolt in Gwent, Gwenllian's brothers Owain and Cadwaladr invaded Norman controlled Ceredigion, taking Llanfihangel, Aberystwyth, and Llanbadarn.[4]

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince; (Steven Ferry, July 9, 2017.)

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Maelgwn ap Gruffydd's Timeline

Carmarthenshire, Wales
Age 17
Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdom
January 31, 1956
Age 17
April 17, 1956
Age 17
December 6, 1957
Age 17