Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States

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Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States

Birthplace: Staunton, VA, United States
Death: February 03, 1924 (67)
Washington, District of Columbia, United States (stroke and heart related problems: apoplexy)
Place of Burial: Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Rev. Joseph Ruggles Wilson, Sr. and Janet "Jessie" E. Wilson
Husband of Ellen Louise Wilson, First Lady and First Lady Edith White Wilson (Bolling)
Father of Margaret Woodrow Wilson; Jessie Woodrow Sayre; Eleanor Randolph McAdoo and George Wilson
Brother of Marion Morton Kennedy; Annie Josephine Howe and Joseph Ruggles Wilson, Jr.

Occupation: Academic, politician, 28th President of the United States
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States


His Ancestry Considered

Reconsidering the Immigration Story of President Woodrow Wilson’s Paternal n Grandparents

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Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921. A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served as the President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and as Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913, before winning the 1912 presidential election. As president, he oversaw the passage of progressive legislative policies unparalleled until the New Deal in 1933. He also led the United States during World War I, establishing an activist foreign policy known as "Wilsonianism." He was one of the three key leaders at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, where he championed a new League of Nations, but he was unable to win Senate approval for U.S. participation in the League.

Born in Staunton, Virginia, to a slaveholding family, Wilson spent his early years in Augusta, Georgia, and Columbia, South Carolina. His father was a leading Southern Presbyterian and helped to found the Presbyterian Church in the United States. After earning a Ph.D. in political science from Johns Hopkins University, Wilson taught at various schools before taking a position at Princeton. In 1910, Democratic leaders recruited him to run for the position of Governor of New Jersey. Serving from 1911 to 1913, Wilson broke with party bosses and won the passage of several progressive reforms. Wilson's success in New Jersey gave him a national reputation as a progressive reformer, and his Southern roots helped him win favor in that region. After several ballots, the 1912 Democratic National Convention selected Wilson as the party's presidential nominee. Theodore Roosevelt's third-party candidacy split the Republican Party, which re-nominated incumbent President William Howard Taft. Wilson won the 1912 election with a plurality of the popular vote and a large majority in the Electoral College.

Upon taking office, Wilson called a special session of Congress, whose work culminated in the Revenue Act of 1913, introducing a federal income tax which provided revenue lost when tariffs were sharply lowered. He also presided over the passage of the Federal Reserve Act, which created a central banking system in the form of the Federal Reserve System. Other major elements of Wilson's New Freedom agenda included Federal Trade Commission Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the Adamson Act, all of which established new economic regulations enforced by the federal government. Wilson staffed his cabinet and administration with numerous Southern Democrats; they insisted on racial segregation at the Treasury Department and other federal offices. Upon the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. In the presidential election of 1916, Wilson defeated Republican Charles Evans Hughes by a narrow margin, and Democrats retained control of Congress. His moralistic policy in dealing with the Mexican Revolution involved military actions, but stopped short of war.

In early 1917, Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare against American merchant ships and in the Zimmermann Telegram, proposed that Mexico join a war against the U.S. In April, Wilson asked Congress to declare war in order to make "the world safe for democracy." The United States provided food, raw materials, and loans—and in 1918 sent a newly raised army to France at the rate of 10,000 soldiers to Europe per day by mid-1918. Wilson focused on diplomacy and financial considerations, leaving military strategy to the generals, especially General John J. Pershing. On the home front, he raised income taxes, borrowing billions of dollars through the public's purchase of Liberty Bonds, and initiated a draft. He promoted labor union cooperation, regulated agriculture and food production through the Lever Act, and took direct control of the nation's railroad system. Wilson asked Congress for what became the Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918, suppressing anti-draft activists. The crackdown was intensified by his Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer to include expulsion of non-citizen radicals during the First Red Scare of 1919–1920. Early in 1918, Wilson issued his principles for an end to the war, the Fourteen Points. Following the signing of an armistice in November 1918, he traveled to Paris, concluding the Treaty of Versailles. Wilson embarked on nationwide tour of the United States to campaign for ratification of the treaty and U.S. entrance into the League of Nations, but he suffered a severe stroke in October 1919. In his final year in office, Wilson secluded himself in the White House, disability having diminished his power and influence. The Treaty of Versailles was rejected by the Senate, and the U.S. remained outside of the League of Nations. Wilson retired from public office in 1921, and he died in 1924. Scholars and historians generally rank Wilson as one of the best U.S. presidents.

Woodrow Wilson, was also of Irish descent

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856-February 3, 1924) was born in Staunton, Virginia, to parents of a predominantly Scottish heritage. Since his father was a Presbyterian minister and his mother the daughter of a Presbyterian minister, Woodrow was raised in a pious and academic household.

(December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States, from 1913 to 1921.

(Wilson suffered a stroke while in office (Sep 1919) which left him partially disabled. However, he completed his term)

He did not die until 1924, three years after his retirement.

Wikipedia details:

Born December 28, 1856
Staunton, Virginia, U.S.
Died February 3, 1924 (aged 67) Washington, D.C., U.S.

Political party Democratic Party


  • Ellen Axson (1885–1914)
  • Edith Bolling (1915–1924)


  • Margaret
  • Jessie
  • Eleanor

Alma mater Davidson College Princeton University University of Virginia Johns Hopkins University

Profession Academic Historian Political scientist

Religion Presbyterianism

".... on October 2, 1919, he suffered a serious stroke that almost totally incapacitated him, leaving him paralyzed on his left side and blind in his left eye.[136] He was confined to bed for weeks, sequestered from nearly everyone except his wife and his physician, Dr. Cary Grayson.[137] For at least a few months, he used a wheelchair. Later, he could walk only with the assistance of a cane. His wife and his chief of staff helped a journalist, Louis Seibold, present a false account of an interview with the President.[138]

With few exceptions, Wilson was kept out of the presence of Vice President Thomas R. Marshall, his cabinet, and Congressional visitors to the White House for the remainder of his term. His wife served as his steward, selecting issues for his attention and delegating other issues to his cabinet heads. Eventually, Wilson resumed his attendance at cabinet meetings, but his input there was perfunctory at best.[139] This was one of the most serious cases of presidential disability in American history and was later cited as an argument for the 25th Amendment.[140] The full extent of his disability was kept from the public until after his death on February 3, 1924."

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28th President of the United States

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Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States's Timeline

December 28, 1856
Staunton, VA, United States
- 1886
Age 26
Johns Hopkins University
April 16, 1886
Gainesville, GA, United States
August 28, 1887
Gainesville, Hall County, GA, United States
October 16, 1889
Middletown, Middlesex County, CT, United States
- 1910
Age 45
Princeton University, United States
January 17, 1911
- March 1, 1913
Age 54
New Jersey, United States