Marguerite of France, Queen of England

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Marguerite de France, reine consort d'Angleterre

Also Known As: "the Pearl of France", "Queen of England"
Birthdate: (42)
Birthplace: Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Death: February 14, 1317 (42)
Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
Place of Burial: Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Philippe III le Hardi, roi de France and Maria of Brabant
Wife of Thomas De Botetort; Edward I "Longshanks", King of England and Edouard Ier d'Angleterre
Mother of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk; Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent; Eleanor Plantagenet and Edouard II d'Angleterre
Sister of Louis de France, Comte d’Evreux, de Meulan, de Gien et de Longueville and Blanche de France
Half sister of Louis de France; Philippe IV le Bel, roi de France; Robert de France; N.N. de France and Charles of France, Count of Valois

Occupation: 2nd Queen Consort of Edward I of England, Queen Of England, Queen of England, Princess of France
Managed by: Sally Gene Cole
Last Updated:

About Marguerite of France, Queen of England,_Queen_of_England

Birth: Between Jan 8 1279 and Jan 7 1280 - France, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine, France

Death: Feb 22 1316 - Marlborough, Wiltshire, England

Husband: Edward I " Longshanks" Plantagenet King of England

Children: Eleanor Plantagenet, Edmund Woodstock Kent Plantagenent, Thomas Plantagenet

Eleanor was born in Castile, now Spain, daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan, Countess of Ponthieu. Both the court of her father and her half-brother Alfonso X of Castile were known for its literary atmosphere. Growing up in such an environment probably influenced her later literary activities as queen. The young couple married at the monastery of Las Huelgas, Burgos on 1 November 1254. Edward and Eleanor were second cousins once removed, as Eleanor's great-grandmother Eleanor of England was a daughter of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Arranged royal marriages in the Middle Ages were not always happy, but available evidence indicates that Eleanor and Edward were devoted to each other. Edward is among the few medieval English kings not known to have conducted extramarital affairs or fathered children out of wedlock. The couple were rarely apart; she accompanied him on military campaigns in Wales, famously giving birth to their son Edward on 25 April 1284 in a temporary dwelling erected for her amid the construction of Caernarfon Castle. Edward followed her body to burial in Westminster Abbey, and erected memorial crosses at the site of each overnight stop between Lincoln and Westminster. Based on crosses in France marking Louis IX's funeral procession, these artistically significant monuments enhanced the image of Edward's kingship as well as witnessing his grief. The best preserved is that at Geddington.That Edward remained single until he wed Marguerite of France in 1299 is often cited to prove he cherished Eleanor's memory.


The death of Edward's beloved first wife, Eleanor of Castile, at the age of 49 in 1290, left him reeling in grief. However, it was much to Edward's benefit to make peace with France to free him to pursue his wars in Scotland. Additionally, with only one surviving son, Edward was anxious to protect the English throne with additional heirs. In summer of 1291, the English king had betrothed his son and heir, Edward, to Blanche of France in order to achieve peace with France. However, hearing of her renowned beauty, Edward decided to have his son's bride for his own and sent emissaries to France. Philip agreed to give Blanche to Edward on the following conditions: that a truce would be concluded between the two countries and that Edward would give up the province of Gascony. Edward agreed to the conditions and sent his brother Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, to fetch the new bride. Edward had been deceived, for Blanche was to be married to Rudolph III of Habsburg, the eldest son of King Albert I of Germany. Instead, Philip offered her younger sister Margaret to marry Edward (then 55). Upon hearing this, Edward declared war on France, refusing to marry Margaret. After five years, a truce was agreed upon under the influence of Pope Boniface VIII. A series of treaties in the first half of 1299 provided terms for a double marriage: Edward I would marry Margaret and his son would marry Isabella of France, Philip's youngest surviving child. Additionally, the English monarchy would regain the key city of Guienne and receive £15,000 owed to Margaret as well as the return of Eleanor of Castile's lands in Ponthieu and Montreuil as a dower first for Margaret, and then Isabella of France.[3]

  • Marguerite de France (1279-1317)
  • Born 1279
  • Died 14 February 1317 Marlborough Castle
  • Married September 1299 Canterbury Cathedral
  • Edward I "Longshanks"
  • King of England 1272-1307
  • Born 17 June 1239 Westminster Palace
  • Died 7 July 1307 Burgh on the Sands nr.Carlisle

For political reasons Edward I agreed to remarry. At first Blanche

         of France was the candidate, but for unknown reasons she was replaced 
         by her younger sister, Margaret. Margaret was about twenty years old 
         when she married the sixty-year-old widower and was the first English 
         queen since the conquest not to be consecrated and crowned. This 
         marriage seems to have been happy enough as two sons and a daughter 
         were born. However, only the two sons survived into adulthood. 

After Edward I's death, Margaret remained on good terms with the

         new king Edward II, her stepson. In January 1308 she accompanied him 
         to France where he married Margaret's niece, Isabella of France. After
         this marriage she went to live at Marlborough Castle where she died in

Source: Leo van de Pas []

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Marguerite of France, Queen of England's Timeline

Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
June 1, 1300
Age 25
Brotherton, Yorkshire, England
August 5, 1301
Age 26
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
May 4, 1306
Age 31
Winchester, Hampshire, , England
February 14, 1317
Age 42
Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England