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Jewish Philosophers & Thinkers

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Profiles

  • Rabbi Mordechai Jaffe, Ba׳al "Halevushim" (1530 - 1612)
    Mordecai Yoffe and מרדכי יפה . Mordechai ben Avraham Yafeh Yivo Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe בעל הלבושים Baal - HaLevushim
  • Henri Bergson, Nobel Prize in Literature 1927 (1859 - 1941)
    Henri-Louis Bergson (French pronunciation: [b%C9%9B%CA%81ks%C9%94n] 18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential especially in the first half of the 20th century. Bergs...
  • Don Isaac Abarbanel (1437 - 1508)
    The Jewish philosopher and statesman Isaac ben Judah Abravanel (1437-1508), or Abarbanel, is noted for his biblical commentaries and for his attempt to prevent the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1...
  • Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907 - 1972)
    "Moral Grandeur and Spiritual Audacity Essays by Abraham Joshua Heschel" , Essay by Susannah Heschel Abraham Joshua Heschel PBS Interview / Video Abraham Joshua Heschel (January 11, 1907 – Decemb...
  • Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808 - 1888)
    Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20 1808 – December 31 1888) was a German rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism and has had a cons...

Philo of Alexandria (Philo Judaeus), was a leader of Alexandrian Jewry and the first important Jewish philosopher, who began the synthesis of Hebrew and Greek thought (the latter primarily Platonic, but with some Aristotelian, Pythagorean, and Stoic elements). 

The medieval rabbi and philosopher Moses Maimonides continued this process of attempting to reconcile reason and revelation, philosophy and religion, the Greek and the Hebrew.  His classic work The Guide of the Perplexed had immense influence within the Jewish world and beyond, influencing such non-Jewish thinkers as Thomas Aquinas, G. W. Leibniz, and Sir Isaac Newton. 

The major Jewish figures in philosophy after Maimonides were Baruch de Spinoza, Karl Marx, Edmund Husserl, Henri Bergson, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Sir Karl Popper. Source

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  • Caspi, Joseph (1297 - 1340) Provence
  • Cohen, Arthur A. (1928 - )
  • Cohen Hermann (1842 - 1918 ) Germany
  • Cohen, Morris Raphael (1880 - 1947 )
  • Cordovero, Moses (Remak) (1522 - 1570) Safed
  • Crescas, Hasdai (d. 1412?) Spain

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  • Da Costa (Acosta) Uriel (1585 - 1640) Dutch
  • Delmedigo, Elijah ben Moses Abba ( Elijah Cretensis) (c.1460 -1497) Crete
  • Dubnow, Simon (1860 - 1941) Poland
  • Duran, Profiat (Profayt) (d. c. 1414) Spain
  • Duran, Simeon ben Zemah (RaSHBaZ) (1361 - 1444)

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  • Fackenheim, Emil Ludwig (1916 - ) German Canadian
  • Falaquera (ibn Falaquera, Palquera) Shem Tov ben Joseph (c1225 - 1295) Spain
  • Formstecher, Solomon (1808 - 1889) Germany
  • Friedlaender, David (1750 - 1834) Germany

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  • Gans, David ben Solomon (1541 - 1613)
  • Geiger, Abraham (1810 - 1874)
  • Gerondi, Jonah ben Abraham (c 1200 -1263) Spain
  • Gordon, Aharon David (1856 - 1922)
  • Gracian, Zeriahiah ben Isaac ben Shealtiel (13th century)
  • Graetz, Heinrich (1817 - 1891)
  • Guttmann, Julius (Yizhak) (1880 -1950) Germany

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  • Heller, Yom-Tov Lipmann ben Nathan La-Levi (Yom-Tov Heller) (1579 - 1654) Moravia
  • Herberg, Will (1906 - )
  • Heschel, Abraham Joshua (1907 - 1972)
  • Hibat Allah, Abu Al-Barakat (11th-12th century)
  • Hillel ben Samuel (c1220 - c1295)
  • Hirsch, Samson (ben) Raphael (1808 - 1888) Germany
  • Hiwi Al-Balkhi (2nd half of 9th century) Persia
  • Husik, Isaac (1876 -1939)

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  • Ibn Alfakhar, Judah (d. 1235) Spain
  • Ibn Daud, Abraham ben David HaLevi (Rabad) (c1110 - 1180) Spain
  • Ibn Ezra, Moses ben Jacob (Abu Harun) (c1055 - aftr 1135) Spain
  • Ibn Gabirol, Solomon ben Judah (Abu ayyub Sulayman ivan Yahya ibn Gabirol) (c 1020 - c.1057) Spain
  • Ibn Migash, Joseph ben Meir Ha-Lvi (1077-1141) Spain
  • Ibn Tibbon, Samuel ben Judah (c1160 - c1230) France
  • Ibn Zaddik, Jospeh ben Jacob (d 1149)
  • Isaac ben Sheshet Perfet (RIBaSH) (1326 -1408)
  • Israel ben Eliezer Ba'al Shem Tov (BESHT) (1700 - 1760)
  • Israeli, Isaac ban Solomon (c855 - c955)

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