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Army of the Potomac (USA), US Civil War

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  • Alvin McNair, (USA) (1843 - d.)
    Reared in Middletown and educated in the public schools. He learned the trade of painter and followed that occupation for some years. In 1873 he engaged in the mercantile business for one year, and the...
  • Tobias Berry, (USA) (1836 - 1906)
    Son of John & Elizabeth Bergold-Berry & husband of Harriet Blocher-Berry, served in the Civil War with the 78th New York Vol.Infantry.
  • Joseph Whalen (1842 - 1865)
    WHALEN , JOSEPH.—Age, 21 years. Enlisted, August 30, 1862, at Sangerfield, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. H, October 10, 1862; captured in action, May 5, 1864, at the Wilderne...
  • Corp. Mark Walker, (USA) (1844 - 1901)
    Came to the US with his parents (John and Margaret Walker in 1845). Served in the American Civil War early for the 25th Pennsylvania Infantry Regt, Co.D, Mustered out 26 Jul 1861 at Harrisburg. Then re...
  • Pvt. Christian Beguhn, (USA) (1837 - 1901)
    Company K 5th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War: June 11, 1861 - 30 Jul 1864

The Union Army of the Potomac fought in most of the Eastern Theater campaigns, primarily in (Eastern) Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. After the end of the war, it was disbanded on June 28, 1865, shortly following its participation in the Grand Review of the Armies.

Famous Units

Because of its proximity to the large cities of the North, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City, the Army of the Potomac received more contemporary media coverage than the other Union field armies. Such coverage produced fame for a number of this army's units. Individual brigades, such as the Irish Brigade, the Philadelphia Brigade, the First New Jersey Brigade, the Vermont Brigade, and the Iron Brigade, all became well known to the general public, both during the Civil War and afterward.

Commanders

  • Brigadier General Irvin McDowell: Commander of the Army and Department of Northeastern Virginia (May 27 – July 25, 1861)
  • Major General George B. McClellan: Commander of the Military Division of the Potomac, and later, the Army and Department of the Potomac (July 26, 1861 – November 9, 1862)
  • Major General Ambrose E. Burnside: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (November 9, 1862 – January 26, 1863)
  • Major General Joseph Hooker: Commander of the Army and Department of the Potomac (January 26 – June 28, 1863)
  • Major General George G. Meade: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (June 28, 1863 – June 28, 1865; Major General John G. Parke took brief temporary command during Meade's absences on four occasions during this period); Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, located his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac and provided operational direction to Meade from May 1864 to April 1865, but Meade retained formal command.

Major Battles and Campaigns

  • First Bull Run Campaign or First Manassas: McDowell
  • Peninsula Campaign, including the Seven Days Battles: McClellan
  • Northern Virginia Campaign, including the Second Battle of Bull Run (three corps participated under the control of the Army of Virginia)
  • Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg: McClellan
  • Fredericksburg Campaign: Burnside
  • Chancellorsville Campaign: Hooker
  • Gettysburg Campaign: Meade
  • Bristoe Campaign: Meade
  • Mine Run Campaign: Meade
  • Overland Campaign: Meade
  • Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, including the Battle of the Crater: Meade
  • Appomattox Campaign, including Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House: Meade

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_potomac