William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose

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William Graham

Also Known As: "1st Earl of Montrose"
Birthplace: Kincardine, Fife, Scotland
Death: September 09, 1513 (48-49)
Flodden near Branxton, Northumberland, England (United Kingdom) (Died in the Battle of Flodden)
Place of Burial: Northumberland, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of William Graham, 2nd Lord Graham and Helen Douglas of Angus
Husband of Annabel Drummond, Baroness Graham; Janet Edmonstone and Christian Wawane
Father of Patrick Graham; Jean Graham; Jonet Graham; William Graham, 2nd Earl of Montrose; Katherine "Helen" Graham and 4 others
Brother of Isobel Graham; Margaret Graham; George Graham of Callendar; Patrick Graham; Oliver Graham and 3 others
Half brother of Oliver Ogilvie

Notes: Created Earl of Montrose by King James IV of Scotland
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose


William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose (1464 – 9 September 1513) was a Scottish Lord of Parliament, who was raised to an earldom by James IV of Scotland and who died with his monarch at the Battle of Flodden. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Flodden_Field


There are three remarkable facts connected with the history of the family of Montrose:

1. For 700 years, there has never been a collateral succession, since the Grahams first branched off from the family of Dalkeith and Abercorn. On two occasions, the grandson succeeded his grandfather, but there is no instance of the direct line being broken.

2. The intermarriages, which continued this long line of ancestors, have invariably been with noble families. As far as they can be ascertained, for 400 years the wives have been always daughters of actual peers.

3. Not one of the successive heads of the House of Montrose has married an heiress, except on one occasion, when a Marquess of Montrose married the younger daughter of the only Duke of Rothes; but as the lady did not share her father's inheritance, she did not, according to the rule in Scotland, bring the arms.

Thus, in consequence of the long continuance of the male line in noble families in Scotland, and the paucity of heiresses, this Montrose family, one of the noblest of the three kingdoms, has no quarterings, while other families of much shorter duration in the male line, have quarterings by the hundred. [Burke, Vicissitudes of Families, Vol. I, p. 31]

Problem of His Daughters

William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose (d. at Flodden 1513) was married 3 times: 1) Annabel Drummond, 2) Janet Edmonstone, and 3) Christian Wawane. He seems to have have had (among other children) 4 daughters, but accounts in the peerages disagree as to which daughters were by which mothers.

For a discussion of the question, see:


3rd Lord Graham and served in Parliament several times beginning 1479. He fought for the royals at the battle of Sauchieburn in 1488 and became a friend of James IV. In 1503 he was made 1st Earl of Montrose. He accompanied King James in invasion of England and was killed at the battle of Flooded in 1513.

"The Earl married, first, in the parish church of Muthill, on 25 November 1479, in virtue of a dispensation by the Church, Annabel Drummond, one of the five fair daughters of John, Lord Drummond, who is conjoined with her husband in a charter by James III. of the lands of Old Montrose (the manor-place whereof was then inhabited by the said William, Lord Graham) and other lands, dated 28 January 1487-88, and must have survived till the close of the century, as her son William, second Earl, was still a minor at his father's death ..."

from Scots Peerage (vol 6)

"Annabella, married in the Parish Church of Muthill, as his first wife, to William, first Earl of Montrose, by whom she had issue."

from Scots Peerage (vol 7) 1 2

William next married Janet EDMONSTONE.2 (Janet EDMONSTONE was born about 1470 and died before 15 April 1506 2.)

 Marriage Notes:

"The Earl married .... secondly, Janet, eldest daughter of Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, who is conjoined with him in the charter of the barony of Aberuthven, dated 17 March 1504-5, and was dead before 15 April 1506 ; and lastly, to Christian Wawane of Seggie in Fifeshire, relict of Patrick, Lord Halyburton"

from Scots Peerage (vol 6)


William next married Christian WAWANE.2 (Christian WAWANE was born about 1475.)

 Marriage Notes:

"The Earl married .... lastly, to Christian Wawane of Seggie in Fifeshire, relict of Patrick, Lord Halyburton"

from Scots Peerage (vol 6)


  1. https://www.patrickspeople.scot/ourfamily/26909.htm cites
    1. 1 e-books, The Scots Peerage ed. Sir James Balfour Paul vol. 7 (1910).
    2. 2 e-books, The Scots Peerage ed. Sir James Balfour Paul vol. 6 (1909).
view all 15

William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose's Timeline

Kincardine, Fife, Scotland
Montrose, Angus, Scotland, United Kingdom
Montrose, Angus, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Colquhoun, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
July 15, 1497
Blackford, Perthshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Scotland, United Kingdom
Kincardine, Blackford, Perth, Scotland