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Philip Thomas

Also Known As: "Richard"
Birthplace: West River, Anne Arundel, Maryland
Death: November 23, 1762 (68)
West River, Anne Arundel, Maryland
Place of Burial: Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Thomas; Mary Thomas and Mary Spencer
Husband of Frances Thomas and Ann Thomas
Father of William Thomas; Mary Ann Leonard; Philip Thomas; Mary Pleasants; Richard Thomas and 3 others
Brother of Sarah Matthews; Elizabeth Snowden; Mary Galloway; Samuel Thomas, Jr.; Ann Fell and 7 others

Managed by: Helen Gex Greer
Last Updated:

About Philip Thomas

From Maryland State Archives,

"Philip Thomas (1693/94-1762)

MSA SC 3520-1246


Born: March 1, 1693/94, at West River, Anne Arundel County; eldest surviving son.

Native: Third generation.

Resided: "Lebanon," West River, Anne Arundel County.

Died: November 23, 1762, at "Lebanon," West River, Anne Arundel County, after a long illness that had prevented him from attending meetings in Annapolis since at least 1760.

Family Background

Father: Samuel Thomas (ca. 1655-by 1743) of Anne Arundel County, a Quaker, son of Philip Thomas (?-1675). Mother: Mary (?-1751), daughter of Francis Hutchins (?-1698). Brothers: Samuel (1690-died young); Samuel (1693-died young); John (1697-?); and Samuel (ca. 1702-1780). Sisters: Sarah (1689-1724), who married Joseph Richardson; Elizabeth (1698-?), who married Richard Snowden; Mary (ca. 1700-?), who married John Galloway; Margaret (1710- ?), who married William Harris; and possibly Ann, who married Edward Fell. Nephew: Evan Thomas (1738/39-1826). Married: first, in 1721, Frances (?-by 1724), daughter of William Holland (?-1732) and his first wife Margaret. Her stepmother was Elizabeth (1664/65-1739), widow of Thomas Ennalls (?-1718) and daughter of Roger Woolford (?-ca. 1701/2). Her stepuncle was Roger Woolford (1670-1730). Her brothers were Francis (1691-?); William (1695-?); and Thomas (?-1742). Her sister was Margaret (1701-?). Married: second, in 1724, Anne (ca. 1707-1777), daughter of Samuel Chew (1683-1736) of Anne Arundel County, a merchant, and his wife Mary Harrison. Her brothers were Samuel (?-1736/37), who married Henrietta Maria (?-1765), daughter of Philemon Lloyd (ca. 1674-1732/33); Richard; and Francis. Her sister was Mary. Her nephew was Samuel Chew (by 1734-1786).


Sons: William (ca. 1722-?); Samuel (1725-1784), who married his first cousin Mary Thomas (?-1770); Philip (1727-1784), who married Anne Harris Galloway; Richard (1736-?), who married in 1760 Deborah Hughes of Cecil County; and John (1743-1805), who married Sarah Murray.

Daughters: Mary (1730/31-ca. 1762), who married first, Henry Hill (?-1752), and second, Robert Pleasant of Virginia; and Elizabeth (1732/33-1790), who married Samuel Snowden (1728-1801).

Private Career

Education: Literate.

Religious Affiliation: Quaker, associated with West River Meeting, Anne Arundel County. Thomas and his wife Anne were recorded as ministers of the Society of Friends, 1756. When Thomas took his place on the Council on January 27, 1741/42, he took the usual oath required by law of councillors. Social Status and Activities: Esq., by 1749; Hon., by 1753. Occupational Profile: Planter, with contacts with London merchants.

Public Career

Legislative Service: Upper House, 1742-1744, 1745, 1745/46-1748, 1749-1751, 1751-1754, 1754-1757, 1757-1758 (did not attend), 1758-1761 (served only during 1st session), 1762 (did not attend; died before the 2nd session of the 1762-1763 Assembly).

Other Provincial Offices: Council, 1741/42-1762 (qualified January 27, 1741/42); judge, Land Office, 1743/44-1746; justice. Provincial Court, 1744-at least 1746 (quorum 1744-at least 1746). Local Office: Justice, Court of Oyer, Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, Prince George's County, appointed 1743 quorum). Stands on Public/Private Issues: Governor Horatio Sharpe (1718-1790) described Thomas in 1755 as a councillor "not averse to writing to Lower House" in contrast to other councillors who, although holding lucrative public offices, "scarcely ..... have ever taken upon themselves to pen a common message."

Wealth During Lifetime

Land at First Election: Probably 1,695 acres in Anne Arundel, Cecil, and Calvert counties (probably 500 acres in Calvert County acquired through marriage to Anne Chew and his 355-acre home plantation in Anne Arundel County acquired as his share of his father's estate; Thomas was probably living on the land prior to his father's death). Significant Changed in Land Between First Election and Death: Purchased 1,707 acres in Baltimore County from his father-in-law's estate in 1752, but sold it to his sister-in-law Henrietta Maria Chew Dulany in 1758. Acquired 20 acres in Anne Arundel County by the time of his death.

Wealth at Death

Personal Property: Total estate value, £408.14.3 sterling, £4,467.18.9 current money (including 80 slaves, more than 716 oz. plate); Final balance, £408.14.3 sterling, £4,362.19.8 Maryland currency prior to distribution to heirs. Land: 1,715 acres in Anne Arundel, Cecil, and Calvert counties.

Source: Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., eds. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. Vol II. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985, p. 810-811."


  • Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Marriage 1682-1824; Collection: Baltimore Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: RG2/B/S361 3.3 Description Title: Marriage 1682-1824 AncestryImage Ann Chew U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 Name Ann Chew Marriage Date 11 Aug 1724 Marriage Date on Image 11 Sixth 1724 Marriage Place Annarundell, Maryland Father Samuel Chew Spouse Philip Thomas Event Type Marriage Monthly Meeting Sandy Spring Monthly Meeting Type (Orthodox or Hicksite) Pre-Separation Yearly Meeting Baltimore Yearly Meeting Meeting State Ohio Meeting County Columbiana
  • Genealogical notes: containing the pedigree of the Thomas family, of Maryland, and of the following connected families: Snowden--Buckley--Lawrence--Chew--Ellicott--Hopkins--Johnson--Rutherford--Fairfax--Schieffelin--Tyson and others .. by Thomas, Lawrence Buckley, 1848-1914 Publication date 1877. Page 19. Archive.Org
  • Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2016. ”Thomas Family.” Page 520. AncestryImage
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Philip Thomas's Timeline

March 1, 1694
West River, Anne Arundel, Maryland
July 3, 1727
Anne Arundel County, Maryland, Colonial America
January 1, 1730
West River, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, Colonial America
March 8, 1733
West River, Anne Arundel, Maryland, British Colonial America
July 7, 1736
Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States
August 26, 1743
Anne Arundel County, Maryland, Colonial America