Theudebald, king of Austrasia

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Theudebald

Also Known As: "Teodebaldo", "Théodebald"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: 555 (14-23)
Austrasia, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Theudebert I, king of the Franks at Reims and Deuteria
Husband of Waldrada of the Lombards
Brother of N.N. de Austrasie e Auvergne
Half brother of Berthoara de Metz

Occupation: King of Austrasia 547 or 548 to 555
Managed by: Noel Clark Bush
Last Updated:

About Theudebald, king of Austrasia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theudebald

Theudebald or Theodebald (in modern English, Theobald; in French, Thibaud or Théodebald; in German, Theudowald) (c. 535–555), son of Theudebert I and Deuteria, was the king of Metz, Rheims, or Austrasia—as it's variously called—from 547 or 548 to 555.

He was only thirteen years of age when he succeeded and of ill health. However, the loyalty of the nobility to his father's memory preserved the peace during his minority. He married Waldrada, daughter of the Lombard king Wacho and his stepsister (a sister of his father's second wife). This marriage fortified the alliance betweent Austrasia and Lombardy.

Nevertheless, Theudebald could not hold on to the conquests of his father in the north of Italia. The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I sent an army under the command of Narses in 552 and, like his father before him, Theudebald avoided direct confrontation with it.

After a prolonged sickness and prostration, he died in 555. His realm passed finally outside of the family of Theuderic I and was united to the kingdoms of his great-uncle Clotaire I, who would soon become king of all the Franks.

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http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/590579/Theodebald

also spelled Theudebald, French Théodebald or Thibaud, German Theudowald

died 555

Merovingian king of Reims from 547, in succession to his father, Theodebert I. He proved incapable of continuing the latter’s dynamic policies, especially in Italy. He left no son, and on his death his kingdom passed to his granduncle, Chlotar I.


Theudebald or Theodebald (in modern English, Theobald; in French, Thibaud or Théodebald; in German, Theudowald) (c. 535–555), son of Theudebert I and Deuteria, was the king of Metz, Rheims, or Austrasia—as it's variously called—from 547 or 548 to 555.

He was only thirteen years of age when he succeeded and of ill health. However, the loyalty of the nobility to his father's memory preserved the peace during his minority. He married Waldrada, daughter of the Lombard king Wacho and his stepsister (a sister of his father's second wife). This marriage fortified the alliance betweent Austrasia and Lombardy.

Nevertheless, Theudebald could not hold on to the conquests of his father in the north of Italia. The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I sent an army under the command of Narses in 552 and, like his father before him, Theudebald avoided direct confrontation with it.

After a prolonged sickness and prostration, he died in 555. His realm passed finally outside of the family of Theuderic I and was united to the kingdoms of his great-uncle Clotaire I, who would soon become king of all the Franks.


a) THEODEBERT ([499/504]-end 547). Gregory of Tours names Theodebert as son of Theoderich, specifying that he was born before the death of his paternal grandfather[67]. His birth date range is narrowed more precisely to [499/504] on the assumption that he was a young adolescent when he led the Frankish campaign against the Danes, dated to 515: Gregory of Tours records that his father sent him "with a powerful army" to repel the Danish invasion led by Chlochilaich[68]. The Liber Historiæ Francorum records that "Theudericus et Theudobertus filius eius et Chlotharius rex" invaded Thuringia and attacked "Ermenfredum regem Toringorum"[69]. He succeeded his father in 533 as THEODEBERT I King of the Franks at Reims, Gregory of Tours recording that his childless uncle Childebert then adopted him as his heir[70]. Gregory records King Theodebert's campaign in northern Italy, which he appears to date to before the death of Queen Wisigardis which is recorded in the following section[71]. Theodebert subjugated Pannonia and threatened to attack Byzantium across the Danube. He was killed while hunting[72]. Gregory of Tours records that he died in the fourteenth year of his reign, and 37 years after the death of his paternal grandfather[73]. The Marii Episcopi Aventicensis Chronica records the death in 548 of "Theudebertus rex magnus Francorum"[74]. m firstly ([end 533/early 534]) as her second husband, DEOTERIA, widow of -, daughter of -. Gregory of Tours records that Theodebert seduced Deoteria, wife of an inhabitant of Cabrières near Béziers, after his betrothal to Wisigardis, and in a later passage that he married her after the death of his father[75]. According to Gregory of Tours, Theodebert deserted her after being pressured to marry his previous betrothed, but refused to take her back after his second wife died[76]. m secondly (betrothed before 533, 540) WISIGARDIS, daughter of WACHO King of the Lombards & his second wife Ostrogotha of the Gepides (-[541/42]). Paulus Diaconus names "Wisigarda…[et] secunda Walderada" as the two daughters of King Wacho & his second wife, specifying that Wisigarda married "Theodeperto regi Francorum[77]. Gregory of Tours records that Theoderich betrothed his son Theodebert to "Wisigard, a king's daughter" and in a later passage that Theodebert married her "seven years [after he] had become engaged to [her]" after being pressured to desert Deoteria but that Wisigardis "soon died"[78]. m thirdly ([542/47]) -. Gregory of Tours records that Theodebert "married another woman" after his second wife died but gives no details[79]. MEDLANDS

King Theodebert & his first wife had two children:

i) daughter([532/33] or before-drowned Verdun -). Gregory of Tours records that Deoteria bore a daughter to Theodebert, who left mother and child at Clermont-Ferrand when he returned to assert his claim to the throne on learning that his father was dying[80]. In a later passage, he records that this daughter drowned in the river after her mother tipped her over a bridge in Verdun "afraid that the king might desire her and take advantage of her"[81]. MEDLANDS

ii) THEODEBALD ([534]-555). Gregory of Tours names Theodebald as the son of Theodebert and his wife Deoteria, implying that he was born after his parents' marriage[82]. He succeeded his father in 547 as THEODEBALD I King of the Franks at Reims, "sous la régence de sa tante Theodechildis"[83]. Settipani does not provide the source reference on which he bases this last statement. On Theodebald’s death, his territory was taken by his great uncle King Clotaire. Gregory of Tours records that he had a stroke and could not move from the waist down, dying in the seventh year of his reign[84]. The Marii Episcopi Aventicensis Chronica records the death in 555 of "Theudebaldus rex Francorum"[85]. m ([554]) as her first husband, WALDRADA, daughter of WACHO King of the Lombards & his second wife Ostrogotha of the Gepides. The Origo Gentis Langobardorum names "Wisigarda…secundæ Walderada" as the two daughters of Wacho & his second wife, specifying that Waldrada married "Scusuald regis Francorum" and later "Garipald"[86]. The Historia Langobardorum names "Waldrada" as Wacho's second daughter by his second wife, specifying that she married "Chusubald rex Francorum"[87]. Paulus Diaconus names "Wisigarda…[et] secunda Walderada" as the two daughters of King Wacho and his second wife, specifying that Waldrada married "Cusupald alio regi Francorum" and later "Garipald"[88]. Gregory of Tours names "Vuldetrada" as the wife of King Theodebald[89]. Herimannus names "Wanderadam" wife of "Theodpaldus rex Francorum" when recording her second marriage to "Lotharius rex patris eius Theodeberti patruus"[90]. According to Gregory of Tours, King Clotaire "began to have intercourse" with the widow of King Theodebald before "the bishops complained and he handed her over to Garivald Duke of Bavaria"[91], which does not imply that Clotaire married Waldrada. She [married secondly], her first husband's great-uncle, Clotaire I King of the Franks, and thirdly (after 555) Garibald Duke in Bavaria. MEDLANDS


Roi d'Austrasie


http://gw1.geneanet.org/henryknight?lang=no;p=teobaldo;n=rey+de+reims

Om Theudebald, king of Austrasia (Norsk)

Teodebald I konge av Metz el. Austrasia, 547/548–555

Teodebald I (Theudoaldus) var sønn av Teodebert I og Deuteria Teodebald ble konge som barn da hans far døde og han selv barnløs i 555.

Teodebald var bare tretten eller fjorten år da han ble konge av Metz i 547 eller 548, og således fortsatt mindreårig Riket ble styrt av en guvernør mens han var mindreårig. Alamannerne, som hadde vært underlagt kongeriket Metz siden hans fars styre, forble lojale.

Han giftet seg en gang rundt 552 med Waldrada, datter til langobardenes kong Wacho og søster av dronning Wisigarde, hans fars andre hustru. Det sikret en allianse med langobardene.

Krigen i Italia Ved sankt Gallus’ død ble Teodebald (eller hans guvernør) blandet inn i etterfølgelsen ved helgens kloster. Cato, Gallus’ etterfølger gjorde personalendringer, og havnet i klammeri med presteskapet, som krevde at Teodebald måtte fjerne ham, men han nektet. Større problemer fikk han med farens besittelser i nordlige Italia. østgoterne anmodet om frankernes støtte da den bysantinske keiser Justinian I sendte en armé under Narses i 552. Som hans far før ham, unngikk Teodebald direkte konfrontasjon med Det bysantinske riket. Det ble likevel reist en frankisk hær på rundt 70 000 menn for å kjempe sammen med østgoterne, ledet av brødrene Leutaris og Buccelin, begge alamannerne. Frankerne tok Parma i besittelse, og Buccelin presset den bysantinske hæren ledet av Fulcaris.Etter at Fulcaris ble drept i 553 plyndret frankerne landet, unntatt kirkene, inntil Leutaris besluttet å dra tilbake til Frankerriket, men hans bror ble værende igjen for å slåss mot østromerne, og ble drept i kamp mot den store bysantinske generalen Narses.

Teodebald hadde fysiske skavanker og var åpenbart svakelig. Hans fysiske helse ble verre til han ble sengeliggende og til sist døde han i 555, knapt tjue år gammel. Han døde uten arvinger, og hans grandonkel Klotar I giftet seg straks med hans unge enke, og overtok hans rike. Klotar ble deretter frankernes enekonge

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teodebald_I

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/MEROVINGIANS.htm#TheodebaldIdied555