Maria Elisabet, Hertiginna av Östergötland

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Maria Elizabeth Vasa av Sverige, Prinsessa, Hertiginna av Östergötland

Birthdate: (22)
Birthplace: Örebro, Närke, Sverige
Death: August 07, 1618 (22)
Bråborgs slott, Bråborg, Norrköping, Östergötlands Län, Sverige
Place of Burial: Linköping, Östergötland, Sverige
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Karl IX, Konung av Sverige and Christina, Drottning av Sverige
Wife of Johan, Hertig av Östergötland
Sister of Christina, Prinsessa av Sverige; Gustaf II Adolf, King of Sweden; Charles Philip Duke of Södermanland and Kristina
Half sister of Karl Karlsson Gyllenhielm; Maria Pedersdotter Siöblad; Margareta Elisabet, Prinsessa av Sverige; Elisabet Sabina, Prinsessa av Sverige; Ludvig, Prins av Sverige and 4 others

Occupation: Prinsessa
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Maria Elisabet, Hertiginna av Östergötland

Princess Maria Elizabeth of Sweden

Princess Maria Elizabeth of Sweden, (born at Örebro Castle 10 March 1596- died at Bråborg Castle 7 August 1618, was a Swedish princess, daughter of king Charles IX of Sweden and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, and by marriage duchess of Ostrogothia.

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   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Styles
   * 3 Ancestors
   * 4 Image
   * 5 Sources

[edit] Biography

Maria Elisabeth was brought up with her brother, Gustavus Adolphus, and her cousin, John, Duke of Finland. She suffered from some sort of mental problems and was reported as having some sort of attacks or ”convulsions”. She is said to have been very pampered and spoilt by her doting parents, who did everything they could to hide her mental problems. She was also very well educated, interested in literature, and corresponded in latin with her teachers at the age of ten.

In 1610, Maria Elizabeth was engaged to marry her cousin Prince John of Sweden, Duke of Ostrogothia. The reason for the marriage was political. John was the son of former king John III of Sweden and had rights to the throne which exceeded those of Maria Elizabeth's father. Although he had given up these rights and was not an ambitious person, the royal family was worried that he would become a threat if he married an ambitious foreign princess.

In 29 November 1612, at the age of sixteen, Princess Maria Elizabeth celebrated her wedding to the duke of Ostrogothia in the palace Tre Kronor in Stockholm. Then, the couple resided at the Duchy of Östergötland. The duke and duchess held a luxurious court in their residences at Vadstena and Bråborg palace. The marriage is described as unhappy, and Maria blamed her mother for having arranged it. In the summer of 1614, her mental state deteriorated and after this, she is reported to have had periods of insanity, during which she sometimes lost her ability to speak. Her brother the king often sent his own personal doctor to look at her.

The royal couple ruled quite independently in the Duchy; Johan had the right to issue new laws, and Maria Elizabeth evidently had influence on his rule. During the six years they lived together in Ostrogothia, a witch hunt was conducted in the duchy, for which they, and Maria Elizabeth in particular, are considered to be responsible.

A woman was executed in Söderköping, after being accused of having cast a spell on the royal couple. The personal priest of Maria Elizabeth, Claudius Prytz, was very active in this. The duke issued a new law which made it easier to judge and execute witches.

"Two evil and reputed sorceresses, which Their Graces Duke Johan and his noble consort Maria Elizabeth upon the word of God destroyed, were burned at a place called Skogby vad ".

Seven women were executed in Finspång in 1617. After this, there were few witch trials in Sweden. When the great witch frenzy of 1668-1676 broke out, the witch hunt of the 1610s in Ostrogothia was remembered and pointed out as a warning example by those sceptical towards the belief in witches. Prime minister Per Brahe warned:

   "To be strict with those affected, as they believe in too much which is not real, and executions, will only increase this, as happened in the time of Duke John”, and: "The Prime minister was reminded of the Princess of duke John. She started to burn some, and in the end, there were not a wife who was not accused".

Ten such executions are confirmed. After the death of Maria Elizabeth, the witch hunt was put to an end.

In 1618, she was widowed and given Stegeborg palace. Princess Maria Elizabeth died childless ”of her lifelong disease” later that year at the age of twenty two and was buried at Linköping Cathedral.


Princess Maria Elizabeth of Sweden, (born at Örebro Castle 10 March 1596- died at Bråborg Castle 7 August 1618, was a Swedish princess, daughter of king Charles IX of Sweden and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, and by marriage duchess of Ostrogothia.

Maria Elisabeth was brought up with her brother, Gustavus Adolphus, and her cousin, John, Duke of Finland. She suffered from some sort of mental problems and was reported as having some sort of attacks or ”convulsions”. She is said to have been very pampered and spoilt by her doting parents, who did everything they could to hide her mental problems. She was also very well educated, interested in literature, and corresponded in latin with her teachers at the age of ten.

In 1610, Maria Elizabeth was engaged to marry her cousin Prince John of Sweden, Duke of Ostrogothia. The reason for the marriage was political. John was the son of former king John III of Sweden and had rights to the throne which exceeded those of Maria Elizabeth's father. Although he had given up these rights and was not an ambitious person, the royal family was worried that he would become a threat if he married an ambitious foreign princess.

In 29 November 1612, at the age of sixteen, Princess Maria Elizabeth celebrated her wedding to the duke of Ostrogothia in the palace Tre Kronor in Stockholm. Then, the couple resided at the Duchy of Östergötland. The duke and duchess held a luxurious court in their residences at Vadstena and Bråborg palace. The marriage is described as unhappy, and Maria blamed her mother for having arranged it. In the summer of 1614, her mental state deteriorated and after this, she is reported to have had periods of insanity, during which she sometimes lost her ability to speak. Her brother the king often sent his own personal doctor to look at her.

The royal couple ruled quite independently in the Duchy; Johan had the right to issue new laws, and Maria Elizabeth evidently had influence on his rule. During the six years they lived together in Ostrogothia, a witch hunt was conducted in the duchy, for which they, and Maria Elizabeth in particular, are considered to be responsible.

A woman was executed in Söderköping, after being accused of having cast a spell on the royal couple. The personal priest of Maria Elizabeth, Claudius Prytz, was very active in this. The duke issued a new law which made it easier to judge and execute witches.

"Two evil and reputed sorceresses, which Their Graces Duke Johan and his noble consort Maria Elizabeth upon the word of God destroyed, were burned at a place called Skogby vad ".

Seven women were executed in Finspång in 1617. After this, there were few witch trials in Sweden. When the great witch frenzy of 1668-1676 broke out, the witch hunt of the 1610s in Ostrogothia was remembered and pointed out as a warning example by those sceptical towards the belief in witches. Prime minister Per Brahe warned:

"To be strict with those affected, as they believe in too much which is not real, and executions, will only increase this, as happened in the time of Duke John”, and: "The Prime minister was reminded of the Princess of duke John. She started to burn some, and in the end, there were not a wife who was not accused".

Ten such executions are confirmed. After the death of Maria Elizabeth, the witch hunt was put to an end.

In 1618, she was widowed and given Stegeborg palace. Princess Maria Elizabeth died childless ”of her lifelong disease” later that year at the age of twenty two and was buried at Linköping Cathedral.

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Maria Elisabet, Hertiginna av Östergötland's Timeline

1596
March 10, 1596
Örebro, Närke, Sverige
1618
August 7, 1618
Age 22
Norrköping, Östergötlands Län, Sverige
????
????
Linköping, Östergötland, Sverige