María II la Buena Díaz de Haro, señora de Vizcaya

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María II 'la Buena' Díaz de Haro, señora de Vizcaya

Birthplace: España (Spain)
Death: circa November 03, 1342 (59-76)
monastery of Perales
Immediate Family:

Daughter of D. Lope Díaz VII de Haro and Da. Juana Alfonso de Molina
Wife of Juan el de Tarifa, señor de Valencia de Campos
Mother of Lope de Castilla y Haro; Maria Díaz de Haro and Juan Yáñez "el Tuerto" de Castilla y Haro, Señor de Vizcaya
Sister of Aldonza López de Haro and D. Diego López de Haro

Occupation: Señora de Vizcaya, Señora de Haro
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About María II la Buena Díaz de Haro, señora de Vizcaya

doña MARÍA Díaz de Haro Señora Soberana de Vizcaya, daughter and heiress of don LOPE Díaz IV de Haro Señor Soberano de Vizcaya & his wife doña Juana Alfonso de Molina ([1274]-monastery of Perales 3 Nov 1342). The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós names “don Diego…è una hija…doña Maria” as the children of “el conde don Lope” and his wife, adding that María married “el infante don Juan”[760]. Her inheritance was disputed by her uncle don Diego V de Haro, whom her husband defeated.

Infante Juan & Maria had three children:

2. don LOPE Díaz de Haro ([1288]-after 1295).

3. doña MARÍA Díaz de Haro ([1292]-Torrelobatón before 1299). m (1295) as his second wife, don JUAN Núñez de Lara, Señor de Lara y Albarracín, son of don JUAN Núñez de Lara & his second wife doña Teresa Díaz de Haro ([1282]-Burgos after 16 Sep 1315).

4. don JUAN de Castilla "el Tuerto" (after 1293[761]-murdered Toro 2 Dec 1326). The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós names “don Juan” who was blind in one eye as son of “el infante don Juan” and his wife María[762]. He succeeded as Señor Soberano de Vizcaya, by right of his mother. He disputed power with the Infantes don Felipe and don Juan Manuel, on the accession of King Alfonso XI. The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Emmanuelis et Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Joannis” renounced their tutorship over King Alfonso XI in Aug 1325[763]. Supported by the powerful Haro family, he acquired a position of such power in Castile that the king eventually imprisoned him and ordered his death. The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that the king ordered the death of “Dnm Joannem, filium Infantis Dni Joannis” in 1326[764]. m dona ISABEL de Portugal Senhora de Pinella e Miranda, daughter of Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal Señor de Portoalegre & his wife doña Violante Manuel [de Castilla-Peñafiel] ([1292]-shortly before 1367). The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós records that “don Juan el Tuerto” married “doña Isabel, hija del infante don Alonso de Portugal é de doña Violante, hija del infante don Manuel de Castilla é de la infanta doña Constanza de Aragon”[765]. Juan & his wife had one child:

a) doña MARÍA Díaz de Haro ([1320]-[1348/49]). The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós names “doña Maria” as daughter of “don Juan el Tuerto” and his wife, adding that she married “don Joan Nuñez, hijo de don Fernan Guidella é de doña Juana de Lara”[766]. She succeeded her father in 1326 as Señora Soberana de Vizcaya. “D. Juan Nuñez Señor de Vizcaya y Doña Maria su muger” founded chapels in Burgos Cathedral by charter dated 1346[767]. m (Bayonne 1331) don JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara, son of Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla Señor de Lara & his wife doña Juana Núñez de Lara ([1314/15]-Burgos 28 Nov 1350, bur San Pablo de Burgos). He succeeded in 1331 as Señor Soberano de Vizcaya, by right of his wife.

Maria Diaz de Haro

Maria Diaz de Haro I, called the Good (c. 1270 - 1342), Tenth Lady of Biscay.

Daughter of Lope Diaz de Haro III, killed in Alfaro (La Rioja) in June of 1288, eighth Lord of Vizcaya (now the province of Vizcaya in the Basque Country (Spain) and a Moncada - Bearne. It was traditional among the firstborn Haro inherit the first part of the compound surname so that a Diego had a Lope Diaz de .... and this, in turn, called the firstborn son Diego and was known as a Diego López de .... In this way between each pair of Diego Lopez de ...., grandson and grandfather, was a Lope Diaz de ...., father and between every two Lope Diaz de ...., grandson and grandfather had a Diego López de .... father. Even though today there are parents who repeat the name in its current first child was running two names grandson to grandfather with two intermediate parents. For example Diego, Pedro, Diego, Pedro .... Most but not changed the first parts of the compound surname of Lee, then Diaz Diaz and another Lopez, although this particular family did too.

So Mary came to the Manor in 1289 after the deaths of his father Lope Díaz de Haro and III Moncada - Bearne his eldest son Diego. But for more confusion and no clear reason appears a Diego López de Haro V called the Intruder, uncle of Maria Diaz de Haro, as she takes the same name as his father is common today for two reasons very medieval Basque: without be it a firstborn or being male. By the mere fact of not being first born she was a Díaz de Haro brothers like his younger sons if any. Give therefore feel that Diego Lopez de Haro V the Usurper, younger brother of Lope Diaz de Haro III and therefore a López de Haro under the rules of succession in the birthright of surnames that are seldom or never discussed among scholars in this family was more than an opportunist or opportunist confusion usually unaware of the peculiarities of this particular family. Not only the uncle, known as Diego Lopez de Haro V, openly wrested 1295 successor title to his nephew, Diego Lopez de Haro IV, died without issue in 1289 but the death of this and after a period of litigation would lead to agreement between Basques, sanctioned by the Regent and Guardian Dowager Queen of Castile María de Molina that Maria Diaz de Haro again hold the lordship passed to her by the death of his father murdered and his elder brother and successor, also died shortly thereafter, when his uncle "The Intruder" died.


Daughter III Lope Díaz de Haro and Moncada - Bearne. The mother, Juana Molina and Lara, the daughter of Infante de Castilla Alfonso de Molina and Swabian and Lara married for a peace pact with the Prince at first marriage of it). Maria Diaz de Haro was married at a young age with the Infante Juan of Castile, Lord of Valencia de Campos who was brother of King Sancho el Bravo. Son's wedding this second son of Alfonso X of Castile "The Wise" was held on January 10th of 1287. Their children were John (Yañez de Castilla) The Eye, murdered 1326, Lopez and Alonso. The latter two died without leaving a successor.

[Edit] First stint as head of the Manor

The year after his wedding on June 8 of 1288, died in Alfaro his father in an argument with Sancho IV of Castile and Leon, who was present at the King's brother Sancho, her husband the Castilian Infante Juan (Alfonsez of Castile ), who entered prison for this. The vacant by the assassination Lordship passed to Mary's eldest son and brother, Diego Lopez de Haro IV and Molina - Lara that kept disputes with the brother of both the King later successor Sancho IV of Castile and Leon. The reason for the quarrels of these two masters of Biscay was that both were good to put the detriment of the second son Sancho in the Castilian throne potential successors successor and eldest son of the late Castilian Alfonso de la Cerda. Thus, the turbulent and pugnacious royal Infante Sancho, formally disowned by his father, King Alfonso X the Wise when, apparently, the Cortes of Castile, with the exception of Seville, among others, had been deposed as king of Castile and Leon on at the time called "The deeds of the Empire" ended invading Vizcaya. These "deeds of the Empire" have to do with the performance in 1277 without any kind of forgiveness of the brother of King Alfonso X the astrologer (adjective of the Nobility and the Clergy of the time to mention his King and Lord), Prince Fadrique of Castile and of Swabia and his son Simon Ruiz of Cameros, Lord of the Cameros, Rioja, as well as attempts to levy tax by Alfonso X, just as done by King Carlos I of Spain in 1520, to purchase the vote of electors palatine of the Holy Roman Empire since the mother's brother executed Fadrique and Alfonso X were children of Beatrice of Swabia. Diego Lopez IV died in 1289, just a year after his father died, leaving no descendants, so the title passed to belong to Mary, according to opinion of the Basques, although real power was in fact by the force of weapons in the hands of Sancho IV.

This first period lasted Lady of Biscay since 1289 until 1295.

[Edit] Usurpation of Lordship

On April 25, 1295 the Castilian king dies Sancho el Bravo and he replaced his son Ferdinand IV with only nine. It opens a turbulent period of power struggles in the Castilian court, ruled by the widow of King Sancho and Tutor of King Ferdinand IV child María de Molina which is used by Diego Lopez de Haro V, with the support of James II, King of Aragon, Vizcaya and snatch to take the estate to her niece Mary and the Lord's consort, her uncle John Alfónsez Castilian Infante.

Diego Lopez de Haro V did not find any opposition to its entry into the Lordship, in large part by the husband (Lord Consort of Biscay) of Mary, the Castilian Infante of Castile Juan Alfonsez was in prison for the events of Alfaro. This action earned the nickname Diego Lopez V of the Intruder.

When left free the Castilian Prince Consort and Lord of Biscay Alfonsez Don Juan of Castile, tried to get them to return the Lordship on behalf of the owner and his wife Mary, and failed, he joined other discontented, to combat the Queen Regent Maria de Molina and Meneses, sister of Mrs. Joanna widow of Biscay (the mother of Maria Diaz de Haro), which of course was defended by Diego Lopez de Haro V "The Intruder".

The life of the Castilian Infante Don Juan Alfónsez was marked from then until his death in battle against the Nazari Granada some 25 years later, the conspiracies against the Castilian-Leonese court of his brother's wife and Regent Dowager Queen Maria de Molina and Meneses, either to enforce the rights of other members of the royal family to the throne, or defending his wife to the Lordship of Biscay. The Queen Dowager, Regent and Tutor, Maria de Molina and Meneses, besides the widow sister Juana Molina Vizcaya and Lara and therefore "aunt" Maria Diaz de Haro was also "aunt" of her own husband Prince and then King Sancho "El Bravo". This had been used by dissident groups 'legitimacy' and Aragonese Biscayans at a time that was stated by the papacy in Rome as marriage "null", which made the oldest son of both, the later King Ferdinand IV, unworthy of succession to the Crown of Castile and Leon, weighing more than other members of the royal family.

The Roman Papacy and then corrected Aviñonense such decisions but through the pressures and political changes of the French king and large donations to the famous Lord sunk and Corporate Finance and Fishing "allendelmar" Don Alonso Perez de Guzman " The Well, "Lord of Sanlúcar (Cádiz), killed in battle on the border Nazari (Gaucin Castle) with the locals and troops Templar an 1309. The Guzmans of Sanlúcar (Cádiz), but also Arabized Germanized name as you want and may have even several different initial Guzmanes provenance, would be conveniently "Castilianized" by Barr in the sixteenth century and are the ancestors of the Dukes of Medina Sidonia. Calls Revulgo Couplets de Mingo, the fifteenth century, and many contemporary documents refer to these connotations but possible.

Is this the reason for the origin of the powerful family for several centuries, the "Infantes de la Cerda. Therefore, winding and through genealogical reasons prepared by the Basque Chancellor Pedro Lopez de Ayala, who died in 1407, one of the first "nationalist" Basques in the fourteenth century, since 1380, the Kings Trastamara Castilians and their successors, Habsburg and Bourbon have always been agreed Sovereigns of Biscay.

Once legalized the succession "irregular" for the papacy of Sancho IV and Ferdinand IV, in March 1307 reunited the General Meetings of the Lordship of Biscay in Arechabalaga Don Diego "The Intruder" recognizes Maria Diaz de Haro as a legitimate heir to the Lordship and required to be accepted as Lady of Biscay when he dies, what will happen in 1310.

[Edit] Second stint as head of the Manor

In the early days of the year 1300 Diego Lopez de Haro V, based Bilbao and falls dead in 1309 during the siege of Algeciras where it was, next to King Ferdinand IV, the war against the Muslims.

Maria Diaz de Haro had at first some claims by his "cousin" Lope Diaz de Haro, son and heir of the former Lord agreed, Diego Lopez de Haro V "The Intruder". Regret the resignation of the Lordship had done and trusting in the favor of King Ferdinand IV of Castile and opposition that he continually raised the king the Castilian Infante Don Juan, the husband of Maria, tried by every means at its disposal, deprive his lordship premium. But nothing could get neither the king nor the Castilian court, mainly thanks to a new intervention of the queen mother, guardian before Maria de Molina and Meneses, sister Maria's mother, Juana Molina and Lara. Consequently, Dona Maria Diaz de Haro was final and peaceful as holder of the Lordship of Biscay.

Dead in the year 1312, King Ferdinand IV, the location, was the Infante Don Juan, the husband of Maria Diaz de Haro, as guardian and ruler of the kingdom of Castile. Regularly accompanied the Prince Don Pedro in the battles and tasks retaken. When you try to take the city of Granada, the Christian troops were attacked and defeated by the Saracens at about 15 km from that city in Pinos Puente, the place still known even today as Cerro de los Infantes. In this skirmish killed many Christians, including two infants, Don Pedro Sanchez de Castilla, Rey Infante child's uncle Alfonso XI of Castile and his uncle Don Juan Alfonsez of Castile and Aragon, consort Lord of Biscay. Was on June 26th of 1319. The body of the Infante Don Juan was transferred to Burgos, in whose cathedral lie the remains.

During his mandate legitimizing the founding charter of Bilbao (1310) and founded the towns of Portugalete, in 1322; Lequeitio in 1325 and Ondarroa, in 1327.

Maria Diaz de Haro I "Good" fought to defend the interests of Biscay even against the kings of Castile, as was daughter of Alfonso X, a sister of Sancho IV "The Brave", a niece of the Queen Dowager, Regent and Tutor Maria de Molina and Meneses, and immediate family of her son as Ferdinand IV of Castile and Leon "The Set" and the grandson of Sancho IV, Alfonso XI "The Righteous".

History has recognized the great work that this lady developed in front of the Manor and has been forwarded by the nickname of the Good. The shrewd, conciliatory and negociadore and Regent Dowager Queen Maria de Molina y Meneses by mother) and her niece Maria Diaz de Haro I and Molina are among Europe's most notable female politicians of the time.

In 1322, this average Castilian, widow of her husband the Castilian Infante Juan (Alfonsez de Castilla), brother of King Sancho IV (Alfonsez de Castilla), founded the convent of Dominican nuns of Valencia de Campos, making habits Perales and is removed, leaving XII Lord of Biscay and his son John (Yañez de Castilla) One Eye had been in court as guardian of Alfonso XI, where there were outstanding for their correct behavior. John "The Eye" serious XII Lord only 4 years to be killed via Alfonso XI in 1326, as did his grandfather in 1288 was by mediation of Sancho IV, together with Garcilaso de la Vega I, founder of a saga many Garcilaso de la Vega, poets and warriors extrapeninsulares Cantabrians and interesting lives in the next three centuries.

This period in front of the Lordship of Maria Diaz de Haro I extends in 1310 until his retirement in 1322.

[Edit] Assassination of John the Eye

The claims of John to extend their influence to arrange the marriage with the granddaughter of the King of Aragon, in imitation of restless and unruly character of actual casework, poorly described as "Infant", writer Don Juan Manuel Alfonso XI lead to order their death. In 1326 it killed "The Eye" and her mother is forced to come out of retirement convent to return to take charge of the Manor.

[Edit] Third period against the Lordship

The king tried to buy the rights to Lord of Biscay but Mary refused to sell. Sale of the convent and begin a new term compared to the Lordship.

In 1334 resigned again, this time for her granddaughter, also named Maria, Maria Diaz de Haro II and who was the daughter of John the Eye and Isabel of Portugal. There Infanta Isabel of Portugal King of Portugal to know. The only Queen consort of Portugal at the time of Aragon and Isabel's name no ascendants or descendants with that name. The young Maria Diaz de Haro II was to marry Juan Nunez de Lara IV and rule Vizcaya under the name of Maria Diaz de Haro II.

This term of office runs from 1326 to 1334.

Maria Diaz de Haro I, tenth Lady of Biscay and seventies died at dawn on a Wednesday, the day October 3rd year 1342.


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