|Birthplace:||Ilchester, Somerset, England|
|Death:||Died in Pawtuxent, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations|
Son of Nicholas Arnold and Alice Arnold
|Occupation:||@N78@, Warden of St. Mary's Church, Ilchester, England, Immigrant, PawtuxetKent CountyRhode Island, USA|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About William Arnold
William Arnold recorded his immediate family. This was published in Genealogy of The Family Arnold
http://america.pink/william-arnold-settler_4791219.html Early life William Arnold (settler)
Born in Ilchester, Somerset, England on 24 June 1587, William Arnold was the son of Nicholas Arnold by his first wife Alice Gully. In about 1610 he married Christian Peak who was baptized 15 February 1584, the daughter of Thomas Peak of Muchelney, Somerset, a village about six miles west of Ilchester.
Arnold's parents lived in the small village of Northover, located across the River Yeo from the town of Ilchester. Nicholas was a tailor, and the mention of his occupation in his will and the vital records of some of his family members suggests that he was prominent in his work, and likely a member of the Tailor's Guild, which carried professional and political clout in its day. As he advanced in his profession, and after the baptism of his oldest daughter Thomasine in 1572, Nicholas moved with his small family from Northover across the river to the much larger town of Ilchester where he became well established in his trade, and where the remainder of his children were born.
Arnold's mother, Alice Gully, was the daughter of John Gully and his wife Alice of Northover. His mother died in 1596 shortly after child birth, when Arnold was eight years old, and he was thereafter largely raised and influenced by his sister Joanne who was ten years older than he. Though Joanne eventually married William Hopkins of Yeovilton and died at an early age in England, two of her children, Frances Man and Thomas Hopkins, immigrated to New England with their Uncle William Arnold.
Arnold and his siblings were likely educated at the Free Grammar School associated with the parish church in Limington, slightly more than a mile to the east of Ilchester. This ancient school is where Thomas Wolsey was the curate and schoolmaster from 1500 to 1509. Wolsey later became the Lord Cardinal and Primate of England.
Only two records for Arnold are known to exist while he still lived in England. The first of these was a transcript of baptisms, marriages and burials that he signed in 1622 as the warden of St. Mary's, the parish church of Ilchester. These bishop's transcripts, as they were called, were sent to the City of Wells, Somerset, a central repository for such records. The other record mentioning his name was the will of his father, Nicholas Arnold, dated 18 January 1623. William Arnold was appointed by the will as overseer along with Ambrose Chappell, a friend of Nicholas.
There is no record of Arnold between 1623 and his sailing to New England in 1635. He was an educated man, since he had to be able to read and write as the warden of his parish church, and appeared to have a secure relationship with his church and community. Unknown are his motives for emigrating from England and when he began planning to do so. For whatever reasons, his plan to leave England with his family and associates materialized in 1635. Voyage to New England William Arnold (settler)
With members of his immediate family and other relatives and associates, Arnold gathered his group together with their baggage and supplies in the spring of 1635 and made the trip from Ilchester to Dartmouth on the coast of Devon. While the exact route of the travelers was not recorded, a probable path was through Yeovil, Crewkerne and Axminster to Exeter. From there the party likely turned south along the Devonshire coast traveling through Teignmouth and Torquay to the port city of Dartmouth.
Fred Arnold, in 1921, provided a perspective of the group as they prepared to load their ship destined for the New World: "While their eyes rested upon these last scenes in the home land, the...young people...were perhaps thinking more of the village greens of Ilchester and Yeovil...and their playmates from whom they were now separated...while the older ones were more likely turning their thoughts toward the unknown sea with some doubts and misgivings mayhap, but yet with stout hearts and strong hopes facing the great adventure that lay before them in a new world."
The ship carrying William Arnold and his group sailed from England to New England in 1635, with some brief particulars of the voyage given by his son Benedict in the family record: "Memorandom my father and his family Sett Sayle ffrom Dartmouth in Old England, the first of May, friday &c. Arrived In New England June 24o Ano 1635" The name of the ship on which this group sailed was not recorded, nor has it been identified since. Governor Winthrop recorded that in the six-week period beginning 4 June 1635, fifteen ships had arrived in the Massachusetts Bay area, but he gave the names of only two of them. The ship on which the Arnolds sailed was not the Plain Joan, as stated in some accounts, which vessel carried a Thomas Arnold from England to Virginia. There is no known record of any event that took place at sea, only the length of the trip. The journey to America was less than two months in duration and ended on William Arnold's 48th birthday. Settling Providence and Pawtuxet William Arnold (settler)
Once in New England, Arnold joined a group of settlers from Hingham, Norfolk, England who were about to establish the new settlement of Hingham, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. On 18 September 1635 the town of Hingham gave Arnold a 2-acre house lot "lying in the Town Street."
According to historian John Barry, William Arnold was banished from Hingham for reasons that were not religious, but the reason is not given, nor are any references. Years later, Arnold's son, Benedict, recorded in the family record, "Memm. We came to Providence to Dwell the 20th of April, 1636. per me Bennedict Arnold." The younger Arnold was using the place name of Providence loosely, since Providence had not yet been founded; the Arnolds actually settled with Roger Williams at Seekonk near the western edge of the Plymouth Colony. That the Arnolds came here before arriving in Providence is borne out by a statement made by William Arnold in 1659: "for as much that I was one that the very first day entred with some others upon the land of providence, and so laid out my money to buy and helpe pay for it,..." The settlers could not remain in Seekonk, because Plymouth would then be harangued by Massachusetts for harboring its fugitives. The Plymouth governor Edward Winslow, gently urged Williams to move with his fellow settlers across the Seekonk River into the lands of the Narragansetts. Most historians agree that it was about June 1636 when the small group of settlers moved across the river, and settled on the bank of the Moshassuck River at a place that Roger Williams soon named Providence.
Arnold became one of the 13 original proprietors of Providence, and his initials appear second on the "initial deed" signed by Roger Williams in 1638, following the initials of his son Benedict's future father-in-law, Stukeley Westcott. He was assigned a house lot on what was later North Main Street, but his stay in this part of Providence was short. About 1638 he, his wife and children, his son-in-law William Carpenter, his nephew Thomas Hopkins and a few associates and all their families moved four miles south to the Pawtuxet River, at the far southern edge of Williams's Providence purchase. They settled at the ford where the Pequot Trail crossed the river, close to where the Warwick Avenue bridge later crossed the river in the town of Cranston. Here Arnold remained until the end of his life. Though in some deeds he continued to be called "of Providence" after his move to Pawtuxet, this was before a dividing line had been created between the two localities, and he physically resided at the location called Pawtuxet.
William Arnold had been important to his church in England, and Samuel Gorton, in his work Simplicity's Defence..., wrote that Arnold had been a great professor of religion in the west of England. Once in the New World, Arnold became one of the original 12 members to organize the First Baptist Church in Providence in 1638. This church, founded by Roger Williams, was also the first Baptist church established in America.
Arnold had a good relationship with the native people, and in the words of Elisha Stephen Arnold, author of the family genealogy, "he felt for the Indians a conscientious kindliness and in his dealings with them was actuated by a sense of strictest justice." Also, like Roger Williams, he made an effort to learn their language and acted as interpreter many times, being paid, in one instance, 26 shillings for his services. Being able to communicate with the Indians, he was able to buy large tracts of land from them, and soon he and his sons owned nearly 10,000 acres. In 1650 he paid more than three and a half pounds and his son Benedict paid five pounds, the highest taxes paid in the colony, implying that the Arnold family was among the wealthiest, if not the wealthiest, families in the colony in terms of land holdings. Difficulty with the Gortonites
In 1641 the Pawtuxet settlers complained to the Massachusetts authorities of their neighbors in Warwick, the Gortonites, so called, led by the Samuel Gorton mentioned earlier. Gorton had been causing disturbances for several years, and had already been evicted from several places for creating difficulties which centered around his religious beliefs, insubordination towards the magistrates, refusal to pay taxes, and his dealings with and treatment of the Indians. The Massachusetts authorities replied that they were unable to help because the Pawtuxet settlement fell under the jurisdiction of neither the Massachusetts Bay Colony nor the Plymouth Colony. As a result, in 1642 William Arnold and other Pawtuxet settlers subjected themselves to the Massachusetts government with Arnold appointed to keep the peace. This separation from Providence lasted for 16 years.
One of the primary reasons for the separation from Providence was dissension over admitting Samuel Gorton and his Warwick friends to equal rights in Providence. After being evicted from other places Gorton attempted to join in the Providence government, but the Pawtuxet settlers wanted no part of him or his followers. On a personal level, Gorton had bought from the Indians some of the same land that Arnold had bought four years earlier and attempted to seize the land. Another cause of dissatisfaction was Gorton's treatment of the Indians. Having acquired the language of the Narragansett people, Arnold felt a strong affinity towards them, and in a long letter to Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts in 1648 he complained of the injustice shown them by Gorton and the other Warwick settlers.
So unhappy was Arnold with the conduct of the Gortonites that on 1 September 1651 he wrote to Massachusetts protesting Roger William's proposed errand to England to seek a charter for the colony. In this letter he spoke in very uncomplimentary terms of the Warwick settlers saying "under the pretense of liberty of conscience about these parts there came to live all the scum and runaways of the country, which in time for want of better order may bring a heavy burden on the land." Over time these sentiments dissipated; following an appeal to the Massachusetts government, Gorton's objectionable activities ceased, and he accepted Arnold's ownership of disputed land. Being able to coexist with Gorton, in 1658 the Pawtuxet settlers expressed the desire to reunite with Providence, and upon their own motion it was done. End of life
In the two decades following Pawtuxet's reunification with Providence, William Arnold continued to reside in Pawtuxet being a party to several land transactions where he deeded away some of his properties. Here he lived in relative peace until July 1675 when King Philip's War erupted into a major confrontation between the natives and the English settlers. Pawtuxet was not a safe place to be, but Arnold refused to go to his son Benedict's house in Newport, nor would he go up to Providence. He was eventually persuaded to go to his son Stephen's garrison house further up the Pawtuxet River. In December 1675 a detachment of Massachusetts troops led by General Josiah Winslow, en route to the "Great Swamp Fight" in Kingston, Rhode Island, stayed at this garrison house and was given provisions.
In January 1676, after the Kingston fight, about 300 Indians attacked Pawtuxet, burning buildings on William Carpenter's land, driving away livestock and killing two members of his family. The attacks continued, and by March the Indians had burned all the houses in Warwick and Pawtuxet, and most of them in Providence, scattering the residents to other localities. William Carpenter and Thomas Hopkins most likely went to Oyster Bay, Long Island where they had family. Where Stephen Arnold went with his family is not known, but William Arnold was probably not with him. He likely died that winter or spring, aged 88, and was buried in a family plot with his wife and grandson William, son of Benedict. Confirmation of his death did not occur until 3 November 1677 when his son Benedict described himself as "eldest son and heir of William Arnold late of Pautuxett in the said Colony deceased." Ancestry
The genealogy of the early Arnold family has been pieced together from a number of historical documents, but two such documents were of enough significance to be published as entire articles in an early genealogical journal. The first of these was a family record created by William Arnold and brought to New England by him in 1635. The second of these was a fabricated pedigree of Arnold's lineage, showing descent from some early kings in Wales dating back to the 12th century. Both of these documents were published side-by-side in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register in October 1879. The Arnold family record
While events concerning the immediate families of many colonial immigrants to America were recorded in family Bibles, some of which exist to this day, what William Arnold did was highly unusual among those immigrating to the New World in the 17th century. As the warden of St. Mary's Church in Ilchester, Arnold had access to the records of baptisms, marriages and burials that were kept in the parish register. As he contemplated immigrating with his family to New England, he recorded all the baptismal entries in the Ilchester parish register pertaining to his children and siblings. He then took the process a step further, crossing the River Ivel to the parish of Northover, where his parents had lived and where his oldest sister was baptized, recording pertinent information from that register as well, thus creating a personal family record.
This family document sailed with Arnold from England to the New World in 1635, but the record did not end then. In later years Arnold's son, Benedict, added his own notes and family events to the document, and then Benedict's son Josiah Arnold added his family. The latest entries in the family record were made by the son of Josiah, Josiah Arnold Jr. This exceptional historical document, spanning a total of 223 years and six generations, began with the baptism of William Arnold's mother Alice Gully in 1553 and ended with the death of Josiah Arnold III in 1776.
What became of the document between 1776 and the mid-19th century is uncertain, but it eventually came into the possession of Mr. Patrick Anderson McEwen of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, from whom it passed to Isaac N. Arnold, president of the Chicago Historical Society. A copy was then made by Edwin Hubbard in 1878, and ultimately published under his name the following year. As with any historical document, genealogists and historians wanted to know how reliable it was. Once the original parish registers were discovered by a researcher in 1902, it was demonstrated that every entry in Arnold's original document that could be corroborated with these parish records in England was correct and precise to the minutest detail. The false pedigree of the Arnold family
Published in the same issue of the New England Historical and Genealogical Register with the Arnold family record was another article giving a lineage for William Arnold going back 16 generations. In 1870 the genealogist Horatio G. Somerby compiled this pedigree of the Arnold family for a client in New York based on his research in England. In this pedigree, William Arnold was shown to be a son of a Thomas Arnold and to descend from a 12th-century King of Gwentland whose name was Ynir. Mr. Somerby's manuscript was "compiled from Herald's Visitations, Inquisitions Post Mortem, Subsidy rolls, Wills, Parish registers, and other original documents." A few years after this pedigree was published, John O. Austin incorporated some of it into his Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island.
In 1902, Edson S. Jones, a descendant of Thomas Arnold of Watertown and Providence mentioned earlier, visited England in search of records pertaining to his family. Thinking that Thomas Arnold was connected with William Arnold, he visited Northover and Ilchester, finding the original parish registers, as well as other important source documents. He discovered that every entry in the Arnold record that could be compared with entries in the parish registers matched perfectly. He also discovered that the Somerby pedigree of the Arnold family had serious discrepancies with original documents. As he checked the source documents from which Somerby supposedly compiled the pedigree, he found that some of the generations in the Somerby pedigree had been shuffled from the original documents, some members of the lineage came from unrelated families, and some place names seemed to have been totally made up. It had earlier been believed that a Thomas Arnold was the father of William Arnold, and Somerby stated that this Thomas Arnold came from a place called Northover near Cheselbourne in County Dorset. No such place exists. The Somerby pedigree of the Arnold family published in 1879 was riddled with misinformation, and it had been accepted as fact for over three decades by even prominent genealogists such as John O. Austin. Fred Arnold wrote in 1921, "The most regrettable feature in Somerby's work is, that in the absence of any English record, known here to disprove it, so reliable a genealogist as Mr. John O. Austin was led to accept and use it in his dictionary, although neither give any record evidence. Very rarely has Mr. Austin accepted another's statement, unless he has himself seen evidence to support it." This fabricated research was not an isolated incident; Mr. Somerby had also been implicated in other fraudulent research and was out to please his clients regardless of the veracity of his work. The correct ancestry and English home of William Arnold
Edson Jones eventually published his findings on the Arnold family in 1915, demonstrating the accuracy of the Arnold family record, and then carefully revealing each inconsistency and factual error found in Somerby's pedigree. In 1921, Fred Arnold summarized these findings and synthesized them into a coherent lineage of the Arnold family which is consistent with every known historical document, and presented his findings to the Rhode Island Historical Society. To summarize the work of both Edson Jones and Fred Arnold, William Arnold was the son of Nicholas Arnold of Northover and Ilchester in Somerset based on the Arnold family record and the Northover parish register. Arnold's mother was Alice Gully, and her parents were John and Alice Gully based on the same two documents. These are the only known ancestors of William Arnold based on known historical records, and the parents of Nicholas Arnold have not been identified in any historical document.
The Somerby pedigree of the Arnold family indicated that the family had lived in many counties in both England and Wales. This was not the case; the Arnolds and their associates all lived in a small area within southeastern Somerset. While in England William Arnold and his family lived in Ilchester. His parents had come from the village of Northover, scarcely one half mile across the River Yeo to the north. When Arnold's son Benedict mentioned his "Lemmington" farm in his will, he was referring to a New England property named after the village of Limington in old England; this village is less than a mile and a half east of Ilchester. A very short distance north of Limington across the River Yeo is the town of Yeovilton where William Hopkins, the husband of Arnold's sister Joanne, lived. Six miles west of Ilchester is the village of Muchelney, the home of Arnold's wife Christian Peak, and five miles south of Ilchester is Yeovil, the home of Stukeley Westcott, whose daughter Damaris married Arnold's son Benedict, and who may have accompanied the Arnolds on their voyage to the New World. Thus, Arnold and all of his known kinsmen had lived within six miles of each other in southeastern Somerset. Children
William and Christian Arnold had four children, all born in Ilchester, Somerset. The oldest child was Elizabeth who married William Carpenter, the son of Richard Carpenter of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; the couple had eight children. William and Elizabeth Carpenter settled in Providence, and then followed her parents to the settlement of Pawtuxet, where they lived the remainder of their lives, except for a short time during King Philip's War, when they were forced to flee to Long Island.
The second child and oldest son was Benedict who married Damaris Westcott, the daughter of Stukeley and Juliann Westcott. They had nine children. Stukeley Westcott lived in Yeovil, five miles south of Ilchester, where he was married and where Damaris was baptized. The Westcotts may have sailed to New England with the Arnolds; if not they likely sailed at about the same time. Benedict moved with his family from Pawtuxet to Newport in 1651, and in 1657 succeeded Roger Williams as the President of the colony. When the royal charter arrived from England in 1663, Benedict Arnold became the first Governor of the colony, and served as either president or governor for a total of 11 years.
The third child and youngest daughter, Joanna, married first Zachariah Rhodes, and settled in Pawtuxet near Joanna's brother Stephen. Following Zachariah's death by drowning, Joanna married Samuel Reape. She had eight children, all by her first husband, and became the ancestress of the Rhodes family of Rhode Island.
The fourth and youngest child of William and Christian Arnold was Stephen who married Sarah Smith, the daughter of Edward Smith of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Stephen and Sarah had seven children. Stephen was either a Deputy to the General Assembly or colonial Assistant nearly every year for a period of three decades. He and his family settled in Pawtuxet near his father, and had a garrison house along the Pawtuxet River. Stephen was 13 years old when he sailed from England to the New World with his parents and relatives, and he was the last surviving member of that sailing party. Notable descendants
Several descendants of William Arnold became prominent in either the military or the civil affairs of the United States. A great-great grandson, named Benedict Arnold, became one of the great generals of the American Revolutionary War but was better known for his betrayal of the American revolutionary cause. Other well-known descendants include U.S. Presidents George Herbert Walker Bush and George W. Bush; Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, American hero of the Great Lakes during the War of 1812 and his younger brother Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry who was sent across the Pacific in 1852 by President Millard Fillmore to open Japan to western trade; and Stephen Arnold Douglas who debated Abraham Lincoln in 1858 while vying for the Illinois Senate seat and winning the contest, but later losing to Lincoln in the 1860 presidential race. Stephen A. Douglas descends from both sons of William Arnold. Rhode Island colonial Deputy Governor George Hazard is another descendant. The hall of fame rodeo cowboy and western artist Earl W. Bascom is also a noted descendant. A published line of descent from Arnold to U.S. President James A. Garfield was later disproven. Issue William Arnold was one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony. He was raised and educated in England where he was the warden of St. Mary's, the parish church of Ilchester in southeastern Somerset. In 1635, along with family and associates, he immigrated to New England, where he initially settled in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but soon relocated to the new settlement of Providence with Roger Williams. He was one of the 13 original proprietors of Providence, appearing on the deed signed by Roger Williams in 1638, and was one of the twelve founding members of the first Baptist church to be established in America. After living in Providence for about two years, Arnold moved with his family and other relatives and associates to the north side of the Pawtuxet River forming a settlement commonly called Pawtuxet, later a part of Cranston, Rhode Island. He and his fellow settlers had serious disputes with their Warwick neighbors on the south side of the river and as a result separated themselves from the Providence government, putting themselves under the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This separation from Providence lasted for 16 years, and as the head of the settlement, Arnold was appointed as the keeper of the peace. He died sometime during the great turmoil of King Philip's War in 1675 or 1676. Arnold's son, Benedict Arnold, succeeded Roger Williams as President of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1657, and under the royal charter of 1663 became the first Governor of the colony. Highly unusual for a 17th-century American settler, Arnold began a family record based on entries from the local parish registers in England and brought this with him to New England; this family record would eventually span more than 200 years and six generations. Nearly 300 years after his birth, a fabricated pedigree for Arnold was published, claiming his descent from 12th-century kings living in Wales. Three and a half decades later, in 1915, his correct ancestry was published, but not before the misinformation had been printed in an important source for Rhode Island genealogy.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Arnold_%28settler%29 William Arnold (24 June 1587 – c. 1676) was one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony. He was raised and educated in England where he was the warden of St. Mary's, the parish church of Ilchester in southeastern Somerset. In 1635, along with family and associates, he immigrated to New England, where he initially settled in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but soon relocated to the new settlement of Providence with Roger Williams. He was one of the 13 original proprietors of Providence, appearing on the deed signed by Roger Williams in 1638, and was one of the twelve founding members of the first Baptist church to be established in America.
After living in Providence for about two years, Arnold moved with his family and other relatives and associates to the north side of the Pawtuxet River forming a settlement commonly called Pawtuxet, later a part of Cranston, Rhode Island. He and his fellow settlers had serious disputes with their Warwick neighbors on the south side of the river and as a result separated themselves from the Providence government, putting themselves under the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This separation from Providence lasted for 16 years, and as the head of the settlement, Arnold was appointed as the keeper of the peace. He died sometime during the great turmoil of King Philip's War in 1675 or 1676. Arnold's son, Benedict Arnold, succeeded Roger Williams as President of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1657, and under the royal charter of 1663 became the first Governor of the colony.
Highly unusual for a 17th-century American settler, Arnold began a family record based on entries from the local parish registers in England and brought this with him to New England; this family record would eventually span more than 200 years and six generations. Nearly 300 years after his birth, a fabricated pedigree for Arnold was published, claiming his descent from 12th-century kings living in Wales. Three and a half decades later, in 1915, his correct ancestry was published, but not before the misinformation had been printed in an important source for Rhode Island genealogy.
- William Arnold Find A Grave Memorial# 34348560
William Arnold--the ancestor of such famous Americans as Benedict Arnold and Presidents James Abram Garfield and George Walker Bush--sailed from Dartmouth ENG on May 1, 1635 on the Plain Joan, arriving in New England on June 24th. He was accompanied by his family and they settled initially in Hingham MA. By April 20, 1636, however, William Arnold had joined with Roger Williams as one of the twelve original proprietors of Providence Plantations
In 1638, with other friends of Roger Williams, the Arnolds relocated to Pawtuxet, Providence RI (which later became the Town of Cranston) and William Arnold was the first Englishman to settle there. He built a home in the wilderness about a mile north of the Pawtuxet Falls and was shortly followed by William Harris, William Carpenter and Zachariah Rhodes (William's son-in-law). Rhodes and Arnold's brother-in-law, Stephen Arnold, built a gristmill near the falls and laid out the "Arnold Road" northward to join the Pequot Trail that led south to Connecticut.
William Arnold was President of the towns of Warwick, Providence, Newport and Portsmouth for five years and Governor of the Colony for ten.
Genealogical and family history of western New York: a record of ..., Volume 1 edited by William Richard Cutter Pg.274
William Arnold of Hollesley, County Suffolk, England.
His mother died when he was nine years old. His older sister Joanne was his foster mother thereafter.
1636, April- He settled in Providence, RI.
From the Find A Grave page for William Arnold:
Birth: Jun. 24, 1587 - Ilchester, Somerset, England
Death: 1677 - Pawtuxet, Kent County, Rhode Island, USA
He was mentioned as deceased by his son Benedict on Nov 3,1677, and died "after the beginning of King Philip's War", i.e. mid-1675.
He came to New England in 1635, first settling at Hingham, and then Providence by April 1636. In 1638, he settled in Pawtuxet (now Warwick).
Son of Nicholas Arnold and Alice Gully Arnold of Ilchester, Co.Somerset. He was a brother of Joan (Arnold) Hopkins, and therefore his nephew was Thomas Hopkins of Providence,RI.
He married Christian Peake/Peak by 1611.
- 1. Elizabeth Arnold Carpenter,
- 2. Benedict Arnold,
- 3. Joanna Arnold Rhodes Reape, and
- 4. Stephen Arnold.
There may have been other children that died young.
Thomas Hopkins was great grandfather of Stephen Hopkins who signed the Declaration of Independence and became both Governor and Rhode Island's first serious historian.
- Elizabeth Arnold Carpenter (1611 - ____)*
- Benedict Arnold (1615 - 1678)*
- Joanna Arnold Rhodes Reape (1616 - 1691)*
- Stephen Arnold (1622 - 1699)*
- Christian Peake Arnold (1584 - ____)*
Created by: Linda Mac
- Record added: Mar 02, 2009
- Find A Grave Memorial# 34348560
William Hopkins died on 8 July 1723 in Providence, Rhode Island. He was born <1656> in Providence, Providence, Ri. Parents: Thomas Hopkins (LH7F-MBZ) and Elisabeth Arnold (KNHF-JT4).
Spouse: Joanna Arnold (KNZ7-TCG). Joanna Arnold and William Hopkins were married on 13 October 1611 in Of Melcombe, Horsey, D, England. ________________________________________________________________________________ Arnold Family History
The following copy of early Arnold records, received from Canada by the Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, president of the Chicago Historical Society, was made by me in May, 1878. The volume from which I copy is a small quarto of sixteen pages of English paper, un ruled, faded and worn. The original,* of which this appears to be a copy, seems to have been written by four different persons. If I were to attempt to assign the authorship to the several writers, it would be, first, from the beginning to the second or third paragraph of page 4 of the quarto volume (the pages of which are given in brackets in the middle of the page), to William Arnold, born June 24, 1587 ; second, thence to the second paragraph of page 9, to Gov. Benedict Arnold, born Dec. 21, 1615, died 1678 ;third, thence to the end of page 12, to Josiah Arnold, Sen., bom Dec. 22, 1646 ;fourth, thence to the close, to Josiah Arnold, Jr., born Aug. 25, 1707. The quarto volume from which Icopy is probably in the handwriting of the last named Josiah. The record extends one generation farther back than is given by Mr.Savage or any of the authorities referred to by him ; and, besides giving the names of the English port from which William Arnold sailed for New England, and the precise date of his sailing, it other dates and localities not previously met with by me". The records of the four writers are all in the first person. If the authenticity of the document and copy be admitted, we have the unusual instance of a personal record of a distinguished family for six generations, extending over a period of two hundred and twenty three years, from A.D, 1553 to 1776. I have appended a genealogy of one line of this family, giving the ancestry of Mr. Arnold, through whose courtesy I have copied the old record. E. H. A Register, or true account of my owne agge, with my Mother, my Wife, my Brothers and Sisters, and Others of my frinds and acquantance. 1. Imprimis Alee Gully the Daughter of John Gully of Northouer. Who was my Mother, was Baptized ye 29: Septem 155.3. 2. Tamzen, my Sister was Baptized the 4th of Jan. 1571. 3. Joane Arnold, my Sister was Baptized the 30th of November in the yeare 1577. ' 4. Margery Arnold,my Sister was Baptized the 30th of August;, 1581. 5. IWilliamArnold, their Brother was borne the 24th ofJune, 1587. 6. Robert Arnold, my Brother was Baptized the 18thof October; 1593. 7. Elizabeth Arnold my Sister was borne the 9th of April, 1596.
Query. Is this original document still inexistence ÂÂEd. 4 Early Records of the Arnold Family. [2 ] 8. Thomas Arnold myBrother, my Mother in lawes Sonne, wasBapÃÂ tized the 18ÃÂ° April,1599. 9. Elenor Arnold, my Sister was Baptized the 31ÃÂ° ofJuly, 1603. The age of my Sister Tamzens Children. 1. Robert Hacker was Baptized the 22ÃÂ° of Jan/. 1597. 2. Francis Hacker was Baptized the 24th of January.1599. 3. John Hacker their brother was Baptized the 25th of October, 1601. 4. WilliamHacker was Baptized the 31th of October, 1604. 5. Alee Hacker was Baptized the 25 of August, 1607. 3. Mary Hacker was' Baptized the 4th of March, 1609. 7. Thomas Hacker was Baptized the 7 th of April,1616. [3 ] 1. Christian the Daughter of Thomas Peak of Muoheny* my wife was Baptized the 15th of February, 1583. 2. Elizabeth Arnold our Daughter was borne the 23th of November, 1611. 3. Benedict Arnold her Brother was borne the 21th of December, 1615. 4. Joane Arnold their Sister was borne the 27th ofFebr y ,1617. 5. Steven Arnold their Brother was borne the, 22nd of December, 1622,
WILLIAM ARNOLD: b.1587, d.1676. Deeded land in Providence which Roger Williams bought from the Narragansett sachems, Canonicus and Miantonomi. One of the original members of the First Baptist Church and signer of the agreement for a form of government. Moved to Pawtuxet where he and other settlers subjected themselves to the government of Massachusetts for a 16-year period. Wrote a letter to the Massachusetts Governor complaining of the injustice shown by the Indians by the Warwick settlers, "who are going on with a high hand." Wrote to Massachusetts, protesting against Roger Williams' proposal errand to England seeking a charter. Expressed a desire, along with other Pawtuxet settlers, to be reunited with Providence. Photo location: City Hall, Cranston, Rhode Island.
Reference: The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, John Osborne Austin, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1969 (Originally published in Albany, New York, 1887.). ____________________________________________________________________________________
Colonial Dames society
Friend Stukeley Westcott-Wikepedia source mentions William Arnold The baptisms of two of Stukeley Westcott's children were also recorded in Yeovil: a daughter Damaris in 1620/21 and a son Samuel in 1622/23. There is no record of where Westcott lived following the baptisms of these two children, but there is evidence that in 1635 he and his family accompanied the family of William Arnold to New England, departing from the port town of Dartmouth in county Devon. Roscoe Whitman states this as a fact,  based upon a memorandum made in April 1656 by Benedict Arnold, the oldest son of William Arnold, and found among old family papers. The Arnold family came from the town of Ilchester, scarcely five miles north of Yeovil, and it is probable that the two families were acquainted with each other before sailing to the New World. Both families came to Providence at about the same time. The oldest daughter of Stukeley Westcott, Damaris, married Benedict Arnold several years later. Settling in New England
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stukeley_Westcott ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ On June 24, 1635, there arrived in Massachusetts Bay a group of neighbors, nearly all related, either by blood or mar- riage. They had sailed from Dartmouth in Devonshire May 1 of the same year, all but one of the party, William Car- penter, coming from Ilchester, in southern Somersetshire or within about five miles of that place. The leader of the party was William Arnold whose 48th birthday was the day of their arrival. His oldest son Benedict one of the party, a lad 19 years of age at that time, has given us the only account that we have of their embarkation, in his own family record, written probably soon after his removal to Newport in 1651. which begins as follows. Source: http://www.archive.org/stream/accountofenglish00arno/accountofenglish00arno_djvu.tx
William Arnold of Hollesley, County Suffolk, named a son Thomas in his will dated 22 Nov 1616, when Thomas was still under age. Richard Arnold of London, goldsmith, in his will dated 8 Nov 1644, left a legacy to two cousins, Richard Arnold of Kelshall, County Suffolk [13 miles for Hollesley] who was a son of the testator's uncle William Arnold, and also to Richard Arnold of Killingworth, County Warwick, who was a son of his uncle Richard. These two nephews were to pay to their brothers and sisters except for Thomas Arnold who is now supposed to be in New England or some other part beyond the seas. The uncle Richard also had a son named Thomas but he wasn't in a location to be the Thomas who married Phoebe Parkhurst from county Suffolk. However, Thomas and Phoebe didn't actually marry until they were in Massachusetts, so Thomas could have been the son of either brother, Richard or William.
Correct William Arnold Lineage The correct ancestry and English home of William Arnold
Church of St. Andrew in Northover, England where William Arnold's mother and oldest sister were baptized. Edson Jones eventually published his findings on the Arnold family in 1915, demonstrating the accuracy of the Arnold family record, and then carefully revealing each inconsistency and factual error found in Somerby's pedigree. In 1921, Fred Arnold summarized these findings and synthesized them into a coherent lineage of the Arnold family which is consistent with every known historical document,[f] and presented his findings to the Rhode Island Historical Society. To summarize the work of both Edson Jones and Fred Arnold, William Arnold was the son of Nicholas Arnold of Northover and Ilchester in Somerset based on the Arnold family record and the Northover parish register. Arnold's mother was Alice Gully, and her parents were John and Alice Gully based on the same two documents. These are the only known ancestors of William Arnold based on known historical records,[f] and the parents of Nicholas Arnold have not been identified in any historical document.[g]
The Somerby pedigree of the Arnold family indicated that the family had lived in many counties in both England and Wales.[h] This was not the case; the Arnolds and their associates all lived in a small area within southeastern Somerset. While in England William Arnold and his family lived in Ilchester. His parents had come from the village of Northover, scarcely one half mile (0.8 km) across the River Yeo to the north. When Arnold's son Benedict mentioned his "Lemmington" farm in his will, he was referring to a New England property named after the village of Limington in old England; this village is less than a mile and a half (2.5 km) east of Ilchester. A very short distance north of Limington across the River Yeo is the town of Yeovilton where William Hopkins, the husband of Arnold's sister Joanne, lived. Six miles (10 km) west of Ilchester is the village of Muchelney, the home of Arnold's wife Christian Peak, and five miles (8 km) south of Ilchester is Yeovil, the home of Stukeley Westcott, whose daughter Damaris married Arnold's son Benedict, and who may have accompanied the Arnolds on their voyage to the New World. Thus, Arnold and all of his known kinsmen had lived within six miles (10 km) of each other in southeastern Somerset.
Children William and Christian Arnold had four children, all born in Ilchester, Somerset. The oldest child was Elizabeth (1611 â after 7 September 1685) who married William Carpenter (c. 1610â1685), the son of Richard Carpenter of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; the couple had eight children. William and Elizabeth Carpenter settled in Providence, and then followed her parents to the settlement of Pawtuxet, where they lived the remainder of their lives, except for a short time during King Phillip's War, when they were forced to flee to Long Island.
The second child and oldest son was Benedict (1615â1678) who married Damaris Westcott (1621[i] â after 1678), the daughter of Stukeley and Juliann (Marchante) Westcott. They had nine children. Stukeley Westcott lived in Yeovil, five miles (eight km) south of Ilchester, where he was married and where Damaris was baptized. The Westcotts may have sailed to New England with the Arnolds; if not they likely sailed at about the same time. Benedict moved with his family from Pawtuxet to Newport in 1651, and in 1657 succeeded Roger Williams as the President of the colony. When the royal charter arrived from England in 1663, Benedict Arnold became the first Governor of the colony, and served as either president or governor for a total of 11 years.
The third child and youngest daughter, Joanna (1617 â after 11 February 1693[j]), married first Zachariah Rhodes (c. 1603â1665), and settled in Pawtuxet near Joanna's brother Stephen. Following Zachariah's death by drowning, Joanna married Samuel Reape. She had eight children, all by her first husband, and became the ancestress of the Rhodes family of Rhode Island.
The fourth and youngest child of William and Christian Arnold was Stephen (1622â1699) who married Sarah Smith (1629â1713), the daughter of Edward Smith of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Stephen and Sarah had seven children. Stephen was either a Deputy to the General Assembly or colonial Assistant nearly every year for a period of three decades. He and his family settled in Pawtuxet near his father, and had a garrison house along the Pawtuxet River. Stephen was 13 years old when he sailed from England to the New World with his parents and relatives, and he was the last surviving member of that sailing party.
Stephen Arnold Douglas, who is descended from both sons of William Arnold. Several descendants of William Arnold became prominent in either the military or the civil affairs of the United States. A great-great grandson, named Benedict Arnold, became one of the great generals of the American Revolutionary War but was better known for his betrayal of the American revolutionary cause. Other well-known descendants include U.S. Presidents George Herbert Walker Bush and George W. Bush; Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, American hero of the Great Lakes during the War of 1812 and his younger brother Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry who was sent across the Pacific in 1852 by President Millard Fillmore to open Japan to western trade; and Stephen Arnold Douglas who debated Abraham Lincoln in 1858 while vying for the Illinois Senate seat and winning the contest, but later losing to Lincoln in the 1860 presidential race. Stephen A. Douglas descends from both sons of William Arnold. Rhode Island colonial Deputy Governor George Hazard is another descendant. A published line of descent from Arnold to U.S. President James A. Garfield was later disproven.
See also List of early settlers of Rhode Island Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Notes a. ^ The date as written in the original record reads "1622/3." This is because England and her colonies were still using the Julian calendar, and the year began and ended in March. However, clerks and record keepers realized that much of Europe had switched over to the Gregorian calendar (beginning in 1582), with the new year beginning on 1 January, so for the months of January, February and part of March, they wrote the dual year, meaning 1622 in the old calendar and 1623 in the new, even though England would not switch to the Gregorian calendar until the middle of the 18th century. b. ^ Written 1583/4 in the original records. See note a. c. ^ Written 1571/2 in the original records. See note a. d. ^ Another (or possibly the same) Thomas Arnold was of Watertown, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and later of Providence and has erroneously been labeled as the half-brother of William. William did have a younger half-brother named Thomas, but this half-brother lived and presumably died in England, with no record of his ever having been in New England. The possible parentage of Thomas Arnold of Watertown and Providence was published in 1915 by E. S. Jones, who narrowed down the father of Thomas to two candidates. Fred Arnold, in 1921, was more definitive about Thomas Arnold's parentage, calling him the son of Richard Arnold, goldsmith of London and grandson of William and Katherine Arnold of Kelsale, Suffolk, England. e. ^ See, for example, Richard Sears (pilgrim), concerning Rev. Edward Hamilton Sears. f. ^ These original documents include the Arnold family record, the Northover parish register, the bishop's transcript of Ilchester parish records sent to Wells in 1622 (and signed by William Arnold), and the will of Nicholas Arnold. g. ^ So thorough was Fred Arnold's treatment of the genealogy of William Arnold in 1921, that his work was included verbatim in Elisha S. Arnold's 1935 genealogy of the descendants of William Arnold. Even a modern account of the Arnold family, created from all known published sources and then published under the Great Migration project in 1999 shows no difference in the structure of the family from what was published in 1921, and shows no known ancestry for Nicholas Arnold. h. ^ Somerby had the family living in Monmouthshire, Gloucester, Wiltshire, and Dorset, as well as a part of Somerset that does not include the Ilchester area. No record has been found to support the claims that the family of William Arnold ever lived in any of these places. i. ^ Written 1620/1 in the original records. See note a. j. ^ Written 1692/3 in the original records. See note a. References Footnotes ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Hubbard 1879, p. 427. ^ Jump up to: a b Jones 1915, p. 67. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Hubbard 1879, p. 428. Jump up ^ Blair 2007, p. 232. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 22. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 23. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 25. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, p. 43. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 37. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 18. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, pp. 18â19. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 38. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 39. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 9. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 19. Jump up ^ Anderson, Sanborn & Sanborn 1999, p. 84. Jump up ^ Barry 2012, p. 267. Jump up ^ Chapin 1916, p. 11. Jump up ^ Chapin 1916, pp. 8-17. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 31. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Arnold 1935, p. 45. ^ Jump up to: a b Anderson, Sanborn & Sanborn 1999, p. 88. Jump up ^ Anderson, Sanborn & Sanborn 1999, pp. 84â86. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, pp. 45â46. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1932, p. 47. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Austin 1887, p. 242. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, p. 46. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, pp. 46â49. ^ Jump up to: a b c Arnold 1935, p. 49. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, pp. 46â47. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1935, p. 47. Jump up ^ Anderson, Sanborn & Sanborn 1999, p. 91. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 33. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, pp. 33â34. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Drowne 1879, p. 432. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 27. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Arnold 1921, p. 10. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 14. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, pp. 13â15. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Jones 1915, pp. 65â69. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 28. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, pp. 9â39. Jump up ^ Hubbard 1879, pp. 427â428. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 15. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1921, p. 13. ^ Jump up to: a b Moriarity 1944, p. 233. Jump up ^ Whitman 1932, p. 13. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Austin 1887, pp. 242â247. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Arnold 1921, pp. 21â22. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, pp. 34â35. Jump up ^ Arnold 1921, p. 32. Jump up ^ Austin 1887, p. 244. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, p. 132. Jump up ^ Roberts 1995, pp. 121â130. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1935, p. 90. ^ Jump up to: a b Arnold 1935, p. 274. Jump up ^ Jackson & Polson 1981, p. 123. Jump up ^ Roberts 2009, p. 243. Jump up ^ Spathaky 2006. Jump up ^ Jones 1915, pp. 68â69. Jump up ^ Sears 1857. Jump up ^ Arnold 1935, pp. 9â39. Jump up ^ Anderson, Sanborn & Sanborn 1999, pp. 84â89. Jump up ^ Drowne 1879, pp. 432â435. Jump up ^ Anderson, Sandborn & Sanborn 1999, pp. 84â86. Bibliography Anderson, Robert Charles; Sanborn, George F. Jr.; Sanborn, Melinde L. (1999). The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634â1635. Vol. I AâB. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 0-88082-110-8. Arnold, Elisha Stephen (1935). The Arnold Memorial: William Arnold of Providence and Pawtuxet, 1587â1675, and a genealogy of his descendants. Rutland, VT: Tuttle Publishing Company. OCLC 6882845. Arnold, Fred A. (1921), "William Arnold, Stukeley Westcott and William Carpenter", in Arnold, E. S., Arnold Memorial, Rutland, VT: Tuttle Publishing Company, pp. 9â39 Austin, John Osborne (1887). Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island. ISBN 978-0-8063-0006-1. Barry, John M. (2012). Roger Williams and The Creation of the American Soul. New York: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-02305-9. Blair, John (2007). Waterways and canal-building in medieval England. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-01-29. Chapin, Howard M. (1916). Documentary History of Rhode Island. Providence: Preston and Rounds Company. pp. 8â16. Drowne, Henry T. (October 1879). "Mr. Somerby's Genealogy of the Arnold Family". New England Historical and Genealogical Register 33: 432â438. ISBN 0-7884-0293-5. Hubbard, Edwin (October 1879). "Early Records of the Arnold Family". New England Historical and Genealogical Register (New England Historic Genealogical Society) 33: 427â432. ISBN 0-7884-0293-5. Jackson, Ronald V.; Polson, Altha (1981). American Patriots. privately published. Jones, Edson S. (January 1915). "The Parentage of William Arnold and Thomas Arnold of Providence, R.I.". New England Historical and Genealogical Register 69: 65â69. Moriarity, G. Andrews (April 1944). "Additions and Corrections to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island". The American Genealogist 20: 233. Roberts, Gary Boyd (1995). Ancestors of American Presidents. Santa Clarita, California: Boyer. Roberts, Gary Boyd (2009). Ancestors of American Presidents, 2009 edition. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 978-0-88082-220-6. Sears, Edward Hamilton Rev. (1857). Pictures of the Olden Time. Includes the spurious pedigree derived from the fraudulent research of Horatio G. Somerby. Spathaky, Mike (2006), "Old Style and New Style Dates and the change to the Gregorian calendar; A summary for genealogists", Whitman, Roscoe L. (1932). History and Genealogy of the Ancestors and some Descendants of Stukely Westcott. privately published. External links Rhode Island History from the State of Rhode Island General Assembly website. See Chapter 2, Colonial Era. Correction of Arnold Pedigree from Ancestry.com. History of Cranston, Rhode Island from City of Cranston website. Pawtuxet History from Pawtuxet Cove website; see Pawtuxet Village History. Ancestry of George W. Bush showing descent of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush from William Arnold. See #9998 in the initial ahnentafel. The date and place of death given for William Arnold are incorrect. [hide] v t e Original proprietors of Rhode Island's first settlements First settlers of Providence with Roger Williams (1636) Roger Williams William Harris John Smith (miller) Francis Wickes Thomas Angell Joshua Verin William Arnold Benedict Arnold William Carpenter William Mann Thomas Hopkins
Original proprietors of Providence (signers of "initial deed," October 1638) Roger Williams Stukeley Westcott William Arnold Thomas James Robert Cole John Greene John Throckmorton William Harris William Carpenter Thomas Olney Francis Weston Richard Waterman Ezekiel Holyman Pawtuxet Claimants (Settled 1638; under Massachusetts jurisdiction 1642-1658) William Arnold Benedict Arnold William Carpenter Robert Cole Founders of Portsmouth (signers of Portsmouth Compact, 7 March 1638) William Coddington John Clarke William Hutchinson John Coggeshall William Aspinwall Samuel Wilbore John Porter John Sanford Edward Hutchinson, Jr. Thomas Savage William Dyre William Freeborn Philip Shearman John Walker Richard Carder William Baulston Edward Hutchinson, Sr. Henry Bull Randall Holden Thomas Clarke John Johnson William Hall John Brightman Founders of Newport (Signers of initial agreement, 28 April 1639) William Coddington (Judge) Nicholas Easton (Elder) John Coggeshall (Elder) William Brenton (Elder) John Clarke (Elder) Jeremy Clarke (Elder) Thomas Hazard (Elder) Henry Bull (Elder) William Dyre (Elder; clerk) Founders of Warwick (Original purchasers, 1643) Randall Holden John Greene John Wickes Francis Weston Samuel Gorton Richard Waterman John Warner Richard Carder Samson Shotten Robert Potter William Wodell Nicholas Power Italics: The names of Clarke, Johnson, Hall, and Brightman at the end of the Portsmouth list were crossed out, and it is uncertain if they came to Portsmouth, though most, if not all, of them did appear on Aquidneck Island. Sources for template: Arnold, Samuel Greene (1859). History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Vol.1. New York: D. Appleton & Company. pp. 97,100,132,176. OCLC 712634101.; Chapin, Howard M. (1916). Documentary History of Rhode Island. Providence: Preston and Rounds Company. pp. 8â27. Biography portal England portal United States portal New England portal Rhode Island portal Authority control VIAF: 108068452 Categories: 1587 births1676 deaths17th-century English peopleKingdom of England emigrants to the Thirteen ColoniesPeople from Providence, Rhode IslandPeople from South Somerset (district)Rhode Island colonial people Burials in Rhode Island
The Arnold Memorial: William Arnold of Providence and Pawtuxet, 1587-1675 ... By Fred Augustus Arnold
Ilchester Somersetshire England United Kingdom
PROVIDENCE PUBLIC LIBRARY Special Collections Department MSS 016 William Arnold AutographCollection 1655-1922 OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION Number: MSS 01 6 Title: William Arnold Autograph Collection Creator: Multiple sources Dates: 1655 - 1922 Media: Correspondence, poems , ephemera, portraits, legal documents, business records Quantity: .25 linear feet plus oversized box BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES William Arnold Son of Nicholas Arnold and Alice Gully Arnold, William Arnold was born June 24, 1587, in Ilchester, Somerset, England. He married Christian Peake in 1610, and they had four children: Elizabeth, Benedict, Joanna, and Stephen. Arnold sailed with his family from Dartmouth, England to America on May 1 , 1635. With Roger Williams, Arnold was one of the founding settlers of Rhode Island, and settled in Providen ce. After several years, he moved and formed the settlement known as Pawtuxet, now a part of Cranston. Arnold died during King Philip’s War sometime between1675 - 1676. Frederick Augustus Arnold Son of Russell G. Arnold and Sarah P. Arnold, Frederick A. Arno ld was born March 21, 1841. He served in the Second Rhode Island Infantry Re giment during the Civil War and later served as Secretary for the Second Regiment Rhode Island Volunta ry Infantry Veteran Association . He worked in the water department for the City of Providence, and was a well - known figure among Providence Public Library users of the time. He was als o a member of the Rhode Island Historical Society. Arnold died August 8, 1924. SCOPE AND CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION The William Arnold Autograph Collection is part of a larger collection of books and manuscripts dealing with American, especially Rhode Island, history. The entire collection was d onated to the Providence Public Library in 1923 by Mr. Frederick Augustus Arnold. In an effort to support collections at other Providence librari es, the following transfers of materials were made: i tems representing “Americana” before the year 1801 were transferred t o the John Carter Brown Library; items relating to American poetry were transferred to the John Hay Library; and publications concerni ng the Arnold family were transferred to the Rhode Island Historical Society. The remaining materials constitute the William Arnold Autograph Collection. The collection was named for William Arnold, an ancestor of Frederick A. Arnold. The collection consists mainly of legal documents and correspondence, but also includes poems, portraits, business records, and ephemera dating from 1655 to 1922. ORGANIZATION OF THE COLLECTION The collectionis arranged in alphabetical order by name/document title, and is housed within two boxes. SEE ALSO Providence Public Library Special Collections: Rhode Island MSS 010 , 17 2 3 - 1939 . Providence Public Library Special Collections: Rhode Island Ephemera William Arnold Autograph Collection MSS 016 2 ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the Providence Public Library Special Collections department. Preferred Citation: Researchers are requested to cite William Arnold Autograph Collection MSS 016 and Providence Public Library Special Collections in all footnote and bibliographic references. Processed By: The collection was processed in 2013 by Stephanie Knott. Property Rights: The Providence Public Library owns the property rights to this collection
Arnold family explained
See also: Arnold (surname). Colour: LightCoral Arnold Motto: Ut vivas vigla Motto Translation: watch that you may live Ethnicity: Anglo-Saxon Region: New England and Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America Great Britain, Canada Origin: England Members: Alfie William Arnold, Barry William Arnold, Benedict Arnold I, Benedict Arnold V, Richard Arnold, Lemuel H. Arnold, Lillie-Rose Arnold, Isaac N. Arnold Otherfamilies: Anderson Family Astor family Carpenter Family Hopkins Family Bovee Family Longworth family Westcott Family Farano Family Lechasseur Family Meaning: arnu & walda
The Arnold family is an American political and military family with ties to New England, Georgia and Ohio. The descendents of American Revolutionary War general Benedict Arnold in Great Britain, while not particularly politically active, also achieved notable success in the 19th century. History
William Arnold was one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and one of the 13 original settlers of Providence. He was the son of Nicholas Arnold of Northover and Ilchester in County Somerset, England by his first wife Alice Gully. William was born in Ilchester on 24 Jun 1587, and all four of his children were also born there. In 1622 he was the warden of St. Mary's Church in Ilchester, and remained in that town until immigrating to New England in 1635. One remarkable aspect of his emigration from England is that he had copied baptismal records from the parish registers of Northover and Ilchester and brought these with him to the New World, beginning a record that would eventually encompass six generations of his family. In New England William Arnold first settled in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but within a year joined Roger Williams in founding the settlement of Providence on the Narraganset Bay. By 1638 William had moved to the Pawtuxet River, five miles south of Providence, and lived there the remainder of his life, dying some time in 1675 or 1676 during the turmoil of King Philip's War. William's son Benedict Arnold was the first Governor of Rhode Island under the royal charter of 1663.
Other members of the Arnold family came to Boston from England in 1687. The. Rev. William George Arnold, a minister, was charged with the task of establishing a parish of the official religion of England, the Church of England in Boston. Upon arrival he found he was disliked in Boston and quickly learned that no one would sell land for the construction of a church that was not Puritan. He established King's Chapel in Boston in 1689 on public land. William was soon followed from England by his brother Edward Arnold, who opened a successful general store in Boston.
Edward Arnold brought two daughters with him from England. The older of the pair, Charlotte, married the Puritan minister Ebenezer Punderson in 1730. He was a Yale graduate and was ordained as a Puritan minister in 1729 and began serving as the minister of the Congregational Church in North Groton (now Ledyard), Connecticut. It seems that her Church of England upbringing and beliefs made an impression on her husband, as he announced his intention to be ordained in the Church of England and left his Congressional Church and was ordained in London in 1734. He erected a parish of the Church of England in Preston, Connecticut in 1735 and at a service attended by William and Edward Arnold the place was consecrated St. James' Church.
Upon the 1737 death of William Arnold, many of his children moved to Connecticut near Preston and St. James' Church where the climate for Church of England members was less harsh. The family prospered in Connecticut and married well. One of Gov. Benedict Arnold's descendants Benedict III married his cousin Mary Arnold (who was descended from the William George side of the family) and gained control of the family estate in Norwich. They named their first son Benedict IV, who died in infancy. Their second son, Benedict Arnold V, became a general and war hero but is now best known as an infamous turn-coat for his treasonous attempt to surrender West Point and subsequent flight to the British side during the war.
During the American Revolution the family became active in politics. The William George Arnold side of the family remained fiercely loyal to English rule while the Benedict side favored independence. Jonathan Arnold (1741–1793) became a member of the Rhode Island Legislature in 1776 and then a delegate to the Continental Congress from Rhode Island from 1782 to 1784.
After the revolution much of the family left New England for Savannah, Georgia, where they opened a number of mills. The Savannah branch of the family remained active in politics until the American Civil War. Notable family members Surname Arnold (New England families)
Benedict Arnold (1615-1678), the first colonial governor of Rhode Island Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), American traitor and British general during the American Revolutionary War Isaac Newton Arnold (1815-1884), member of U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois and President of the Chicago Historical Society, wrote biographies of Abraham Lincoln and Gen. Benedict Arnold. James N. Arnold, compiled and published a massive collection of Rhode Island vital records. Jonathan Arnold (1741–1793), member of the Rhode Island Legislature 1776, Delegate to the Continental Congress from Rhode Island 1782-1784, Vermont Governor's Councilman, Vermont State Court Judge. Kelley Arnold (1910-2003), Brigadier General, Assistant Division Commander, Adjutant General & Chief of Staff of the 49th Armoredvvnhk Division 1965-1970, Texas Military Forces Hall of Honor, Camp Mabry, TX Henry H. Arnold (1886-1950), the only US Air Force General to be given the five-star rank (General of the Air Force); he learned to fly from the Wright Brothers. Lemuel H. Arnold (1792-1852), Rhode Island State Representative 1826, Governor of Rhode Island 1831-1833, U.S. Representative from Rhode Island. Son of Jonathan Arnold. Richard Arnold (1828-1882), US Army General during the Civil War Richard Dennis Arnold, M.D., physician, charter member of the American Medical Society, 5-term mayor and 4-term alderman of Savannah, Georgia, charter member of the Georgia Historical Society, and newspaper editor of The Georgian with partner William H. Bulloch. Arnold was mayor of Savannah during American Civil War (surrendering the City of Savannah to Union General William T. Sherman), and charter member of the first Board of Education. Samuel G. Arnold (1821-1880), Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island 1852-1853 1861-1862, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1862-1863. Granduncle of Theodore F. Green. William Arnold (1587 - 1675/76), one of the founding settlers of Rhode Island, appeared on the initial deed for Providence signed by Roger Williams in 1638; established the settlement of Pawtuxet, becoming the first settler in what is now Cranston, Rhode Island. He was the father of Governor Benedict Arnold.
Filos Theodore F. Green (1867-1966), Rhode Island State Representative 1907-1908, candidate for Governor of Rhode Island 1912 1928 1930, Governor of Rhode Island 1933-1937, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1938-1961, Democratic National Committeeman 1936. Great-great-grandson of Jonathan Arnold.
Anderson, Robert C., George F. Sanborn Jr. and Melinde L. Sanborn, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634-1635, Vol. I, A-B. Boston. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999. ISBN 0-88082-110-8. Arnold, Elisha S., Arnold Memorial, Tuttle Publishing Company, Rutland, VT, 1935. Arnold, Fred A., "William Arnold, Stukeley Westcott and William Carpenter," 1921, in E. S. Arnold, Arnold Memorial, pp 9–39. Austin, John O., Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, Albany, NY, 1887. Drowne, Henry T., "Mr. Somerby's Genealogy of the Arnold Family" in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 33:432-438 (Oct 1879). Hubbard, Edwin, "Early Records of the Arnold Family" in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 33:427-432 (Oct 1879). Jackson, Ronald V. and Altha Polson, American Patriots, privately published, 1981. Jones, Edson S., "The Parentage of William Arnold and Thomas Arnold of Providence, R.I." in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 69:65-69 (Jan 1915). Moriarity, G. Andrews, "Additions and Corrections to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island," in The American Genealogist, 20:233 (April 1944).
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William Arnold's Timeline
June 24, 1587
Ilchester, Somerset, England
June 24, 1587
Ilchester, Somerset, England
June 24, 1587
Ilchester, Somerset, England
June 24, 1587
Ilchester, Somerset, England
June 24, 1587
Ilchester, St. Mary's, Somerset, England
November 23, 1611
Ilchester, Somersetshire, England
December 21, 1615
Ilchester, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
February 27, 1617
Bournemouth, Dorset, United Kingdom
December 22, 1622
Ilchester, Somerset, England