Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Army of the Potomac (USA), US Civil War

« Back to Projects Dashboard

Project Tags

view all

Profiles

  • Pvt. Charles Madison Berryhill (USA) (1846 - 1903)
    Charles Berryhill obituary, Waynesburg Republican, Waynesburg (Greene County), Pennsylvania 19 March, 1903 Charles Berryhill died at his home on North Morris street, Monday at noon. He was in his 58t...
  • Captain Lewis Thompson (1838 - 1876)
    Professional Soldier. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a Private in April 1861 in the 71st NY State Militia, and by 1863 was promoted to Captain, 2nd Cavalry, for gallantry and meritorous service. ...
  • John Henry Jaquett, (USA) (1824 - 1906)
    John H. Jaquett was the son of Peter and Ann (24 May 1795-10 January 1888), and was born on 25 July 1824. He married Elizabeth Miller (7 March 1827-1887) in 1850 and settled near Cupola, in Honey Brook...
  • Capt. Benjamin F Baer, (USA) (1834 - 1875)
    Civil War Union Army Officer. He was commissioned as a Captain on August 12, 1862, and was mustered in as commander of Company F, 122nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Enlisted as a Captain on 12 Augu...
  • Capt. Levi W Metz, (USA) (1835 - 1909)
    Co.E 78th New York Inf.

The Union Army of the Potomac fought in most of the Eastern Theater campaigns, primarily in (Eastern) Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. After the end of the war, it was disbanded on June 28, 1865, shortly following its participation in the Grand Review of the Armies.

Famous Units

Because of its proximity to the large cities of the North, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City, the Army of the Potomac received more contemporary media coverage than the other Union field armies. Such coverage produced fame for a number of this army's units. Individual brigades, such as the Irish Brigade, the Philadelphia Brigade, the First New Jersey Brigade, the Vermont Brigade, and the Iron Brigade, all became well known to the general public, both during the Civil War and afterward.

Commanders

  • Brigadier General Irvin McDowell: Commander of the Army and Department of Northeastern Virginia (May 27 – July 25, 1861)
  • Major General George B. McClellan: Commander of the Military Division of the Potomac, and later, the Army and Department of the Potomac (July 26, 1861 – November 9, 1862)
  • Major General Ambrose E. Burnside: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (November 9, 1862 – January 26, 1863)
  • Major General Joseph Hooker: Commander of the Army and Department of the Potomac (January 26 – June 28, 1863)
  • Major General George G. Meade: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (June 28, 1863 – June 28, 1865; Major General John G. Parke took brief temporary command during Meade's absences on four occasions during this period); Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, located his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac and provided operational direction to Meade from May 1864 to April 1865, but Meade retained formal command.

Major Battles and Campaigns

  • First Bull Run Campaign or First Manassas: McDowell
  • Peninsula Campaign, including the Seven Days Battles: McClellan
  • Northern Virginia Campaign, including the Second Battle of Bull Run (three corps participated under the control of the Army of Virginia)
  • Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg: McClellan
  • Fredericksburg Campaign: Burnside
  • Chancellorsville Campaign: Hooker
  • Gettysburg Campaign: Meade
  • Bristoe Campaign: Meade
  • Mine Run Campaign: Meade
  • Overland Campaign: Meade
  • Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, including the Battle of the Crater: Meade
  • Appomattox Campaign, including Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House: Meade

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_potomac