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Amherst County, Virginia, USA

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Profiles

  • Peter Cartwright, "God's Plowman" (1785 - 1872)
    Peter Cartwright (September 1, 1785 – September 25, 1872) was an American Methodist revivalist and politician in Illinois. Born in Amherst County, now Nelson County, Virginia at the intersection of Sta...
  • Sen. William H. Crawford (DemRep-GA), U.S. Sec. of War and Treasury (1772 - 1834)
    William Harris Crawford (February 24, 1772 – September 15, 1834) was an American politician and judge during the early 19th century. He served as United States Secretary of War from 1815 to 1816 and ...
  • Brig. General William Terry (CSA) (1824 - 1888)
    ) William Robinson Terry was a nineteenth century politician, lawyer, teacher, and soldier from Virginia and the last commander of the famed Stonewall Brigade during the American Civil War. Born in...
  • Prof. (CSA), Henry Aubrey Strode (c.1844 - 1898)
    Title Professor Born 06 Feb 1844 Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location [3] Gender Male Education University of Virginia-Bachelor of ...
  • Mildred Vandegrift (1886 - 1952)

Official Web Site

Amherst County was formed in 1761, from parts of Albemarle County. The county was named for Sir Jeffrey Amherst, known as the "Conqueror of Canada". Jeffrey Amherst was named Governor of Virginia, although he never came to the colony. Native Americans were the first humans to populate the area. They hunted and fished mainly along the countless rivers and streams in Amherst County. With the establishment of the Virginia Colony in 1607, English emigrants arrived in North America. By the late 1600's English explorers and traders traveled up the James River to our area. Early trading posts formed between 1710 and 1720. By 1730, many new families moved into the land currently known as Amherst County drawn by the desire for land and the good tobacco-growing soil.

In 1761, Amherst County was formed from the southern half of Albemarle County. The original county seat had been in Cabelsville, now Colleen in what would later become Nelson County. The county was named for Sir Jeffrey Amherst who commanded the British forces that successfully secured Canada from the French. In 1807 the Amherst County assumed its present proportions when Nelson County was formed from its northern half. At that point, the county seat was moved to the village of Five Oaks, later renamed Amherst. The present county courthouse was built in 1870 and has served the county ever since.

In the early days, the major crop raised in Amherst County was tobacco. Apple orchards were part of mixed farming that replaced tobacco, especially in the late 19th century. Timber, mining and milling were also important industries. The introduction of the railroad in the late 19th century greatly influenced the county's growth. Amherst county contains many good examples of 18th, 19th and early 20th century rural and small town architecture. The downtown area of Amherst is a classic example of early 20th century commercial architecture.

This project is a table of contents for all projects relating to this County of Virginia. Please feel free to add profiles of anyone who was born, lived or died in this county.

Point Of Contact For This Page: Donald Colvin