Pieter van Brugh, Mayor of Albany

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Pieter van Brugh, Mayor of Albany

Also Known As: "Peiter"
Birthplace: Manhattan, Province of New York
Death: July 1740
Albany, Province of New York
Place of Burial: Albany, Albany County, NY, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Johannes Pieterszen Van Brugh, I and Trijntgen Roelofs
Husband of Catharina Van Brugh and Sara Hendrickse Van Brugh
Father of Catrina Livingston
Brother of Helena DeKey; Anna “Anna” Grevenraet; Katie Van Rensselaer; Johannes Van Brugh, II and Maria Richard
Half brother of Abigail <Willem> De Key; Elisabeth Rodenburg and Lucretia Rodenborg

Occupation: Mayor of Albany, New York from 1699 to 1700 and from 1721 to 1723. (see Wikipedia), Militia Officer, Merchant
Managed by: James Duane Pell Bishop III
Last Updated:

About Pieter van Brugh, Mayor of Albany

Pieter Van Brugh was baptized July 14, 1666 in the DRC, the oldest son of Manhattan-based overseas trader Johannes Pieterse and Catharina Roeloffs Van Brugh. His father had prospered in New Netherland by exporting furs and other forest products consigned from upriver. Under the English, the elder Van Brugh became a civic leader and even improved his status with the marriages of four daughters and two sons to upwardly mobile commercial and landholding families.

In November 1688, Pieter married Sara Cuyler of Albany in the New York Dutch Reformed church. Their only child was born in 1689. Later that year, he was commissioned a lieutenant in a company of New York City militia. Shortly thereafter, these Van Brughs joined the Cuylers in Albany where Pieter had entered the family business.

Taking up residence in the Cuyler home on upper State Street, Pieter Van Brugh continued the family practice of collecting farm and forest products for shipment to New York. In 1692, he began public life as a constable, was made high constable in 1693, and served as assessor, collector, and contractor for many years after. By 1697, he had inherited the Cuyler property and had become an Albany regular. An officer of the Albany Dutch church, in 1707 his family grew when he was appointed guardian of the daughters of John Donaldson - a recently deceased brother-in-law.

Rising fortunes upriver and influential connections in New York led to his appointment as mayor of Albany in 1699. Although replaced after one year, he was named mayor again in 1721. During the first decades of the eighteenth-century, Pieter Van Brugh was among the wealthiest of Albany businessmen. He had inherited land in the Delaware valley from his father and acquired more land on his own in the city and in the countryside. He was elected to the provincial Assembly for a term in 1705, in 1713, and again in 1727. He also was an active member of the Albany Commissioners of Indian Affairs until the 1730s. By that time, Van Brugh's extensive interests were being managed by his son-in-law, Philip Livingston.

He died in July 1740 at the age of seventy-four. He was one of the last people to be buried beneath the Albany Dutch church. With no sons, the Van Brugh family name passed from Albany rolls with his death.

Notes - the people of colonial Albany. The life of Pieter Van Brugh is CAP biography number 5300. He was baptized in the New York City Dutch church on July 7, 1666. The basic genealogical source for the family is "The Van Brugh Family," by John Ross Delafield as printed in NYGBR vol 66 (1935), especially pp. 171-72. We know of no other narrative biography of him. His connection to the Livingston family is considered in Milton M. Klein, The American Whig: William Livingston of New York (revised edition: New York, 1993), 14-15. The best source for the development of the New York City business elite is Joyce D. Goodfriend, Before the Melting Pot: Society and Culture in Colonial New York City, 1664-1730 (Princeton, NJ, 1992).

Catharina Roeloffs was a daughter of the legendary Anneke Jans and her first husband. Johannes Pieterse may have met his future wife on one of his trading trips upriver to Beverwyck. See PFS, 142, where his family is called "Verbrugge."

Van Brugh was a partner in a land patent located along the Schoharie Creek in the Mohawks country called Huntersfield and in a tract located east of the Hoosick Patent.

Wealth - Assessment rolls for 1702 and 1709 place Van Brugh in the top five percent of the community. In 1707, Governor Cornbury's will named Van Brugh guardian of the Cornbury children.

A will for Pieter Van Brugh is said to exist in the Philip Livingston Papers at the New York Public Library. See Klein, The American Whig, 27, 37n. It awaits examination!



Pieter Van Brugh (1666–July 1740) was the Mayor of Albany, New York from 1699 to 1700 and from 1721 to 1723. He was a member of the Dutch aristocracy of Albany. His sister, Catharina, was the daughter-in-law of Rensselaerwyck director, Jeremias van Rensselaer, and Pieter was the great-granduncle of American Revolutionary War soldier, Peter Gansevoort. Van Brugh was also the father-in-law of the second lord of Livingston Manor, Philip Livingston.

Van Brugh was the oldest son of Johannes Pieterse Van Brugh and Catharina Roeloffs (sometimes shown as Trijntje Roeloffs). Johannes made a fortune by migrating from the Netherlands to New Netherland and exporting furs and other natural resources from Manhattan. Pieter's maternal grandparents were from Norway.

Van Brugh married Sara Cuyler in November 1688. Uncharacteristic for the era, the couple had only one child, Catharina, who was born in 1689. After serving time as a militia lieutenant in New York City, Van Brugh entered the family business and lived with his wife's family in Albany. He became a constable in 1692 followed by several other public duties in the following years. In 1697, he inherited the Cuyler's home.

In 1699, Van Brugh's prominence led to his appointment as Mayor of Albany which he held until the following year. In the following decades, he became one of the wealthiest businessmen in Albany and was named mayor for a second time from 1721 to 1723.

When he died in 1740, Van Brugh and his wife had twelve grandchildren and had raised several orphaned nieces but had no sons thereby ending the Van Brugh family name in Albany. Van Brugh was one of the last to be interred beneath Albany Dutch Reformed church.

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Pieter van Brugh, Mayor of Albany's Timeline

July 14, 1666
Manhattan, Province of New York
July 14, 1666
Dutch Reformed Church, New York, Province of New York
November 10, 1689
New York City, New York, British Colonial America
July 1740
Age 73
Albany, Province of New York
Reformed Dutch Church, Albany, Albany County, NY, United States