Alfred the Great, king of The Anglo-Saxons

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Ælfrēd

Lithuanian: Alfredas
别名字号 "Alfred The Great", "King Alfred", "Ælfrēd "se Grēata"", "Englalandes Cyning;", "King of the Anglo-Saxons", "King of Wessex", "Alfred The Great King of England", "Alfred den store", "Alfred the big one", "Aelfred of Wessex", "Alfred the Great"
生日 (50)
出生地 Wessex Kingdom, Modern Wantage, Berkshire, England
逝世 899年10月26日 (50)
Winchester, Hampshire, England (Illness. Possibly Crohn's disease.)
葬于 Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
直接亲属

Aethelwulf, king of WessexOsburga, Queen Consort of Wessex之子
Ealhswith的丈夫
Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians; Eadmund; Edward I "the Elder", king of The Anglo-Saxons; Æthelgifu, Abbess of Shaftesbury; Ælfthryth, countess of Flanders另外1个之父
Æthelstan, king of Kent; Aethelswith, Queen of Mercia; Aethelbald, king of Wessex; Aethelbert, king of Wessex, Essex & KentEthelred I 'the Pious', king of Wessex & Kent的兄弟

Occupation: King of Wessex, King of the Anglo-Saxons, King of England
管理员 Private User
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About Alfred the Great, king of The Anglo-Saxons

Alfred the Great (Old English: Ælfrēd[a], Ælfrǣd[b], "elf counsel" or "wise elf"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.

Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against the Viking attempt at conquest, and by the time of his death had become the dominant ruler in England.[1] He is one of only two English monarchs to be given the epithet "the Great", the other being the Scandinavian Cnut the Great. He was also the first King of the West Saxons to style himself "King of the Anglo-Saxons". Details of Alfred's life are described in a work by the 10th-century Welsh scholar and bishop Asser.

Alfred had a reputation as a learned and merciful man of a gracious and level-headed nature who encouraged education, proposing that primary education be taught in English, and improved his kingdom's legal system, military structure and his people's quality of life. In 2002, Alfred was ranked number 14 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.

In 868, Alfred married Ealhswith, daughter of a Mercian nobleman, Æthelred Mucil, Ealdorman of the Gaini. The Gaini were probably one of the tribal groups of the Mercians. Ealhswith's mother, Eadburh, was a member of the Mercian royal family.[126]

They had five or six children together, including Edward the Elder who succeeded his father as king, Æthelflæd who became Lady (ruler) of the Mercians in her own right, and Ælfthryth who married Baldwin II the Count of Flanders. His mother was Osburga daughter of Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Chief Butler of England. Asser, in his Vita Ælfredi asserts that this shows his lineage from the Jutes of the Isle of Wight. This is unlikely as Bede tells us that they were all slaughtered by the Saxons under Cædwalla. In 2008 the skeleton of Queen Eadgyth, granddaughter of Alfred the Great was found in Magdeburg Cathedral in Germany. It was confirmed in 2010 that these remains belong to her — one of the earliest members of the English royal family.[127]

Osferth was described as a relative in King Alfred's will and he attested charters in a high position until 934. A charter of King Edward's reign described him as the king's brother, "mistakenly" according to Keynes and Lapidge, but in the view of Janet Nelson, he probably was an illegitimate son of King Alfred.[128][129]

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Alfred the Great, king of The Anglo-Saxons的年谱

848
848年
Wantage Berkshire England
849
849年
Modern Wantage, Berkshire, England
869
869年
20岁
Wessex, England
873
873年
24岁
United Kingdom
874
874年
25岁
Wantage, Oxfordshire, England
875
875年
26岁
Wessex, Eng.