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About Saint Joachim
Joachim and Anna, the parents of St. Mary, are not named in canonical writings. All information about them comes from apocryphal literature, the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary and the Gospel of James.
In the Gospel of James (about 145), Joachim is said to have been a rich and pious man, a descendant of King David, of the House of Amram. He and his wife Anna lived at Sepphoris. They were old and childless when they were miraculously blessed with a child who became the Virgin Mary. They then moved from Galilee to Jerusalem.
In the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary (part of the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, 620-625), Joachim is said to have been a shepherd, of the tribe of Judah, married to Anna, daughter of Achar, of the tribe of Judah and family of David.
The genealogy of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke (about 110) ends with Heli, the father of Joseph, the father "as was supposed" of Jesus (Luke 3:23-31). A 16th century tradition says Luke's genealogy was that of Mary, while Matthew's was that of Joseph. Therefore the Heli of the genealogy would have been Mary's father Joachim (equating Heli to Eliakim to Joachim). Some contemporary scholars suggest Luke's genealogy is fraudulent, invented by an author who was not aware of the genealogy given by Matthew.
Later traditions make Jesus' grandfather Heli a first cousin of Mary's father Joachim. John of Damascus, in the first half of the 8th century, said Joachim was the son of Bar-Panther, the son of Levi (De fid. Orth., 4.14). The Bollandists, editors of the Acta Santorum (1643) identified Joachim as a son of Heli, and brother of Saint Joseph. The Feast Day of SS. Joachim and Anna is July 26.
-- Contributed by Justin Swanström
Ancient belief, attested to by a sermon of St. John of Damascus (c. 676-749, was that Anne married once. However, according to a medieval tradition, Anne was also grandmother to five of the twelve apostles: John the Evangelist, James the Greater, James the Less, Simon and Jude. She is said to have married three times, first to Joachim, then to Cleopas, and finally to a man named Solomas, and that each marriage produced one daughter: Mary, mother of Jesus; Mary of Cleopas; and Mary Salomae, respectively. This legend, called the trinubium, has been traced to Haymo, Bishop of Halberstadt (d. 853) in his Historiae Sacrae Epitome.
Anna solet dici tres concepisse Marias, Quas genuere viri Joachim, Cleophas, Salomeque. Has duxere viri Joseph, Alpheus, Zebedeus. Prima parit Christum, Jacobum secunda minorem, Et Joseph justum peperit cum Simone Judam, Tertia majorem Jacobum volucremque Johannem. Jacobus de Voragine, 2.131.
(Anna is usually said to have conceived three Marys, Whom her husbands Joachim, Cleophas, and Salome begot. These [Marys] the men Joseph, Alpheus, and Zebedee took in marriage. The first bore Christ; the second bore James the Less, Joseph the Just, with Simon [and] Jude; The third, James the Greater and the winged John.)
However, the tradition is not reliable: "The renowned Father John of Eck of Ingolstadt, in a sermon on St. Anne (published at Paris in 1579), pretends to know even the names of the parents St. Anne. He calls them Stollanus and Emerentia. He says that St. Anne was born after Stollanus and Emerentia had been childless for twenty years; that St. Joachim died soon after the presentation of Mary in the temple; that St. Anne then married Cleophas, by whom she became the mother of Mary Cleophae (the wife of Alphaeus and mother of the Apostles James the Lesser, Simon and Judas, and of Joseph the Just); after the death of Cleophas she is said to have married Salomas, to whom she bore Maria Salomae (the wife of Zebedaeus and mother of the Apostles John and James the Greater). The same spurious legend is found in the writings of Gerson (Opp. III, 59) and of many others. There arose in the sixteenth century an animated controversy over the marriages of St. Anne, in which Baronius and Bellarmine defended her monogamy." Catholic Encyclopedia.
- "St. Anne" In Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)
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For other persons named Joachim, see Joachim (disambiguation).
Saints Joachim and Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary
Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Confessor
Born 1st century BC
Died unknown, Sepphoris or Jerusalem
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Feast July 26; March 20 (General Roman Calendar, 1584-1738); Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption (General Roman Calendar, 1738-1913); August 16 (General Roman Calendar, 1913-1969)
Attributes Lamb, doves, with Saint Anne or Mary
Patronage Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, fathers, grandparents, Fasnia (Tenerife)
Saint Joachim ("he whom YHWH has set up", Hebrew: יְהוֹיָקִים Yəhôyāqîm, Greek Ἰωακείμ Iōākeím) was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and therefore is ascribed the title of "forebearer of God", in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The story of SS. Joachim and Anne appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James.
The canonical Gospel accounts in the New Testament do not explicitly name either of Mary's parents, but some argue that the genealogy in Luke 3 is that of Mary rather than Joseph, thereby naming her father as Eli (Heli). Later traditions, however, specify that this Eli was a first cousin of Mary's father Joachim.
Forrás / Source:
Joachim was described as a rich and pious man of the house of David who regularly gave to the poor and to the temple (synagogue) at Sepphoris. However, as his wife was barren, the high priest rejected Joachim and his sacrifice, as his wife's childlessness was interpreted as a sign of divine displeasure. Joachim consequently withdrew to the desert where he fasted and did penance for forty days. Angels then appeared to both Joachim and Anne to promise them a child. Joachim later returned to Jerusalem and embraced Anne at the city gate.