Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Army of the Potomac (USA), US Civil War

« Back to Projects Dashboard

view all


  • Pvt. (USA), Andrew Jackson Stipe (1843 - 1902)
    Birth: Dec. 13, 1843 and Death: Apr. 1, 1902 Civil War veteran. Andrew J Stipe was mustered in Co H 127 Pa Inf as a private on August 12, 1862 in Harrisburg, Pa. He was captured at Fredricksburg, V...
  • (USA), John K Darkes (1831 - 1875)
    Never marriedJohn enlisted in Co. A of the 93rd regiment on September 13, 1861. He was wounded at Fair Oaks, Virginia on May 31, 1862. He was discharged by reason of Surgeon Certificate of Disability o...
  • Pvt. (USA), Jacob B Burger (1829 - 1908)
    Reference: Ancestry Genealogy - SmartCopy : Sep 6 2018, 20:10:00 UTC The son of Michael & Mary (Kiester) Burger and twin brother to Johanna Burger, he married Mary Jane Murr, née Prowell, and fathe...
  • (USA), Jeremiah Bailey (1825 - 1905)
    1870 Census, living in Baltimore, Maryland. Name Age Jeremiah Baily 45 Elizth Baily 38 William Baily 20 Chas Baily 19 Emma J Baily 13 Jno M Baily 11 Webster C Baily 9 Ida L Baily 5 ...
  • Maj. Horace Bumstead, USA (1841 - 1919)
    Horace Bumstead (1841–1919) was the son of Josiah Freeman Bumstead, a Boston merchant, and Lucy Douglas Willis Bumstead. He was educated at the Boston Latin School and Yale College (Class of 1863) and ...

The Union Army of the Potomac fought in most of the Eastern Theater campaigns, primarily in (Eastern) Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. After the end of the war, it was disbanded on June 28, 1865, shortly following its participation in the Grand Review of the Armies.

Famous Units

Because of its proximity to the large cities of the North, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City, the Army of the Potomac received more contemporary media coverage than the other Union field armies. Such coverage produced fame for a number of this army's units. Individual brigades, such as the Irish Brigade, the Philadelphia Brigade, the First New Jersey Brigade, the Vermont Brigade, and the Iron Brigade, all became well known to the general public, both during the Civil War and afterward.


  • Brigadier General Irvin McDowell: Commander of the Army and Department of Northeastern Virginia (May 27 – July 25, 1861)
  • Major General George B. McClellan: Commander of the Military Division of the Potomac, and later, the Army and Department of the Potomac (July 26, 1861 – November 9, 1862)
  • Major General Ambrose E. Burnside: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (November 9, 1862 – January 26, 1863)
  • Major General Joseph Hooker: Commander of the Army and Department of the Potomac (January 26 – June 28, 1863)
  • Major General George G. Meade: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (June 28, 1863 – June 28, 1865; Major General John G. Parke took brief temporary command during Meade's absences on four occasions during this period); Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, located his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac and provided operational direction to Meade from May 1864 to April 1865, but Meade retained formal command.

Major Battles and Campaigns

  • First Bull Run Campaign or First Manassas: McDowell
  • Peninsula Campaign, including the Seven Days Battles: McClellan
  • Northern Virginia Campaign, including the Second Battle of Bull Run (three corps participated under the control of the Army of Virginia)
  • Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg: McClellan
  • Fredericksburg Campaign: Burnside
  • Chancellorsville Campaign: Hooker
  • Gettysburg Campaign: Meade
  • Bristoe Campaign: Meade
  • Mine Run Campaign: Meade
  • Overland Campaign: Meade
  • Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, including the Battle of the Crater: Meade
  • Appomattox Campaign, including Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House: Meade