Sir Thomas Throckmorton of Coughton

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Thomas Throckmorton, Knight

Also Known As: "Sir Thomas Throckmorton / de Throkemerton"
Birthdate: (60)
Birthplace: Coughton Court, Coughton, Warwickshire, England
Death: July 13, 1472 (60)
Fladbury, Worcestershire, England
Place of Burial: Worcestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John Throckmorton, MP, of Fladbury and Eleanor de la Spine, Heiress of Coughton
Husband of Margaret Throckmorton
Father of Margery Throckmorton; Eleanor Middlemore; Sir Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton; John Throckmorton, IV; Dr. William Throckmorton and 4 others
Brother of John Throckmorton, Esq.; Mary or Jane Throckmorton; Agnes Winslow; Margarett Throckmorton; Maude (Matilda) Greene and 2 others

Occupation: High Sheriff, Knight of the Shire, commissioned for the defense of the kingdom, appointed steward of all castles, manors, etc, controlled by the Bishop of Worcester and high sheriff of the counties of Warwick and Leicester.
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About Sir Thomas Throckmorton of Coughton

Sir Thomas, lord of the manors of Throckmorton, Black Nauton, Hill and More, Coughton, Spermore, and Weston, with his primary seat at Caughton Court.

1466- Sheriff of County Warwick. High Sheriff of Warwick and Leicester in the 5th of King Henry IV.

The Throckmortons took their name from a manor in the parish of Fladbury, Worcestershire, where in the 12th century they were tenants of the Bishop of Worcester. They acquired Coughton, in Warwickshire, by marriage in the early 15th century.

he Throckmorton Baronetcy, of Coughton in the County of Warwick, was created in the Baronetage of England on 1 September 1642 for Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton Court, near Alcester, Warwickshire. The Throckmortons, originally of Throckmorton near Pershore, Worcestershire, trace their history back to the 12th century. In 1409 Sir John de Throckmorton married Eleanor Spinetti, heiress of Coughton where the family became established. They were mostly determined Roman Catholics and various members of the family were involved in or connected with pre reformation plots and conspiracies including the Throckmorton Plot of 1583 and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Elizabeth Throckmorton was the wife of Sir Walter Raleigh. Although Royalist sympathisers during the Civil War the family was one of very few recusant families to survive the turbulent 16th and 17th centuries with their estates intact. The sixth Baronet assumed the additional surname of Courtenay in 1792 on inheriting the Courtenay estates of Molland, Devon, through his mother. However, none of his successors have used this surname. The eighth Baronet was Member of Parliament for Berkshire. The title became extinct on the death of the twelfth Baronet in 1994. However, the Throckmorton family is still resident at Coughton Court as tenants of the National Trust.

Birth: unknown Gloucestershire, England Death: Jan. 31, 1607 Gloucestershire, England


Constituency GLOUCESTERSHIRE 1589

Family and Education

b. 1558/9, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Throckmorton† of Coss Court by Margaret. da. and coh. of Thomas Whittington of Pauntley. m. (1) Ellen, da. of Sir Richard Berkeley†, 2s. 1da.; (2) settlement 6 Nov. 1559, Elizabeth, da. of Sir Edward Rogers of Cannington, Som., s.p. suc. fa. 1568. Kntd. 1587.1

Offices Held

Commr. restraint of grain, Glos. 1573, j.p. 1574, sheriff 1587-8, 1600-1601; member, council in the marches of Wales 1590; deprived of all offices 1602.2


On succeeding his father to a prominent position in the county, Throckmorton was active in local affairs, and was frequently employed by the Privy Council. In 1579, for example, he was instructed to examine a case of assault on a messenger of the Queen's chamber; the same year he was to inquire into a robbery committed at Gloucester by ‘certain disguised persons', and in 1589 he was ordered to search out the publishers of ‘infamous letters' which had been circulating in Gloucester, and tended to discredit the ministry. But by this time his overbearing and bellicose nature had begun to assert itself, and soon his reputation was such that a suitor, taking a sugar loaf to appease him, called it ‘going to offer my candle to the devil', a phrase which became proverbial in the hundred of Berkeley. In 1580 he was bound over to keep the peace towards Sir Thomas Proctor. In 1589 he was accused of provoking ‘a riot, and other outrages', against Nicholas Poyntz, and the next year he was summoned before the Privy Council to answer for ‘divers misdemeanours and outrages committed by him, his servants and followers', and to explain why he and Sir Richard Berkeley ‘had not carried themselves with such indifference ... as was meet for men of their place and calling'. In addition to this, he appears to have used his position as subsidy commissioner to falsify the lists, his captaincy of trained bands to press his enemies and their servants for service in Ireland, and his place on the council in the marches to prosecute his feud with the Poyntz family. In 1602 his quarrel with Sir Henry Winston brought him once more before the Privy Council. He was fined 2,000 marks in Star Chamber, imprisoned and disabled from bearing office ‘for divers foul matters, and extortions committed in his country'. He was also mentioned as an example of justices who ‘maintain quarrels'.3

Little is known of Throckmorton's parliamentary career save that on 5 Mar. 1589 he was licensed to depart. As knight of the shire he may have attended the subsidy committee, 11 Feb. 1589. His private life was as stormy as the rest of his career, complicated by a wife and daughter ‘obstinately addicted to Popery'. At one point he appears to have turned his wife out of doors, and refused to provide for her until ordered by the Council to do so.4

Throckmorton died on 31 Jan. 1607, ‘in happy and peaceable manner', according to his tombstone. In his will, dated 17 Dec. 1600, he commended his soul to God, ‘beseeching Him that for His Son Christ Jesu's sake, He will have mercy on the same'. His body was not to be ‘opened or bowelled', but buried ‘without pomp or unnecessary charges'. The bulk of his property he left to his surviving son, with small annuities to his daughter, and to his ‘right honest and loving brother' Anthony Throckmorton, who, with Sir Henry Poole, was named as overseer of the will. He was buried at Tortworth, his tomb bearing the inscription, ‘I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course ... henceforth is laid up for me a crown of righteousness'.5

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603

Author: J.J.C.

Notes 1. C142/149/130; Vis. Glos. (Harl. Soc. xxi), 163; W. R. Williams, Parl. Hist. Glos. 47; PCC 8 Babington. 2. APC, viii. 116, 288-9; xxiv. 474; P. H. Williams, Council in the Marches of Wales, 307; HMC Hatfield, xiii. 457. 3. APC, xi. 156-7, 272; xii. 284-5; xviii. 200, 287; xix. 48, 400; Chamberlain Letters ed. McClure, i. 147; W. B. Willcox, Glos. 23-4, 83-4, 94-5, 113-14. 4. D'Ewes, 431, 443; APC, xxiv. 279-80, 303, 385. 5. PCC 26 Windebanck; Bristol and Glos. Arch. Soc. Trans. xxx. 137-41.


Family links:

 Thomas Throckmorton (1509 - 1586)
 Margaret Whittington Throckmorton (1518 - 1578)

 Elizabeth Berkeley Throckmorton

 Mary Throckmorton Scudamore (____ - 1632)*
 William Throckmorton (1579 - 1628)*


 Thomas Throckmorton (____ - 1607)
 Anne Throckmorton Tracy (1546 - 1581)*
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Burial: Tortworth, St Leonard Churchyard Tortworth Stroud District Gloucestershire, England

The Magna charta barons and their American descendants with the pedigrees of the founders of the Order of Runnemede deduced from the sureties for the enforcement of the statutes of the Magna charta of King John by Browning, Charles Henry Page 199.

Lord of Throckmorton, County Worcester, and Coughton, Co. Warwickshire. Sheriff of Warwick; Sheriff of Warwick and Leicester; Knight of the Shire for County Worcester 1447. Died 1472 aged 60 and buried at Fladbury.

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Sir Thomas Throckmorton of Coughton's Timeline

Coughton, Warwickshire, England
Age 33
Coughton, Warwick, England
Age 34
Of, Coughton Court, Warwickshire, England
Age 39
Coughton, Warwickshire, England
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Coughton, Warwickshire, , England
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Coughton Court, Warwickshire, England
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Coughton, Warwickshire, England
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Cheltenham, UK
Age 55
Coughton, Warwickshire , England