Sanchia of Provence, Queen of the Romans

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Sancie de Provence, reine des Romains

Birthdate: (36)
Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Death: November 5, 1261 (36)
Berkhamstead Castle, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Raymond Bérenger IV, comte de Provence and Béatrice de Savoie, comtesse consort de Provence
Wife of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall; Ralph de Valletort/Vautort of Trematon and Alexander Okeston
Mother of Joan Okeston of Cornwall, Heiress of Modbury; Richard of Cornwall; Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall and Alexander Oxton
Sister of Marguerite de Provence, reine consort de France; Eleanor of Provence, Queen Consort of England; Beatrice di Provenza, regina consorte di Sicilia; Raymond de Provence and Henry de Bath

Occupation: Queen of the Romans
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sanchia of Provence, Queen of the Romans

Sanchia of Provence (c. 1228 – 9 November 1261) was the third daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy. Sanchia was described as "of incomparable beauty".

Sanchia's sisters Margaret, Eleanor and Beatrice were the respective wives of Louis IX of France, Henry III of England and Charles I of Sicily. Sanchia was said to have a softer and more winsome type of good looks than either her older sisters, Margaret and Eleanor.

Sanchia was crowned Queen of the Romans with her husband on 27 May 1257 at Aachen Cathedral in Germany. She and her husband then spent fifteen months traveling in the area near Mainz. They hurriedly traveled back to England when the political situation deteriorated there. Sanchia grew ill in the autumn of 1260 and died a year later, with her son Edmund present.


Children of Richard and his mistress Joan de Valletort:

  • Philip of Cornwall, a priest.
  • Sir Richard of Cornwall, he received a grant from his half-brother Edmund in which he was called brother, he married a wife named Joan, and by her had three sons and a daughter. He was slain by an arrow at the siege of Berwick in 1296. His daughter, Joan of Cornwall, married Sir John Howard, from whom the Howard Dukes of Norfolk are descended.[9]
  • Sir Walter of Cornwall, he received a grant of the manor of Brannell from his half-brother Edmund in which he was called brother, he was the father of William de Cornwall and grandfather of John de Cornwall who married Margery Tregago, parents of Margaret de Cornwall who married David Hendower.
  • Isabel of Cornwall, who received a grant from King Henry III in which she was called niece.
  • Joan of Cornwall, who received a grant from her half-brother Edmund in which she was called sister, she married firstly, Richard de Champernoun, by whom she had a son, Sir Richard, and secondly, Sir Peter de Fissacre, by whom she had no issue.


for further research:

The following post to SGM, 10 Sep 1998, by John Carmi Parsons, has Joan as wife of Ralph de Valletort, younger brother of Reginald de Valletort (who m. Joan Basset).

From: John Carmi Parsons (jparsons AT Subject: Joan de Valletort and Richard of Cornwall Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval Date: 1998/09/10

This material is intended primarily for Todd Farmerie but will be of general interest.

On the marriages of Joan de Valletort/Vautort, mistress of Richard of Cornwall and the mother of at least one of his illegitimate children, Joan wife of Richard Champernowne of Modbury [**Note: This post, which seems to say that Richard Champernoun's wife was a daughter of Richard of Cornwall, is I think in error on that point. Richard Champernoun's wife is said to be a half-sister of James de Okeston by this Joan.**]:

Joan's parentage is unknown. She must not be confused with the Joan Basset of Headington who married our Joan's elder brother Reginald de Vautort (d.s.p. 1245/46). On the Vautorts see Sanders, _English Baronies_, pp. 90-91. It may be noted that shortly after the death of Joan's son Reginald de Vautort, his heir for the barony of Trematon, an uncle Roger (d. 1298?) sold the entire barony to Richard of Cornwall himself.

Our Joan's first husband was Ralph de Valletort/Vautort of Trematon d. 1256, younger son but ultimately heir of Roger de V. of Trematon d. 1206? by his wife Alice (parentage unknown). By Ralph Joan had one son, Reginald, still underage 1257, d. by 1269 (Sanders says 1270). Joan de Vautort was living 1299 by which time she had also married, before Feb. 1270, Alexander de Oxton/ Okeston and then Andrew de Trellek/Trelluk (E.B. Powley, _The House of de la Pomeray_ [Liverpool, 1944], pp. 36-37).

At the morrow of All Souls' at the end of 5 Edw I (= CE 1277), Andrew de Treslok and Joan de Vautort his wife had an action before the Exchequer touching Joan's dower lands from her marriage to Ralph de Vautort (Plea roll of the Exchequer 6 Edw I, Public Record Office E13/6 m. 6r). So by Nov. 1277 Alexander de Okeston was dead and Joan had already married Trellek.

I am not sure, however, that Joan de Vautort/Okeston/Trellek was the mother of all Richard of Cornwall's illegitimate children. Certainly Joan Champernowne was her daughter, and probably her son was the Richard de Cornwalle who is said to have fallen at Berwick in 1297, leaving issue by Joan [fitz Alan of Oswestry?] his wife (Reade, _The House of Cornwewall [1908]).

Richard of Cornwall's son Philip, however, occurs as a cleric in 1248, when he was dispensed to hold an additional benefice with cure of souls. This must mean that he was of canonical age to be a fully ordained priest, which at that time meant at least 25 years old. So he could not have been born any later than ca 1223, which obviously means Richard of Cornwall, b. 1209, must have fathered him at a very early age indeed (which is by no means impossible).

The dates and careers of Richard of Cornwall's other natural children do not conform closely to the supposition that they were born so early in his life, and I tend to think they were sired during one of Richard's periods of widowhood, either between the death of his first wife Isabella Marshal in 1240 and his second marriage to Sancha of Provence in 1243, or after Sancha died in 1261 and before his 1269 third marriage to Beatrix von Falkenberg.

John Parsons

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Sanchia of Provence, Queen of the Romans's Timeline

Aix-en-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Age 20
July 1246
Age 21
Wallingford, Berkshire(now Oxfordshire), England
December 26, 1249
Age 25
Berkhampstead Castle, Hertfordshire, England
November 5, 1261
Age 36
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England
November 9, 1261
Age 36
Gloucestershire, England