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Saʿadyā ben Yōsēf Gaon of Sura MP (c.882 - 942)

"Saadiah Gaon", "Saadya Gaon", "Sa'adya Gaon", "Saadia ben Josef", "Saadiah ben Joseph", "Rasag", "Saʻadiah Gaon", "سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي‎", "Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi", "Sa'id ibn Yusuf al-Dilasi", "Saadia ben Yosef aluf", "Sa'id ben Yusuf ra's al-Kull‎", "סעדי"

Saʿadyā Ben Yōsēf, saʿīd ( abī) yaʿḳūb yūsuf al-fayyūmī (269-331/882-942), Jewish theologian, philosopher and philologist who wrote in Arabic, considered through his independence and breadth as the ini...

8/14/2012 8/14/2012

Mubārak ben Abraham MP (c.1010 - d.)

"Mevorakh ben Abraham"

7/8/2012 8/12/2012

Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra al Tudela MP (c.1090 - 1125)

"Abū Isḥāq Ibrahim Ibn al-Rabῑb", "Abu Ishak Ibrahim ibn al-Majid ibn Ezra"

Also mentioned in Abarbanel Family Scroll – undated handwritten manuscript from the collection of the late Rabbi Shmuel Gorr, held by Chaim Freedman. Reference was made to “Elef Margaliot” 1993, Meir...

7/8/2012 8/12/2012

'Nathan HaBabli' ben Abu Ishaq Avraham, Exilarch 'Mar Uqba HaRofeh', Qadi al-Qayrawānī MP (c.940 - c.1049)

"Natan Saul", "Nathan Sahl", "Natan Sahl", "Gaon of Yeshivat Eretz Ha-Tsvi", "Exilarch'MarUqbaHaRofeh'", "Qadi al-Qayrawani"

Nathan Ha-Bavli has been an enigmatic figure - but I think I have narrowed down to EXACTLY who is Nathan Ha-Bavli. Here is a short description of previous attempts to identify Nathan Ha-Bavli: Since ...

6/14/2008 8/12/2012

Israel ben Nathan MP (c.1038 - d.)

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Nehorai ben Nathan MP (c.1037 - d.)

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Judah ben Joseph ben Eleazar ha-Kohen, often referred to simply as “the rav” in letters from the Cairo Geniza, was one of the most respected scholars in Egypt during the second half of the eleventh cen...

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Nissim ben Jacob ben Nissim ibn Shāhīn was one of the foremost Jewish scholars of the eleventh century and the leader of the North African Jewish community. He was born in 990 in Qayrawan, where he spe...

12/6/2007 8/12/2012

Ḥananel ben Ḥushiel was resh be rabbanan and dayyan in Qayrawān in the first half of the eleventh century. Other than the statement of Abraham Ibn Da’ud in his Sefer ha-Qabbala (sec. 7, beg.) that Ḥana...

7/13/2012 8/12/2012

Eleazar "Sa'adya" ibn Hibat Allāh MP (c.1155 - d.)

"Eleazar ben Jacob ha-Bavli"

Eleazar ben Jacob ha-Bavli Eleazar ben Jacob ha-Bavli, known as Eleazar the Gnostic, lived in Baghdad in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was a productive poet during the years before the...

7/17/2012 8/12/2012

Daniel ben Eleazar ibn Hibat Allāh was also known as Daniel ben Saʿadya ha-Bavli Daniel ben Eleazar ibn Hibat Allāh , who elsewhere refers to himself as Daniel b. Eleazar he-Ḥasid , succeeded Eleazar...

7/17/2012 8/12/2012

Abu Isḥāq Ibrahim Sahl ibn al-Nag'hdīlah ibn Ata al-yahūdī, haRoffe al-Galut 'Mar Sahl' MP (c.965 - 1053)

"Mar Saul", "Mar Sahl", "Avraham ben Nathan Nagid HaGolei"

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm Ibn ʿAṭāʾ (Abraham ben Nathan) was leader of Qayrawan Jewry in the first third of the eleventh century. He was a member of a wealthy elite that included the Ben Berekhiah, Tahertī, an...

6/14/2008 8/12/2012

Elḥanan ben Shemarya al-Fostat MP (c.965 - c.1026)

Elhanan ben Shemariah ben Elhanan, a member of a leading Fustat family, began to play a major role in the community during the lifetime of his father, Shemariah ben Elḥanan, who prepared him for a posi...

7/16/2012 8/12/2012

Abū ʾl-Khayr Shemariah ben Elhanan was the leader of the Jews of Fustat from the 990s until his death in December 1011. He first became known to scholarship as one of the four captives in Abraham ibn D...

7/16/2012 8/12/2012

7/13/2012 8/12/2012

Abu Sahl Nathan ben Abraham, Nasi MP (c.995 - d.)

"Abu Sahl Nathan ben Abraham ben Saul"

Nathan ben Abraham - a student of Ḥushiel ben Elḥanan Abū Sahl Nathan ben Abraham ben Saul, a scion of a gaonic family on his mother’s side, was born in Palestine in the last quarter of the tenth cen...

7/4/2012 8/12/2012

Abu Zakri Yaḥyā (Yehudah) ben Shlomo HaKohen al-fasi MP (c.993 - d.)

"Abū Zakarīyāʾ Yaḥyā (Yehudah) ben Shlomo ibn al-Awānī"

Yahya's father, Solomon, in his first public act as gaon was to write a letter of lavish praise for the Karaite nasi Hezekiah ben David in which he repeatedly expresses the hope of returning from Egypt...

7/5/2012 8/12/2012

Solomon Ben Formash, Gaon MP (c.975 - c.1050)

Solomon ben Judah Furmash Shlomo ibn Furmash is referred to, by Abraham Ibn Daʾūd (in his Sefer ha-Qabbala) as the only one, other than Labrat ben Moshe (Dayyan al-Mahdiyya, Tunisia) , who represents...

7/5/2012 8/12/2012

Yitzhak ben Yakob HaKohen al-Fasi, ‎ MP (c.1013 - c.1103)

"‎ ר' יצחק אלפסי", "RIF", "Isaac alfasi", "Isaac al-Fasi", "Isaac of Fez"

Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi ha-Cohen (1013 - 1103) ר' יצחק אלפסי - also known as the Alfasi or by his Hebrew acronym Rif (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi), was a Talmudist and posek (decider in matters of halakha - Jew...

7/10/2012 8/12/2012

Yehudah "Zakhai" Natan ben Avraham al-Andalusī, Nasi, Qaḍī of Sidonia MP (c.993 - c.1070)

"Qaḍī of Sidonia", "Qaḍī of Cadiz", "HaDayyan of Cadiz"

Scholars Dr. David Kelley and Dr Don Stone suspect that the name Zakai was introduced into this paternal line via the marriage of Yitzchak Avraham ben Nathan to a daughter of David ben Zakkai of Babylo...

6/14/2008 8/12/2012

Abū ʿAmr Sahlān ben Abraham was a payṭan (liturgical poet) and head of the Iraqi congregation in Fustat from 1034 until 1049 or 1050. He succeeded to this post after the death of his father, Abraham be...

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Sijilmasa (Ar. Sijilmāsa) was a town in the Mahgreb near the present-day Moroccan town of Rissani in the Tafilalet oasis, approximately 300 kilometers (190 miles) southeast of Fez, along the chain of N...

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Yakob Ben Shlomo HaKohen al-Fasi MP (c.992 - c.1040)

7/5/2012 8/12/2012

7/10/2012 8/12/2012

Abu Ya'qub Jacob, was head of the local academy (Heb. bet midrash) and in 987 wrote to Sherira Gaon in Babylonia in the name of “the holy congregation of Qayrawan,” asking him how the Mishna was writte...

7/4/2012 8/12/2012

Sitt al-Muna bat Nathan MP (c.1037 - c.1120)

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Ibn al-Majjānī Family The Ibn al-Majjānī family, known from documentary sources in the Cairo Geniza, were active in Mediterranean trade during the first half of the eleventh century. The earliest mem...

7/11/2012 8/12/2012

Nahray ben Nissim (ca. 1025-1098), nicknamed Abū Yaḥyā , was a North African merchant and communal leader. More than 350 letters, notes, and accounts from the Cairo Geniza are either addressed to him o...

7/5/2012 8/12/2012

Abu Ishaq Abraham ben Nathan, Nasi MP (c.1036 - c.1115)

Abraham ben Nathan son of Nathan ben Abraham Abraham ben Nathan, born around 1037, was the only the son of Nathan ben Abraham, the rival of Gaon Solomon ben Judah in the famous conflict that took pla...

7/3/2012 8/12/2012

al-Kahina bint D̲j̲arāwa al-Zanāt Dihya ديهيا, (early 7th century - late 7th century) Wikipedia al-Kāhina (“the Sorceress”) was the guiding spirit of Berber resistance to the Arab invaders led by Ḥ...

8/12/2012 8/12/2012

Menelik ., I da Ethiopia MP (c.-900 - c.-820)

"David II Beit Shlomo (Ibn El-Hakim) El-Hakim da Ethiopia"

BBC History Bio wikipedia The Dynasty Queen of Sheba and her son Menelik Blackhistory Queen of Sheba bio PBS Queen of Sheba

8/20/2008 8/9/2012

Bilquis, Queen of Sheba MP (-1000 - d.)

"Makeda", "Bilqis", "Nicaula", "Malikat Saba'a ملكة سبأ‎", "מלכת שבא‎ Malkat Sheva", ""Bilqis" Makeda"

Stories and Legends of the Queen of Sheba 1 Kings 10:1-13 Song of Songs Chapter 1 שִׁיר הַשִּׁירִים Queen of Sheba - Wikipedia Queen of Sheba

8/20/2008 8/9/2012

Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, Maimonides - הרמב״ם MP (c.1138 - 1204)

"The Great Eagle", "Rambam", "Moshe ben Maimon", "Abū ʿImrān Mūsā bin ʿUbaidallāh Maimūn al-Qurṭubī"

From Moshe (of the Torah) to Moshe (Maimonides) there was none like Moshe R' Moshe ben Maimon , Moses Maimonides the Rambam , [ca. 1138 (or 1135?) - 1204] was the preeminent medieval Jewish philosoph...

1/7/2010 8/8/2012

Michelle Obama Has a Rabbi in Her Family Congregation Beth Shalom B'nai Zaken Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation in Chicago, Illinois. Wikipedia Bio New York Times Capers C. Funnye Jr. (pronounced...

6/2/2009 8/8/2012

Rabbi Natan Gamedze (Prince Nkosinathi Gamedze) MP

"Prince Nkosinathi Gamedze"

Jerusalem, Israel

Rabbi Natan Gamedze is a linguist with an honors degree from Oxford. He is the grandson of a former king of Swaziland and scion of the royal Gamedze dynasty that had ruled Swaziland for generations. Ga...

5/5/2011 8/8/2012