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American Revolution: Battle of White Plains, October 28, 1776

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  • Jonathan Grant (1754 - 1833)
    Biography: Jonathan Grant was born July 16, 1755, in Connecticut [SIC: Aug 1754 in Pennsylvania]. He died He died July 17,1833; his tombstone reads "at 78 years 11 months." From assorted literature...
  • William Graham (1756 - 1824)
    Revolutionary War Veteran A Patriot of the American Revolution for NEW HAMPSHIRE - MASSACHUSETTS with the rank of CORPORAL. DAR Ancestor # A046806    Information taken from pension application: (In...
  • Rhodam Rogers (1756 - 1843)
    Inscription: PHODAM ROGERS PVT VA TROOPS CAPT MASON'S CO. 1756 - 1843 "Rhodam Rogers was born in Fairfax County, Virginia, and volunteered in the Revolutionary service from Fairfax County under Capta...
  • Nathan Avery (1759 - 1841)
    Nathan Avery was in Capt. Edward Mott's company, 1776; was in the battle of White Plains; was discharged at New Castle, late in 1776; served three months in 1779, at Fort Trumbull; served two tours of ...
  • Cpl. David Baker (1749 - 1838)
    Although many online family trees insert the middle name of "Hollis" for David Baker, no contemporary record supports the existence of a middle name, and middle names were not common at that time or in...

The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York. Following the retreat of George Washington's Continental Army northward from New York City, British General William Howe landed troops in Westchester County, intending to cut off Washington's escape route. Alerted to this move, Washington retreated farther, establishing a position in the village of White Plains but failed to establish firm control over local high ground. Howe's troops drove Washington's troops from a hill near the village; following this loss, Washington ordered the Americans to retreat farther north.

British General William Howe, after evacuating Boston in March 1776, regrouped in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and embarked in June on a campaign to gain control of New York City.[5] The campaign began with an unopposed landing on Staten Island in early July. British troops made another unopposed landing on Long Island on August 22, south of the areas where General George Washington's Continental Army had organized significant defenses around Brooklyn Heights.[6]

After losing the Battle of Long Island on August 27, General Washington and his army of 9,000 troops escaped on the night of August 29–30 to York Island (as Manhattan was then called).[7] General Howe followed up with a landing on Manhattan on September 15, but his advance was checked the next day at Harlem Heights. After an abortive landing at Throg's Neck, he landed troops with some resistance at Pell's Point on October 18 to begin an encircling maneuver that was intended to trap Washington's army between that force, his troops in Manhattan, and the Hudson River, which was dominated by warships of the Royal Navy.[8] Howe established a camp at New Rochelle, but advance elements of his army were near Mamaroneck, only 7 miles (11 km) from White Plains, where there was a lightly defended Continental Army supply depot.