Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol, Avicebron

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Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol, Avicebron

Hebrew: שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול, Avicebron, Arabic: سليمان بن يحيى بن جبيرول, Avicebron
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Málaga, Andalucía, Spain
Death: 1070 (48-49)
València / Valencia, Comunitat Valenciana, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Yehuda ibn Gabirol

Occupation: 11th-century Andalusian poet and Jewish philosopher
Managed by: Yigal Burstein
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol, Avicebron

רבי שלמה בן יהודה אִבְּן גַבִּירוֹל (1021–1058) היה משורר ופילוסוף יהודי בתור הזהב של יהדות ספרד.

Solomon ibn Gabirol (also Solomon ben Judah; Hebrew: שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול‎ Shlomo Ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol; Arabic: أبو أيوب سليمان بن يحيى بن جبيرول‎ Abu Ayyub Sulayman bin Yahya bin Jabirul) (1021-1058/70) was an 11th-century Andalusian poet and Jewish philosopher with a Neo-Platonic bent. He published over a hundred poems, as well as works of biblical exegesis, philosophy, ethics and satire. One source credits ibn Gabirol with creating a golem, possibly female, for household chores.

In the 19th century it was discovered that medieval translators had Latinized Gabirol's name to Avicebron or Avencebrol and had translated his work on Jewish Neo-Platonic philosophy into a Latin form that had in the intervening centuries been highly regarded as a work of Islamic or Christian scholarship. As such, ibn Gabirol is well known in the history of philosophy for the doctrine that all things, including soul and intellect, are composed of matter and form (“Universal Hylomorphism”), and for his emphasis on divine will.

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Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol, Avicebron's Timeline

1021
1021
Málaga, Andalucía, Spain
1070
1070
Age 49
València / Valencia, Comunitat Valenciana, Spain