Ramon Berenguer III "the Great" count of Barcelona

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Count Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona, the Great

French: comte Raimond Bérenger III de Barcelone, le Grand, Spanish: conde Ramón Berenguer III de Barcelona, el Grande, Italian: conte Raimondo Berengario III di Barcellona, il Grande
Also Known As: "le Grand"
Birthdate:
Death: July 19, 1131 (48)
Place of Burial: Ripoll, Girona, Catalonia, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Ramon Berenguer II Cap d'Estopes, comte de Barcelona and Maud of Apulia
Husband of María Díaz de Vivar, Comtessa consort de Barcelona; Almodis .... and Douce I de Gévaudan, comtesse de Provence
Father of Maria de Barcelona; Ximena (Ximena) Foix, comtesse d'Osona; Ramon Berenguer IV "the Saint" count of Barcelona; Bérenger-Raimond I, comte de Provence; Bernat, Infant de Barcelona and 4 others
Brother of Almodis de Barcelona, vescomtessa consort de Cardona; Mafalda de Barcelona, vescomtessa consort de Fenollet and Lucia de Barcelona
Half brother of Aimery II, viscount of Narbonne and Bérenger, archbishop of Narbonne

Occupation: Conde de Barcelona (1082-1131), de Osona (1097-1107, 1111-1131), de Cerdaña (1118-1131), de Provenza (1113-1131)
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Ramon Berenguer III "the Great" count of Barcelona

http://www.friesian.com/lorraine.htm#provence

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00026698&tree=LEO


RAMON BERENGUER [III] "el Grande" de Barcelona, son of RAMON BERENGUER [II] "Cap d'Estopes" Comte de Barcelona & his wife Mathilde di Apulia (11 Nov 1082-19 Jul 1131, bur Ripoll Monastery). The Inquisitio circa comitatum Carcassonæ names "Raimundus-Berengarii" as the son of "Raimundo-Berengarii…Cap-de-Stopes", specifying that he was born "in festo S Martini"[385]. He succeeded his uncle in [1097] as Comte de Barcelona, Girona, i Osona. “Raymundus Berengarii Barchinonensis comes et marchio” donated property to the bishopric of Barcelona by charter dated 26 Jan 1108[386]. Ramon Berenguer and his mother Mahalta issued a charter dated 6 Jun 1112[387]. He continued his predecessors' policy of territorial expansion, becoming Comte de Besalú following the death of his son-in-law in 1111, Comte de Provence by right of his third wife in 1113, conquering Mallorca from the Moors 1114-1115 (although he lost the latter shortly afterwards), and Comte de Cerdanya in 1117. Bernard Atton [IV] d'Albi Vicomte de Carcassonne swore homage to him in 1112. “Raymundus Berengarii…comes Barchinonæ” donated “monasterium…sancti Petri de Gallicant” in Girona to “monasterio Crassensi”, on the advice of “Geraldi Pontii vicecomitis Gerundensis…”, by charter dated 20 Jan 1117, subscribed by “Raimundi comitis Barchinonensis, Raimundi Berengerii, Berengerii et Bernardi filiorum eius, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius…”[388]. The restoration of Tarragona began in 1118, the Pope designating Oleguer Bishop of Barcelona as archbishop of Tarragona. Ramon Berenguer [III] signed a treaty of partition with the comte de Toulouse in 1125 concerning the territories in France. He supervised the formulation of the feudal code which later became known as the Usatges, the first full compilation of feudal law in any west European state[389]. During his reign, the county of Barcelona became a papal fief[390]. The testament of "Raimundus Berengarii…Barchinonensis comes et marchio" dated [8 Jul] 1130 names "Aimericum fratrem meum" as one of his manumissores and names "Raimundo Berengarii filio meo…et filie mee ipsa de Castella et illa de Fuxo"[391]. The Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium records the death of "Raimundi-Berengarii comitis" in 1131 and his burial at "Rivipullense…Monasterium"[392].

m firstly (before 1103) [as her second husband,] MARÍA [Sol] Rodríguez, [widow of Infante don PEDRO de Aragón y Navarra,] daughter of RODRIGO Díaz de Vivar "el Cid Campeador" & his wife Jimena Díaz (-[4 Aug 1104/before 1 Nov 1106]). The "Corónicas" Navarras name "dona Cristiana…dona Maria" as the two daughters of "este meo Çid" and his wife, stating that María married "el conte de Barçalona"[393]. The primary source which confirms her supposed first marriage has not yet been identified, but the date of death of her supposed first husband appears incompatible with the date of the first charter in which she appears with her [second] husband. Unless further primary source information comes to light, María´s supposed first marriage should be treated with caution. Ramon Berenguer and his wife Maria granted property to a vassal by charter dated 1103[394]. Ramon Berenguer and his wife Maria donated property to the church of San Adrian "inmediata al rio Besós" by charter dated 4 Aug 1104[395].

m secondly (before 1 Nov 1106) ALMODIS, daughter of --- (-[23 Nov 1111/3 Feb 1112]). "Raymundus comes Barchinonensis" donated all that he had captured at Balagario to "uxori mea Almodis et filiis quos de ea habuero" by charter dated 1 Nov 1106[396]. Her parentage is not known. A charter dated 26 Sep 1110 records that Ramon Berenguer was still childless by his marriage at that date[397]. "Raimundis Berengarii…marchio Barchionensium, princeps Ausonensium, comes vero Gerundensium atque Bisullunensium" donated property "ecclesiam Sancte Marie intra muros Bisullunensis" to Valence Saint-Rufus by charter dated 23 Nov 1111, signed by "Raimundi comitis, Meltis comitisse"[398].

m thirdly (3 Feb 1112) DULCE [Dol%C3%A7a] [I] Ctss de Provence Vicomtesse de Milhaud, de Gevaudan, et de Rodez, daughter of GIRBERT de Gévaudan Vicomte de Milhaud & his wife Gerberge Ctss de Provence ([1095/1100]-[28 Nov 1127/1130]). The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records that "Gilberto comite Provinciæ" left his widow "Tiburgia…comitissa" and "Dulcia unica filia" and notes the latter's marriage to "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia"[399]. Her parentage is confirmed by the Vita Sancti Ollegarii which names “Raymundum comitem Barchinonensem filium filiæ Roberti Guisardi principis Apuliæ” and “Dulcia comitissa Provinciæ uxor comitis”[400]. “Girberga comitissa” donated “comitatum...Provinciæ et Gavaldanensis et Carladensis et...honorem...in comitatu Rutenensi”, which came to her “voce parentum meorum et largitione viri mei Girberti comitis patris tui”, to “Dulciæ filiæ meæ” by charter dated 1 Feb 1112[401]. “Gerberga comitissa Arelatensis” granted “filiam meam in conjugium...Dulcem” to “Raymundo Berengarii comiti”, together with “omni honore meo et cum...honore qui fuit Girberti comitis patris puellæ”, by charter dated 3 Feb 1112[402]. “Dulcia Barchinonensis et Provinciæ comitissa” granted “totum meum honorem quem habeo vel habere debeo per paternam sive maternam hereditatem vel alio modo in Provincia et in Rutenensi comitatu” to “comiti Raymundo” by charter dated Jan 1113[403]. "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[404]. “Raymundus Berengarii…comes Barchinonæ” donated “monasterium…sancti Petri de Gallicant” in Girona to “monasterio Crassensi” by charter dated 20 Jan 1117, subscribed by “Raimundi comitis Barchinonensis, Raimundi Berengerii, Berengerii et Bernardi filiorum eius, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius…”[405]. "Dultie comitisse" signed a charter of "domni Raimundi…comitis et marchionis Burchinone et Provintie" dated 7 Mar 1125[406]. Comte Ramon Bergenguer [III] and his wife Dulce signed a commercial agreement with the Genoese dated 28 Nov 1127[407].

Comte Ramon Berenguer [III] & his first wife had one child:
 Comte Ramon Berenguer [III] & his third wife had [eight] children:








Ramón Berenguer III el Grande (Rodez, Rouergue 1082-Barcelona 1131). Era hijo de Ramón Berenguer II, a quien sucedió como Conde de Barcelona.

Después de un periodo de cogobierno con su tío, Berenguer Ramón II el Fratricida (que partió para la Primera Cruzada -1099- al mando de las tropas catalanas), tomó el condado exclusivamente a su cargo. Combatió contra los musulmanes en muchas batallas, entre las cuales se destacan el asedio de Tortosa (1095), Amposta (1097) y Oropesa (1098).

En 1114 el Papa de Roma ordenó una bula contra los moros de Mallorca y, en unos meses, el conde catalán conquistaría la isla, que sería de nuevo reconquistada por el califato, al no haberse repoblado.

En primeras nupcias desposó a María, hija del Cid Campeador. Casó en segundas nupcias con Dulce de Provenza o de Rouergue, con quien tuvo en 1108 a Berenguela de Barcelona, esposa del Rey Alfonso VII de Castilla y a los gemelos Ramón Berenguer IV y Berenguer Ramón I de Provenza, en 1114.

Fue el primer Caballero Templario Español. Ingresó en la Orden como última voluntad, estando ya en su lecho de muerte, en julio de 1131. Investido por Hugo de Rigaud, murió cinco días después y fue enterrado con el hábito blanco del Temple. En su testamento legó a la Orden su caballo, de nombre Danc, y sus armas personales, así como el castillo de Granyena.

Su hijo Ramón Berenguer IV heredó el condado de Barcelona en (1131), Berenguer Ramón el Condado de Provenza y su hija Jimena casó con Roger III de Foix.

En la plaza de Barcelona que lleva su nombre, sobre la Vía Layetana, hay una estatua ecuestre suya obra del escultor Josep Llimona.

Títulos nobiliarios: Conde de Barcelona y Girona (1097-1131)  Conde de Osona (1097-1107 y 1111-1131)  Conde de Provenza (1113-1131)  Conde de Cerdaña (1118-1131).  Primer Caballero Templario español. 

Predecesor: Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Barcelona 1082-1131 Sucesor: Ramón Berenguer IV Predecesor: Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Osona 1097-1107 y 1111-1131 Sucesor: Ximena de Osona Predecesor: Bernardo I Conde de Cerdaña 1118-1131 Sucesor: Ramón Berenguer IV Predecesor: Dulce I Conde de Provenza 1113-1131 Sucesor: Berenguer Ramón I de Provenza Predecesor: Ramón Berenguer II Conde de Carcasona 1107- ? Sucesor: Ramón Trencavel



Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Ramon Berenguer at the castle of Foix.

Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants Statue of Ramon Berenguer III

   * First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105
         o María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111)
         o Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix
   * Second wife, Almodis
   * Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127
         o Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea
         o Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile
         o Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162
         o Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144
         o Bernat -> died young

Preceded by Berenguer Ramon II Count of Barcelona 1082 – 1131 with Berenguer Ramon II (1082 – 1097) Succeeded by Ramon Berenguer IV Preceded by Douce I Count of Provence 1112 – 1131 Succeeded by Berenguer Ramon I



Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants

Statue of Ramon Berenguer IIIFirst wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat -> died young



Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants

   * First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105
         o María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111)
         o Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix
   * Second wife, Almodis
   * Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127
         o Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea
         o Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile
         o Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162
         o Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144
         o Bernat -> died young


Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

[edit] Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants

   * First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105
         o María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111)
         o Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix
   * Second wife, Almodis
   * Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127
         o Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea
         o Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile
         o Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162
         o Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144
         o Bernat -> died young


Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat -> died young



Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

Statue of Ramon Berenguer IIIDuring his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 attacked with Pisa the then-Muslim islands of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

[edit] Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María, married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, also known as Eixemena, married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis, married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149, married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat, died young

Preceded by Berenguer Ramon II Count of Barcelona 1082 – 1131 with Berenguer Ramon II (1082 – 1097) Succeeded by Ramon Berenguer IV Preceded by Douce I Count of Provence 1112 – 1131 Succeeded by Berenguer Ramon I Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_III,_Count_of_Barcelona" Categories: Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | 1082 births | 1131 deaths | Burials at the abbey of Santa Maria de Ripoll



Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife. Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile. During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice. In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa. Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon. [edit]Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat -> died young



Occupation: Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife. Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile. During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice. In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 attacked with Pisa the then-Muslim islands of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa. Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon. Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants

First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María, married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, also known as Eixemena, married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis, married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149, married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat, died young



Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

[edit] Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants

Statue of Ramon Berenguer IIIFirst wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105 María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111) Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix Second wife, Almodis Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127 Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162 Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144 Bernat -> died young Preceded by Berenguer Ramon II Count of Barcelona 1082 – 1131 with Berenguer Ramon II (1082 – 1097) Succeeded by Ramon Berenguer IV Preceded by Douce I Count of Provence 1112 – 1131 Succeeded by Berenguer Ramon I

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_III,_Count_of_Barcelona" Categories: Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | 1082 births | 1131 deaths | Burials at the abbey of Santa Maria de Ripoll



BIOGRAPHY: b. 1082 d. 1131, Barcelona [Spain] byname RAMON BERENGUER THE GREAT, CATALAN RAMON BERENGUER EL GRAN, count of Barcelona during whose reign (1097-1131) independent Catalonia reached the summit of its historical greatness, spreading its ships over the western Mediterranean and acquiring new lands from the southern Pyrennees to Provence. He was also known as Ramon Berenguer I of Provence. The son of Ramon Berenguer II, he took the throne on the departure of his uncle, Berenguer Ramon II, and spent his early years fighting off Almoravid Muslims, whose armies approached the very walls of Barcelona. Thereafter, his expansionist campaigns began. In 1111 he conquered the county of Besalú and, by his marriage to Douce (or Dolça) of Provence in 1112, acquired the county of Provence. In the years 1114-15 he undertook, with the Pisans, a joint expedition against the Balearic Islands, liberating thousands of Christian slaves and destroying the Moors' piratical bases. Commerce thereafter flourished between Barcelona, Marseille, Genoa, and Pisa. The following year (1116) he sailed to Rome in an attempt to gain aid from the Italian states and to acquire a license from the Pope for his crusade in Spain, but the visit was largely unsuccessful. In 1117 he inherited the old county of Cerdaña in the Pyrenees. On his death, Provence went to his younger son, Berenguer Ramon (as Berenguer Ramon I of Provence, reigning 1131-44); and the rest of the lands, the most important ones, went to the elder son, Ramon Berenguer IV. Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.



Ramón Berenguer III "el Grande", Conde De Barcelona Nació El 11-Xi-1080. Gobernó el Condado de 1097 a 1131. Estuvo casado con María Rodríguez, hija del Cid. Al Casar Con Dulce Aldonza De Milhaud, Condesa De Provenza (el 3-II-1112), la hija de la condesa Gerberga de Provenza, se convirtió en propietario de la Provenza. Dulce Aldonza Milhaud, condesa de Provenza tenía una ilustre ascendencia. Procedía de los Condes de Arlés y Provenza, de los últimos emperadores Carolíngios (ver Carolíngios – Casa de Heristal) y de los reyes de la Casa de Borgoña. Ramón Berenguer III y Dulce Aldonza de Provenza tuvieron por hija a Berenguela de Barcelona. Él murió l 19-VI-1131, y ella un poco antes, entre 1127 y 1130.



Ramón Berenguer III the Great was the Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramón II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramón Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramón Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramón Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramón Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramón Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramón.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_III,_Count_of_Barcelona for more information.



Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile.

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

First wife, María Rodríguez de Vivar, second daughter of Cid, died ca. 1105

María -> married Bernat III, Count of Besalú (d. 1111)

Jimena, a.k.a. Eixemena -> married Roger III, Count of Foix

Second wife, Almodis

Third wife, Douce or Dolça de Gévaudaun, heiress of Provence, d. ca. 1127

Almodis -> married Ponce de Cervera, mother of Agalbursa, who married Barisone II of Arborea

Berenguela or Berengaria, b. 1116, d. 1149 -> married Alfonso VII of Castile

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, b. 1115, d. 1162

Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Provence, b. ca. 1115, d. 1144

Bernat -> died young



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_III,_Count_of_Barcelona


Ramon Berenguer III the Great was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Osona from 1082 (jointly with Berenguer Ramon II and solely from 1097), Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and Provence, in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife.

Born in 1082 in Rodez, he was the son of Ramon Berenguer II. He succeeded his father to co-rule with his uncle Berenguer Ramon II. He became the sole ruler in 1097, when Berenguer Ramon II was forced into exile,

During his rule Catalan interests were extended on both sides of the Pyrenees. By marriage or vassalage he incorporated into his realm almost all of the Catalan counties (except those of Urgell and Peralada). He inherited the counties of Besalú (1111) and Cerdanya (1117) and in between married Douce, heiress of Provence (1112). His dominions then stretched as far east as Nice.

In alliance with the Count of Urgell, Ramon Berenguer conquered Barbastro and Balaguer. In 1118 he captured and rebuilt Tarragona, which became the metropolitan seat of the church in Catalonia (before that, Catalans had depended ecclesiastically on the archbishopric of Narbonne). He also established relations with the Italian maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa and in 1114 and 1115 raided with them the Moorish pirate strongholds of Majorca and Ibiza. They became his tributaries and many Christian slaves there were recovered and set free. Ramon Berenguer also raided mainland Muslim dependencies with Pisa's help, such as Valencia, Lleida and Tortosa.

Toward the end of his life Ramon Berenguer became a Templar. He gave his five Catalonian counties to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer IV and Provence to the younger son Berenguer Ramon.

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Ramon Berenguer III "the Great" count of Barcelona's Timeline

1082
November 11, 1082
1082
Count of, Province, , France
1082
Count of, Province, , France
1082
Barcelona, Girona, and Osona SPAIN
1082
Count of, Province, , France
1105
1105
1105
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain