|Also Known As:||"Wythe", "Wyth", "With", "Withe"|
|Birthplace:||Saxtead, Suffolk, Suffolk, England|
|Death:||Died in Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachesetts|
|Place of Burial:||Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Nicholas Wyeth
Nicholas Wyeth (1601 - 1680)
- Son of John Wyeth (1561 - 1605) and Elizabeth Houser,
- Nicholas was baptised 20 January 1601 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England; and
- died 19 July 1680 in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
- He married (1) Margaret Clarke (born 1608) with whom
- he had three known children; and
- (2) Rebecca (born c1620), widow of Thomas Andrews, with whom he
- had six known children.
Marriage and Children
- Margaret Clarke (born 12 October 1608 Westhorpe, Suffolk, England), married c1630 Saxtead, Suffolk, England
- Sarah Wyeth (born 28 October 1632 Saxtead, Suffolk, England)
- John Wyeth (born 18 October 1634 Saxtead, Suffolk, England)
- Nathaniel Wyeth (born 11 December 1636 Saxtead, Suffolk, England)
- Rebecca Andrews (born c1620 England), married 1648 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. She was the widow of Thomas Andrews.
- Mary Wyeth (born 26 January 1649 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
- Nicholas Wyeth (born 10 August 1651 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
- Thomas Wyeth (born 1651 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
- Martha Wyeth (born 11 January 1653 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
- John Wyeth (born 15 July 1655 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
- William Wyeth (born 1 January 1657 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
Nicholas Wyeth was enterprising, prosperous, and a man of great integrity. He was a brick mason and he taught his sons the trade.
Nicholas grew up at Saxtead, England and in 1616 he traveled to Wymondham in Norfolk County, England, to become an apprentice to a mason. After completing his apprenticeship, he returned to live at Saxtead and work as a mason. In 1628, he and a friend, Nicholas Danforth, traveled to hear Mr. Banks preach 16 miles away. From his "confession" to Thomas Shepard upon joining the Cambridge church, Nicholas mentioned traveling four miles every Sabbath to hear Mr. Salby and later, sixteen miles to hear Mr. Burrows. Richard Selby was the rector of the church in Bedfield, Suffolk from 1584 to about 1610. Jeremiah Burroughs preached at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk from about 1624 until 1631.
He met and married Margaret Clark (baptized 12 October 1608 Westhorpe, Suffolk County, England) about 1631, the daughter of Thomas Clarke (1570-1627) and Rose Kerridge of Westhorpe, Suffolk County, England. Margaret's brother John Clarke emigrated to Boston in September of 1637 and was credited with helping found Rhode Island.
Nicholas and Margaret's first child, Sarah, was baptized 28 October 1632 at Saxtead. Their second child, John, was buried at Saxstead on 23 April 1638. Their next son also died young and was buried 21 May 1637 at Saxtead. Nicholas and Margaret left for America about 1642 or 1643; Margaret died on the voyage. Sarah traveled to America with her parents, eventually marrying John Fiske at Watertown, Massachusetts.
Nicholas and his wife left England for religious reasons, against the wishes of his family. "Hence I came to New England being persecuted and courted for going from the place where we lived and hence I used means to come hither where we might enjoy more freedom". He makes reference to many difficulties before and during his cross Atlantic voyage. He also mentioned that "God took away my son". It is not clear whether the boy died during the trip or when he was planning to leave England because those who were trying to discourage him from going used the death as an excuse that "the Lord was displeased for going on". At about this time there was a sudden increase in the English cost of living, which may have factored into their decision to go to America. He was ranked as a yeoman in England, where his family had been large landowners at one time, and had the means to pay for his family's passage.
Although the exact date of their emigration is unclear, they were settled in Massachusetts at the beginning of 1644. On 7 January 1644 Nicholas joined the First Church of Christ of Cambridge. He became a proprietor of Cambridge on 20 May 1645 and he bought a dwelling house and 1/2 acre of land from Robert Daniell. It was on the westerly side of Garden Street near Phillips Place, which remained in the Wyeth family for more than two centuries. Wyeth Street, near Harvard College, is named in his honor. In the same year he purchased from George Williams two more acres in Westfield, and received a grant of six acres.
In 1648 Nicholas married Rebecca Andrews (c1620 - 1698), the widow of Thomas Andrews. Between 1648 and 1657 they had seven children. The family was recorded in the new church roster in 1658.
Nicholas was granted lot number 70 of 90 acres in the Shawshine grant of 1652. Shawshine later became the town of Billerica. In the early 1660's, after the death of Oliver Cromwell and the restoration of the English monarchy under Charles II, the king cracked down on the Puritan colonies after their decade of freedoms under Cromwell. On 8 October 1664 Nicholas was one of the signers (by mark in his case) of a document professing loyalty to the king but, at the same time, exhibiting an unwillingness to submit to arbitrary government. The petition stated "... For as much as we have heard that theire have beene representations made unto his Majesty conserning divisions among us and dissatisfactions about the present goverment of this colonie; we whose names are under written, the inhabitants and householders of the towne above mentioned, doe hereby testify our unanimous satisfaction in and adhearing to the present government so long and orderly estableshed, and our earnest desire of the continuance theirof and of all the liberties and privileges pertaining theirunto which are contained in the charter granted by King James and King Charles the First of famous memory, under the encouredgment and security of which charter we or our fathers ventered over the ocean into this wildernesse through great hazards, charges, and difficulties; and we humbly desire our honored General Court would addresse themselves by humble petition to his Majesty for all his royall favour in the continuance of the present estableshment and of all the previleges theirof, and that we may not be subjected to the arbitrary power of any who are not chosen by this people according to theire patent".
Nicholas died on 19 July 1680 at the age of at least 79. He was buried in the Gamage Tomb of the Old Burying Ground on Garden Street, with no tombstone to mark his grave; however there is a cenotaph on property that he once owned, listing Nicholas, his son John, and descendants Ebenezer and Jonas Wyeth.
- Alternate date of birth: 1595 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England. One source shows Nicholas was baptised in 1600, yet Cambridge Vital Records gives his age at death as 85 in 1680.
- Since Nicholas's children are buried at Saxtead, England as late as 1638, he probably did not come to America in 1630 with the Winthrop Colonies, nor in 1634 from Nellis, England. Cambridge Vital Records shows that he "settled in Newtowne in 1630"; but another source has the Nicholas Wyeth family of four coming to New England with Reverend Shepard's company in 1635 in the ship Defence.
- Further research is necessary to determine if Nicholas Wyeth, Jr. (born 10 August 1651 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts) and his brother Thomas Wyeth (born 1651 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts) were twins; if not, their correct dates of birth need to be determined.
Sources and Further Information
- Descendants of Nicholas Wythe
- Rootsweb: Nicholas Wyeth
- Rootsweb: Nicholas Wyeth
- Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Name: Nicholas Wyeth; Year: 1620-1650; Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts; Source Publication Code: 275; Primary Immigrant: Wyeth, Nicholas; Annotation: Comprehensive listing of early immigrants, in various arrangements to assist the researcher. Pages 1-189 contain passenger lists; pages 193-295 are indexes. Source Bibliography: BANKS, CHARLES EDWARD. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England, 1620-1650. Edited, indexed and published by Elijah Ellsworth Brownell. Philadelphia: Bertram Press, 1937. 295p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1957. Repr. 1987. Page: 31
- U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900. Name: Nicholas Wyeth; Gender: Male; Birth Place: En; Birth Year: 1601; Spouse Name: Rebecca Andrews; Comments2: Wid.
- Crane, Ellery Bicknell. Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal ..., Volume 1. Page 184. "...he [Thomas Fox] married (fourth) Rebecca Wyeth, widow of Nicholas Wyeth, December 16, 1684."
- Hawes, Robert. "History of Framlingham, Suffolk County", p. 55. Under the heading of "Outdwellers toward Saxtead", Nicholas is shown dwelling on the same street as Nicholas Danforth; Nicholas Wythe held 89 acres with four other men.
- Birth: Jan. 20, 1601 Saxtead, Suffolk, England
- Death: Jul. 19, 1680 Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA
- Nicholas Wyeth was born about 1600 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England.
- He was the son of John and Margaret Wyeth. Nicholas married Margaret Clark, probably at Westhorpe, Suffolk, England, around 1630.
- They had a daughter, Sarah and a son, John, born in Saxtead.
- Their son John died in Saxtead. Nicholas and his family emigrated to New England, possibly as early as 1639. * If they did come that early, they probably lived first in Watertown.
- Margaret probably died there about 1643.
- In January of 1644, after he moved to Cambridge, Nicholas, upon joining the church, he made a confession that "....the Lord took away my son and when we came here the Lord raised up my wife."
- Nicholas was a mason.
- He bought a house and land on the west side of Garden Street in Cambridge about 1645. It remained in his family for more than two hundred years.
- About 1647, Nicholas married Rebecca Craddock, the widow of Thomas Andrew.
- Nicholas & Rebecca had five children.
- He died July 19, 1680 at 85.
- His widow then married Thomas Fox and died in 1698, probably in May.
- Bank's Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to NE, 1620-1650;
- "The History of Cambridge by Lucious Paige, p. 702;
- The Clark ancestry in NEHGR 75:279;
- "Descendants of Richard Fisk of Laxfield" by Jevons;
- "Genealogies of the Early Settlers of Watertown" by Bond
- Bio provided by Ken Smith. Thanks Ken.
- Family links:
- John Wyeth (1561 - 1605)
- Margaret Pyke Weyth (1568 - 1601)
- Margaret Clarke Wyeth (1608 - 1646)*
- Rebecca Andrews Parks Wyeth (1620 - 1698)*
- Sarah Wyeth Fiske (1632 - 1701)*
- John Wyeth (1655 - 1706)*
- Burial: Old Burying Ground Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA
Came to New England in 1645 and bought a home on the west side of Garden St. Watertown, MA and it remained in the Wyeth family for over 200 hundred years. He married second Rebecca Andrews
Nicholas Wyeth's Timeline
January 20, 1601
Saxtead, Suffolk, Suffolk, England
January 20, 1601
Saxtead, Suffolk, England
October 28, 1632
Saxtead, Suffolk, England
October 18, 1634
December 11, 1636
January 26, 1648
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachesetts, USA
August 10, 1651
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachesetts, USA
July 10, 1653
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts