Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Bt and Bishop of Winchester

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Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet Trelawny

Birthplace: Chelsea, London, England (United Kingdom)
Death: July 19, 1721 (71)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Jonathan Trelawny, MP, 2nd Baronet Trelawny and Mary Trelawny
Husband of Rebecca Hele
Father of Rebecca Buller; Edward Trelawny, MP; Letitia Trelawny and Sir John Trelawny, MP, 4th Baronet
Brother of Captain John Trelawny, MP; Major-General Charles Trelawny, MP; Brig-Gen. Henry Trelawny, MP; William Trelawny and Chichester Trelawny

Occupation: was a British Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Winchester
Managed by: Private User
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About Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Bt and Bishop of Winchester

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

"Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet (24 March 1650 – 19 July 1721) was a British Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Winchester. Trelawny is best known for his role in the events leading up to the Glorious Revolution which are referenced in the Cornish anthem The Song of the Western Men.


He was born at Trelawne in the parish of Pelynt, Cornwall. He was educated at Westminster School and then went to Christ Church, Oxford at the start of the Michaelmas term of 1668 where he distinguished himself as a scholar. A staunch royalist, he was ordained in 1673 and became a beneficed clergyman. He was appointed rector of South Hill on 4 October and of St. Ives on 12 December 1677, becoming Bishop of Bristol in 1685. He was one of the Seven Bishops tried under James II.

Trelawny and the other bishops petitioned against James II's Declaration of Indulgence in 1687 and 1688, (granting religious tolerance to Catholics) and as a result he was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London on charges of seditious libel. The bishops said that whilst they were loyal to King James II, their consciences would not agree to allowing freedom of worship to Catholics even if it were to be within the privacy of their own homes as the Declaration proposed; thus they could not sign. Trelawny was held for three weeks before trial, then tried and acquitted; this led to great celebrations, with bells being rung in his home parish of Pelynt.

Trelawny was rewarded in 1689 by being appointed Bishop of Exeter (whilst still, until 1694, Archdeacon of Totnes) after the military defeat of James II and the accession of the Protestant William of Orange to the British throne. He died in 1721, in Chelsea, Middlesex, having again been promoted, this time to the see of Winchester. His body was brought back for burial to Pelynt in Cornwall.


His second son, Henry Trelawny, fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, defending Barcelona in 1705. He died with Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell aboard HMS Association during the Scilly naval disaster of 1707.


Bishop Trelawny was immortalised in the Cornish Anthem, The Song of the Western Men, better known simply as Trelawny, written over a century later and composed by Parson Robert Stephen Hawker, vicar of Morwenstow.

And shall Trelawny live? ; Or shall Trelawny die! ; Here's twenty thousand Cornish men ; Will know the reason why!"
SOURCE: [Wikipedia contributors, 'Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 14 March 2013, 14:20 UTC, <,_3r...> [accessed 11 April 2013]

Other References

Rt. Rev. Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Bt. was born on 24 March 1650.3 He was born on 24 March 1650 at Pelynt, Cornwall, England.4 He was the son of Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 2nd Bt. and Mary Seymour.5 He married Rebecca Hele in 1684.3 He died on 19 July 1721 at age 71 at Chelsea, London, England.4 He died on 19 July 1721 at age 71, with other issue.

He held the office of Bishop of Winchester.1 Prelate Order Garter.3 He gained the title of 3rd Baronet Trelawny in 1681.1 In 1685 Bp Bristol (one of the Seven Bishops committed to the Tower by JAMES II), Exeter and 1707 Winchester.

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