Historical records matching Oscar Fitzalan Long
About Oscar Fitzalan Long
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Second Lieutenant Oscar Fitzalan Long, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 30 September 1877, while serving with 5th U.S. Infantry, in action at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana. Having been directed to order a troop of cavalry to advance, and finding both its officers killed, Second Lieutenant Long voluntarily assumed command, and under a heavy fire from the Indians advanced the troop to its proper position.
General Orders: Date of Issue: March 22, 1895
Action Date: September 30, 1877
Rank: Second Lieutenant
Division: 5th U.S. Infantry
Oscar Fitzalan Long (June 16, 1852 – December 23, 1928) was a United States Army Brigadier General who was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for valor in action on September 30, 1877 near Bear Paw Mountain, Montana. An 1876 graduate of West Point, he served in the Army until 1904.
Education and American Indian Wars
Long was born in Utica, New York in 1852. He received an appointment to West Point, graduating in 1876. He served most of his Army career in the American West. During the campaign against Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce in the fall of 1877, Long was one of nine men who received the Medal of Honor for valor at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain.
Life after the frontier
After retiring as a Brigadier General in 1904, Long moved to Oakland, California and became a businessman. He has a collection of papers on file at the University of California, Berkeley. Long is buried at Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland.