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Richard Gist

Also Known As: "Capt. Richard Gist"
Birthplace: St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County, Province of Maryland
Death: Died in St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County, Province of Maryland
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Christopher Gist, Jr. and Edith Gist (Cromwell)
Husband of Zipporah Gist
Father of Christopher Gist; Nathaniel Gist; Edith Elizabeth Vaughn; William D. Gist; Capt. Thomas Gist and 6 others
Brother of Edith Gist; Emma Gist; Mary Polly Gist; William Gist and Nathaniel Gist

Occupation: Justice of the Peace, Baltimore Co.l surveyor; laid out Baltimore 1736-41; Presiding Judge; Capt. of Militia; Burgess 1740-41
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Gist

NOTE #1: The founder of the Gist family, of Maryland, was Christopher Gist, or Guest, who migrated from England and settled in Maryland on the south side of the Patapsco river in 1682, but removed in 1691 to Baltimore county. He married Edith Cromwell, of the family of the great Oliver Cromwell, lord protector of England. Their son, Richard (1684-1741), was the father of Christopher Gist, who is known in history as explorer of the West in 1750. [1]


Richard was abt. 7 yrs. old when his father died and abt. 11 yrs. old when his mother died. He married 12/7/1704, at the Quaker Meeting House, Baltimore Co., MD. He resided at Gist's Rest and later moved to Brother's Good Will. He was captain of the militia, planter, and County Justice and Commissioner.

He was the surveyor of the Town of Baltimore.

Richard surveyed the western shore of Maryland, and helped lay out the town of Baltimore in 1736. He was a Justice and Commissioner of Baltimore County from 1727 until his death. He appears in numerous court records of Baltimore Co. Richard was the child of members of the Church of England, but his marriage is recorded in the Quaker Friend's Records.

Richard Gist's marriage consent from 1704 states "The young man produced a certificate (of consent) from Thomas Cromwell, his uncle and guardian, signifying his and his wife's consent and the young woman's mother." His mother's maiden names was Cromwell. Some of the witnesses to the wedding were as follows: Je. Murray, Rich. Cromwell, Keia Murray, Eliza Cromwell, Will. Cromwell, Tho. Cromwell, Mary Cromwell, John Ashman and others.

The Maryland Historical Society produced a magazine with the genealogy of the Gist Family.


  1. Williams, Samuel C.  THE FATHER OF SEQUOYAH: NATHANIEL GIST.  Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 15, No. 1, March, 1937, page 3.

NOTE #2: CAPT. RICHARD GIST 2 (Christopher *) was born in 1684, and died 28 August 1741. "Mr. Richard Gist" was 48 years old in 1732 (Chancery, I. R. no. 2, 60), and 49 in 1733 (Balto. Co., H. W. S. no. 3, 172),. while "Capt. Richard Gist " was 54 years old in 1737 (A. A. Co., I. B. no. 1, 101). The date of his death is entered in the register of St. Thomas' Church, Baltimore County. 3 Nov. 1695!, Edith Williams of Baltimore County, widow, gives to her son Richard Gist, a negro to be delivered to him at 16 years of age (Court Record) and, 21 Feb'y 1693/4, Thomas Hammond of Baltimore County, Gent., and Rebecca his wife late relict of Thomas Lightfoot of said County, Gent., deceased, convey to Richard Gist, son and heir of Christopher Gist, late of said County, Gent, deceased, the tract Utopia, now called Rebecca's Delight (Balto. Co., R. M., no. H. S., 417). This was the tract for the conveyance of which, Rebecca widow of Thomas Lightfoot gave bond 7 August 1688 (see above). The will of Richard Cromwell, uncle of Richard Gist, is dated 12 August 1717, and was proved 23 September following (Balto., Lib. 1, fol. 144). Among other provisions he leaves two negroes to Edith daughter of Richard Gist, and bequeaths £30 and a gold ring to "my cousin (i.e., nephew) Richard Gist." Capt. Gist was commissioned 2 March 1727 one of the Justices and Commissioners of Baltimore County and was reappointed continuously until his death. From 1 February 1735, he was Presiding Justice (Commission Book). The act for laying out and erecting Baltimore Town which passed the House 30 July, and was signed by Gov. Calvert 8 August, 1729, appointed Capt. Gist one of the seven Commissioners for carrying out its provisions, and he represented his County in the Provincial Assembly the last two years of his life 1740-1741 (House Journals). He is styled "Captain" in a deposition made in 1737 (see above) and in the House Journal in 1741, and doubtless held a commission as Captain in the County militia. Richard Gist married, 7 December, 1704, (Friends' Records), Zipporah Murray, daughter of James Murray (d. 1704) of Baltimore County and Jemima his wife, daughter of Capt. Thomas Morgan (d. 1698). 6 July 1711, Josephus Murray of Baltimore County, planter, conveys to his " sister Zipporah Gist" a tract of 100 acres in Baltimore County, called " Brother's Good Will" (Balto. Co., T. R., no. A, 141). Josephus- Murray was one of the sons of James Murray and is named in his father's will. Mrs. Zipporah Gist survived her husband, and was living 25 April 1760 when she resigned her dower in some lands conveyed by her sons Christopher and Nathaniel Gist (Balto. Co., B. no. H., 149). Capt Richard Gist gives, 5 Sept. 1728, to his " son Christopher Gist," 350 acres in Baltimore County (I. S. no. I., 196) ; to his " son Nathaniel Gist" he gives, 6 March 1731, the tract Gist's Search, 284 acres, in Baltimore County (I. S. no. L, 201) ; and to his "son Thomas Gist" he gives The Addition, 216 Acres, in Baltimore County (H. W. S. no. I. A., 189). There appears to be no deed of gift to his son William, but there cannot be the slightest doubt that William was the son of Capt. Richard, and he doubtless received from his father an equal share with his brothers. Edith Gist, Richard's daughter, is named in the will of her great uncle, Richard Cromwell cited above, while another daughter is known through a deed of her brother. 26 March 1742, Christopher Gist of Baltimore County, merchant, and Sarah his wife, convey to his sister Jemima Seabrooke and William Seabrooke her husband, tract Pleasant Green, 100 acres, in Baltimore County (Balto. Co., T. B. no. A, 132).

Capt. Richard Gist 2 and Zipporah (Murray) his wife had issue:—

3. i. CAPT. CHRISTOPHER GIST,8 m. Sarah Howard; d. 1759.

4. ii. NATHANIEL GIST, m. Mary Howard.

5. iii. WILLIAM GIST, b. 1711; d. 19 Nov. 1794; m. Violetta Howard.

6. iv. THOMAS GIST, b. 1713; d. 1788; m. Susan Cockey.

    v. EDITH GIST.
   vi. JEMIMA GIST, m. William Seabrooke.

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Richard Gist's Timeline

St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County, Province of Maryland
Age 23
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.
Age 24
St Pauls Parish, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Age 26
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.
Age 28
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.
July 13, 1712
Age 29
Baltimore Co., MD.
Age 31
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.
Age 33
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.
Age 39
St. Pauls Parish, Baltimore Co., MD.