About Sheikh Ameen Tarif
Amin Tarif, أمين طريف , אמין טריף ( born 1898, died October 2, 1993) was the qadi, or spiritual leader, of the Druze in Israel from 1928 till his death in 1993. Such was the esteem in which he was held among Druze internationally that Sheikh Amin was regarded by many within the community as the preeminent spiritual authority in the Druze world.
Sheikh Amin was born in 1898 in the village of Julis in Upper Western Galilee. One of four brothers and two sisters, Amin was the youngest son of Sheikh Muhammad Tarif, spiritual leader of the Druze in Palestine from 1888 till his death.
In 1911, after graduating from fourth grade, Amin travelled to the Khilwat El Biada, near Hasbaya, in Lebanon. There he studied the basics of the Druze religion, graduating in 1918. Returning to Julis, the Sheikh adopted an ascetic lifestyle according to Druze ideals, living modestly from grains grown for his own needs.
In 1928, following the death of his father, it was decided to appoint Amin as spiritual leader of the Druze community. In addition to serving as his community's spiritual leader, Tarif served as Chairman of the Druze Religious Court of Appeals from 1963 and managed the assets of Maqam Nabi Shu'ayb - a religious complex that Druze believe houses the tomb of the Prophet Jethro
Despite the esteem in which Amin was held, his relationship with Druze in neighbouring states was complicated by the Sheikh's loyalty to the State of Israel. In 1977, following complaints from the community in Lebanon that Israeli shelling threatened the religious complex at Mayada, he advised Druze members of the Knesset to ask questions of the Israeli government.
In 1990, Amin was awarded the Israel Prize for his special contribution to society and the State of Israel, being one of the few non-Jews receive this award.
Sheikh Amin died on October 2, 1993. The Israeli President, Ezer Weizman, the Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and the Chairman of the Knesset were among the dignitaries present at his funeral. Simultaneously, additional ceremonies, attended by tens of thousands of Druze, took place in Syria and Lebanon.
Sheikh Amin's son, Mowafak Tarif, succeeded his father as the spiritual leader of Israel's Druze.
In June 2009 sectarian clashes between Druze and Christian Arab youth in the town of Shfaram were sparked by the posting of a YouTube clip dishonouring Sheikh Amin's memory.