Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath

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Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath and Ludlow

Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: Ewias Lacy, Hertfordshire, England
Death: February 24, 1241 (75)
Trim Castle, Meath, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, 4th Baron Lacy and Rohesia de Monmouth
Husband of Margaret de Braose, Lady of Trim and Rohese de Lacy
Father of Katherine de Lacy; Petronilla de Tosny; Gilbert de Lacy, of Trim and Ludlow and Egidia de Lacy, Lady of Connacht
Brother of Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster; daughter of Hugh de Lacy; Elaine (Elena) de Lacy; Robert De Lacy; Gilbert de Lacy and 4 others
Half brother of William Gorm de Lacy; Ysota O'Conner; Thomas de Lacy and Unknown de Lacy

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath

Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_de_Lacy,_Lord_of_Meath This article is about the lord of Meath and Ludlow. For other uses, see Walter de Lacy (died 1085).

Walter de Lacy (c. 1172–1241) was lord of Meath in Ireland. He was also a substantial land owner in Weobley, Herefordshire, in Ludlow, Shropshire, in Ewyas Lacy in the Welsh Marches, and several lands in Normandy.[1] He was the eldest son of Hugh de Lacy, a leading Cambro-Norman baron in the Norman invasion of Ireland.

Life

With his father he built Trim Castle (Irish: 'Caisletheán Bhaile Atha Troim) in Trim, County Meath.

During the revolt of Prince John Lackland, Lord of Ireland, against his brother, King Richard the Lionheart, in 1193–94, Walter joined with John de Courcy to support Richard. Walter apprehended some knights loyal to John along with Peter Pipard, John's justiciar in Ireland.[2] Walter did homage to Richard for his lands in Ireland in 1194, receiving his lordship of Meath.[2] After mounting the throne of England in 1199, John wrote to his justiciar in Ireland to complain that de Courcy and de Lacy had destroyed John's land of Ireland.[2] Walter had made John his enemy.[2]

In 1203, John granted custody of the city of Limerick to Walter's father-in-law, William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber.[3] As de Braose was an absentee, Walter served as de Braose's deputy in Limerick.[3]

In 1206–07, Walter became involved in a conflict with Meiler Fitzhenry, Justiciar of Ireland, and Walter's feudal tenants for lands in Meath; Meiler had seized Limerick.[3] King John summoned Walter to appear before him in England in April 1207.[4] After Walter's brother Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster, had taken Meiler FitzHenry prisoner, John in March 1208 acquiesced in giving Walter a new charter for his lands in Meath.[4] Upon his return to Ireland later in 1208, Walter may have acted as Justiciar of Ireland in lieu of the deposed Meiler fitz Henry.[5] By this time, John had begun his infamous persecution of Walter's father-in-law, de Braose, who fled to Ireland.[5]

On 20 June 1210, King John landed in Crook, now in Co. Waterford, with his feudal levy and a force of Flemish mercenaries; John marched north through Leinster.[5] When John reached Dublin on 27 or 28 June, Walter attempted to throw himself on John's mercy, sending five of his tenants to Dublin to place his lands in Meath back in the king's hand, and disclaiming any attempt to shelter his brother Hugh from John's wrath.[6] John attacked eastern Meath, and was joined by 400 of Walter's deserting followers.[6] John would hold Walter's lands in Meath for five years.[7]

In 1211 Walter erected the castle on Turbet Island in the abortive Anglo-Norman attempt to gain control of West Ulster.

Attempting to secure support in Ireland against the brewing revolt that would lead to Magna Carta, John began negotiations to restore Walter to his lands in Meath in the summer of 1215.[7]

Walter was Sheriff of Herefordshire from 1218 to 1222. In 1230 he joined with Geoffrey de Marisco and Richard Mór de Burgh to subdue Aedh mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair, King of Connacht.

He was a benefactor to the abbeys of Llanthony and Craswall (Herefordshire) and also founded the abbey of Beaubec in Ireland.

On his death his estate was divided between his granddaughters Margery and Maud.

Family, Marriage and Issue

He married Margaret de Braose, the daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber and Maud de St. Valery and had issue.

  • Petronilla (or Pernal) de Lacy (c.1201 – after 25 November 1288), married Sir Ralph VI de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead, son of Sir Roger V de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead & Constance de Beaumont.
  • Egidia de Lacy (also called Gille) who married Richard Mor de Burgh Lord of Connaught and Strathearn. Together they had many notable descendants, including Elizabeth de Burgh, Catherine Parr,[9] Margaret de Clare, the Earls of Ormond, King Edward IV of England, King Richard III of England, and many other British monarchs.
  • Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire was taken hostage for his father in August 1215. He predeceased his father before 25 December 1230. Gilbert married Isabel Bigod, daughter of Sir Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk (Magna Charta Surety) & Maud Marshal. They had 1 son and 2 daughters:
  • * Walter de Lacy, who married Rohese le Botiller but had no issue. Walter died between 1238 and 1241.
  • * Margery (Margaret) de Lacy, who married Sir John de Verdun, Lord of Westmeath, the son of Theobald le Botiller, 2nd Chief Butler of Ireland and Rohese de Verdun.
  • * Maud de Lacy, who married Lord Geoffrey de Geneville, Justiciar of Ireland, the son of Simon de Joinville, Seneschal of Champagne, and Beatrix of Burgundy.[10] Together Geoffrey and Maud had at least three children:[a]
  • * * Geoffrey de Geneville (died 1283)
  • * * Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim and Ludlow (1256- shortly before June 1292), who in his turn married in 1283 Jeanne of Lusignan by whom he had three daughters, including Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville.
  • * * Joan de Geneville, married Gerald FitzMaurice FitzGerald (died 1287).

Notes

  1. Geoffrey de Geneville and Maud de Lacy possibly had two additional sons, Gautier and Jean.
  2. References
  3. Colin Veach, Lordship in Four Realms: The Lacy Family, 1166–1241 (Manchester, 2014)
  4. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 73. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  5. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 77. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  6. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 78. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  7. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 79. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  8. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 80. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  9. Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 86. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
  10. Wrightman Lacy Family pp. 185–186
  11. Tudor Place, Entry: Mary Talbot
  12. Richardson, D. & Everingham, K.G., Magna Carta ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families

Sources

  • A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland By John Burke
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 70-29, 75A-30, 98–28, 177A-7

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Sir Walter de Lacy [g], Lord of Meath and Weobley, b abt 1172, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire, England, d 1241. He md Margaret/Margery de Braose abt Nov 1195, daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Bramber, Briouze, Brecon, Over-Gwent, and Maud de St. Valery.

Children of Walter de Lacy and Margaret de Braose were:

  • Gilbert de Lacy b abt 1196.
  • Petronilla de Lacy b abt 1198, Meath, Ireland, d aft 25 Nov 1288. She md Sir Ralph VI de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead, Nov 1234, son of Sir Roger IV de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead, Knight, and Constance de Beaumont.
  • Egidia de Lacy b abt 1208, prob Meath, Ireland. She md Sir Richard de Burgh, Lord of Connacht, Lord Lieut. of Ireland, "the Great", 21 Apr 1225, Antrim, Ireland, son of Sir William de Burgh, Lord of Connacht, and Daughter O'Brien.


http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm

WALTER de Lacy, son of HUGH de Lacy Lord of Meath & his first wife Rose de Monmouth ([1172]-before 24 Feb 1241). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that "Gilbertus de Lacy" had a son "Hugonem" who had "filium Walterum"[868]. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Walterus de Lascy" paying "xxv l xii s vi d" in Herefordshire[869]. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Walterus de Lascy" paying "li l v s, li milites et quartam" in Herefordshire[870]. “Walterus de Lacy filius Hugonis de Lacy” confirmed his father´s donation to Lanthony Abbey by undated charter[871]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Hugo…et Walterus frater eius” as the sons of “Gilbertus de Lacy”[872] but, as noted above, this is chronologically improbable. Lord of Meath. King John addressed letters to "Walter, Hugh and Robert de Lascy…" dated 23 May 1207[873]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hugonem de Laci et Walterum fratrem eius” were exiled from Ireland in Aug 1210 by King John[874]. The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Walterus de Lascy" holding two knights´ fees "in Hamme" in Hereford in [1210/12][875]. A charter dated 5 Jul 1215 records an agreement between King John and "Walter de Lascy" for restoration of his land in Ireland[876]. An undated charter of Henry III King of England confirmed a donation by ”Walterus de Lacy” to the Hospital of Ludlow, Shropshire, for the souls of “Margeriæ uxoris meæ…Gilberti de Lacy filii mei”[877]. "Walterus de Lacy" confirmed the donation by "Margeria uxor mea" to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by charter dated to [1220/25], witnessed by “domino Willielmo de Lascy, domino Simone de Clifford, priore de Careswell, Egidio de Clifford…”[878]. A charter of King Edward II dated 26 Jan 1326 confirmed donations to Lanthony Abbey, among which a donation by “Walterus de Lacy filius Hugonis de Lacy” for the soul of “dominæ Margeriæ uxoris meæ”[879]. Matthew Paris names "…Walterus de Lascy…" among those who died in 1241[880].

m MARGERY de Briouse, daughter of WILLIAM de Briouse & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Valéry Dame de la Haye (-after 1255). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Walterus”, son of “Gilbertus de Lacy”, married “Margeriam filiam Matildis de S. Walerico, quondam uxoris Willielmi de Brewes”[881]. This wording suggests that Margery may have been her mother´s daughter by an earlier marriage, not the daughter of William de Briouse, although no other primary source has yet been identified which suggests that Maud married twice. Nevertheless, the Annals of Worcester record that King John exiled “Walterum de Lacy” in 1211 because he would not repudiate “uxorem suam, filiam W. de Breaus”[882]. A charter of King Edward II dated 26 Jan 1326 confirmed donations to Lanthony Abbey, among which a donation by “Walterus de Lacy filius Hugonis de Lacy” for the soul of “dominæ Margeriæ uxoris meæ”[883]. King John granted land "in foresta nostra de Acornebur" to "Margaret de Lascy" to build a religious house, for the souls of "W. de Breusa patris sui, Matillid matris sue et W. fratris sui", dated 10 Oct 1216[884]. "Walterus de Lacy" confirmed the donation by "Margeria uxor mea" to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by charter dated to [1220/25], witnessed by “domino Willielmo de Lascy, domino Simone de Clifford, priore de Careswell, Egidio de Clifford…”[885]. An undated charter of Henry III King of England confirmed a donation by ”Walterus de Lacy” to the Hospital of Ludlow, Shropshire, for the souls of “Margeriæ uxoris meæ…Gilberti de Lacy filii mei”[886]. A charter dated 10 Oct 1241 ordered her dower to be assigned to "Margery who was the wife of Walter de Lacy"[887].

Walter & his wife had [seven or more] children:

1. GILBERT de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire (-[12 Aug/25 Dec] 1230, bur Lanton, Wales). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that "Gilbertus de Lacy" had a son "Hugonem" who had "filium Walterum", who in turn had "filium Gilbertum de Lacy"[888]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Gilbertus de Lacy” as son of “Walterus de Lacy” and his wife[889]. An undated charter of Henry III King of England confirmed a donation by ”Walterus de Lacy” to the Hospital of Ludlow, Shropshire, for the souls of “Margeriæ uxoris meæ…Gilberti de Lacy filii mei”[890]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1230 of “Gilebertus de Lacy filius et hæres Walteri de Lacy” and his burial “apud Lantone in Wallia”[891]. The Annals of Worcester record the death in 1230 of “Gilbertus de Lacy”[892]. m as her first husband, ISABEL, daughter of [HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Maud Marshal of Pembroke] ([after 1207]-). The sources which report the parentage of the wife of Gilbert de Lacy are conflicting. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Gilbertus de Lacy” married “Isabellæ Mareschal”[893], presumably confusing her with Isabel daughter of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke who married firstly Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford and secondly Richard Earl of Cornwall. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Isabella soror Johannis" as daughter of ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” and his wife “Bertam de Fornivale”, adding that she married firstly "Gilberto de Lacy" and secondly "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey"[894]. This must also be incorrect, as any children of Ralph Bigod could not have been born before the late 1220s at the earliest, which is inconsistent with the timing of Isabel´s first marriage. If Isabel was a member of the Bigod family, she must have been the daughter of Hugh and Maud Marshal of Pembroke. This is the solution adopted by the Complete Peerage[895], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. She married secondly Sir John FitzGeoffrey. Gilbert & his wife had three children:

a) WALTER de Lacy (-[15 May 1238/1241]). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Walterus de Lacy" as the son "Gilberto de Lacy" and his wife, adding that he died young[896]. His paternal grandfather recognised Walter as his heir 15 May 1238[897].

b) MARGERY de Lacy (-before 1256). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Margeria et Matilda" as the daughters and co-heiresses of "Gilberto de Lacy" and his wife, adding that Margery married "Johanni de Verdon" (and lists three generations of their descendants)[898]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Margeria, uxor Johannis de Verdon” as daughter and heiress of “Gilbertus de Lacy”, son of “Walterus de Lacy”, and also lists their descendants[899]. A charter dated 14 May 1244 restored to "John de Verdun and Margaret his wife, granddaughter and one of the heirs of Walter de Lascy, and to Peter de Geneve and Matilda his wife, granddaughter and another of Walter´s heirs, all the lands in Meath whereof Walter was seised at his death"[900]. m (before 14 May 1244) as his first wife, JOHN de Verdun, son of THEOBALD Butler [Le Botiller] & his second wife Rohese de Verdun of Alton, Staffordshire ([1226]-before 17 Oct 1274).

c) MATILDA de Lacy (-11 Apr 1304). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Margeria et Matilda" as the daughters and co-heiresses of "Gilberto de Lacy" and his wife, adding that Matilda married "Gaufrido de Genyvile" (and naming her son and grandchildren)[901]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis” as second daughter and heiress of “Gilbertus de Lacy”, son of “Walterus de Lacy”, adding that she married “Galfridi de Geneville”, and also lists their descendants[902]. A charter dated 19 Feb 1244 relates to the inheritance of "W. de Lacy in…comitatu [Hereford]" by "Matillidi uxori Petri de Geneva, neptem et unicam heredem predicti Waltheri" and "sorori ipsius Matillidis"[903]. A charter dated 14 May 1244 restored to "John de Verdun and Margaret his wife, granddaughter and one of the heirs of Walter de Lascy, and to Peter de Geneve and Matilda his wife, granddaughter and another of Walter´s heirs, all the lands in Meath whereof Walter was seised at his death"[904]. Her first marriage is confirmed by Matthew of Paris who names "Matildam elegantem filiam Walteri de Lasey in Hybernia" as wife of "Petrus de Geneure natione Provincialis…" when recording her husband's death in 1249[905]. Henry III King of England granted "Geoffroy de Joinville et Mahaut de Lacy sa femme" rights in the land of Meath held by "Gautier de Lacy, grand-père de Mahaut" by charter dated 8 Aug 1252[906]. “Gaufridus de Genvyle dominus de Vaucolour miles et Matildis de Lacy filia Gileberti Lacy uxor eius” donated property to Dore Abbey by undated charter, witnessed by “Johanne de Vaucolour milite…”[907]. m firstly (before 19 Feb 1244) PIERRE de Genève, son of HUMBERT Comte de Genève & his wife --- (-1249). m secondly (1252 before 8 Aug) GEOFFROY de Joinville Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, son of SIMON Seigneur de Joinville & his second wife Beatrix d'Auxonne [Bourgogne-Comté] (-Trim 21 Oct 1314).

2. EGIDIA de Lacy (-[22 Feb 1247/5 Nov 1248]). A writ dated [29] Dec "[28?] Hen III" and 7 Mar "27 Hen III" after the death of "Richard de Burgo" assigns dower to "Egidia late the wife of the said Richard" but names no heir[908]. A charter dated 22 Feb 1247 records the homage of "Richard son and heir of Richard de Burgh for all his father´s lands…in Ireland…saving the dower of Egidia, who was Richard´s wife"[909]. Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 8 Oct 1249 which records that "the Dominican friars of London have shown to the king that Egidia, who was the wife of Richard de Burgh senior, received 180 marks in which Richard was bound to Hubert de Burgh late Earl of Kent and which the Earl had left by his will to the friars, and that Richard of Rochester who subsequently married Egidia wasted her chattels" and the order to restore property to the friars[910]. A charter dated 5 Nov 1248 mandates "Peter de Bermingham to cause dower to be assigned to Alice who was the wife of Richard de Burgh…son and heir of Richard de Burgh who died in the king´s service at Bordeaux" and to have dower "of all the lands whereof Egidia, who was the wife of the latter, was endowed"[911]. m firstly RICHARD de Burgh Lord of Connaught, son of WILLIAM de Burgh Lord of Connaught & his wife --- (-Gascony before 17 Feb 1243). m secondly RICHARD de Rochester, son of ---.

3. KATHERINE de Lacy (-after Sep 1267). "Katerina de Lacy filia Walteri de Lacy" donated land in Cofham, held by "domino Waltero de Clifford", to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire, for the souls of “fratris mei…et…dicti Walteri de Clifford et Margaretæ uxoris suæ et Margaretæ filiæ ipsius” by undated charter, witnessed by "domino Willielmo de Evereus, domino Rogero de Clifford, domino Ricardo Tirel, domino Roberto de Lacy, domino Willielmo de Rachesford…"[912].

4. sons . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Walterus de Lacy” and his wife had “plures filii et filiæ” who all died childless except for their son Gilbert[913].

5. [HUGH de Lacy (-in Ireland 1245). Matthew of Paris names "in Hybernia, Hugonis de Lasey" among those who died in 1245[914]. This Hugh de Lacy has not otherwise been identified. It is possible that he was one of the otherwise unrecorded sons of Walter de Lacey.]

6. daughters . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Walterus de Lacy” and his wife had “plures filii et filiæ” who all died childless except for their son Gilbert[915].

7. PERNEL de Lacy (-after 25 Oct 1288). m firstly (Sep [1232/34]) RAOUL [VI] de Tosny, son of RAOUL [IV] de Tosny & his wife Constance de Beaumont (-[29 Sep 1239]). m secondly (before 15 Oct 1256) GUILLAUME de Saint-Omer, son of NICOLAS [I] de Saint-Omer Lord of Boetia & his wife Margit of Hungary (-after 19 Oct 1265).



            
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Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath's Timeline

1166
1166
Ewias Lacy, Hertfordshire, England
1198
1198
Age 32
Meath, Ireland
1198
Age 32
Meath, Ireland
1206
November 1, 1206
Age 40
Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire, England or Dublin, Ireland
1241
February 24, 1241
Age 75
Meath, Ireland
March 3, 1241
Age 75
1247
February 22, 1247
Age 75
Trim Castle, Meath, Ireland
1935
April 19, 1935
Age 75
May 24, 1935
Age 75