Peleg Sanford, 10th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island

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Peleg Sanford

Birthdate: (61)
Birthplace: Portsmouth, Newport Colony, (Present Rhode Island)
Death: February 28, 1701 (61)
Portsmouth, Aquidneck Island (Present Newport County), Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Immediate Family:

Son of John Sanford, Governor of Newport and Portsmouth and Bridget Phillips
Husband of Mary Sanford and Mary Sanford
Father of Bridget Almy; Ann Mason; Elizabeth Ann Noyes; Peleg Sanford, Jr.; William Sanford and 2 others
Brother of Eliphal Stratton; Endcome Sanford; Restcome Sanford; William Sanford; Capt. Esbon Sanford and 5 others
Half brother of John Phillips; Samuel Phillips; William Phillips; Joan or Jean Scottow and Capt. John Sanford

Occupation: 10th Govenor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (1680-1683), Lt.Col. of Colony Forces, Judge of Vice-Admiralty Court at Newport, appt. by King William III, had to enforce Navigation Acts and suppress piracy, Governor
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About Peleg Sanford, 10th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island

1667. July. Troop of Horse for the Island : Capt. Peleg Sanford

from Civil and Military List of Rhode Island, 1647-1800: A List of All Officers ...By Joseph Jencks Smith

from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters:

THE HUTCHINSON AND SANDFOKD FAMILIES. Communicated by ELLIOT SASDFORD, of New-York, N. Y. IN the record of the will of Samuel Hutchinson, as given in the sixteenth volume of the REGISTER, page 331, there are some errors which must have been made by the clerk when he copied the will into the probate records. An examination of the original in the files of the court will disclose the mistakes.

The name of Elifal Hatton, should be Stratton. She was the daughter of Gov. John Sandford, of Newport, R. I., and Mrs. Elizabeth (Webb) his wife, and was baptized in Boston, December 1637. She was not murdered by the Indians with Ann Hutchinson in 1643, at Pelham, N. Y., as Savage relates, but lived to be more than once publicly whipped with her stepmother, Mrs. Bridget Phillips, and other Quakers, for indulging in certain vagaries of opinion and doctrine not agreeable to the magistrates of Boston. (Drake's Hist, of Boston, p. 429.) Mrs. Stratton was the wife of Bartholomew Stratton, mariner, of Boston, and died in Portsmouth, R. I., where her death is recorded January 18, 1724. Mrs. Bridget Phillips was the daughter of William and Ann Hutchinson, "the prophetess of doleful heresies," and married, as his second wife, Governor (or President) John Sandford. As to his parents (see Notes and Queries, 2d series, vol. vii. page 334), they had five sons: Peleg, William, Ezbon, Restcomb and Elisha; all of whom are mentioned in Mr. Hutchiuson's will, and one daughter Ann, who died in Boston, August, 1654.

After the death of Governor Sandford she married circa 1658, Major William Phillips as his third wife; issue, four sons. Mrs. Bridget Phillips is also referred to in the will of Mr. Hutchinson, but her name is incorrectly written, in the probate court record, Willis, and Mr. Whitmore, in his pedigree of the Hutchinsons and Olivers, supposes that she had married a Willis of Bridgewater, not knowing how otherwise to dispose of her. When Mrs. Phillips died, she gave by will, dated Sept. 29,1696, to her oldest son, Governor Peleg Sandford, of Newport, large tracts of land, which her husband, Maj. Phillips, gave her in his will (Suffolk Probate Records, Liber 6, page 526) ; said lands now comprising the towns of Sanford and Fhillipston, Maine. (Williamson's Hist. Maine, voL ii. page 383.)

William Sanford, son of Governor Peleg, resided in Newport, and there married, March 1, 1714, Griselda, daughter of Nathaniel and Margaret (Steers) Sylvester, of the Shelter Island family of that name. Issue, three daughters: Mary, who married Gov. Oliver; Margaret, who married her fourth cousin, Gov. Hutchinson; and Griselda, who died unmarried. Gov. Peleg Sandford married Mary Brenton, daughter of Gov. William Brenton. (See deed of gift of land by Gov. Brenton to his son-in-law, recorded in Taunton, Liber 5, page 536.) Issue, two sons: Peleg, who died 1702, aged 17 (Bridgman's King's Chapel JSpitap/is), and William; and three daughters : Ann, Bridget and Elizabeth.

William Sanford was graduated at Harvard College in the class of 1711, and being the son of a governor, and grandson of two governors, his name was placed, according to the custom of the time, at the head of his class. He died April 24, 1721, in the thirty-first year of his age. ______

!Governor Peleg Sanford was the governor under the Charter of 1663, November 8, 1678-March 12, 1680. He married Mary Brenton. 1667. Whereas the Generall Assembly, sitting in July last past, and taking into their serious consideration the necessity of raysing a troope of horse in Rhode Island, did then by the power of the Charter granted to this Collony by his sacred Majesty, enact, order and betrust the Governor and Councill of the sayd Island to raise a troope of horse; in pursuance of which authority and order the Governor and Councill meeting vpon the 24th of July last past, did conceive it to bee most requisitt to lay the foundation in a voluntary way and therefore by the power committed to them did nominate, choose and appoint Mr. Peleg Sanford, Captaine of the troope to be so raysed, and Mr. John Almye, Lieftenant, who were to give notice for their assembling and incorporating into snch a body, and to make their appearance before the Governor and Councill, this present 10th of August, 1667. Then appeared before the Govenor by and vnder (authoritie of) the Captain, Mr. Peleg Sanford and Lt. Mr. John Almy, who were deputed and appointed the commanders of the troope of horse vpon the Island, and the commanders being chosen by the Governor and Councill according to the Generall Assembly's act and the Charters authority, wee the underwritten do subscribe as in obediente to the foresayd authority and do approve of the choyce of our Captaine and Lieftanant to the full as witness our hands. These following listed themselves: The Governor, a horse, furniture and rider. Mr. Baulston, the like James Barber, Jr., Mr. Samuel Wilbur, the like John Easton, Jr. Mr. Wm. Reape, the like William Smyton, Henry Dyre, Francis Brayton, John Sanford, Wm. Briggs, Joseph Holdes, David Leake, Nathl Johnson, Hugh Parsons, Ralph Earle, Sr., Thomas Briggs, Joseph Wellington. Samuell Albro, The commission granted to the Captaine and Leiftenant of the troope. To Mr. Peleg Sanford; You being chosen Captaine of the troope of horse in this Iland, called Rhode Island, in the Collony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, by the Governor and Councill, according to the Charter and Generall Court order, and being accepted by the full approbation of the troop appearing before the Governor and Councill the 10th of August, 1667; These are therefore in his Majestys name Charles the 2d, King of England, Scotland, ffraunce and Ireland, with the dominions and territories thereto belonging, do require you and alsoe impower you to mannage and discipline the sayd troope according to your best skill and understanding; at and vpon such dayes and times as you shall think fitt or find expedient not exceedinge six times in the yeare, except extraordinary occasion shall present, and then by order from the Governor or Governor and Councill, you and your troope to be in readiness also if invasion or endanger of surprize by his Majestyes enemyes, bee or likely to bee, you are forth with to mount your troope, and give your vtmost abilitie and strength to defend, make resistance and oppose; and alwayes and at all times, especially in time of danger, to be attent and observante of such orders, directions and instructions, as you shall receive from the Governor or Governor and Councill; and in so doing this shall be your sufficient warrant and discharge as to all and singular the premises, Given vnder our hands, with seale of the Councill, this 10th of August, 1667. WILLIAM BRENTON, Govenor. WILLIAM BAULSTON, Assistant. WILLIAM REAPE, Assistant. SAMUEL WILLBURE, Assistant. The like commission was by the Governor and Councill vnder the hands and seale of the Councill, to Mr. John Almye, as Lieftenant to Captaine Peleg Sanford, of the troope, thus and as aforesaid rayzed joyntly by the Iland called Rhode Island. ARTHUR FENNER, Assistant, JOHN GREENE, Assistant.

Peleg's 2nd wife Mary Coddington was the daughter of William Coddington the 1st Governor of Rhode Island. Peleg was 14 when his father died, His fathers friend William Brenton was in charge of him and his brothers William and Elisha. Peleg was a very prominent merchant at Newport and was easily the most important member of the family. He spent 5 years in Barbados carrying that end of the trade between Newport, Barbados and England. He then returned to Newport. He shipped many things such as Horses and Wool. Sending Sugar from Barbados to England. And Shipping English goods to Newport.

Peleg was made a Freeman in 5/2/1666.

He was a large landowner in Jamestown RI/He had a home at Black Point and a Town House in Newport.

Peleg was Governor of RI from 1680-1683.

On July 24,1667 at the time of the Dutch War was appointed Captain of a troop of horse.

He was a member of the RI Court of Assistants 1667-70 and 1677-79. He was deputy of Newport 1670-1677. On Aug 11 1676 Peleg accompanied Captain Church to to the last fight of Mount Hope where King Phillip was killed and the Indian war ended.

In 1679 he was Major of the RI Military Forces.. 1687 was made Lt Colonel. Peleg was on the Council of Gov Andros of Massachusetts but when the people rose against Andros he fled to Peleg;s in Ri and he arrested him and sent him back to Boston.

At the close of the 17th century when Newport RI was infested with Pirates from the Carribean and the Red Seas. Peleg was appointed by the Crown Judge of Admirality to take steps to stop the Pirates.

Sanford Maine is named after Peleg Sanford.

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Peleg Sanford, 10th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island's Timeline

May 10, 1639
Portsmouth, Newport Colony, (Present Rhode Island)
Age 37
Portsmouth, Newport, RI, USA
Age 38
Newport, Newport, Rhode Island
- 1683
Age 40
Age 44
(Present Newport County), Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, (Present USA)
Age 45
Newport, Newport, Rhode Island
Age 50
Newport, Rhode Island
February 28, 1701
Age 61
Portsmouth, Aquidneck Island (Present Newport County), Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations