UNION VERMONT TROOPS
1st Vermont Heavy Artillery Regiment
Mustered in at Brattleboro, VT., as the 11th Vermont Infantry Regiment but was changed to heavy artillery December 10, 1862, while on duty in Washington. The additional companies, L. and M. made necessary by this change, were recruited in July and October, 1863. The regiment was assigned to garrison duty within the defences of Washington, occupying Forts Slocum, Totten, and Stevens. It remained at Washington until May 12, 1864, when it moved, 1,500 strong, to join the Army of the Potomac. Although nominally a heavy artillery regiment, it served as infantry, the only difference being in its larger organization; it had 12 companies of 150 men each, with a captain and four lieutenants for each company, forming three battalions with a major for each. The regiment arrived at the front on May 15th, when it was assigned to the Vermont Brigade, and two days later it went into action near Spotsylvania. On June 1st, Major Fleming's Battalion was engaged in the storming of Cold Harbor, with a loss of 13 killed and 107 wounded. In the affair at the Weldon Railroad, June 23d, the regiment lost 9 killed, 36 wounded, and 257 captured or missing, the captured men belonging to Fleming's Battalion. It was next engaged in Sheridan's campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, where Lieutenant Colonel Chamberlin fell mortally wounded in the fight at Charlestown. At the Opequon, the regiment lost 8 killed, 85 wounded, and 6 missing; and at Cedar Creek, 13 killed, 74 wounded, and 20 missing. Returning to Petersburg, it was engaged in the final and victorious assault, with a loss of 5 killed and 45 wounded.
- 1st Brigade, Haskins' Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863.
- 1st Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Defenses of Washington, to May, 1864.
- 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.
- Middle Department, 8th Corps, to August, 1865.
- Spotsylvania Court House
- North Anna
- Cold Harbor
- Jerusalem Plank Road
- Fort Stevens
- Cedar Creek
- Petersburg (Final Assualt & Fall)