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About Paulo Angola

• The slave of Captain Jan de Vries; served with Hilary Creole, another 'slave' who bore de Vries a son.

• 30 Dec 1644 Paulo D'Angola (free neg.) granted 3 morgens on Manhattan

[O'Callaghan, History of New Netherland, vol II, p. 583 (Appendix M)]

timeline fro Paulo

is in L

Hi all,

I've put together a timeline for Paulo, which I think will shed some light on some of the questions.

  1. 17 Jan 1641 Paulo d'Angola is one of 9 Negro slaves of the WIC who admit killing Jan Premero. [NYHM IV:97-98.]
  2. 25 Feb 1644 Paulo Angola is one of 11 slaves (the above 9 plus two more) who are liberated. [Laws and Ordinances of New Netherland, p. 36-7]
  3. 26 May 1644 Stuyvesant at Curacao decides to send soldiers to New Netherland on _Den Blouwen Haen_ (The Blue Cock) with Capt. Jan de Vries. [New Netherland Documents vol XVII Curacao Papers, ed. by Gehring and Schiltkamp pp. 36-40]
  4. by 14 July 1644 Capt. de Vries has arrived at New Amsterdam. [Hoff, "The De Vries FAmily of Tappan..., TAG 72:345; citing NYHM IV:226-7, 257; also see CDNY I:205]
  5. 30 Dec 1644 Paulo D'Angola (free neg.) granted 3 morgens on Manhattan [O'Callaghan, History of New Netherland, vol II, p. 583 (Appendix M)]
  6. 14 July 1645 Groundbrief to Paulo Dangola from Kieft [Icon VI:74]
  7. 25 May 1646 Paulus Van Angola bp. Dominicus; one wit. is Jan de Vries; NARDC
  8. 3 Aug 1647 Capt. de Fries appoints Michiel Jansz and Symon Joosten "to have supervision over the principal's free Negroes and Brasilian woman during his absence..." [NYHM II:463-4]
  9. 31 Mar 1651 "Paolo de Angola, Negro, and Elara d'Crioole, Negress, both of Captain Johan de Vries, deceased" and Symon Joosten "amicably agreed together in regard to Symon Joostens's claim against said Captain, deceased, on account of 600 guilders loaned to him as follows."He, Paulo d'Angola, for himself and his two children, and Elara Crioole, [for herself] as also for the child of the said Vries, named Jan d'Vries, a minor, in satisfaction of the aforesaid claim shall transfer and convey a certain parcel of land ..." to Symon Joosten. [NYHM III:228-229]
  10. 22 Jun 1653 Paulus Van Angola bp. Jacob; NARDC


Thanks to Regina (Harring) for mentioning that DeVries had come from Curacao. That led me to search for the primary record of that. Also, re. her comment that DeVries died on the wreck of the Princess Amalia -- I can find no proof of that. But it seems a good guess, because ofthe Aug. 1647 item above (which was shortly before the Princessnsailed) and also that that seems to be the last record of him.

The "Elara Crioole" above is, I assume, the woman frequently called Hillary Creole. Some have also read her name as "Clara", which I assume is wrong.

The land sold to Joosten in 1651 does appear to be the same landthat was granted to Paulo with ground brief in 1645.

There seems to be only one Paulo and he was in NA before DeVries.In fact, he was liberated before DeVreis arrived. It does not appear to me that he was a slave of DeVries at any time.

So, it is not clear to me why he has to sell his land to pay DeVries' debt. Could he have been in partnership with DeVries?

(Note: NYHM means New York Historical Mss.: Dutch.)

Regards, Howard

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The brothers of this profile are not necessarily family. This 'artifical affiliation' was created to support the research into the particularly challenging genealogy of African immigration into New Netherland between 1609-1674.

For an explanation about the purpose of this artificial affiliation, please check the New Amsterdam - Origins: African Immigrants project.

Please also check the New Amsterdam master project for the dimension on the settlement and development of New Amsterdam and the Dutch province of New Netherland.

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Paulo Angola's Timeline

February 18, 1645
New Amsterdam, New Netherland
June 25, 1646
New Amsterdam, New Netherland, NY, America
New Amsterdam, New Netherland
New Amsterdam