About Marte Jensdotter 'af Wanelven'
Marte Jensdotter fra Vanylven.
Marte blir gift med Willem Olsen Blindheim i 1732. Ved trolovingen beskrives hun som fra "Wanelven": Kildeinformasjon: Møre og Romsdal fylke, Borgund i Borgund, Ministerialbok nr. 528A01 (1698-1739), Trolovede 1732, side 86-87. Permanent sidelenke: http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=15995&idx_id=15995&uid=ny&idx_side=-45 Permanent bildelenke: http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20070831640337.jpg
Kildeinformasjon: Møre og Romsdal fylke, Borgund i Borgund, Ministerialbok nr. 528A01 (1698-1739), Ekteviede 1730-1732, side 112-113. Permanent sidelenke: http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=15995&idx_id=15995&uid=ny&idx_side=-58 Permanent bildelenke: http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20070831640350.jpg
Det er mulighet for at Marte har tilhørt mt-hg X.
Martes direkte kvinnelige etterkommer i ren morslinje skal da tilhøre denne. Flere tester vil kunne bevise dette.
Om mt-haplogruppe X fra 23andMe
While relatively rare, haplogroup X is a remarkably widespread lineage, scattered from northern Africa and western Europe all the way to North America. Groups with X2, the most common daughter lineage of X, spread dramatically through most of Eurasia after the glaciers receded at the end of the Ice Age, around 15,000 years ago.
Haplogroup X is an oddball among the branches of the human mitochondrial DNA tree. It is scattered around the globe in the Northern Hemisphere, but aside from concentrations in a few isolated groups it almost never rises above a small percentage of the population.
Because of the haplogroup's wide distribution it is difficult to say exactly where X originated. It appears to have branched off the haplogroup N line some time after that group left Africa around 60,000 years ago. About 40,000 years ago haplogroup X spawned its two primary daughter branches, X1 and X2, somewhere in the Near East.
X1 did relatively little traveling after the split, expanding north along the Red Sea and west along the Mediterranean coast of Africa. Today the haplogroup is borne by a small percentage of people in Ethiopia, Egypt, Morocco and parts of the Near East. Although X1 is quite old, almost as old as X itself, it has stayed rare except in small, isolated populations such as the Druze of Israel and Syria.
Haplogroup X2, in contrast, has spread widely. Its current distribution stretches from Scotland to Morocco and eastward to Siberia and even into North America. The haplogroup's expansion is thought to have begun in the Near East or Caucasus region of western Eurasia about 20,000 years ago, when the Ice Age was at its peak. As the climate warmed and the massive continental glaciers covering much of the Northern Hemisphere began to retreat, people on the X2 branch joined a rapid northward expansion into the previously ice-covered zone.
One group of women and their families headed west, hugging the Mediterranean coastline of Europe. That group seeded the higher levels of X2 that can be found today in southern European countries like Spain, Italy, Greece,and Turkey. A second group carried X2 eastward into Central Asia.
The X2 haplogroup occasionally appears among people even farther east in Asia, such as the traditionally nomadic Altai of southwestern Siberia. However, the few Altai individuals who do belong to the X2 subgroup have a mitochondrial DNA profile that perfectly matches a version found in the Caucasus, suggesting a second X2 migration less than 6,000 years ago.
The prevalence of haplogroup X almost never rises much above 5% in the scattered populations where it does occur. But there are a few exceptions, mostly in isolated groups founded by relatively few individuals. For example, the X2 subgroup is relatively common in the Orkney Islands north of Scotland. It is likely that a small number of women from Britain or Scandinavia brought X2 to these islands during the last few thousand years.
X2 in the Americas
The presence of haplogroup X2 among Native Americans was something of a mystery when originally discovered. People first entered the Americas from Siberia during the Ice Age, so haplogroups found among Native Americans tend to be common – or at least present – in northeast Asia today.
But haplogroup X2 is extremely rare in Siberia. And where it does appear it seems to have arrived about 6,000 years ago, long after the Ice Age ended. It difficult to explain how women with mitochondria in the X2 haplogroup could have crossed Siberia more than 12,000 years ago without leaving any descendants behind.
Some geneticists tried to explain the strange pattern by suggesting that Native Americans acquired haplogroup X2 only in the past 500 years, by interbreeding with European immigrants to the New World. That explanation made sense because Native Americans with X2 bear a stronger genetic resemblance to European representatives of the haplogroup than the Siberian Altai.
But the sensible explanation now appears to be incorrect. Researchers subsequently found haplogroup X2 in mitochondrial DNA extracted from the skeleton of a person who lived in the Pacific Northwest 1,300 years ago – eight centuries before Europeans first arrived in the region.
X and the Druze
Haplogroup X is particularly common among the Druze of the Levant; they exhibit much higher levels of both X1 and X2 than nearly any other population in the world. This unique ethnic group of no more than a few hundred thousand individuals can be found in the mountainous regions of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. They are known for being extremely isolated; they practice a very specific religion related to Islam, which is usually closed to outsiders. In addition, they rarely marry non-Druze, and so have become culturally and religiously distinct from the surrounding Jewish and Muslim communities of the Near East.
Haplogroup X1 is found in nearly 10% of Druze from the Galilee region of northern Israel, and X2 in over 13%. Scholars used to believe that the high levels of X were due to the fact that the Druze are so genetically isolated from neighboring peoples and thus have unusual levels of this haplogroup, but recent research shows this not to be the case. Instead, it appears that the presence of X at these levels is simply a genetic remnant of how common X used to be in the region. Over the past several thousand years, as haplogroup X dwindled among the people of the Near East, its presence among the Druze remained relatively unchanged. It turns out that the Druze serve not only as a window into the cultural history of the Near East, but a window into the genetic history of the region as well.
Marthe Jensdotter Wanelven (Vanylven).
Født ca. 1706.
Trolovet 11. november 1731, gift 1. januar 1732 med Willum Olsen Blindem.
Død 1769, gravlagt 2. oktober 1769, "63 aar".
Marte Jensdotter 'af Wanelven''s Timeline
Vanylven, Møre og Romsdal, Norway
October 2, 1769
Borgund, Møre og Romsdal, Norway
Borgund, Sunnmøre, Norway